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/* Generic BFD support for file formats.
Copyright 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Written by Cygnus Support.
This file is part of BFD, the Binary File Descriptor library.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. */
/*
SECTION
File formats
A format is a BFD concept of high level file contents type. The
formats supported by BFD are:
o <<bfd_object>>
The BFD may contain data, symbols, relocations and debug info.
o <<bfd_archive>>
The BFD contains other BFDs and an optional index.
o <<bfd_core>>
The BFD contains the result of an executable core dump.
*/
#include "bfd.h"
#include "sysdep.h"
#include "libbfd.h"
/* IMPORT from targets.c. */
extern const size_t _bfd_target_vector_entries;
/*
FUNCTION
bfd_check_format
SYNOPSIS
bfd_boolean bfd_check_format (bfd *abfd, bfd_format format);
DESCRIPTION
Verify if the file attached to the BFD @var{abfd} is compatible
with the format @var{format} (i.e., one of <<bfd_object>>,
<<bfd_archive>> or <<bfd_core>>).
If the BFD has been set to a specific target before the
call, only the named target and format combination is
checked. If the target has not been set, or has been set to
<<default>>, then all the known target backends is
interrogated to determine a match. If the default target
matches, it is used. If not, exactly one target must recognize
the file, or an error results.
The function returns <<TRUE>> on success, otherwise <<FALSE>>
with one of the following error codes:
o <<bfd_error_invalid_operation>> -
if <<format>> is not one of <<bfd_object>>, <<bfd_archive>> or
<<bfd_core>>.
o <<bfd_error_system_call>> -
if an error occured during a read - even some file mismatches
can cause bfd_error_system_calls.
o <<file_not_recognised>> -
none of the backends recognised the file format.
o <<bfd_error_file_ambiguously_recognized>> -
more than one backend recognised the file format.
*/
bfd_boolean
bfd_check_format (abfd, format)
bfd *abfd;
bfd_format format;
{
return bfd_check_format_matches (abfd, format, NULL);
}
/*
FUNCTION
bfd_check_format_matches
SYNOPSIS
bfd_boolean bfd_check_format_matches (bfd *abfd, bfd_format format,
char ***matching);
DESCRIPTION
Like <<bfd_check_format>>, except when it returns FALSE with
<<bfd_errno>> set to <<bfd_error_file_ambiguously_recognized>>. In that
case, if @var{matching} is not NULL, it will be filled in with
a NULL-terminated list of the names of the formats that matched,
allocated with <<malloc>>.
Then the user may choose a format and try again.
When done with the list that @var{matching} points to, the caller
should free it.
*/
bfd_boolean
bfd_check_format_matches (abfd, format, matching)
bfd *abfd;
bfd_format format;
char ***matching;
{
extern const bfd_target binary_vec;
const bfd_target * const *target;
const bfd_target **matching_vector = NULL;
const bfd_target *save_targ, *right_targ, *ar_right_targ;
int match_count;
int ar_match_index;
if (!bfd_read_p (abfd)
|| (unsigned int) abfd->format >= (unsigned int) bfd_type_end)
{
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_invalid_operation);
return FALSE;
}
if (abfd->format != bfd_unknown)
return abfd->format == format;
/* Since the target type was defaulted, check them
all in the hope that one will be uniquely recognized. */
save_targ = abfd->xvec;
match_count = 0;
ar_match_index = _bfd_target_vector_entries;
if (matching)
{
bfd_size_type amt;
*matching = NULL;
amt = sizeof (*matching_vector) * 2 * _bfd_target_vector_entries;
matching_vector = (const bfd_target **) bfd_malloc (amt);
if (!matching_vector)
return FALSE;
}
right_targ = 0;
ar_right_targ = 0;
/* Presume the answer is yes. */
abfd->format = format;
/* If the target type was explicitly specified, just check that target. */
if (!abfd->target_defaulted)
{
if (bfd_seek (abfd, (file_ptr) 0, SEEK_SET) != 0) /* rewind! */
{
if (matching)
free ((PTR) matching_vector);
return FALSE;
}
right_targ = BFD_SEND_FMT (abfd, _bfd_check_format, (abfd));
if (right_targ)
{
abfd->xvec = right_targ; /* Set the target as returned. */
if (matching)
free ((PTR) matching_vector);
return TRUE; /* File position has moved, BTW. */
}
/* For a long time the code has dropped through to check all
targets if the specified target was wrong. I don't know why,
and I'm reluctant to change it. However, in the case of an
archive, it can cause problems. If the specified target does
not permit archives (e.g., the binary target), then we should
not allow some other target to recognize it as an archive, but
should instead allow the specified target to recognize it as an
object. When I first made this change, it broke the PE target,
because the specified pei-i386 target did not recognize the
actual pe-i386 archive. Since there may be other problems of
this sort, I changed this test to check only for the binary
target. */
if (format == bfd_archive && save_targ == &binary_vec)
{
abfd->xvec = save_targ;
abfd->format = bfd_unknown;
if (matching)
free ((PTR) matching_vector);
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_file_not_recognized);
return FALSE;
}
}
for (target = bfd_target_vector; *target != NULL; target++)
{
const bfd_target *temp;
bfd_error_type err;
if (*target == &binary_vec)
continue;
abfd->xvec = *target; /* Change BFD's target temporarily. */
if (bfd_seek (abfd, (file_ptr) 0, SEEK_SET) != 0)
{
if (matching)
free ((PTR) matching_vector);
return FALSE;
}
/* If _bfd_check_format neglects to set bfd_error, assume
bfd_error_wrong_format. We didn't used to even pay any
attention to bfd_error, so I suspect that some
_bfd_check_format might have this problem. */
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_wrong_format);
temp = BFD_SEND_FMT (abfd, _bfd_check_format, (abfd));
if (temp)
{
/* This format checks out as ok! */
right_targ = temp;
/* If this is the default target, accept it, even if other
targets might match. People who want those other targets
have to set the GNUTARGET variable. */
if (temp == bfd_default_vector[0])
{
match_count = 1;
break;
}
if (matching)
matching_vector[match_count] = temp;
match_count++;
#ifdef GNU960
/* Big- and little-endian b.out archives look the same, but it
doesn't matter: there is no difference in their headers, and
member file byte orders will (I hope) be handled appropriately
by bfd. Ditto for big and little coff archives. And the 4
coff/b.out object formats are unambiguous. So accept the
first match we find. */
break;
#endif
}
else if ((err = bfd_get_error ()) == bfd_error_wrong_object_format
|| err == bfd_error_file_ambiguously_recognized)
{
/* An archive with objects of the wrong type, or an
ambiguous match. We want this target to match if we get
no better matches. */
if (ar_right_targ != bfd_default_vector[0])
ar_right_targ = *target;
if (matching)
matching_vector[ar_match_index] = *target;
ar_match_index++;
}
else if (err != bfd_error_wrong_format)
{
abfd->xvec = save_targ;
abfd->format = bfd_unknown;
if (matching)
free ((PTR) matching_vector);
return FALSE;
}
}
if (match_count == 0)
{
/* Try partial matches. */
right_targ = ar_right_targ;
if (right_targ == bfd_default_vector[0])
{
match_count = 1;
}
else
{
match_count = ar_match_index - _bfd_target_vector_entries;
if (matching && match_count > 1)
memcpy (matching_vector,
matching_vector + _bfd_target_vector_entries,
sizeof (*matching_vector) * match_count);
}
}
if (match_count > 1
&& bfd_associated_vector != NULL
&& matching)
{
const bfd_target * const *assoc = bfd_associated_vector;
while ((right_targ = *assoc++) != NULL)
{
int i = match_count;
while (--i >= 0)
if (matching_vector[i] == right_targ)
break;
if (i >= 0)
{
match_count = 1;
break;
}
}
}
if (match_count == 1)
{
abfd->xvec = right_targ; /* Change BFD's target permanently. */
if (matching)
free ((PTR) matching_vector);
return TRUE; /* File position has moved, BTW. */
}
abfd->xvec = save_targ; /* Restore original target type. */
abfd->format = bfd_unknown; /* Restore original format. */
if (match_count == 0)
{
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_file_not_recognized);
if (matching)
free ((PTR) matching_vector);
}
else
{
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_file_ambiguously_recognized);
if (matching)
{
*matching = (char **) matching_vector;
matching_vector[match_count] = NULL;
/* Return target names. This is a little nasty. Maybe we
should do another bfd_malloc? */
while (--match_count >= 0)
{
const char *name = matching_vector[match_count]->name;
*(const char **) &matching_vector[match_count] = name;
}
}
}
return FALSE;
}
/*
FUNCTION
bfd_set_format
SYNOPSIS
bfd_boolean bfd_set_format (bfd *abfd, bfd_format format);
DESCRIPTION
This function sets the file format of the BFD @var{abfd} to the
format @var{format}. If the target set in the BFD does not
support the format requested, the format is invalid, or the BFD
is not open for writing, then an error occurs.
*/
bfd_boolean
bfd_set_format (abfd, format)
bfd *abfd;
bfd_format format;
{
if (bfd_read_p (abfd)
|| (unsigned int) abfd->format >= (unsigned int) bfd_type_end)
{
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_invalid_operation);
return FALSE;
}
if (abfd->format != bfd_unknown)
return abfd->format == format;
/* Presume the answer is yes. */
abfd->format = format;
if (!BFD_SEND_FMT (abfd, _bfd_set_format, (abfd)))
{
abfd->format = bfd_unknown;
return FALSE;
}
return TRUE;
}
/*
FUNCTION
bfd_format_string
SYNOPSIS
const char *bfd_format_string (bfd_format format);
DESCRIPTION
Return a pointer to a const string
<<invalid>>, <<object>>, <<archive>>, <<core>>, or <<unknown>>,
depending upon the value of @var{format}.
*/
const char *
bfd_format_string (format)
bfd_format format;
{
if (((int)format <(int) bfd_unknown)
|| ((int)format >=(int) bfd_type_end))
return "invalid";
switch (format)
{
case bfd_object:
return "object"; /* Linker/assember/compiler output. */
case bfd_archive:
return "archive"; /* Object archive file. */
case bfd_core:
return "core"; /* Core dump. */
default:
return "unknown";
}
}
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