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/*
Copyright (C) 2008-2012 Jeroen Frijters
This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
warranty. In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages
arising from the use of this software.
Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
freely, subject to the following restrictions:
1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software
in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
appreciated but is not required.
2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
misrepresented as being the original software.
3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
Jeroen Frijters
jeroen@frijters.net
*/
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
#if STATIC_COMPILER
using IKVM.Reflection;
using IKVM.Reflection.Emit;
using Type = IKVM.Reflection.Type;
#else
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;
#endif
using System.Diagnostics;
using Instruction = IKVM.Internal.ClassFile.Method.Instruction;
using InstructionFlags = IKVM.Internal.ClassFile.Method.InstructionFlags;
namespace IKVM.Internal
{
sealed class EmitIntrinsicContext
{
internal readonly MethodWrapper Method;
internal readonly DynamicTypeWrapper.FinishContext Context;
internal readonly CodeEmitter Emitter;
private readonly CodeInfo ma;
internal readonly int OpcodeIndex;
internal readonly MethodWrapper Caller;
internal readonly ClassFile ClassFile;
internal readonly Instruction[] Code;
internal readonly InstructionFlags[] Flags;
internal bool NonLeaf = true;
internal EmitIntrinsicContext(MethodWrapper method, DynamicTypeWrapper.FinishContext context, CodeEmitter ilgen, CodeInfo ma, int opcodeIndex, MethodWrapper caller, ClassFile classFile, Instruction[] code, InstructionFlags[] flags)
{
this.Method = method;
this.Context = context;
this.Emitter = ilgen;
this.ma = ma;
this.OpcodeIndex = opcodeIndex;
this.Caller = caller;
this.ClassFile = classFile;
this.Code = code;
this.Flags = flags;
}
internal bool MatchRange(int offset, int length)
{
if (OpcodeIndex + offset < 0)
{
return false;
}
if (OpcodeIndex + offset + length > Code.Length)
{
return false;
}
// we check for branches *into* the range, the start of the range may be a branch target
for (int i = OpcodeIndex + offset + 1, end = OpcodeIndex + offset + length; i < end; i++)
{
if ((Flags[i] & InstructionFlags.BranchTarget) != 0)
{
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
internal bool Match(int offset, NormalizedByteCode opcode)
{
return Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].NormalizedOpCode == opcode;
}
internal bool Match(int offset, NormalizedByteCode opcode, int arg)
{
return Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].NormalizedOpCode == opcode && Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].Arg1 == arg;
}
internal TypeWrapper GetStackTypeWrapper(int offset, int pos)
{
return ma.GetStackTypeWrapper(OpcodeIndex + offset, pos);
}
internal ClassFile.ConstantPoolItemMI GetMethodref(int offset)
{
return ClassFile.GetMethodref(Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].Arg1);
}
internal ClassFile.ConstantPoolItemFieldref GetFieldref(int offset)
{
return ClassFile.GetFieldref(Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].Arg1);
}
internal TypeWrapper GetClassLiteral(int offset)
{
return ClassFile.GetConstantPoolClassType(Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].Arg1);
}
internal string GetStringLiteral(int offset)
{
return ClassFile.GetConstantPoolConstantString(Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].Arg1);
}
internal ClassFile.ConstantType GetConstantType(int offset)
{
return ClassFile.GetConstantPoolConstantType(Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].Arg1);
}
internal void PatchOpCode(int offset, NormalizedByteCode opc)
{
Code[OpcodeIndex + offset].PatchOpCode(opc);
}
}
static class Intrinsics
{
private delegate bool Emitter(EmitIntrinsicContext eic);
private struct IntrinsicKey : IEquatable<IntrinsicKey>
{
private readonly string className;
private readonly string methodName;
private readonly string methodSignature;
internal IntrinsicKey(string className, string methodName, string methodSignature)
{
this.className = string.Intern(className);
this.methodName = string.Intern(methodName);
this.methodSignature = string.Intern(methodSignature);
}
internal IntrinsicKey(MethodWrapper mw)
{
this.className = mw.DeclaringType.Name;
this.methodName = mw.Name;
this.methodSignature = mw.Signature;
}
public override bool Equals(object obj)
{
return Equals((IntrinsicKey)obj);
}
public bool Equals(IntrinsicKey other)
{
return ReferenceEquals(className, other.className) && ReferenceEquals(methodName, other.methodName) && ReferenceEquals(methodSignature, other.methodSignature);
}
public override int GetHashCode()
{
return methodName.GetHashCode();
}
}
private static readonly Dictionary<IntrinsicKey, Emitter> intrinsics = Register();
#if STATIC_COMPILER
private static readonly Type typeofFloatConverter = StaticCompiler.GetRuntimeType("IKVM.Runtime.FloatConverter");
private static readonly Type typeofDoubleConverter = StaticCompiler.GetRuntimeType("IKVM.Runtime.DoubleConverter");
#else
private static readonly Type typeofFloatConverter = typeof(IKVM.Runtime.FloatConverter);
private static readonly Type typeofDoubleConverter = typeof(IKVM.Runtime.DoubleConverter);
#endif
private static Dictionary<IntrinsicKey, Emitter> Register()
{
Dictionary<IntrinsicKey, Emitter> intrinsics = new Dictionary<IntrinsicKey, Emitter>();
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Object", "getClass", "()Ljava.lang.Class;"), Object_getClass);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Class", "desiredAssertionStatus", "()Z"), Class_desiredAssertionStatus);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Float", "floatToRawIntBits", "(F)I"), Float_floatToRawIntBits);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Float", "intBitsToFloat", "(I)F"), Float_intBitsToFloat);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Double", "doubleToRawLongBits", "(D)J"), Double_doubleToRawLongBits);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Double", "longBitsToDouble", "(J)D"), Double_longBitsToDouble);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.System", "arraycopy", "(Ljava.lang.Object;ILjava.lang.Object;II)V"), System_arraycopy);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicReferenceFieldUpdater", "newUpdater", "(Ljava.lang.Class;Ljava.lang.Class;Ljava.lang.String;)Ljava.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicReferenceFieldUpdater;"), AtomicReferenceFieldUpdater_newUpdater);
#if STATIC_COMPILER
// String_toCharArray relies on globals, which aren't usable in dynamic mode
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.String", "toCharArray", "()[C"), String_toCharArray);
#endif
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.reflect.Reflection", "getCallerClass", "(I)Ljava.lang.Class;"), Reflection_getCallerClass);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.ClassLoader", "getCallerClassLoader", "()Ljava.lang.ClassLoader;"), ClassLoader_getCallerClassLoader);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("ikvm.internal.CallerID", "getCallerID", "()Likvm.internal.CallerID;"), CallerID_getCallerID);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("ikvm.runtime.Util", "getInstanceTypeFromClass", "(Ljava.lang.Class;)Lcli.System.Type;"), Util_getInstanceTypeFromClass);
#if STATIC_COMPILER
// this only applies to the core class library, so makes no sense in dynamic mode
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Class", "getPrimitiveClass", "(Ljava.lang.String;)Ljava.lang.Class;"), Class_getPrimitiveClass);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.Class", "getDeclaredField", "(Ljava.lang.String;)Ljava.lang.reflect.Field;"), Class_getDeclaredField);
#endif
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("java.lang.ThreadLocal", "<init>", "()V"), ThreadLocal_new);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.misc.Unsafe", "ensureClassInitialized", "(Ljava.lang.Class;)V"), Unsafe_ensureClassInitialized);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.misc.Unsafe", "putObject", "(Ljava.lang.Object;JLjava.lang.Object;)V"), Unsafe_putObject);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.misc.Unsafe", "putOrderedObject", "(Ljava.lang.Object;JLjava.lang.Object;)V"), Unsafe_putOrderedObject);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.misc.Unsafe", "putObjectVolatile", "(Ljava.lang.Object;JLjava.lang.Object;)V"), Unsafe_putObjectVolatile);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.misc.Unsafe", "getObjectVolatile", "(Ljava.lang.Object;J)Ljava.lang.Object;"), Unsafe_getObjectVolatile);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.misc.Unsafe", "getObject", "(Ljava.lang.Object;J)Ljava.lang.Object;"), Unsafe_getObjectVolatile);
intrinsics.Add(new IntrinsicKey("sun.misc.Unsafe", "compareAndSwapObject", "(Ljava.lang.Object;JLjava.lang.Object;Ljava.lang.Object;)Z"), Unsafe_compareAndSwapObject);
return intrinsics;
}
internal static bool IsIntrinsic(MethodWrapper mw)
{
return intrinsics.ContainsKey(new IntrinsicKey(mw)) && mw.DeclaringType.GetClassLoader() == CoreClasses.java.lang.Object.Wrapper.GetClassLoader();
}
internal static bool Emit(EmitIntrinsicContext context)
{
// note that intrinsics can always refuse to emit code and the code generator will fall back to a normal method call
return intrinsics[new IntrinsicKey(context.Method)](context);
}
private static bool Object_getClass(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
// this is the null-check idiom that javac uses (both in its own source and in the code it generates)
if (eic.MatchRange(0, 2)
&& eic.Match(1, NormalizedByteCode.__pop))
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Dup);
eic.Emitter.EmitNullCheck();
return true;
}
// this optimizes obj1.getClass() ==/!= obj2.getClass()
else if (eic.MatchRange(0, 4)
&& eic.Match(1, NormalizedByteCode.__aload)
&& eic.Match(2, NormalizedByteCode.__invokevirtual)
&& (eic.Match(3, NormalizedByteCode.__if_acmpeq) || eic.Match(3, NormalizedByteCode.__if_acmpne))
&& (IsSafeForGetClassOptimization(eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 0)) || IsSafeForGetClassOptimization(eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(2, 0))))
{
ClassFile.ConstantPoolItemMI cpi = eic.GetMethodref(2);
if (cpi.Class == "java.lang.Object" && cpi.Name == "getClass" && cpi.Signature == "()Ljava.lang.Class;")
{
// we can't patch the current opcode, so we have to emit the first call to GetTypeHandle here
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Callvirt, Compiler.getTypeMethod);
eic.PatchOpCode(2, NormalizedByteCode.__intrinsic_gettype);
return true;
}
}
// this optimizes obj.getClass() == Xxx.class
else if (eic.MatchRange(0, 3)
&& eic.Match(1, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc) && eic.GetConstantType(1) == ClassFile.ConstantType.Class
&& (eic.Match(2, NormalizedByteCode.__if_acmpeq) || eic.Match(2, NormalizedByteCode.__if_acmpne)))
{
TypeWrapper tw = eic.GetClassLiteral(1);
if (tw.IsGhost || tw.IsGhostArray || tw.IsUnloadable || (tw.IsRemapped && tw.IsFinal && tw is DotNetTypeWrapper))
{
return false;
}
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Callvirt, Compiler.getTypeMethod);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldtoken, (tw.IsRemapped && tw.IsFinal) ? tw.TypeAsTBD : tw.TypeAsBaseType);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, Compiler.getTypeFromHandleMethod);
eic.PatchOpCode(1, NormalizedByteCode.__nop);
return true;
}
return false;
}
private static bool Class_desiredAssertionStatus(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.MatchRange(-1, 2)
&& eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc))
{
TypeWrapper classLiteral = eic.GetClassLiteral(-1);
if (!classLiteral.IsUnloadable && classLiteral.GetClassLoader().RemoveAsserts)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
eic.Emitter.EmitLdc_I4(0);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
#if STATIC_COMPILER
// this intrinsifies the following two patterns:
// unsafe.objectFieldOffset(XXX.class.getDeclaredField("xxx"));
// and
// Class k = XXX.class;
// unsafe.objectFieldOffset(k.getDeclaredField("xxx"));
// to avoid initializing the full reflection machinery at this point
private static bool Class_getDeclaredField(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.Caller.DeclaringType.GetClassLoader() != CoreClasses.java.lang.Object.Wrapper.GetClassLoader())
{
// we can only do this optimization when compiling the trusted core classes
return false;
}
TypeWrapper fieldClass;
if (eic.MatchRange(-2, 4)
&& eic.Match(-2, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc)
&& eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc_nothrow)
&& eic.Match(1, NormalizedByteCode.__invokevirtual))
{
// unsafe.objectFieldOffset(XXX.class.getDeclaredField("xxx"));
fieldClass = eic.GetClassLiteral(-2);
}
else if (eic.MatchRange(-5, 7)
&& eic.Match(-5, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc)
&& eic.Match(-4, NormalizedByteCode.__astore)
&& eic.Match(-3, NormalizedByteCode.__getstatic)
&& eic.Match(-2, NormalizedByteCode.__aload, eic.Code[eic.OpcodeIndex - 4].NormalizedArg1)
&& eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc_nothrow)
&& eic.Match(1, NormalizedByteCode.__invokevirtual))
{
// Class k = XXX.class;
// unsafe.objectFieldOffset(k.getDeclaredField("xxx"));
fieldClass = eic.GetClassLiteral(-5);
}
else
{
return false;
}
FieldWrapper field = null;
string fieldName = eic.GetStringLiteral(-1);
foreach (FieldWrapper fw in fieldClass.GetFields())
{
if (fw.Name == fieldName)
{
if (field != null)
{
return false;
}
field = fw;
}
}
if (field == null || field.IsStatic)
{
return false;
}
ClassFile.ConstantPoolItemMI cpi = eic.GetMethodref(1);
if (cpi.Class == "sun.misc.Unsafe" && cpi.Name == "objectFieldOffset" && cpi.Signature == "(Ljava.lang.reflect.Field;)J")
{
MethodWrapper mw = ClassLoaderWrapper.LoadClassCritical("sun.misc.Unsafe")
.GetMethodWrapper("objectFieldOffset", "(Ljava.lang.Class;Ljava.lang.String;)J", false);
mw.Link();
mw.EmitCallvirt(eic.Emitter);
eic.PatchOpCode(1, NormalizedByteCode.__nop);
return true;
}
return false;
}
#endif
private static bool IsSafeForGetClassOptimization(TypeWrapper tw)
{
// because of ghost arrays, we don't optimize if both types are either java.lang.Object or an array
return tw != CoreClasses.java.lang.Object.Wrapper && !tw.IsArray;
}
private static bool Float_floatToRawIntBits(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
EmitConversion(eic.Emitter, typeofFloatConverter, "ToInt");
return true;
}
private static bool Float_intBitsToFloat(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
EmitConversion(eic.Emitter, typeofFloatConverter, "ToFloat");
return true;
}
private static bool Double_doubleToRawLongBits(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
EmitConversion(eic.Emitter, typeofDoubleConverter, "ToLong");
return true;
}
private static bool Double_longBitsToDouble(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
EmitConversion(eic.Emitter, typeofDoubleConverter, "ToDouble");
return true;
}
private static void EmitConversion(CodeEmitter ilgen, Type converterType, string method)
{
CodeEmitterLocal converter = ilgen.UnsafeAllocTempLocal(converterType);
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloca, converter);
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Call, converterType.GetMethod(method));
}
private static bool System_arraycopy(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
// if the array arguments on the stack are of a known array type, we can redirect to an optimized version of arraycopy.
TypeWrapper dst_type = eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 2);
TypeWrapper src_type = eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 4);
if (!dst_type.IsUnloadable && dst_type.IsArray && dst_type == src_type)
{
switch (dst_type.Name[1])
{
case 'J':
case 'D':
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, ByteCodeHelperMethods.arraycopy_primitive_8);
break;
case 'I':
case 'F':
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, ByteCodeHelperMethods.arraycopy_primitive_4);
break;
case 'S':
case 'C':
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, ByteCodeHelperMethods.arraycopy_primitive_2);
break;
case 'B':
case 'Z':
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, ByteCodeHelperMethods.arraycopy_primitive_1);
break;
default:
// TODO once the verifier tracks actual types (i.e. it knows that
// a particular reference is the result of a "new" opcode) we can
// use the fast version if the exact destination type is known
// (in that case the "dst_type == src_type" above should
// be changed to "src_type.IsAssignableTo(dst_type)".
TypeWrapper elemtw = dst_type.ElementTypeWrapper;
// note that IsFinal returns true for array types, so we have to be careful!
if (!elemtw.IsArray && elemtw.IsFinal)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, ByteCodeHelperMethods.arraycopy_fast);
}
else
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, ByteCodeHelperMethods.arraycopy);
}
break;
}
return true;
}
else
{
return false;
}
}
private static bool AtomicReferenceFieldUpdater_newUpdater(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
return AtomicReferenceFieldUpdaterEmitter.Emit(eic.Context, eic.Caller.DeclaringType, eic.Emitter, eic.ClassFile, eic.OpcodeIndex, eic.Code, eic.Flags);
}
#if STATIC_COMPILER
private static bool String_toCharArray(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.MatchRange(-1, 2)
&& eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc_nothrow))
{
string str = eic.GetStringLiteral(-1);
// arbitrary length for "big" strings
if (str.Length > 128)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
EmitLoadCharArrayLiteral(eic.Emitter, str, eic.Caller.DeclaringType);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
private static void EmitLoadCharArrayLiteral(CodeEmitter ilgen, string str, TypeWrapper tw)
{
ModuleBuilder mod = tw.GetClassLoader().GetTypeWrapperFactory().ModuleBuilder;
// FXBUG on .NET 1.1 & 2.0 the value type that Ref.Emit automatically generates is public,
// so we pre-create a non-public type with the right name here and it will "magically" use
// that instead.
// If we're running on Mono this isn't necessary, but for simplicitly we'll simply create
// the type as well (it is useless, but all it does is waste a little space).
int length = str.Length * 2;
string typename = "$ArrayType$" + length;
Type type = mod.GetType(typename, false, false);
if (type == null)
{
if (tw.GetClassLoader().GetTypeWrapperFactory().ReserveName(typename))
{
TypeBuilder tb = mod.DefineType(typename, TypeAttributes.Sealed | TypeAttributes.Class | TypeAttributes.ExplicitLayout | TypeAttributes.NotPublic, Types.ValueType, PackingSize.Size1, length);
AttributeHelper.HideFromJava(tb);
type = tb.CreateType();
}
}
if (type == null
|| !type.IsValueType
|| type.StructLayoutAttribute.Pack != 1 || type.StructLayoutAttribute.Size != length)
{
// the type that we found doesn't match (must mean we've compiled a Java type with that name),
// so we fall back to the string approach
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, str);
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Call, Types.String.GetMethod("ToCharArray", Type.EmptyTypes));
return;
}
ilgen.EmitLdc_I4(str.Length);
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Newarr, Types.Char);
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Dup);
byte[] data = new byte[length];
for (int j = 0; j < str.Length; j++)
{
data[j * 2 + 0] = (byte)(str[j] >> 0);
data[j * 2 + 1] = (byte)(str[j] >> 8);
}
// NOTE we define a module field, because type fields on Mono don't use the global $ArrayType$<n> type.
// NOTE this also means that this will only work during static compilation, because ModuleBuilder.CreateGlobalFunctions() must
// be called before the field can be used.
FieldBuilder fb = mod.DefineInitializedData("__<str>", data, FieldAttributes.Static | FieldAttributes.PrivateScope);
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Ldtoken, fb);
ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Call, JVM.Import(typeof(System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeHelpers)).GetMethod("InitializeArray", new Type[] { Types.Array, JVM.Import(typeof(RuntimeFieldHandle)) }));
}
#endif
private static bool Reflection_getCallerClass(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.Caller.HasCallerID
&& eic.MatchRange(-1, 2)
&& eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__iconst, 2))
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
int arg = eic.Caller.GetParametersForDefineMethod().Length - 1;
if (!eic.Caller.IsStatic)
{
arg++;
}
eic.Emitter.EmitLdarg(arg);
MethodWrapper mw = CoreClasses.ikvm.@internal.CallerID.Wrapper.GetMethodWrapper("getCallerClass", "()Ljava.lang.Class;", false);
mw.Link();
mw.EmitCallvirt(eic.Emitter);
return true;
}
return false;
}
private static bool ClassLoader_getCallerClassLoader(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.Caller.HasCallerID)
{
int arg = eic.Caller.GetParametersForDefineMethod().Length - 1;
if (!eic.Caller.IsStatic)
{
arg++;
}
eic.Emitter.EmitLdarg(arg);
MethodWrapper mw = CoreClasses.ikvm.@internal.CallerID.Wrapper.GetMethodWrapper("getCallerClassLoader", "()Ljava.lang.ClassLoader;", false);
mw.Link();
mw.EmitCallvirt(eic.Emitter);
return true;
}
return false;
}
private static bool CallerID_getCallerID(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.Caller.HasCallerID)
{
int arg = eic.Caller.GetParametersForDefineMethod().Length - 1;
if (!eic.Caller.IsStatic)
{
arg++;
}
eic.Emitter.EmitLdarg(arg);
return true;
}
else
{
#if STATIC_COMPILER
throw new FatalCompilerErrorException(Message.CallerIDRequiresHasCallerIDAnnotation);
#else
JVM.CriticalFailure("CallerID.getCallerID() requires a HasCallerID annotation", null);
return false;
#endif
}
}
private static bool Util_getInstanceTypeFromClass(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.MatchRange(-1, 2)
&& eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc))
{
TypeWrapper tw = eic.GetClassLiteral(-1);
if (!tw.IsUnloadable)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
if (tw.IsRemapped && tw.IsFinal)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldtoken, tw.TypeAsTBD);
}
else
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldtoken, tw.TypeAsBaseType);
}
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, Compiler.getTypeFromHandleMethod);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
#if STATIC_COMPILER
private static bool Class_getPrimitiveClass(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldnull);
MethodWrapper mw = CoreClasses.java.lang.Class.Wrapper.GetMethodWrapper("<init>", "(Lcli.System.Type;)V", false);
mw.Link();
mw.EmitNewobj(eic.Emitter);
return true;
}
#endif
private static bool ThreadLocal_new(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
// it is only valid to replace a ThreadLocal instantiation by our ThreadStatic based version, if we can prove that the instantiation only happens once
// (which is the case when we're in <clinit> and there aren't any branches that lead to the current position)
if (eic.Caller.Name != StringConstants.CLINIT)
{
return false;
}
#if CLASSGC
if (JVM.classUnloading)
{
// RunAndCollect assemblies do not support ThreadStaticAttribute
return false;
}
#endif
for (int i = 0; i <= eic.OpcodeIndex; i++)
{
if ((eic.Flags[i] & InstructionFlags.BranchTarget) != 0)
{
return false;
}
}
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Newobj, eic.Context.DefineThreadLocalType());
return true;
}
private static bool Unsafe_ensureClassInitialized(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
if (eic.MatchRange(-1, 2)
&& eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__ldc))
{
TypeWrapper classLiteral = eic.GetClassLiteral(-1);
if (!classLiteral.IsUnloadable)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
eic.Emitter.EmitNullCheck();
classLiteral.EmitRunClassConstructor(eic.Emitter);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
internal static bool IsSupportedArrayTypeForUnsafeOperation(TypeWrapper tw)
{
return tw.IsArray
&& !tw.IsGhostArray
&& !tw.ElementTypeWrapper.IsPrimitive
&& !tw.ElementTypeWrapper.IsNonPrimitiveValueType;
}
private static bool Unsafe_putObject(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
return Unsafe_putObjectImpl(eic, false);
}
private static bool Unsafe_putOrderedObject(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
return Unsafe_putObjectImpl(eic, false);
}
private static bool Unsafe_putObjectVolatile(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
return Unsafe_putObjectImpl(eic, true);
}
private static bool Unsafe_putObjectImpl(EmitIntrinsicContext eic, bool membarrier)
{
TypeWrapper tw = eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 2);
if (IsSupportedArrayTypeForUnsafeOperation(tw)
&& eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 0).IsAssignableTo(tw.ElementTypeWrapper))
{
CodeEmitterLocal value = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(tw.ElementTypeWrapper.TypeAsLocalOrStackType);
CodeEmitterLocal index = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(Types.Int32);
CodeEmitterLocal array = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(tw.TypeAsLocalOrStackType);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, value);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Conv_Ovf_I4);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, index);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, array);
EmitConsumeUnsafe(eic);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, array);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, index);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, value);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(array);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(index);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(value);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stelem_Ref);
if (membarrier)
{
eic.Emitter.EmitMemoryBarrier();
}
eic.NonLeaf = false;
return true;
}
if ((eic.Flags[eic.OpcodeIndex] & InstructionFlags.BranchTarget) != 0
|| (eic.Flags[eic.OpcodeIndex - 1] & InstructionFlags.BranchTarget) != 0)
{
return false;
}
if ((eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__aload) || eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__aconst_null))
&& eic.Match(-2, NormalizedByteCode.__getstatic))
{
FieldWrapper fw = GetUnsafeField(eic, eic.GetFieldref(-2));
if (fw != null
&& (!fw.IsFinal || (!fw.IsStatic && eic.Caller.Name == "<init>") || (fw.IsStatic && eic.Caller.Name == "<clinit>"))
&& fw.IsAccessibleFrom(fw.DeclaringType, eic.Caller.DeclaringType, fw.DeclaringType)
&& eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 0).IsAssignableTo(fw.FieldTypeWrapper)
&& (fw.IsStatic || fw.DeclaringType == eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 2)))
{
CodeEmitterLocal value = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(fw.FieldTypeWrapper.TypeAsLocalOrStackType);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, value);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop); // discard offset field
if (fw.IsStatic)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop); // discard object
EmitConsumeUnsafe(eic);
}
else
{
CodeEmitterLocal obj = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(fw.DeclaringType.TypeAsLocalOrStackType);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, obj);
EmitConsumeUnsafe(eic);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, obj);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(obj);
}
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, value);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(value);
// note that we assume the CLR memory model where all writes are ordered,
// so we don't need a volatile store or a memory barrier and putOrderedObject
// is typically used with a volatile field, so to avoid the memory barrier,
// we don't use FieldWrapper.EmitSet(), but emit the store directly
eic.Emitter.Emit(fw.IsStatic ? OpCodes.Stsfld : OpCodes.Stfld, fw.GetField());
if (membarrier)
{
eic.Emitter.EmitMemoryBarrier();
}
eic.NonLeaf = false;
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
private static bool Unsafe_getObjectVolatile(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
// the check here must be kept in sync with the hack in MethodAnalyzer.AnalyzeTypeFlow()
TypeWrapper tw = eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 1);
if (IsSupportedArrayTypeForUnsafeOperation(tw))
{
CodeEmitterLocal index = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(Types.Int32);
CodeEmitterLocal obj = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(tw.TypeAsLocalOrStackType);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Conv_Ovf_I4);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, index);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, obj);
EmitConsumeUnsafe(eic);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, obj);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, index);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(obj);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(index);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldelema, tw.TypeAsLocalOrStackType.GetElementType());
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Volatile);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldind_Ref);
// remove the redundant checkcast that usually follows
if (eic.Code[eic.OpcodeIndex + 1].NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__checkcast
&& tw.ElementTypeWrapper.IsAssignableTo(eic.ClassFile.GetConstantPoolClassType(eic.Code[eic.OpcodeIndex + 1].Arg1)))
{
eic.PatchOpCode(1, NormalizedByteCode.__nop);
}
eic.NonLeaf = false;
return true;
}
return false;
}
private static bool Unsafe_compareAndSwapObject(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
TypeWrapper tw = eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 3);
if (IsSupportedArrayTypeForUnsafeOperation(tw)
&& eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 0).IsAssignableTo(tw.ElementTypeWrapper)
&& eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 1).IsAssignableTo(tw.ElementTypeWrapper))
{
Type type = tw.TypeAsLocalOrStackType.GetElementType();
CodeEmitterLocal update = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(type);
CodeEmitterLocal expect = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(type);
CodeEmitterLocal index = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(Types.Int32);
CodeEmitterLocal obj = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(tw.TypeAsLocalOrStackType);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, update);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, expect);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Conv_Ovf_I4);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, index);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, obj);
EmitConsumeUnsafe(eic);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, obj);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, index);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldelema, type);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, update);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, expect);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, AtomicReferenceFieldUpdaterEmitter.MakeCompareExchange(type));
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, expect);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ceq);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(obj);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(index);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(expect);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(update);
eic.NonLeaf = false;
return true;
}
if ((eic.Flags[eic.OpcodeIndex] & InstructionFlags.BranchTarget) != 0
|| (eic.Flags[eic.OpcodeIndex - 1] & InstructionFlags.BranchTarget) != 0
|| (eic.Flags[eic.OpcodeIndex - 2] & InstructionFlags.BranchTarget) != 0)
{
return false;
}
if ((eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__aload) || eic.Match(-1, NormalizedByteCode.__aconst_null))
&& (eic.Match(-2, NormalizedByteCode.__aload) || eic.Match(-2, NormalizedByteCode.__aconst_null))
&& eic.Match(-3, NormalizedByteCode.__getstatic))
{
FieldWrapper fw = GetUnsafeField(eic, eic.GetFieldref(-3));
if (fw != null
&& fw.IsAccessibleFrom(fw.DeclaringType, eic.Caller.DeclaringType, fw.DeclaringType)
&& eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 0).IsAssignableTo(fw.FieldTypeWrapper)
&& eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 1).IsAssignableTo(fw.FieldTypeWrapper)
&& (fw.IsStatic || fw.DeclaringType == eic.GetStackTypeWrapper(0, 3)))
{
Type type = fw.FieldTypeWrapper.TypeAsLocalOrStackType;
CodeEmitterLocal update = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(type);
CodeEmitterLocal expect = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(type);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, update);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, expect);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop); // discard index
if (fw.IsStatic)
{
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop); // discard obj
EmitConsumeUnsafe(eic);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldsflda, fw.GetField());
}
else
{
CodeEmitterLocal obj = eic.Emitter.AllocTempLocal(eic.Caller.DeclaringType.TypeAsLocalOrStackType);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc, obj);
EmitConsumeUnsafe(eic);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, obj);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(obj);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldflda, fw.GetField());
}
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, update);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, expect);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Call, AtomicReferenceFieldUpdaterEmitter.MakeCompareExchange(type));
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc, expect);
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Ceq);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(expect);
eic.Emitter.ReleaseTempLocal(update);
eic.NonLeaf = false;
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
private static void EmitConsumeUnsafe(EmitIntrinsicContext eic)
{
#if STATIC_COMPILER
if (eic.Caller.DeclaringType.GetClassLoader() == CoreClasses.java.lang.Object.Wrapper.GetClassLoader())
{
// we're compiling the core library (which is obviously trusted), so we don't need to check
// if we really have an Unsafe instance
eic.Emitter.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
}
else
#endif
{
eic.Emitter.EmitNullCheck();
}
}
private static FieldWrapper GetUnsafeField(EmitIntrinsicContext eic, ClassFile.ConstantPoolItemFieldref field)
{
if (eic.Caller.DeclaringType.GetClassLoader() != CoreClasses.java.lang.Object.Wrapper.GetClassLoader())
{
// this code does not solve the general problem and assumes non-hostile, well behaved static initializers
// so we only support the core class library
return null;
}
// the field offset field must be a static field inside the current class
// (we don't need to check that the field is static, because the caller already ensured that)
if (field.GetField().DeclaringType == eic.Caller.DeclaringType)
{
// now look inside the static initializer to see if we can found out what field it refers to
foreach (ClassFile.Method method in eic.ClassFile.Methods)
{
if (method.IsClassInitializer)
{
// TODO should we first verify the method?
// TODO should we attempt to make sure the field is definitely assigned (and only once)?
// TODO special case/support the pattern used by:
// - java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicMarkableReference
// - java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicStampedReference
// - java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedLongSynchronizer
/*
* ldc_w test
* astore_0
* ...
* getstatic <Field test sun/misc/Unsafe UNSAFE>
* aload_0
* ldc "next"
* invokevirtual <Method java/lang/Class getDeclaredField(Ljava/lang/String;)Ljava/lang/reflect/Field;>
* invokevirtual <Method sun/misc/Unsafe objectFieldOffset(Ljava/lang/reflect/Field;)J>
* putstatic <Field test long nextOffset>
*/
for (int i = 0; i < method.Instructions.Length; i++)
{
if (method.Instructions[i].NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__putstatic
&& eic.ClassFile.GetFieldref(method.Instructions[i].Arg1) == field)
{
if (MatchInvokeVirtual(eic, ref method.Instructions[i - 1], "sun.misc.Unsafe", "objectFieldOffset", "(Ljava.lang.reflect.Field;)J")
&& MatchInvokeVirtual(eic, ref method.Instructions[i - 2], "java.lang.Class", "getDeclaredField", "(Ljava.lang.String;)Ljava.lang.reflect.Field;")
&& MatchLdc(eic, ref method.Instructions[i - 3], ClassFile.ConstantType.String)
&& method.Instructions[i - 4].NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__aload
&& method.Instructions[i - 5].NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__getstatic && eic.ClassFile.GetFieldref(method.Instructions[i - 5].Arg1).Signature == "Lsun.misc.Unsafe;")
{
// search backward for the astore that corresponds to the aload (of the class object)
for (int j = i - 6; j > 0; j--)
{
if (method.Instructions[j].NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__astore
&& method.Instructions[j].Arg1 == method.Instructions[i - 4].Arg1
&& MatchLdc(eic, ref method.Instructions[j - 1], ClassFile.ConstantType.Class)
&& eic.ClassFile.GetConstantPoolClassType(method.Instructions[j - 1].Arg1) == eic.Caller.DeclaringType)
{
string fieldName = eic.ClassFile.GetConstantPoolConstantString(method.Instructions[i - 3].Arg1);
FieldWrapper fw = null;
foreach (FieldWrapper fw1 in eic.Caller.DeclaringType.GetFields())
{
if (fw1.Name == fieldName)
{
if (fw == null)
{
fw = fw1;
}
else
{
// duplicate name
return null;
}
}
}
return fw;
}
}
break;
}
}
}
break;
}
}
}
return null;
}
private static bool MatchInvokeVirtual(EmitIntrinsicContext eic, ref Instruction instr, string clazz, string name, string sig)
{
if (instr.NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__invokevirtual)
{
ClassFile.ConstantPoolItemMI method = eic.ClassFile.GetMethodref(instr.Arg1);
return method.Class == clazz
&& method.Name == name
&& method.Signature == sig;
}
return false;
}
private static bool MatchLdc(EmitIntrinsicContext eic, ref Instruction instr, ClassFile.ConstantType constantType)
{
return (instr.NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__ldc || instr.NormalizedOpCode == NormalizedByteCode.__ldc_nothrow)
&& eic.ClassFile.GetConstantPoolConstantType(instr.NormalizedArg1) == constantType;
}
}
}
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