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/*
* mono-threads.c: Low-level threading
*
* Author:
* Rodrigo Kumpera (kumpera@gmail.com)
*
* (C) 2011 Novell, Inc
*/
#include <mono/utils/mono-compiler.h>
#include <mono/utils/mono-semaphore.h>
#include <mono/utils/mono-threads.h>
#include <mono/utils/mono-tls.h>
#include <mono/utils/hazard-pointer.h>
#include <mono/metadata/appdomain.h>
#include <mono/metadata/domain-internals.h>
#include <errno.h>
#define THREADS_DEBUG(...)
//#define THREADS_DEBUG(...) g_message(__VA_ARGS__)
/*
Mutex that makes sure only a single thread can be suspending others.
Suspend is a very racy operation since it requires restarting until
the target thread is not on an unsafe region.
We could implement this using critical regions, but would be much much
harder for an operation that is hardly performance critical.
The GC has to acquire this lock before starting a STW to make sure
a runtime suspend won't make it wronly see a thread in a safepoint
when it is in fact not.
*/
static CRITICAL_SECTION global_suspend_lock;
static int thread_info_size;
static MonoThreadInfoCallbacks threads_callbacks;
static MonoThreadInfoRuntimeCallbacks runtime_callbacks;
static MonoNativeTlsKey thread_info_key, small_id_key;
static MonoLinkedListSet thread_list;
static inline void
mono_hazard_pointer_clear_all (MonoThreadHazardPointers *hp, int retain)
{
if (retain != 0)
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 0);
if (retain != 1)
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 1);
if (retain != 2)
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 2);
}
/*
If return non null Hazard Pointer 1 holds the return value.
*/
MonoThreadInfo*
mono_thread_info_lookup (MonoNativeThreadId id)
{
MonoThreadHazardPointers *hp = mono_hazard_pointer_get ();
if (!mono_lls_find (&thread_list, hp, (uintptr_t)id)) {
mono_hazard_pointer_clear_all (hp, -1);
return NULL;
}
mono_hazard_pointer_clear_all (hp, 1);
return mono_hazard_pointer_get_val (hp, 1);
}
static gboolean
mono_thread_info_insert (MonoThreadInfo *info)
{
MonoThreadHazardPointers *hp = mono_hazard_pointer_get ();
if (!mono_lls_insert (&thread_list, hp, (MonoLinkedListSetNode*)info)) {
mono_hazard_pointer_clear_all (hp, -1);
return FALSE;
}
mono_hazard_pointer_clear_all (hp, -1);
return TRUE;
}
static gboolean
mono_thread_info_remove (MonoThreadInfo *info)
{
MonoThreadHazardPointers *hp = mono_hazard_pointer_get ();
gboolean res;
THREADS_DEBUG ("removing info %p\n", info);
res = mono_lls_remove (&thread_list, hp, (MonoLinkedListSetNode*)info);
mono_hazard_pointer_clear_all (hp, -1);
return res;
}
static void
free_thread_info (gpointer mem)
{
MonoThreadInfo *info = mem;
DeleteCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
mono_threads_platform_free (info);
g_free (info);
}
static void*
register_thread (MonoThreadInfo *info, gpointer baseptr)
{
gboolean result;
mono_thread_info_set_tid (info, mono_native_thread_id_get ());
info->small_id = mono_thread_small_id_alloc ();
InitializeCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
/*set TLS early so SMR works */
mono_native_tls_set_value (thread_info_key, info);
mono_native_tls_set_value (small_id_key, GUINT_TO_POINTER (info->small_id + 1));
THREADS_DEBUG ("registering info %p tid %p small id %x\n", info, mono_thread_info_get_tid (info), info->small_id);
if (threads_callbacks.thread_register) {
if (threads_callbacks.thread_register (info, baseptr) == NULL) {
g_warning ("thread registation failed\n");
g_free (info);
return NULL;
}
}
mono_threads_platform_register (info);
/*If this fail it means a given thread has been registered twice, which doesn't make sense. */
result = mono_thread_info_insert (info);
g_assert (result);
return info;
}
static void
unregister_thread (void *arg)
{
MonoThreadInfo *info = arg;
int small_id = info->small_id;
g_assert (info);
THREADS_DEBUG ("unregistering info %p\n", info);
/*
* TLS destruction order is not reliable so small_id might be cleaned up
* before us.
*/
mono_native_tls_set_value (small_id_key, GUINT_TO_POINTER (info->small_id + 1));
/*
The unregister callback is reposible for calling mono_threads_unregister_current_thread
since it usually needs to be done in sync with the GC does a stop-the-world.
*/
if (threads_callbacks.thread_unregister)
threads_callbacks.thread_unregister (info);
else
mono_threads_unregister_current_thread (info);
/*now it's safe to free the thread info.*/
mono_thread_hazardous_free_or_queue (info, free_thread_info);
mono_thread_small_id_free (small_id);
}
/**
* Removes the current thread from the thread list.
* This must be called from the thread unregister callback and nowhere else.
* The current thread must be passed as TLS might have already been cleaned up.
*/
void
mono_threads_unregister_current_thread (MonoThreadInfo *info)
{
gboolean result;
g_assert (mono_thread_info_get_tid (info) == mono_native_thread_id_get ());
result = mono_thread_info_remove (info);
g_assert (result);
}
MonoThreadInfo*
mono_thread_info_current (void)
{
return mono_native_tls_get_value (thread_info_key);
}
int
mono_thread_info_get_small_id (void)
{
gpointer val = mono_native_tls_get_value (small_id_key);
if (!val)
return -1;
return GPOINTER_TO_INT (val) - 1;
}
MonoLinkedListSet*
mono_thread_info_list_head (void)
{
return &thread_list;
}
MonoThreadInfo*
mono_thread_info_attach (void *baseptr)
{
MonoThreadInfo *info = mono_native_tls_get_value (thread_info_key);
if (!info) {
info = g_malloc0 (thread_info_size);
THREADS_DEBUG ("attaching %p\n", info);
if (!register_thread (info, baseptr))
return NULL;
} else if (threads_callbacks.thread_attach) {
threads_callbacks.thread_attach (info);
}
return info;
}
void
mono_thread_info_dettach (void)
{
MonoThreadInfo *info = mono_native_tls_get_value (thread_info_key);
if (info) {
THREADS_DEBUG ("detaching %p\n", info);
unregister_thread (info);
}
}
void
mono_threads_init (MonoThreadInfoCallbacks *callbacks, size_t info_size)
{
gboolean res;
threads_callbacks = *callbacks;
thread_info_size = info_size;
#ifdef HOST_WIN32
res = mono_native_tls_alloc (thread_info_key, NULL);
#else
res = mono_native_tls_alloc (thread_info_key, unregister_thread);
#endif
g_assert (res);
res = mono_native_tls_alloc (small_id_key, NULL);
g_assert (res);
InitializeCriticalSection (&global_suspend_lock);
mono_lls_init (&thread_list, NULL);
mono_thread_smr_init ();
mono_threads_init_platform ();
g_assert (sizeof (MonoNativeThreadId) <= sizeof (uintptr_t));
}
void
mono_threads_runtime_init (MonoThreadInfoRuntimeCallbacks *callbacks)
{
runtime_callbacks = *callbacks;
}
MonoThreadInfoRuntimeCallbacks *
mono_threads_get_runtime_callbacks (void)
{
return &runtime_callbacks;
}
/*
The return value is only valid until a matching mono_thread_info_resume is called
*/
static MonoThreadInfo*
mono_thread_info_suspend_sync (MonoNativeThreadId tid, gboolean interrupt_kernel)
{
MonoThreadHazardPointers *hp = mono_hazard_pointer_get ();
MonoThreadInfo *info = mono_thread_info_lookup (tid); /*info on HP1*/
if (!info)
return NULL;
EnterCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
/*thread is on the process of detaching*/
if (info->thread_state > STATE_RUNNING) {
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 1);
return NULL;
}
THREADS_DEBUG ("suspend %x IN COUNT %d\n", tid, info->suspend_count);
if (info->suspend_count) {
++info->suspend_count;
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 1);
LeaveCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
return info;
}
if (!mono_threads_core_suspend (info)) {
LeaveCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 1);
return NULL;
}
if (interrupt_kernel)
mono_threads_core_interrupt (info);
++info->suspend_count;
LeaveCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 1);
return info;
}
void
mono_thread_info_self_suspend ()
{
MonoThreadInfo *info = mono_thread_info_current ();
if (!info)
return;
EnterCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
THREADS_DEBUG ("self suspend IN COUNT %d\n", info->suspend_count);
g_assert (info->suspend_count == 0);
++info->suspend_count;
/*
The internal API contract with this function is a bit out of the ordinary.
mono_threads_core_self_suspend executes with suspend_lock taken and must
release it after capturing the current context.
*/
mono_threads_core_self_suspend (info);
}
gboolean
mono_thread_info_resume (MonoNativeThreadId tid)
{
gboolean result = TRUE;
MonoThreadHazardPointers *hp = mono_hazard_pointer_get ();
MonoThreadInfo *info = mono_thread_info_lookup (tid); /*info on HP1*/
if (!info)
return FALSE;
EnterCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
THREADS_DEBUG ("resume %x IN COUNT %d\n",tid, info->suspend_count);
if (info->suspend_count <= 0) {
LeaveCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 1);
return FALSE;
}
/*
* The theory here is that if we manage to suspend the thread it means it did not
* start cleanup since it take the same lock.
*/
g_assert (mono_thread_info_get_tid (info));
if (--info->suspend_count == 0)
result = mono_threads_core_resume (info);
LeaveCriticalSection (&info->suspend_lock);
mono_hazard_pointer_clear (hp, 1);
return result;
}
/*
FIXME fix cardtable WB to be out of line and check with the runtime if the target is not the
WB trampoline. Another option is to encode wb ranges in MonoJitInfo, but that is somewhat hard.
*/
static gboolean
is_thread_in_critical_region (MonoThreadInfo *info)
{
MonoMethod *method;
MonoJitInfo *ji = mono_jit_info_table_find (
info->suspend_state.unwind_data [MONO_UNWIND_DATA_DOMAIN],
MONO_CONTEXT_GET_IP (&info->suspend_state.ctx));
if (!ji)
return FALSE;
method = ji->method;
return threads_callbacks.mono_method_is_critical (method);
}
/*
WARNING:
If we are trying to suspend a target that is on a critical region
and running a syscall we risk looping forever if @interrupt_kernel is FALSE.
So, be VERY carefull in calling this with @interrupt_kernel == FALSE.
*/
MonoThreadInfo*
mono_thread_info_safe_suspend_sync (MonoNativeThreadId id, gboolean interrupt_kernel)
{
MonoThreadInfo *info = NULL;
int sleep_duration = 0;
/*FIXME: unify this with self-suspend*/
g_assert (id != mono_native_thread_id_get ());
mono_thread_info_suspend_lock ();
for (;;) {
if (!(info = mono_thread_info_suspend_sync (id, interrupt_kernel))) {
g_warning ("failed to suspend thread %p, hopefully it is dead", (gpointer)id);
mono_thread_info_suspend_unlock ();
return NULL;
}
/*WARNING: We now are in interrupt context until we resume the thread. */
if (!is_thread_in_critical_region (info))
break;
if (!mono_thread_info_resume (id)) {
g_warning ("failed to result thread %p, hopefully it is dead", (gpointer)id);
mono_thread_info_suspend_unlock ();
return NULL;
}
THREADS_DEBUG ("restarted thread %p\n", (gpointer)id);
if (!sleep_duration) {
#ifdef HOST_WIN32
SwitchToThread ();
#else
sched_yield ();
#endif
}
else {
g_usleep (sleep_duration);
}
sleep_duration += 10;
}
mono_thread_info_suspend_unlock ();
return info;
}
/**
Inject an assynchronous call into the target thread. The target thread must be suspended and
only a single async call can be setup for a given suspend cycle.
This async call must cause stack unwinding as the current implementation doesn't save enough state
to resume execution of the top-of-stack function. It's an acceptable limitation since this is
currently used only to deliver exceptions.
*/
void
mono_thread_info_setup_async_call (MonoThreadInfo *info, void (*target_func)(void*), void *user_data)
{
g_assert (info->suspend_count);
/*FIXME this is a bad assert, we probably should do proper locking and fail if one is already set*/
g_assert (!info->async_target);
info->async_target = target_func;
/* This is not GC tracked */
info->user_data = user_data;
}
/*
The suspend lock is held during any suspend in progress.
A GC that has safepoints must take this lock as part of its
STW to make sure no unsafe pending suspend is in progress.
*/
void
mono_thread_info_suspend_lock (void)
{
EnterCriticalSection (&global_suspend_lock);
}
void
mono_thread_info_suspend_unlock (void)
{
LeaveCriticalSection (&global_suspend_lock);
}
/*
Disabled by default for now.
To enable this we need mini to implement the callbacks by MonoThreadInfoRuntimeCallbacks
which means mono-context and setup_async_callback, and we need a mono-threads backend.
*/
gboolean
mono_thread_info_new_interrupt_enabled (void)
{
/*We need STW gc events to work correctly*/
#if defined (HAVE_BOEHM_GC) && !defined (USE_INCLUDED_LIBGC)
return FALSE:
#endif
/*port not done*/
#if defined(HOST_WIN32)
return FALSE;
#endif
#if defined (__i386__)
return TRUE;
#endif
return FALSE;
}
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