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<
<?php
// This file is part of Moodle - http://moodle.org/
//
// Moodle is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.
//
// Moodle is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with Moodle. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
/**
* Code for handling and processing questions
*
* This is code that is module independent, i.e., can be used by any module that
* uses questions, like quiz, lesson, ..
* This script also loads the questiontype classes
* Code for handling the editing of questions is in {@link question/editlib.php}
*
* TODO: separate those functions which form part of the API
* from the helper functions.
*
* Major Contributors
* - Alex Smith, Julian Sedding and Gustav Delius {@link http://maths.york.ac.uk/serving_maths}
*
* @package core
* @subpackage question
* @copyright 1999 onwards Martin Dougiamas {@link http://moodle.com}
* @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU GPL v3 or later
*/
defined('MOODLE_INTERNAL') || die();
/// CONSTANTS ///////////////////////////////////
/**#@+
* The different types of events that can create question states
*/
define('QUESTION_EVENTOPEN', '0'); // The state was created by Moodle
define('QUESTION_EVENTNAVIGATE', '1'); // The responses were saved because the student navigated to another page (this is not currently used)
define('QUESTION_EVENTSAVE', '2'); // The student has requested that the responses should be saved but not submitted or validated
define('QUESTION_EVENTGRADE', '3'); // Moodle has graded the responses. A SUBMIT event can be changed to a GRADE event by Moodle.
define('QUESTION_EVENTDUPLICATE', '4'); // The responses submitted were the same as previously
define('QUESTION_EVENTVALIDATE', '5'); // The student has requested a validation. This causes the responses to be saved as well, but not graded.
define('QUESTION_EVENTCLOSEANDGRADE', '6'); // Moodle has graded the responses. A CLOSE event can be changed to a CLOSEANDGRADE event by Moodle.
define('QUESTION_EVENTSUBMIT', '7'); // The student response has been submitted but it has not yet been marked
define('QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE', '8'); // The response has been submitted and the session has been closed, either because the student requested it or because Moodle did it (e.g. because of a timelimit). The responses have not been graded.
define('QUESTION_EVENTMANUALGRADE', '9'); // Grade was entered by teacher
define('QUESTION_EVENTS_GRADED', QUESTION_EVENTGRADE.','.
QUESTION_EVENTCLOSEANDGRADE.','.
QUESTION_EVENTMANUALGRADE);
define('QUESTION_EVENTS_CLOSED', QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE.','.
QUESTION_EVENTCLOSEANDGRADE.','.
QUESTION_EVENTMANUALGRADE);
define('QUESTION_EVENTS_CLOSED_OR_GRADED', QUESTION_EVENTGRADE.','.
QUESTION_EVENTS_CLOSED);
/**#@-*/
/**#@+
* The core question types.
*/
define("SHORTANSWER", "shortanswer");
define("TRUEFALSE", "truefalse");
define("MULTICHOICE", "multichoice");
define("RANDOM", "random");
define("MATCH", "match");
define("RANDOMSAMATCH", "randomsamatch");
define("DESCRIPTION", "description");
define("NUMERICAL", "numerical");
define("MULTIANSWER", "multianswer");
define("CALCULATED", "calculated");
define("ESSAY", "essay");
/**#@-*/
/**
* Constant determines the number of answer boxes supplied in the editing
* form for multiple choice and similar question types.
*/
define("QUESTION_NUMANS", "10");
/**
* Constant determines the number of answer boxes supplied in the editing
* form for multiple choice and similar question types to start with, with
* the option of adding QUESTION_NUMANS_ADD more answers.
*/
define("QUESTION_NUMANS_START", 3);
/**
* Constant determines the number of answer boxes to add in the editing
* form for multiple choice and similar question types when the user presses
* 'add form fields button'.
*/
define("QUESTION_NUMANS_ADD", 3);
/**
* The options used when popping up a question preview window in Javascript.
*/
define('QUESTION_PREVIEW_POPUP_OPTIONS', 'scrollbars=yes&resizable=yes&width=700&height=540');
/**#@+
* Option flags for ->optionflags
* The options are read out via bitwise operation using these constants
*/
/**
* Whether the questions is to be run in adaptive mode. If this is not set then
* a question closes immediately after the first submission of responses. This
* is how question is Moodle always worked before version 1.5
*/
define('QUESTION_ADAPTIVE', 1);
/**#@-*/
/**#@+
* Options for whether flags are shown/editable when rendering questions.
*/
define('QUESTION_FLAGSHIDDEN', 0);
define('QUESTION_FLAGSSHOWN', 1);
define('QUESTION_FLAGSEDITABLE', 2);
/**#@-*/
/**
* GLOBAL VARAIBLES
* @global array $QTYPES
* @name $QTYPES
*/
global $QTYPES;
/**
* Array holding question type objects. Initialised via calls to
* question_register_questiontype as the question type classes are included.
*/
$QTYPES = array();
/**
* Add a new question type to the various global arrays above.
*
* @global object
* @param object $qtype An instance of the new question type class.
*/
function question_register_questiontype($qtype) {
global $QTYPES;
$name = $qtype->name();
$QTYPES[$name] = $qtype;
}
require_once("$CFG->dirroot/question/type/questiontype.php");
// Load the questiontype.php file for each question type
// These files in turn call question_register_questiontype()
// with a new instance of each qtype class.
$qtypenames = get_plugin_list('qtype');
foreach($qtypenames as $qtypename => $qdir) {
// Instanciates all plug-in question types
$qtypefilepath= "$qdir/questiontype.php";
// echo "Loading $qtypename<br/>"; // Uncomment for debugging
if (is_readable($qtypefilepath)) {
require_once($qtypefilepath);
}
}
/**
* An array of question type names translated to the user's language, suitable for use when
* creating a drop-down menu of options.
*
* Long-time Moodle programmers will realise that this replaces the old $QTYPE_MENU array.
* The array returned will only hold the names of all the question types that the user should
* be able to create directly. Some internal question types like random questions are excluded.
*
* @global object
* @return array an array of question type names translated to the user's language.
*/
function question_type_menu() {
global $QTYPES;
static $menuoptions = null;
if (is_null($menuoptions)) {
$config = get_config('question');
$menuoptions = array();
foreach ($QTYPES as $name => $qtype) {
// Get the name if this qtype is enabled.
$menuname = $qtype->menu_name();
$enabledvar = $name . '_disabled';
if ($menuname && !isset($config->$enabledvar)) {
$menuoptions[$name] = $menuname;
}
}
$menuoptions = question_sort_qtype_array($menuoptions, $config);
}
return $menuoptions;
}
/**
* Sort an array of question type names according to the question type sort order stored in
* config_plugins. Entries for which there is no xxx_sortorder defined will go
* at the end, sorted according to textlib_get_instance()->asort($inarray).
* @param $inarray an array $qtype => $QTYPES[$qtype]->local_name().
* @param $config get_config('question'), if you happen to have it around, to save one DB query.
* @return array the sorted version of $inarray.
*/
function question_sort_qtype_array($inarray, $config = null) {
if (is_null($config)) {
$config = get_config('question');
}
$sortorder = array();
foreach ($inarray as $name => $notused) {
$sortvar = $name . '_sortorder';
if (isset($config->$sortvar)) {
$sortorder[$config->$sortvar] = $name;
}
}
ksort($sortorder);
$outarray = array();
foreach ($sortorder as $name) {
$outarray[$name] = $inarray[$name];
unset($inarray[$name]);
}
textlib_get_instance()->asort($inarray);
return array_merge($outarray, $inarray);
}
/**
* Move one question type in a list of question types. If you try to move one element
* off of the end, nothing will change.
*
* @param array $sortedqtypes An array $qtype => anything.
* @param string $tomove one of the keys from $sortedqtypes
* @param integer $direction +1 or -1
* @return array an array $index => $qtype, with $index from 0 to n in order, and
* the $qtypes in the same order as $sortedqtypes, except that $tomove will
* have been moved one place.
*/
function question_reorder_qtypes($sortedqtypes, $tomove, $direction) {
$neworder = array_keys($sortedqtypes);
// Find the element to move.
$key = array_search($tomove, $neworder);
if ($key === false) {
return $neworder;
}
// Work out the other index.
$otherkey = $key + $direction;
if (!isset($neworder[$otherkey])) {
return $neworder;
}
// Do the swap.
$swap = $neworder[$otherkey];
$neworder[$otherkey] = $neworder[$key];
$neworder[$key] = $swap;
return $neworder;
}
/**
* Save a new question type order to the config_plugins table.
* @global object
* @param $neworder An arra $index => $qtype. Indices should start at 0 and be in order.
* @param $config get_config('question'), if you happen to have it around, to save one DB query.
*/
function question_save_qtype_order($neworder, $config = null) {
global $DB;
if (is_null($config)) {
$config = get_config('question');
}
foreach ($neworder as $index => $qtype) {
$sortvar = $qtype . '_sortorder';
if (!isset($config->$sortvar) || $config->$sortvar != $index + 1) {
set_config($sortvar, $index + 1, 'question');
}
}
}
/// OTHER CLASSES /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/**
* This holds the options that are set by the course module
*
* @package moodlecore
* @subpackage question
* @copyright 1999 onwards Martin Dougiamas {@link http://moodle.com}
* @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU GPL v3 or later
*/
class cmoptions {
/**
* Whether a new attempt should be based on the previous one. If true
* then a new attempt will start in a state where all responses are set
* to the last responses from the previous attempt.
*/
var $attemptonlast = false;
/**
* Various option flags. The flags are accessed via bitwise operations
* using the constants defined in the CONSTANTS section above.
*/
var $optionflags = QUESTION_ADAPTIVE;
/**
* Determines whether in the calculation of the score for a question
* penalties for earlier wrong responses within the same attempt will
* be subtracted.
*/
var $penaltyscheme = true;
/**
* The maximum time the user is allowed to answer the questions withing
* an attempt. This is measured in minutes so needs to be multiplied by
* 60 before compared to timestamps. If set to 0 no timelimit will be applied
*/
var $timelimit = 0;
/**
* Timestamp for the closing time. Responses submitted after this time will
* be saved but no credit will be given for them.
*/
var $timeclose = 9999999999;
/**
* The id of the course from withing which the question is currently being used
*/
var $course = SITEID;
/**
* Whether the answers in a multiple choice question should be randomly
* shuffled when a new attempt is started.
*/
var $shuffleanswers = true;
/**
* The number of decimals to be shown when scores are printed
*/
var $decimalpoints = 2;
}
/// FUNCTIONS //////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/**
* Returns an array of names of activity modules that use this question
*
* @global object
* @global object
* @param object $questionid
* @return array of strings
*/
function question_list_instances($questionid) {
global $CFG, $DB;
$instances = array();
$modules = $DB->get_records('modules');
foreach ($modules as $module) {
$fullmod = $CFG->dirroot . '/mod/' . $module->name;
if (file_exists($fullmod . '/lib.php')) {
include_once($fullmod . '/lib.php');
$fn = $module->name.'_question_list_instances';
if (function_exists($fn)) {
$instances = $instances + $fn($questionid);
}
}
}
return $instances;
}
/**
* Determine whether there arey any questions belonging to this context, that is whether any of its
* question categories contain any questions. This will return true even if all the questions are
* hidden.
*
* @global object
* @param mixed $context either a context object, or a context id.
* @return boolean whether any of the question categories beloning to this context have
* any questions in them.
*/
function question_context_has_any_questions($context) {
global $DB;
if (is_object($context)) {
$contextid = $context->id;
} else if (is_numeric($context)) {
$contextid = $context;
} else {
print_error('invalidcontextinhasanyquestions', 'question');
}
return $DB->record_exists_sql("SELECT *
FROM {question} q
JOIN {question_categories} qc ON qc.id = q.category
WHERE qc.contextid = ? AND q.parent = 0", array($contextid));
}
/**
* Returns list of 'allowed' grades for grade selection
* formatted suitably for dropdown box function
* @return object ->gradeoptionsfull full array ->gradeoptions +ve only
*/
function get_grade_options() {
// define basic array of grades. This list comprises all fractions of the form:
// a. p/q for q <= 6, 0 <= p <= q
// b. p/10 for 0 <= p <= 10
// c. 1/q for 1 <= q <= 10
// d. 1/20
$grades = array(
1.0000000,
0.9000000,
0.8333333,
0.8000000,
0.7500000,
0.7000000,
0.6666667,
0.6000000,
0.5000000,
0.4000000,
0.3333333,
0.3000000,
0.2500000,
0.2000000,
0.1666667,
0.1428571,
0.1250000,
0.1111111,
0.1000000,
0.0500000,
0.0000000);
// iterate through grades generating full range of options
$gradeoptionsfull = array();
$gradeoptions = array();
foreach ($grades as $grade) {
$percentage = 100 * $grade;
$neggrade = -$grade;
$gradeoptions["$grade"] = "$percentage %";
$gradeoptionsfull["$grade"] = "$percentage %";
$gradeoptionsfull["$neggrade"] = -$percentage." %";
}
$gradeoptionsfull["0"] = $gradeoptions["0"] = get_string("none");
// sort lists
arsort($gradeoptions, SORT_NUMERIC);
arsort($gradeoptionsfull, SORT_NUMERIC);
// construct return object
$grades = new stdClass;
$grades->gradeoptions = $gradeoptions;
$grades->gradeoptionsfull = $gradeoptionsfull;
return $grades;
}
/**
* match grade options
* if no match return error or match nearest
* @param array $gradeoptionsfull list of valid options
* @param int $grade grade to be tested
* @param string $matchgrades 'error' or 'nearest'
* @return mixed either 'fixed' value or false if erro
*/
function match_grade_options($gradeoptionsfull, $grade, $matchgrades='error') {
// if we just need an error...
if ($matchgrades=='error') {
foreach($gradeoptionsfull as $value => $option) {
// slightly fuzzy test, never check floats for equality :-)
if (abs($grade-$value)<0.00001) {
return $grade;
}
}
// didn't find a match so that's an error
return false;
}
// work out nearest value
else if ($matchgrades=='nearest') {
$hownear = array();
foreach($gradeoptionsfull as $value => $option) {
if ($grade==$value) {
return $grade;
}
$hownear[ $value ] = abs( $grade - $value );
}
// reverse sort list of deltas and grab the last (smallest)
asort( $hownear, SORT_NUMERIC );
reset( $hownear );
return key( $hownear );
}
else {
return false;
}
}
/**
* Tests whether a category is in use by any activity module
*
* @global object
* @return boolean
* @param integer $categoryid
* @param boolean $recursive Whether to examine category children recursively
*/
function question_category_isused($categoryid, $recursive = false) {
global $DB;
//Look at each question in the category
if ($questions = $DB->get_records('question', array('category'=>$categoryid), '', 'id,qtype')) {
foreach ($questions as $question) {
if (count(question_list_instances($question->id))) {
return true;
}
}
}
//Look under child categories recursively
if ($recursive) {
if ($children = $DB->get_records('question_categories', array('parent'=>$categoryid))) {
foreach ($children as $child) {
if (question_category_isused($child->id, $recursive)) {
return true;
}
}
}
}
return false;
}
/**
* Deletes all data associated to an attempt from the database
*
* @global object
* @global object
* @param integer $attemptid The id of the attempt being deleted
*/
function delete_attempt($attemptid) {
global $QTYPES, $DB;
$states = $DB->get_records('question_states', array('attempt'=>$attemptid));
if ($states) {
$stateslist = implode(',', array_keys($states));
// delete question-type specific data
foreach ($QTYPES as $qtype) {
$qtype->delete_states($stateslist);
}
}
// delete entries from all other question tables
// It is important that this is done only after calling the questiontype functions
$DB->delete_records("question_states", array("attempt"=>$attemptid));
$DB->delete_records("question_sessions", array("attemptid"=>$attemptid));
$DB->delete_records("question_attempts", array("id"=>$attemptid));
}
/**
* Deletes question and all associated data from the database
*
* It will not delete a question if it is used by an activity module
*
* @global object
* @global object
* @param object $question The question being deleted
*/
function delete_question($questionid) {
global $QTYPES, $DB;
$question = $DB->get_record_sql('
SELECT q.*, qc.contextid
FROM {question} q
JOIN {question_categories} qc ON qc.id = q.category
WHERE q.id = ?', array($questionid));
if (!$question) {
// In some situations, for example if this was a child of a
// Cloze question that was previously deleted, the question may already
// have gone. In this case, just do nothing.
return;
}
// Do not delete a question if it is used by an activity module
if (count(question_list_instances($questionid))) {
return;
}
// delete questiontype-specific data
question_require_capability_on($question, 'edit');
if (isset($QTYPES[$question->qtype])) {
$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->delete_question($questionid, $question->contextid);
}
if ($states = $DB->get_records('question_states', array('question'=>$questionid))) {
$stateslist = implode(',', array_keys($states));
// delete questiontype-specific data
foreach ($QTYPES as $qtype) {
$qtype->delete_states($stateslist);
}
}
// Delete entries from all other question tables
// It is important that this is done only after calling the questiontype functions
$DB->delete_records('question_answers', array('question' => $questionid));
$DB->delete_records('question_states', array('question' => $questionid));
$DB->delete_records('question_sessions', array('questionid' => $questionid));
// Now recursively delete all child questions
if ($children = $DB->get_records('question', array('parent' => $questionid), '', 'id,qtype')) {
foreach ($children as $child) {
if ($child->id != $questionid) {
delete_question($child->id);
}
}
}
// Finally delete the question record itself
$DB->delete_records('question', array('id'=>$questionid));
}
/**
* All question categories and their questions are deleted for this course.
*
* @global object
* @param object $mod an object representing the activity
* @param boolean $feedback to specify if the process must output a summary of its work
* @return boolean
*/
function question_delete_course($course, $feedback=true) {
global $DB, $OUTPUT;
//To store feedback to be showed at the end of the process
$feedbackdata = array();
//Cache some strings
$strcatdeleted = get_string('unusedcategorydeleted', 'quiz');
$coursecontext = get_context_instance(CONTEXT_COURSE, $course->id);
$categoriescourse = $DB->get_records('question_categories', array('contextid'=>$coursecontext->id), 'parent', 'id, parent, name, contextid');
if ($categoriescourse) {
//Sort categories following their tree (parent-child) relationships
//this will make the feedback more readable
$categoriescourse = sort_categories_by_tree($categoriescourse);
foreach ($categoriescourse as $category) {
//Delete it completely (questions and category itself)
//deleting questions
if ($questions = $DB->get_records('question', array('category' => $category->id), '', 'id,qtype')) {
foreach ($questions as $question) {
delete_question($question->id);
}
$DB->delete_records("question", array("category"=>$category->id));
}
//delete the category
$DB->delete_records('question_categories', array('id'=>$category->id));
//Fill feedback
$feedbackdata[] = array($category->name, $strcatdeleted);
}
//Inform about changes performed if feedback is enabled
if ($feedback) {
$table = new html_table();
$table->head = array(get_string('category','quiz'), get_string('action'));
$table->data = $feedbackdata;
echo html_writer::table($table);
}
}
return true;
}
/**
* Category is about to be deleted,
* 1/ All question categories and their questions are deleted for this course category.
* 2/ All questions are moved to new category
*
* @global object
* @param object $category course category object
* @param object $newcategory empty means everything deleted, otherwise id of category where content moved
* @param boolean $feedback to specify if the process must output a summary of its work
* @return boolean
*/
function question_delete_course_category($category, $newcategory, $feedback=true) {
global $DB, $OUTPUT;
$context = get_context_instance(CONTEXT_COURSECAT, $category->id);
if (empty($newcategory)) {
$feedbackdata = array(); // To store feedback to be showed at the end of the process
$rescueqcategory = null; // See the code around the call to question_save_from_deletion.
$strcatdeleted = get_string('unusedcategorydeleted', 'quiz');
// Loop over question categories.
if ($categories = $DB->get_records('question_categories', array('contextid'=>$context->id), 'parent', 'id, parent, name')) {
foreach ($categories as $category) {
// Deal with any questions in the category.
if ($questions = $DB->get_records('question', array('category' => $category->id), '', 'id,qtype')) {
// Try to delete each question.
foreach ($questions as $question) {
delete_question($question->id);
}
// Check to see if there were any questions that were kept because they are
// still in use somehow, even though quizzes in courses in this category will
// already have been deteted. This could happen, for example, if questions are
// added to a course, and then that course is moved to another category (MDL-14802).
$questionids = $DB->get_records_menu('question', array('category'=>$category->id), '', 'id,1');
if (!empty($questionids)) {
if (!$rescueqcategory = question_save_from_deletion(array_keys($questionids),
get_parent_contextid($context), print_context_name($context), $rescueqcategory)) {
return false;
}
$feedbackdata[] = array($category->name, get_string('questionsmovedto', 'question', $rescueqcategory->name));
}
}
// Now delete the category.
if (!$DB->delete_records('question_categories', array('id'=>$category->id))) {
return false;
}
$feedbackdata[] = array($category->name, $strcatdeleted);
} // End loop over categories.
}
// Output feedback if requested.
if ($feedback and $feedbackdata) {
$table = new html_table();
$table->head = array(get_string('questioncategory','question'), get_string('action'));
$table->data = $feedbackdata;
echo html_writer::table($table);
}
} else {
// Move question categories ot the new context.
if (!$newcontext = get_context_instance(CONTEXT_COURSECAT, $newcategory->id)) {
return false;
}
$DB->set_field('question_categories', 'contextid', $newcontext->id, array('contextid'=>$context->id));
if ($feedback) {
$a = new stdClass;
$a->oldplace = print_context_name($context);
$a->newplace = print_context_name($newcontext);
echo $OUTPUT->notification(get_string('movedquestionsandcategories', 'question', $a), 'notifysuccess');
}
}
return true;
}
/**
* Enter description here...
*
* @param array $questionids of question ids
* @param object $newcontext the context to create the saved category in.
* @param string $oldplace a textual description of the think being deleted, e.g. from get_context_name
* @param object $newcategory
* @return mixed false on
*/
function question_save_from_deletion($questionids, $newcontextid, $oldplace, $newcategory = null) {
global $DB;
// Make a category in the parent context to move the questions to.
if (is_null($newcategory)) {
$newcategory = new stdClass();
$newcategory->parent = 0;
$newcategory->contextid = $newcontextid;
$newcategory->name = get_string('questionsrescuedfrom', 'question', $oldplace);
$newcategory->info = get_string('questionsrescuedfrominfo', 'question', $oldplace);
$newcategory->sortorder = 999;
$newcategory->stamp = make_unique_id_code();
$newcategory->id = $DB->insert_record('question_categories', $newcategory);
}
// Move any remaining questions to the 'saved' category.
if (!question_move_questions_to_category($questionids, $newcategory->id)) {
return false;
}
return $newcategory;
}
/**
* All question categories and their questions are deleted for this activity.
*
* @global object
* @param object $cm the course module object representing the activity
* @param boolean $feedback to specify if the process must output a summary of its work
* @return boolean
*/
function question_delete_activity($cm, $feedback=true) {
global $DB, $OUTPUT;
//To store feedback to be showed at the end of the process
$feedbackdata = array();
//Cache some strings
$strcatdeleted = get_string('unusedcategorydeleted', 'quiz');
$modcontext = get_context_instance(CONTEXT_MODULE, $cm->id);
if ($categoriesmods = $DB->get_records('question_categories', array('contextid'=>$modcontext->id), 'parent', 'id, parent, name, contextid')){
//Sort categories following their tree (parent-child) relationships
//this will make the feedback more readable
$categoriesmods = sort_categories_by_tree($categoriesmods);
foreach ($categoriesmods as $category) {
//Delete it completely (questions and category itself)
//deleting questions
if ($questions = $DB->get_records('question', array('category' => $category->id), '', 'id,qtype')) {
foreach ($questions as $question) {
delete_question($question->id);
}
$DB->delete_records("question", array("category"=>$category->id));
}
//delete the category
$DB->delete_records('question_categories', array('id'=>$category->id));
//Fill feedback
$feedbackdata[] = array($category->name, $strcatdeleted);
}
//Inform about changes performed if feedback is enabled
if ($feedback) {
$table = new html_table();
$table->head = array(get_string('category','quiz'), get_string('action'));
$table->data = $feedbackdata;
echo html_writer::table($table);
}
}
return true;
}
/**
* This function should be considered private to the question bank, it is called from
* question/editlib.php question/contextmoveq.php and a few similar places to to the work of
* acutally moving questions and associated data. However, callers of this function also have to
* do other work, which is why you should not call this method directly from outside the questionbank.
*
* @param array $questionids of question ids.
* @param integer $newcategoryid the id of the category to move to.
*/
function question_move_questions_to_category($questionids, $newcategoryid) {
global $DB, $QTYPES;
$newcontextid = $DB->get_field('question_categories', 'contextid',
array('id' => $newcategoryid));
list($questionidcondition, $params) = $DB->get_in_or_equal($questionids);
$questions = $DB->get_records_sql("
SELECT q.id, q.qtype, qc.contextid
FROM {question} q
JOIN {question_categories} qc ON q.category = qc.id
WHERE q.id $questionidcondition", $params);
foreach ($questions as $question) {
if ($newcontextid != $question->contextid) {
$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->move_files($question->id,
$question->contextid, $newcontextid);
}
}
// Move the questions themselves.
$DB->set_field_select('question', 'category', $newcategoryid, "id $questionidcondition", $params);
// Move any subquestions belonging to them.
$DB->set_field_select('question', 'category', $newcategoryid, "parent $questionidcondition", $params);
// TODO Deal with datasets.
return true;
}
/**
* This function helps move a question cateogry to a new context by moving all
* the files belonging to all the questions to the new context.
* Also moves subcategories.
* @param integer $categoryid the id of the category being moved.
* @param integer $oldcontextid the old context id.
* @param integer $newcontextid the new context id.
*/
function question_move_category_to_context($categoryid, $oldcontextid, $newcontextid) {
global $DB, $QTYPES;
$questionids = $DB->get_records_menu('question',
array('category' => $categoryid), '', 'id,qtype');
foreach ($questionids as $questionid => $qtype) {
$QTYPES[$qtype]->move_files($questionid, $oldcontextid, $newcontextid);
}
$subcatids = $DB->get_records_menu('question_categories',
array('parent' => $categoryid), '', 'id,1');
foreach ($subcatids as $subcatid => $notused) {
$DB->set_field('question_categories', 'contextid', $newcontextid, array('id' => $subcatid));
question_move_category_to_context($subcatid, $oldcontextid, $newcontextid);
}
}
/**
* Given a list of ids, load the basic information about a set of questions from the questions table.
* The $join and $extrafields arguments can be used together to pull in extra data.
* See, for example, the usage in mod/quiz/attemptlib.php, and
* read the code below to see how the SQL is assembled. Throws exceptions on error.
*
* @global object
* @global object
* @param array $questionids array of question ids.
* @param string $extrafields extra SQL code to be added to the query.
* @param string $join extra SQL code to be added to the query.
* @param array $extraparams values for any placeholders in $join.
* You are strongly recommended to use named placeholder.
*
* @return array partially complete question objects. You need to call get_question_options
* on them before they can be properly used.
*/
function question_preload_questions($questionids, $extrafields = '', $join = '', $extraparams = array()) {
global $CFG, $DB;
if (empty($questionids)) {
return array();
}
if ($join) {
$join = ' JOIN '.$join;
}
if ($extrafields) {
$extrafields = ', ' . $extrafields;
}
list($questionidcondition, $params) = $DB->get_in_or_equal(
$questionids, SQL_PARAMS_NAMED, 'qid0000');
$sql = 'SELECT q.*' . $extrafields . ' FROM {question} q' . $join .
' WHERE q.id ' . $questionidcondition;
// Load the questions
if (!$questions = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, $extraparams + $params)) {
return 'Could not load questions.';
}
foreach ($questions as $question) {
$question->_partiallyloaded = true;
}
// Note, a possible optimisation here would be to not load the TEXT fields
// (that is, questiontext and generalfeedback) here, and instead load them in
// question_load_questions. That would add one DB query, but reduce the amount
// of data transferred most of the time. I am not going to do this optimisation
// until it is shown to be worthwhile.
return $questions;
}
/**
* Load a set of questions, given a list of ids. The $join and $extrafields arguments can be used
* together to pull in extra data. See, for example, the usage in mod/quiz/attempt.php, and
* read the code below to see how the SQL is assembled. Throws exceptions on error.
*
* @param array $questionids array of question ids.
* @param string $extrafields extra SQL code to be added to the query.
* @param string $join extra SQL code to be added to the query.
* @param array $extraparams values for any placeholders in $join.
* You are strongly recommended to use named placeholder.
*
* @return array question objects.
*/
function question_load_questions($questionids, $extrafields = '', $join = '') {
$questions = question_preload_questions($questionids, $extrafields, $join);
// Load the question type specific information
if (!get_question_options($questions)) {
return 'Could not load the question options';
}
return $questions;
}
/**
* Private function to factor common code out of get_question_options().
*
* @global object
* @global object
* @param object $question the question to tidy.
* @param boolean $loadtags load the question tags from the tags table. Optional, default false.
* @return boolean true if successful, else false.
*/
function _tidy_question(&$question, $loadtags = false) {
global $CFG, $QTYPES;
if (!array_key_exists($question->qtype, $QTYPES)) {
$question->qtype = 'missingtype';
$question->questiontext = '<p>' . get_string('warningmissingtype', 'quiz') . '</p>' . $question->questiontext;
}
$question->name_prefix = question_make_name_prefix($question->id);
if ($success = $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->get_question_options($question)) {
if (isset($question->_partiallyloaded)) {
unset($question->_partiallyloaded);
}
}
if ($loadtags && !empty($CFG->usetags)) {
require_once($CFG->dirroot . '/tag/lib.php');
$question->tags = tag_get_tags_array('question', $question->id);
}
return $success;
}
/**
* Updates the question objects with question type specific
* information by calling {@link get_question_options()}
*
* Can be called either with an array of question objects or with a single
* question object.
*
* @param mixed $questions Either an array of question objects to be updated
* or just a single question object
* @param boolean $loadtags load the question tags from the tags table. Optional, default false.
* @return bool Indicates success or failure.
*/
function get_question_options(&$questions, $loadtags = false) {
if (is_array($questions)) { // deal with an array of questions
foreach ($questions as $i => $notused) {
if (!_tidy_question($questions[$i], $loadtags)) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
} else { // deal with single question
return _tidy_question($questions, $loadtags);
}
}
/**
* Load the basic state information for
*
* @global object
* @param integer $attemptid the attempt id to load the states for.
* @return array an array of state data from the database, you will subsequently
* need to call question_load_states to get fully loaded states that can be
* used by the question types. The states here should be sufficient for
* basic tasks like rendering navigation.
*/
function question_preload_states($attemptid) {
global $DB;
// Note, changes here probably also need to be reflected in
// regrade_question_in_attempt and question_load_specific_state.
// The questionid field must be listed first so that it is used as the
// array index in the array returned by $DB->get_records_sql
$statefields = 'n.questionid as question, s.id, s.attempt, ' .
's.seq_number, s.answer, s.timestamp, s.event, s.grade, s.raw_grade, ' .
's.penalty, n.sumpenalty, n.manualcomment, n.manualcommentformat, ' .
'n.flagged, n.id as questionsessionid';
// Load the newest states for the questions
$sql = "SELECT $statefields
FROM {question_states} s, {question_sessions} n
WHERE s.id = n.newest AND n.attemptid = ?";
$states = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, array($attemptid));
if (!$states) {
return false;
}
// Load the newest graded states for the questions
$sql = "SELECT $statefields
FROM {question_states} s, {question_sessions} n
WHERE s.id = n.newgraded AND n.attemptid = ?";
$gradedstates = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, array($attemptid));
// Hook the two together.
foreach ($states as $questionid => $state) {
$states[$questionid]->_partiallyloaded = true;
if ($gradedstates[$questionid]) {
$states[$questionid]->last_graded = $gradedstates[$questionid];
$states[$questionid]->last_graded->_partiallyloaded = true;
}
}
return $states;
}
/**
* Finish loading the question states that were extracted from the database with
* question_preload_states, creating new states for any question where there
* is not a state in the database.
*
* @global object
* @global object
* @param array $questions the questions to load state for.
* @param array $states the partially loaded states this array is updated.
* @param object $cmoptions options from the module we are loading the states for. E.g. $quiz.
* @param object $attempt The attempt for which the question sessions are
* to be restored or created.
* @param mixed either the id of a previous attempt, if this attmpt is
* building on a previous one, or false for a clean attempt.
* @return true or false for success or failure.
*/
function question_load_states(&$questions, &$states, $cmoptions, $attempt, $lastattemptid = false) {
global $QTYPES, $DB;
// loop through all questions and set the last_graded states
foreach (array_keys($questions) as $qid) {
if (isset($states[$qid])) {
restore_question_state($questions[$qid], $states[$qid]);
if (isset($states[$qid]->_partiallyloaded)) {
unset($states[$qid]->_partiallyloaded);
}
if (isset($states[$qid]->last_graded)) {
restore_question_state($questions[$qid], $states[$qid]->last_graded);
if (isset($states[$qid]->last_graded->_partiallyloaded)) {
unset($states[$qid]->last_graded->_partiallyloaded);
}
} else {
$states[$qid]->last_graded = clone($states[$qid]);
}
} else {
if ($lastattemptid) {
// If the new attempt is to be based on this previous attempt.
// Find the responses from the previous attempt and save them to the new session
// Load the last graded state for the question. Note, $statefields is
// the same as above, except that we don't want n.manualcomment.
$statefields = 'n.questionid as question, s.id, s.attempt, ' .
's.seq_number, s.answer, s.timestamp, s.event, s.grade, s.raw_grade, ' .
's.penalty, n.sumpenalty';
$sql = "SELECT $statefields
FROM {question_states} s, {question_sessions} n
WHERE s.id = n.newest
AND n.attemptid = ?
AND n.questionid = ?";
if (!$laststate = $DB->get_record_sql($sql, array($lastattemptid, $qid))) {
// Only restore previous responses that have been graded
continue;
}
// Restore the state so that the responses will be restored
restore_question_state($questions[$qid], $laststate);
$states[$qid] = clone($laststate);
unset($states[$qid]->id);
} else {
// create a new empty state
$states[$qid] = new stdClass();
$states[$qid]->question = $qid;
$states[$qid]->responses = array('' => '');
$states[$qid]->raw_grade = 0;
}
// now fill/overide initial values
$states[$qid]->attempt = $attempt->uniqueid;
$states[$qid]->seq_number = 0;
$states[$qid]->timestamp = $attempt->timestart;
$states[$qid]->event = ($attempt->timefinish) ? QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE : QUESTION_EVENTOPEN;
$states[$qid]->grade = 0;
$states[$qid]->penalty = 0;
$states[$qid]->sumpenalty = 0;
$states[$qid]->manualcomment = '';
$states[$qid]->manualcommentformat = FORMAT_HTML;
$states[$qid]->flagged = 0;
// Prevent further changes to the session from incrementing the
// sequence number
$states[$qid]->changed = true;
if ($lastattemptid) {
// prepare the previous responses for new processing
$action = new stdClass;
$action->responses = $laststate->responses;
$action->timestamp = $laststate->timestamp;
$action->event = QUESTION_EVENTSAVE; //emulate save of questions from all pages MDL-7631
// Process these responses ...
question_process_responses($questions[$qid], $states[$qid], $action, $cmoptions, $attempt);
// Fix for Bug #5506: When each attempt is built on the last one,
// preserve the options from any previous attempt.
if ( isset($laststate->options) ) {
$states[$qid]->options = $laststate->options;
}
} else {
// Create the empty question type specific information
if (!$QTYPES[$questions[$qid]->qtype]->create_session_and_responses(
$questions[$qid], $states[$qid], $cmoptions, $attempt)) {
return false;
}
}
$states[$qid]->last_graded = clone($states[$qid]);
}
}
return true;
}
/**
* Loads the most recent state of each question session from the database
* or create new one.
*
* For each question the most recent session state for the current attempt
* is loaded from the question_states table and the question type specific data and
* responses are added by calling {@link restore_question_state()} which in turn
* calls {@link restore_session_and_responses()} for each question.
* If no states exist for the question instance an empty state object is
* created representing the start of a session and empty question
* type specific information and responses are created by calling
* {@link create_session_and_responses()}.
*
* @return array An array of state objects representing the most recent
* states of the question sessions.
* @param array $questions The questions for which sessions are to be restored or
* created.
* @param object $cmoptions
* @param object $attempt The attempt for which the question sessions are
* to be restored or created.
* @param mixed either the id of a previous attempt, if this attmpt is
* building on a previous one, or false for a clean attempt.
*/
function get_question_states(&$questions, $cmoptions, $attempt, $lastattemptid = false) {
// Preload the states.
$states = question_preload_states($attempt->uniqueid);
if (!$states) {
$states = array();
}
// Then finish the job.
if (!question_load_states($questions, $states, $cmoptions, $attempt, $lastattemptid)) {
return false;
}
return $states;
}
/**
* Load a particular previous state of a question.
*
* @global object
* @param array $question The question to load the state for.
* @param object $cmoptions Options from the specifica activity module, e.g. $quiz.
* @param integer $attemptid The question_attempts this is part of.
* @param integer $stateid The id of a specific state of this question.
* @return object the requested state. False on error.
*/
function question_load_specific_state($question, $cmoptions, $attemptid, $stateid) {
global $DB;
// Load specified states for the question.
// sess.sumpenalty is probably wrong here shoul really be a sum of penalties from before the one we are asking for.
$sql = 'SELECT st.*, sess.sumpenalty, sess.manualcomment, sess.manualcommentformat,
sess.flagged, sess.id as questionsessionid
FROM {question_states} st, {question_sessions} sess
WHERE st.id = ?
AND st.attempt = ?
AND sess.attemptid = st.attempt
AND st.question = ?
AND sess.questionid = st.question';
$state = $DB->get_record_sql($sql, array($stateid, $attemptid, $question->id));
if (!$state) {
return false;
}
restore_question_state($question, $state);
// Load the most recent graded states for the questions before the specified one.
$sql = 'SELECT st.*, sess.sumpenalty, sess.manualcomment, sess.manualcommentformat,
sess.flagged, sess.id as questionsessionid
FROM {question_states} st, {question_sessions} sess
WHERE st.seq_number <= ?
AND st.attempt = ?
AND sess.attemptid = st.attempt
AND st.question = ?
AND sess.questionid = st.question
AND st.event IN ('.QUESTION_EVENTS_GRADED.') '.
'ORDER BY st.seq_number DESC';
$gradedstates = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, array($state->seq_number, $attemptid, $question->id), 0, 1);
if (empty($gradedstates)) {
$state->last_graded = clone($state);
} else {
$gradedstate = reset($gradedstates);
restore_question_state($question, $gradedstate);
$state->last_graded = $gradedstate;
}
return $state;
}
/**
* Creates the run-time fields for the states
*
* Extends the state objects for a question by calling
* {@link restore_session_and_responses()}
*
* @global object
* @param object $question The question for which the state is needed
* @param object $state The state as loaded from the database
* @return boolean Represents success or failure
*/
function restore_question_state(&$question, &$state) {
global $QTYPES;
// initialise response to the value in the answer field
$state->responses = array('' => $state->answer);
// Set the changed field to false; any code which changes the
// question session must set this to true and must increment
// ->seq_number. The save_question_session
// function will save the new state object to the database if the field is
// set to true.
$state->changed = false;
// Load the question type specific data
return $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->restore_session_and_responses($question, $state);
}
/**
* Saves the current state of the question session to the database
*
* The state object representing the current state of the session for the
* question is saved to the question_states table with ->responses[''] saved
* to the answer field of the database table. The information in the
* question_sessions table is updated.
* The question type specific data is then saved.
*
* @global array
* @global object
* @return mixed The id of the saved or updated state or false
* @param object $question The question for which session is to be saved.
* @param object $state The state information to be saved. In particular the
* most recent responses are in ->responses. The object
* is updated to hold the new ->id.
*/
function save_question_session($question, $state) {
global $QTYPES, $DB;
// Check if the state has changed
if (!$state->changed && isset($state->id)) {
if (isset($state->newflaggedstate) && $state->flagged != $state->newflaggedstate) {
// If this fails, don't worry too much, it is not critical data.
question_update_flag($state->questionsessionid, $state->newflaggedstate);
}
return $state->id;
}
// Set the legacy answer field
$state->answer = isset($state->responses['']) ? $state->responses[''] : '';
// Save the state
if (!empty($state->update)) { // this forces the old state record to be overwritten
$DB->update_record('question_states', $state);
} else {
$state->id = $DB->insert_record('question_states', $state);
}
// create or update the session
if (!$session = $DB->get_record('question_sessions', array('attemptid' => $state->attempt, 'questionid' => $question->id))) {
$session = new stdClass;
$session->attemptid = $state->attempt;
$session->questionid = $question->id;
$session->newest = $state->id;
// The following may seem weird, but the newgraded field needs to be set
// already even if there is no graded state yet.
$session->newgraded = $state->id;
$session->sumpenalty = $state->sumpenalty;
$session->manualcomment = $state->manualcomment;
$session->manualcommentformat = $state->manualcommentformat;
$session->flagged = !empty($state->newflaggedstate);
$DB->insert_record('question_sessions', $session);
} else {
$session->newest = $state->id;
if (question_state_is_graded($state) or $state->event == QUESTION_EVENTOPEN) {
// this state is graded or newly opened, so it goes into the lastgraded field as well
$session->newgraded = $state->id;
$session->sumpenalty = $state->sumpenalty;
$session->manualcomment = $state->manualcomment;
$session->manualcommentformat = $state->manualcommentformat;
}
$session->flagged = !empty($state->newflaggedstate);
$DB->update_record('question_sessions', $session);
}
unset($state->answer);
// Save the question type specific state information and responses
if (!$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->save_session_and_responses($question, $state)) {
return false;
}
// Reset the changed flag
$state->changed = false;
return $state->id;
}
/**
* Determines whether a state has been graded by looking at the event field
*
* @return boolean true if the state has been graded
* @param object $state
*/
function question_state_is_graded($state) {
static $question_events_graded = array();
if (!$question_events_graded){
$question_events_graded = explode(',', QUESTION_EVENTS_GRADED);
}
return (in_array($state->event, $question_events_graded));
}
/**
* Determines whether a state has been closed by looking at the event field
*
* @return boolean true if the state has been closed
* @param object $state
*/
function question_state_is_closed($state) {
static $question_events_closed = array();
if (!$question_events_closed){
$question_events_closed = explode(',', QUESTION_EVENTS_CLOSED);
}
return (in_array($state->event, $question_events_closed));
}
/**
* Extracts responses from submitted form
*
* This can extract the responses given to one or several questions present on a page
* It returns an array with one entry for each question, indexed by question id
* Each entry is an object with the properties
* ->event The event that has triggered the submission. This is determined by which button
* the user has pressed.
* ->responses An array holding the responses to an individual question, indexed by the
* name of the corresponding form element.
* ->timestamp A unix timestamp
* @return array array of action objects, indexed by question ids.
* @param array $questions an array containing at least all questions that are used on the form
* @param array $formdata the data submitted by the form on the question page
* @param integer $defaultevent the event type used if no 'mark' or 'validate' is submitted
*/
function question_extract_responses($questions, $formdata, $defaultevent=QUESTION_EVENTSAVE) {
$time = time();
$actions = array();
foreach ($formdata as $key => $response) {
// Get the question id from the response name
if (false !== ($quid = question_get_id_from_name_prefix($key))) {
// check if this is a valid id
if (!isset($questions[$quid])) {
print_error('formquestionnotinids', 'question');
}
// Remove the name prefix from the name
//decrypt trying
$key = substr($key, strlen($questions[$quid]->name_prefix));
if (false === $key) {
$key = '';
}
// Check for question validate and mark buttons & set events
if ($key === 'validate') {
$actions[$quid]->event = QUESTION_EVENTVALIDATE;
} else if ($key === 'submit') {
$actions[$quid]->event = QUESTION_EVENTSUBMIT;
} else {
$actions[$quid]->event = $defaultevent;
}
// Update the state with the new response
$actions[$quid]->responses[$key] = $response;
// Set the timestamp
$actions[$quid]->timestamp = $time;
}
}
foreach ($actions as $quid => $notused) {
ksort($actions[$quid]->responses);
}
return $actions;
}
/**
* Returns the html for question feedback image.
*
* @global object
* @param float $fraction value representing the correctness of the user's
* response to a question.
* @param boolean $selected whether or not the answer is the one that the
* user picked.
* @return string
*/
function question_get_feedback_image($fraction, $selected=true) {
global $CFG, $OUTPUT;
static $icons = array('correct' => 'tick_green', 'partiallycorrect' => 'tick_amber',
'incorrect' => 'cross_red');
if ($selected) {
$size = 'big';
} else {
$size = 'small';
}
$class = question_get_feedback_class($fraction);
return '<img src="' . $OUTPUT->pix_url('i/' . $icons[$class] . '_' . $size) .
'" alt="' . get_string($class, 'quiz') . '" class="icon" />';
}
/**
* Returns the class name for question feedback.
* @param float $fraction value representing the correctness of the user's
* response to a question.
* @return string
*/
function question_get_feedback_class($fraction) {
if ($fraction >= 1/1.01) {
return 'correct';
} else if ($fraction > 0.0) {
return 'partiallycorrect';
} else {
return 'incorrect';
}
}
/**
* For a given question in an attempt we walk the complete history of states
* and recalculate the grades as we go along.
*
* This is used when a question is changed and old student
* responses need to be marked with the new version of a question.
*
* @todo Make sure this is not quiz-specific
*
* @global object
* @return boolean Indicates whether the grade has changed
* @param object $question A question object
* @param object $attempt The attempt, in which the question needs to be regraded.
* @param object $cmoptions
* @param boolean $verbose Optional. Whether to print progress information or not.
* @param boolean $dryrun Optional. Whether to make changes to grades records
* or record that changes need to be made for a later regrade.
*/
function regrade_question_in_attempt($question, $attempt, $cmoptions, $verbose=false, $dryrun=false) {
global $DB, $OUTPUT;
// load all states for this question in this attempt, ordered in sequence
if ($states = $DB->get_records('question_states',
array('attempt'=>$attempt->uniqueid, 'question'=>$question->id),
'seq_number ASC')) {
$states = array_values($states);
// Subtract the grade for the latest state from $attempt->sumgrades to get the
// sumgrades for the attempt without this question.
$attempt->sumgrades -= $states[count($states)-1]->grade;
// Initialise the replaystate
$replaystate = question_load_specific_state($question, $cmoptions, $attempt->uniqueid, $states[0]->id);
$replaystate->sumpenalty = 0;
$replaystate->last_graded->sumpenalty = 0;
$changed = false;
for($j = 1; $j < count($states); $j++) {
restore_question_state($question, $states[$j]);
$action = new stdClass;
$action->responses = $states[$j]->responses;
$action->timestamp = $states[$j]->timestamp;
// Change event to submit so that it will be reprocessed
if (in_array($states[$j]->event, array(QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE,
QUESTION_EVENTGRADE, QUESTION_EVENTCLOSEANDGRADE))) {
$action->event = QUESTION_EVENTSUBMIT;
// By default take the event that was saved in the database
} else {
$action->event = $states[$j]->event;
}
if ($action->event == QUESTION_EVENTMANUALGRADE) {
// Ensure that the grade is in range - in the past this was not checked,
// but now it is (MDL-14835) - so we need to ensure the data is valid before
// proceeding.
if ($states[$j]->grade < 0) {
$states[$j]->grade = 0;
$changed = true;
} else if ($states[$j]->grade > $question->maxgrade) {
$states[$j]->grade = $question->maxgrade;
$changed = true;
}
if (!$dryrun){
$error = question_process_comment($question, $replaystate, $attempt,
$replaystate->manualcomment, $replaystate->manualcommentformat, $states[$j]->grade);
if (is_string($error)) {
echo $OUTPUT->notification($error);
}
} else {
$replaystate->grade = $states[$j]->grade;
}
} else {
// Reprocess (regrade) responses
if (!question_process_responses($question, $replaystate,
$action, $cmoptions, $attempt) && $verbose) {
$a = new stdClass;
$a->qid = $question->id;
$a->stateid = $states[$j]->id;
echo $OUTPUT->notification(get_string('errorduringregrade', 'question', $a));
}
// We need rounding here because grades in the DB get truncated
// e.g. 0.33333 != 0.3333333, but we want them to be equal here
if ((round((float)$replaystate->raw_grade, 5) != round((float)$states[$j]->raw_grade, 5))
or (round((float)$replaystate->penalty, 5) != round((float)$states[$j]->penalty, 5))
or (round((float)$replaystate->grade, 5) != round((float)$states[$j]->grade, 5))) {
$changed = true;
}
// If this was previously a closed state, and it has been knoced back to
// graded, then fix up the state again.
if ($replaystate->event == QUESTION_EVENTGRADE &&
($states[$j]->event == QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE ||
$states[$j]->event == QUESTION_EVENTCLOSEANDGRADE)) {
$replaystate->event = $states[$j]->event;
}
}
$replaystate->id = $states[$j]->id;
$replaystate->changed = true;
$replaystate->update = true; // This will ensure that the existing database entry is updated rather than a new one created
if (!$dryrun){
save_question_session($question, $replaystate);
}
}
if ($changed) {
if (!$dryrun){
// TODO, call a method in quiz to do this, where 'quiz' comes from
// the question_attempts table.
$DB->update_record('quiz_attempts', $attempt);
}
}
if ($changed){
$toinsert = new stdClass();
$toinsert->oldgrade = round((float)$states[count($states)-1]->grade, 5);
$toinsert->newgrade = round((float)$replaystate->grade, 5);
$toinsert->attemptid = $attempt->uniqueid;
$toinsert->questionid = $question->id;
//the grade saved is the old grade if the new grade is saved
//it is the new grade if this is a dry run.
$toinsert->regraded = $dryrun?0:1;
$toinsert->timemodified = time();
$DB->insert_record('quiz_question_regrade', $toinsert);
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}
return false;
}
/**
* Processes an array of student responses, grading and saving them as appropriate
*
* @global array
* @param object $question Full question object, passed by reference
* @param object $state Full state object, passed by reference
* @param object $action object with the fields ->responses which
* is an array holding the student responses,
* ->action which specifies the action, e.g., QUESTION_EVENTGRADE,
* and ->timestamp which is a timestamp from when the responses
* were submitted by the student.
* @param object $cmoptions
* @param object $attempt The attempt is passed by reference so that
* during grading its ->sumgrades field can be updated
* @return boolean Indicates success/failure
*/
function question_process_responses($question, &$state, $action, $cmoptions, &$attempt) {
global $QTYPES;
// if no responses are set initialise to empty response
if (!isset($action->responses)) {
$action->responses = array('' => '');
}
$state->newflaggedstate = !empty($action->responses['_flagged']);
// make sure these are gone!
unset($action->responses['submit'], $action->responses['validate'], $action->responses['_flagged']);
// Check the question session is still open
if (question_state_is_closed($state)) {
return true;
}
// If $action->event is not set that implies saving
if (! isset($action->event)) {
debugging('Ambiguous action in question_process_responses.' , DEBUG_DEVELOPER);
$action->event = QUESTION_EVENTSAVE;
}
// If submitted then compare against last graded
// responses, not last given responses in this case
if (question_isgradingevent($action->event)) {
$state->responses = $state->last_graded->responses;
}
// Check for unchanged responses (exactly unchanged, not equivalent).
// We also have to catch questions that the student has not yet attempted
$sameresponses = $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->compare_responses($question, $action, $state);
if (!empty($state->last_graded) && $state->last_graded->event == QUESTION_EVENTOPEN &&
question_isgradingevent($action->event)) {
$sameresponses = false;
}
// If the response has not been changed then we do not have to process it again
// unless the attempt is closing or validation is requested
if ($sameresponses and QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE != $action->event
and QUESTION_EVENTVALIDATE != $action->event) {
return true;
}
// Roll back grading information to last graded state and set the new
// responses
$newstate = clone($state->last_graded);
$newstate->responses = $action->responses;
$newstate->seq_number = $state->seq_number + 1;
$newstate->changed = true; // will assure that it gets saved to the database
$newstate->last_graded = clone($state->last_graded);
$newstate->timestamp = $action->timestamp;
$newstate->newflaggedstate = $state->newflaggedstate;
$newstate->flagged = $state->flagged;
$newstate->questionsessionid = $state->questionsessionid;
$state = $newstate;
// Set the event to the action we will perform. The question type specific
// grading code may override this by setting it to QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE if the
// attempt at the question causes the session to close
$state->event = $action->event;
if (!question_isgradingevent($action->event)) {
// Grade the response but don't update the overall grade
if (!$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->grade_responses($question, $state, $cmoptions)) {
return false;
}
// Temporary hack because question types are not given enough control over what is going
// on. Used by Opaque questions.
// TODO fix this code properly.
if (!empty($state->believeevent)) {
// If the state was graded we need to ...
if (question_state_is_graded($state)) {
question_apply_penalty_and_timelimit($question, $state, $attempt, $cmoptions);
// update the attempt grade
$attempt->sumgrades -= (float)$state->last_graded->grade;
$attempt->sumgrades += (float)$state->grade;
// and update the last_graded field.
unset($state->last_graded);
$state->last_graded = clone($state);
unset($state->last_graded->changed);
}
} else {
// Don't allow the processing to change the event type
$state->event = $action->event;
}
} else { // grading event
// Unless the attempt is closing, we want to work out if the current responses
// (or equivalent responses) were already given in the last graded attempt.
if(QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE != $action->event && QUESTION_EVENTOPEN != $state->last_graded->event &&
$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->compare_responses($question, $state, $state->last_graded)) {
$state->event = QUESTION_EVENTDUPLICATE;
}
// If we did not find a duplicate or if the attempt is closing, perform grading
if ((!$sameresponses and QUESTION_EVENTDUPLICATE != $state->event) or
QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE == $action->event) {
if (!$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->grade_responses($question, $state, $cmoptions)) {
return false;
}
// Calculate overall grade using correct penalty method
question_apply_penalty_and_timelimit($question, $state, $attempt, $cmoptions);
}
// If the state was graded we need to ...
if (question_state_is_graded($state)) {
// update the attempt grade
$attempt->sumgrades -= (float)$state->last_graded->grade;
$attempt->sumgrades += (float)$state->grade;
// and update the last_graded field.
unset($state->last_graded);
$state->last_graded = clone($state);
unset($state->last_graded->changed);
}
}
$attempt->timemodified = $action->timestamp;
return true;
}
/**
* Determine if event requires grading
*/
function question_isgradingevent($event) {
return (QUESTION_EVENTSUBMIT == $event || QUESTION_EVENTCLOSE == $event);
}
/**
* Applies the penalty from the previous graded responses to the raw grade
* for the current responses
*
* The grade for the question in the current state is computed by subtracting the
* penalty accumulated over the previous graded responses at the question from the
* raw grade. If the timestamp is more than 1 minute beyond the end of the attempt
* the grade is set to zero. The ->grade field of the state object is modified to
* reflect the new grade but is never allowed to decrease.
* @param object $question The question for which the penalty is to be applied.
* @param object $state The state for which the grade is to be set from the
* raw grade and the cumulative penalty from the last
* graded state. The ->grade field is updated by applying
* the penalty scheme determined in $cmoptions to the ->raw_grade and
* ->last_graded->penalty fields.
* @param object $cmoptions The options set by the course module.
* The ->penaltyscheme field determines whether penalties
* for incorrect earlier responses are subtracted.
*/
function question_apply_penalty_and_timelimit(&$question, &$state, $attempt, $cmoptions) {
// TODO. Quiz dependancy. The fact that the attempt that is passed in here
// is from quiz_attempts, and we use things like $cmoptions->timelimit.
// deal with penalty
if ($cmoptions->penaltyscheme) {
$state->grade = $state->raw_grade - $state->sumpenalty;
$state->sumpenalty += (float) $state->penalty;
} else {
$state->grade = $state->raw_grade;
}
// deal with timelimit
if ($cmoptions->timelimit) {
// We allow for 5% uncertainty in the following test
if ($state->timestamp - $attempt->timestart > $cmoptions->timelimit * 1.05) {
$cm = get_coursemodule_from_instance('quiz', $cmoptions->id);
if (!has_capability('mod/quiz:ignoretimelimits', get_context_instance(CONTEXT_MODULE, $cm->id),
$attempt->userid, false)) {
$state->grade = 0;
}
}
}
// deal with closing time
if ($cmoptions->timeclose and $state->timestamp > ($cmoptions->timeclose + 60) // allowing 1 minute lateness
and !$attempt->preview) { // ignore closing time for previews
$state->grade = 0;
}
// Ensure that the grade does not go down
$state->grade = max($state->grade, $state->last_graded->grade);
}
/**
* Print the icon for the question type
*
* @global array
* @global object
* @param object $question The question object for which the icon is required
* only $question->qtype is used.
* @param boolean $return If true the functions returns the link as a string
*/
function print_question_icon($question, $return = false) {
global $QTYPES, $CFG, $OUTPUT;
if (array_key_exists($question->qtype, $QTYPES)) {
$namestr = $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->local_name();
} else {
$namestr = 'missingtype';
}
$html = '<img src="' . $OUTPUT->pix_url('icon', 'qtype_'.$question->qtype) . '" alt="' .
$namestr . '" title="' . $namestr . '" />';
if ($return) {
return $html;
} else {
echo $html;
}
}
/**
* @param $question
* @param $state
* @param $prefix
* @param $cmoptions
* @param $caption
*/
function question_print_comment_fields($question, $state, $prefix, $cmoptions, $caption = '') {
global $QTYPES;
$idprefix = preg_replace('/[^-_a-zA-Z0-9]/', '', $prefix);
$otherquestionsinuse = '';
if (!empty($cmoptions->questions)) {
$otherquestionsinuse = $cmoptions->questions;
}
if (!question_state_is_graded($state) && $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->is_question_manual_graded($question, $otherquestionsinuse)) {
$grade = '';
} else {
$grade = question_format_grade($cmoptions, $state->last_graded->grade);
}
$maxgrade = question_format_grade($cmoptions, $question->maxgrade);
$fieldsize = strlen($maxgrade) - 1;
if (empty($caption)) {
$caption = format_string($question->name);
}
?>
<fieldset class="que comment clearfix">
<legend class="ftoggler"><?php echo $caption; ?></legend>
<div class="fcontainer clearfix">
<div class="fitem">
<div class="fitemtitle">
<label for="<?php echo $idprefix; ?>_comment_box"><?php print_string('comment', 'quiz'); ?></label>
</div>
<div class="felement fhtmleditor">
<?php print_textarea(can_use_html_editor(), 15, 60, 630, 300, $prefix . '[comment]',
$state->manualcomment, 0, false, $idprefix . '_comment_box'); ?>
</div>
</div>
<div class="fitem">
<div class="fitemtitle">
<label for="<?php echo $idprefix; ?>_grade_field"><?php print_string('grade', 'quiz'); ?></label>
</div>
<div class="felement ftext">
<input type="text" name="<?php echo $prefix; ?>[grade]" size="<?php echo $fieldsize; ?>" id="<?php echo $idprefix; ?>_grade_field" value="<?php echo $grade; ?>" /> / <?php echo $maxgrade; ?>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</fieldset>
<?php
}
/**
* Process a manual grading action. That is, use $comment and $grade to update
* $state and $attempt. The attempt and the comment text are stored in the
* database. $state is only updated in memory, it is up to the call to store
* that, if appropriate.
*
* @global object
* @param object $question the question
* @param object $state the state to be updated.
* @param object $attempt the attempt the state belongs to, to be updated.
* @param string $comment the new comment from the teacher.
* @param mixed $grade the grade the teacher assigned, or '' to not change the grade.
* @return mixed true on success, a string error message if a problem is detected
* (for example score out of range).
*/
function question_process_comment($question, &$state, &$attempt, $comment, $commentformat, $grade) {
global $DB;
$grade = trim($grade);
if ($grade < 0 || $grade > $question->maxgrade) {
$a = new stdClass;
$a->grade = $grade;
$a->maxgrade = $question->maxgrade;
$a->name = $question->name;
return get_string('errormanualgradeoutofrange', 'question', $a);
}
// Update the comment and save it in the database
$comment = trim($comment);
$state->manualcomment = $comment;
$state->manualcommentformat = $commentformat;
$state->newflaggedstate = $state->flagged;
$DB->set_field('question_sessions', 'manualcomment', $comment, array('attemptid'=>$attempt->uniqueid, 'questionid'=>$question->id));
// Update the attempt if the score has changed.
if ($grade !== '' && (abs($state->last_graded->grade - $grade) > 0.002 || $state->last_graded->event != QUESTION_EVENTMANUALGRADE)) {
$attempt->sumgrades = $attempt->sumgrades - $state->last_graded->grade + $grade;
$attempt->timemodified = time();
$DB->update_record('quiz_attempts', $attempt);
// We want to update existing state (rather than creating new one) if it
// was itself created by a manual grading event.
$state->update = $state->event == QUESTION_EVENTMANUALGRADE;
// Update the other parts of the state object.
$state->raw_grade = $grade;
$state->grade = $grade;
$state->penalty = 0;
$state->timestamp = time();
$state->seq_number++;
$state->event = QUESTION_EVENTMANUALGRADE;
// Update the last graded state (don't simplify!)
unset($state->last_graded);
$state->last_graded = clone($state);
// We need to indicate that the state has changed in order for it to be saved.
$state->changed = 1;
}
return true;
}
/**
* Construct name prefixes for question form element names
*
* Construct the name prefix that should be used for example in the
* names of form elements created by questions.
* This is called by {@link get_question_options()}
* to set $question->name_prefix.
* This name prefix includes the question id which can be
* extracted from it with {@link question_get_id_from_name_prefix()}.
*
* @return string
* @param integer $id The question id
*/
function question_make_name_prefix($id) {
return 'resp' . $id . '_';
}
/**
* Extract question id from the prefix of form element names
*
* @return integer The question id
* @param string $name The name that contains a prefix that was
* constructed with {@link question_make_name_prefix()}
*/
function question_get_id_from_name_prefix($name) {
if (!preg_match('/^resp([0-9]+)_/', $name, $matches)) {
return false;
}
return (integer) $matches[1];
}
/**
* Extract question id from the prefix of form element names
*
* @return integer The question id
* @param string $name The name that contains a prefix that was
* constructed with {@link question_make_name_prefix()}
*/
function question_id_and_key_from_post_name($name) {
if (!preg_match('/^resp([0-9]+)_(.*)$/', $name, $matches)) {
return array(false, false);
}
return array((integer) $matches[1], $matches[2]);
}
/**
* Returns the unique id for a new attempt
*
* Every module can keep their own attempts table with their own sequential ids but
* the question code needs to also have a unique id by which to identify all these
* attempts. Hence a module, when creating a new attempt, calls this function and
* stores the return value in the 'uniqueid' field of its attempts table.
*
* @global object
*/
function question_new_attempt_uniqueid($modulename='quiz') {
global $DB;
$attempt = new stdClass;
$attempt->modulename = $modulename;
$id = $DB->insert_record('question_attempts', $attempt);
return $id;
}
/**
* Creates a stamp that uniquely identifies this version of the question
*
* In future we want this to use a hash of the question data to guarantee that
* identical versions have the same version stamp.
*
* @param object $question
* @return string A unique version stamp
*/
function question_hash($question) {
return make_unique_id_code();
}
/**
* Round a grade to to the correct number of decimal places, and format it for display.
* If $cmoptions->questiondecimalpoints is set, that is used, otherwise
* else if $cmoptions->decimalpoints is used,
* otherwise a default of 2 is used, but this should not be relied upon, and generated a developer debug warning.
* However, if $cmoptions->questiondecimalpoints is -1, the means use $cmoptions->decimalpoints.
*
* @param object $cmoptions The modules settings.
* @param float $grade The grade to round.
*/
function question_format_grade($cmoptions, $grade) {
if (isset($cmoptions->questiondecimalpoints) && $cmoptions->questiondecimalpoints != -1) {
$decimalplaces = $cmoptions->questiondecimalpoints;
} else if (isset($cmoptions->decimalpoints)) {
$decimalplaces = $cmoptions->decimalpoints;
} else {
$decimalplaces = 2;
debugging('Code that leads to question_format_grade being called should set ' .
'$cmoptions->questiondecimalpoints or $cmoptions->decimalpoints', DEBUG_DEVELOPER);
}
return format_float($grade, $decimalplaces);
}
/**
* @return string An inline script that creates a JavaScript object storing
* various strings and bits of configuration that the scripts in qengine.js need
* to get from PHP.
*/
function question_init_qengine_js() {
global $CFG, $PAGE, $OUTPUT;
static $done = false;
if ($done) {
return;
}
$module = array(
'name' => 'core_question_flags',
'fullpath' => '/question/flags.js',
'requires' => array('base', 'dom', 'event-delegate', 'io-base'),
);
$actionurl = $CFG->wwwroot . '/question/toggleflag.php';
$flagattributes = array(
0 => array(
'src' => $OUTPUT->pix_url('i/unflagged') . '',
'title' => get_string('clicktoflag', 'question'),
'alt' => get_string('notflagged', 'question'),
),
1 => array(
'src' => $OUTPUT->pix_url('i/flagged') . '',
'title' => get_string('clicktounflag', 'question'),
'alt' => get_string('flagged', 'question'),
),
);
$PAGE->requires->js_init_call('M.core_question_flags.init',
array($actionurl, $flagattributes), false, $module);
$done = true;
}
/// FUNCTIONS THAT SIMPLY WRAP QUESTIONTYPE METHODS //////////////////////////////////
/**
* Give the questions in $questionlist a chance to request the CSS or JavaScript
* they need, before the header is printed.
*
* If your code is going to call the print_question function, it must call this
* funciton before print_header.
*
* @param array $questionlist a list of questionids of the questions what will appear on this page.
* @param array $questions an array of question objects, whose keys are question ids.
* Must contain all the questions in $questionlist
* @param array $states an array of question state objects, whose keys are question ids.
* Must contain the state of all the questions in $questionlist
*/
function question_get_html_head_contributions($questionlist, &$questions, &$states) {
global $CFG, $PAGE, $QTYPES;
// The question engine's own JavaScript.
question_init_qengine_js();
// Anything that questions on this page need.
foreach ($questionlist as $questionid) {
$question = $questions[$questionid];
$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->get_html_head_contributions($question, $states[$questionid]);
}
}
/**
* Like {@link get_html_head_contributions()} but for the editing page
* question/question.php.
*
* @param $question A question object. Only $question->qtype is used.
* @return string Deprecated. Some HTML code that can go inside the head tag.
*/
function question_get_editing_head_contributions($question) {
global $QTYPES;
$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->get_editing_head_contributions();
}
/**
* Prints a question
*
* Simply calls the question type specific print_question() method.
*
* @global array
* @param object $question The question to be rendered.
* @param object $state The state to render the question in.
* @param integer $number The number for this question.
* @param object $cmoptions The options specified by the course module
* @param object $options An object specifying the rendering options.
*/
function print_question(&$question, &$state, $number, $cmoptions, $options=null, $context=null) {
global $QTYPES;
$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->print_question($question, $state, $number, $cmoptions, $options, $context);
}
/**
* Saves question options
*
* Simply calls the question type specific save_question_options() method.
*
* @global array
*/
function save_question_options($question) {
global $QTYPES;
$QTYPES[$question->qtype]->save_question_options($question);
}
/**
* Gets all teacher stored answers for a given question
*
* Simply calls the question type specific get_all_responses() method.
*
* @global array
*/
// ULPGC ecastro
function get_question_responses($question, $state) {
global $QTYPES;
$r = $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->get_all_responses($question, $state);
return $r;
}
/**
* Gets the response given by the user in a particular state
*
* Simply calls the question type specific get_actual_response() method.
*
* @global array
*/
// ULPGC ecastro
function get_question_actual_response($question, $state) {
global $QTYPES;
$r = $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->get_actual_response($question, $state);
return $r;
}
/**
* TODO: document this
*
* @global array
*/
// ULPGc ecastro
function get_question_fraction_grade($question, $state) {
global $QTYPES;
$r = $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->get_fractional_grade($question, $state);
return $r;
}
/**
* @global array
* @return integer grade out of 1 that a random guess by a student might score.
*/
// ULPGc ecastro
function question_get_random_guess_score($question) {
global $QTYPES;
$r = $QTYPES[$question->qtype]->get_random_guess_score($question);
return $r;
}
/// CATEGORY FUNCTIONS /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/**
* returns the categories with their names ordered following parent-child relationships
* finally it tries to return pending categories (those being orphaned, whose parent is
* incorrect) to avoid missing any category from original array.
*
* @global object
*/
function sort_categories_by_tree(&$categories, $id = 0, $level = 1) {
global $DB;
$children = array();
$keys = array_keys($categories);
foreach ($keys as $key) {
if (!isset($categories[$key]->processed) && $categories[$key]->parent == $id) {
$children[$key] = $categories[$key];
$categories[$key]->processed = true;
$children = $children + sort_categories_by_tree($categories, $children[$key]->id, $level+1);
}
}
//If level = 1, we have finished, try to look for non processed categories (bad parent) and sort them too
if ($level == 1) {
foreach ($keys as $key) {
// If not processed and it's a good candidate to start (because its parent doesn't exist in the course)
if (!isset($categories[$key]->processed) && !$DB->record_exists(
'question_categories', array('contextid'=>$categories[$key]->contextid, 'id'=>$categories[$key]->parent))) {
$children[$key] = $categories[$key];
$categories[$key]->processed = true;
$children = $children + sort_categories_by_tree($categories, $children[$key]->id, $level+1);
}
}
}
return $children;
}
/**
* Private method, only for the use of add_indented_names().
*
* Recursively adds an indentedname field to each category, starting with the category
* with id $id, and dealing with that category and all its children, and
* return a new array, with those categories in the right order.
*
* @param array $categories an array of categories which has had childids
* fields added by flatten_category_tree(). Passed by reference for
* performance only. It is not modfied.
* @param int $id the category to start the indenting process from.
* @param int $depth the indent depth. Used in recursive calls.
* @return array a new array of categories, in the right order for the tree.
*/
function flatten_category_tree(&$categories, $id, $depth = 0, $nochildrenof = -1) {
// Indent the name of this category.
$newcategories = array();
$newcategories[$id] = $categories[$id];
$newcategories[$id]->indentedname = str_repeat('&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;', $depth) . $categories[$id]->name;
// Recursively indent the children.
foreach ($categories[$id]->childids as $childid) {
if ($childid != $nochildrenof){
$newcategories = $newcategories + flatten_category_tree($categories, $childid, $depth + 1, $nochildrenof);
}
}
// Remove the childids array that were temporarily added.
unset($newcategories[$id]->childids);
return $newcategories;
}
/**
* Format categories into an indented list reflecting the tree structure.
*
* @param array $categories An array of category objects, for example from the.
* @return array The formatted list of categories.
*/
function add_indented_names($categories, $nochildrenof = -1) {
// Add an array to each category to hold the child category ids. This array will be removed
// again by flatten_category_tree(). It should not be used outside these two functions.
foreach (array_keys($categories) as $id) {
$categories[$id]->childids = array();
}
// Build the tree structure, and record which categories are top-level.
// We have to be careful, because the categories array may include published
// categories from other courses, but not their parents.
$toplevelcategoryids = array();
foreach (array_keys($categories) as $id) {
if (!empty($categories[$id]->parent) && array_key_exists($categories[$id]->parent, $categories)) {
$categories[$categories[$id]->parent]->childids[] = $id;
} else {
$toplevelcategoryids[] = $id;
}
}
// Flatten the tree to and add the indents.
$newcategories = array();
foreach ($toplevelcategoryids as $id) {
$newcategories = $newcategories + flatten_category_tree($categories, $id, 0, $nochildrenof);
}
return $newcategories;
}
/**
* Output a select menu of question categories.
*
* Categories from this course and (optionally) published categories from other courses
* are included. Optionally, only categories the current user may edit can be included.
*
* @param integer $courseid the id of the course to get the categories for.
* @param integer $published if true, include publised categories from other courses.
* @param integer $only_editable if true, exclude categories this user is not allowed to edit.
* @param integer $selected optionally, the id of a category to be selected by default in the dropdown.
*/
function question_category_select_menu($contexts, $top = false, $currentcat = 0, $selected = "", $nochildrenof = -1) {
global $OUTPUT;
$categoriesarray = question_category_options($contexts, $top, $currentcat, false, $nochildrenof);
if ($selected) {
$choose = '';
} else {
$choose = 'choosedots';
}
$options = array();
foreach($categoriesarray as $group=>$opts) {
$options[] = array($group=>$opts);
}
echo html_writer::select($options, 'category', $selected, $choose);
}
/**
* @global object
* @param integer $contextid a context id.
* @return object the default question category for that context, or false if none.
*/
function question_get_default_category($contextid) {
global $DB;
$category = $DB->get_records('question_categories', array('contextid' => $contextid),'id','*',0,1);
if (!empty($category)) {
return reset($category);
} else {
return false;
}
}
/**
* @global object
* @global object
* @param object $context a context
* @return string A URL for editing questions in this context.
*/
function question_edit_url($context) {
global $CFG, $SITE;
if (!has_any_capability(question_get_question_capabilities(), $context)) {
return false;
}
$baseurl = $CFG->wwwroot . '/question/edit.php?';
$defaultcategory = question_get_default_category($context->id);
if ($defaultcategory) {
$baseurl .= 'cat=' . $defaultcategory->id . ',' . $context->id . '&amp;';
}
switch ($context->contextlevel) {
case CONTEXT_SYSTEM:
return $baseurl . 'courseid=' . $SITE->id;
case CONTEXT_COURSECAT:
// This is nasty, becuase we can only edit questions in a course
// context at the moment, so for now we just return false.
return false;
case CONTEXT_COURSE:
return $baseurl . 'courseid=' . $context->instanceid;
case CONTEXT_MODULE:
return $baseurl . 'cmid=' . $context->instanceid;
}
}
/**
* Gets the default category in the most specific context.
* If no categories exist yet then default ones are created in all contexts.
*
* @global object
* @param array $contexts The context objects for this context and all parent contexts.
* @return object The default category - the category in the course context
*/
function question_make_default_categories($contexts) {
global $DB;
static $preferredlevels = array(
CONTEXT_COURSE => 4,
CONTEXT_MODULE => 3,
CONTEXT_COURSECAT => 2,
CONTEXT_SYSTEM => 1,
);
$toreturn = null;
$preferredness = 0;
// If it already exists, just return it.
foreach ($contexts as $key => $context) {
if (!$exists = $DB->record_exists("question_categories", array('contextid'=>$context->id))) {
// Otherwise, we need to make one
$category = new stdClass;
$contextname = print_context_name($context, false, true);
$category->name = get_string('defaultfor', 'question', $contextname);
$category->info = get_string('defaultinfofor', 'question', $contextname);
$category->contextid = $context->id;
$category->parent = 0;
$category->sortorder = 999; // By default, all categories get this number, and are sorted alphabetically.
$category->stamp = make_unique_id_code();
$category->id = $DB->insert_record('question_categories', $category);
} else {
$category = question_get_default_category($context->id);
}
if ($preferredlevels[$context->contextlevel] > $preferredness &&
has_any_capability(array('moodle/question:usemine', 'moodle/question:useall'), $context)) {
$toreturn = $category;
$preferredness = $preferredlevels[$context->contextlevel];
}
}
if (!is_null($toreturn)) {
$toreturn = clone($toreturn);
}
return $toreturn;
}
/**
* Get all the category objects, including a count of the number of questions in that category,
* for all the categories in the lists $contexts.
*
* @global object
* @param mixed $contexts either a single contextid, or a comma-separated list of context ids.
* @param string $sortorder used as the ORDER BY clause in the select statement.
* @return array of category objects.
*/
function get_categories_for_contexts($contexts, $sortorder = 'parent, sortorder, name ASC') {
global $DB;
return $DB->get_records_sql("
SELECT c.*, (SELECT count(1) FROM {question} q
WHERE c.id = q.category AND q.hidden='0' AND q.parent='0') AS questioncount
FROM {question_categories} c
WHERE c.contextid IN ($contexts)
ORDER BY $sortorder");
}
/**
* Output an array of question categories.
* @global object
*/
function question_category_options($contexts, $top = false, $currentcat = 0, $popupform = false, $nochildrenof = -1) {
global $CFG;
$pcontexts = array();
foreach($contexts as $context){
$pcontexts[] = $context->id;
}
$contextslist = join($pcontexts, ', ');
$categories = get_categories_for_contexts($contextslist);
$categories = question_add_context_in_key($categories);
if ($top){
$categories = question_add_tops($categories, $pcontexts);
}
$categories = add_indented_names($categories, $nochildrenof);
//sort cats out into different contexts
$categoriesarray = array();
foreach ($pcontexts as $pcontext){
$contextstring = print_context_name(get_context_instance_by_id($pcontext), true, true);
foreach ($categories as $category) {
if ($category->contextid == $pcontext){
$cid = $category->id;
if ($currentcat!= $cid || $currentcat==0) {
$countstring = (!empty($category->questioncount))?" ($category->questioncount)":'';
$categoriesarray[$contextstring][$cid] = $category->indentedname.$countstring;
}
}
}
}
if ($popupform){
$popupcats = array();
foreach ($categoriesarray as $contextstring => $optgroup){
$group = array();
foreach ($optgroup as $key=>$value) {
$key = str_replace($CFG->wwwroot, '', $key);
$group[$key] = $value;
}
$popupcats[] = array($contextstring=>$group);
}
return $popupcats;
} else {
return $categoriesarray;
}
}
function question_add_context_in_key($categories){
$newcatarray = array();
foreach ($categories as $id => $category) {
$category->parent = "$category->parent,$category->contextid";
$category->id = "$category->id,$category->contextid";
$newcatarray["$id,$category->contextid"] = $category;
}
return $newcatarray;
}
function question_add_tops($categories, $pcontexts){
$topcats = array();
foreach ($pcontexts as $context){
$newcat = new stdClass();
$newcat->id = "0,$context";
$newcat->name = get_string('top');
$newcat->parent = -1;
$newcat->contextid = $context;
$topcats["0,$context"] = $newcat;
}
//put topcats in at beginning of array - they'll be sorted into different contexts later.
return array_merge($topcats, $categories);
}
/**
* Returns a comma separated list of ids of the category and all subcategories
* @global object
*/
function question_categorylist($categoryid) {
global $DB;
// returns a comma separated list of ids of the category and all subcategories
$categorylist = $categoryid;
if ($subcategories = $DB->get_records('question_categories', array('parent'=>$categoryid), 'sortorder ASC', 'id, 1')) {
foreach ($subcategories as $subcategory) {
$categorylist .= ','. question_categorylist($subcategory->id);
}
}
return $categorylist;
}
//===========================
// Import/Export Functions
//===========================
/**
* Get list of available import or export formats
*
* @global object
* @param string $type 'import' if import list, otherwise export list assumed
* @return array sorted list of import/export formats available
*/
function get_import_export_formats( $type ) {
global $CFG;
$fileformats = get_plugin_list("qformat");
$fileformatname=array();
require_once( "{$CFG->dirroot}/question/format.php" );
foreach ($fileformats as $fileformat=>$fdir) {
$format_file = "$fdir/format.php";
if (file_exists($format_file) ) {
require_once($format_file);
}
else {
continue;
}
$classname = "qformat_$fileformat";
$format_class = new $classname();
if ($type=='import') {
$provided = $format_class->provide_import();
}
else {
$provided = $format_class->provide_export();
}
if ($provided) {
$formatname = get_string($fileformat, 'quiz');
if ($formatname == "[[$fileformat]]") {
$formatname = get_string($fileformat, 'qformat_'.$fileformat);
if ($formatname == "[[$fileformat]]") {
$formatname = $fileformat; // Just use the raw folder name
}
}
$fileformatnames[$fileformat] = $formatname;
}
}
natcasesort($fileformatnames);
return $fileformatnames;
}
/**
* Create a reasonable default file name for exporting questions from a particular
* category.
* @param object $course the course the questions are in.
* @param object $category the question category.
* @return string the filename.
*/
function question_default_export_filename($course, $category) {
// We build a string that is an appropriate name (questions) from the lang pack,
// then the corse shortname, then the question category name, then a timestamp.
$base = clean_filename(get_string('exportfilename', 'question'));
$dateformat = str_replace(' ', '_', get_string('exportnameformat', 'question'));
$timestamp = clean_filename(userdate(time(), $dateformat, 99, false));
$shortname = clean_filename($course->shortname);
if ($shortname == '' || $shortname == '_' ) {
$shortname = $course->id;
}
$categoryname = clean_filename(format_string($category->name));
return "{$base}-{$shortname}-{$categoryname}-{$timestamp}";
return $export_name;
}
/**
* @package moodlecore
* @subpackage question
* @copyright 1999 onwards Martin Dougiamas {@link http://moodle.com}
* @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU GPL v3 or later
*/
class context_to_string_translator{
/**
* @var array used to translate between contextids and strings for this context.
*/
var $contexttostringarray = array();
function context_to_string_translator($contexts){
$this->generate_context_to_string_array($contexts);
}
function context_to_string($contextid){
return $this->contexttostringarray[$contextid];
}
function string_to_context($contextname){
$contextid = array_search($contextname, $this->contexttostringarray);
return $contextid;
}
function generate_context_to_string_array($contexts){
if (!$this->contexttostringarray){
$catno = 1;
foreach ($contexts as $context){
switch ($context->contextlevel){
case CONTEXT_MODULE :
$contextstring = 'module';
break;
case CONTEXT_COURSE :
$contextstring = 'course';
break;
case CONTEXT_COURSECAT :
$contextstring = "cat$catno";
$catno++;
break;
case CONTEXT_SYSTEM :
$contextstring = 'system';
break;
}
$this->contexttostringarray[$context->id] = $contextstring;
}
}
}
}
/**
* @return array all the capabilities that relate to accessing particular questions.
*/
function question_get_question_capabilities() {
return array(
'moodle/question:add',
'moodle/question:editmine',
'moodle/question:editall',
'moodle/question:viewmine',
'moodle/question:viewall',
'moodle/question:usemine',
'moodle/question:useall',
'moodle/question:movemine',
'moodle/question:moveall',
);
}
/**
* @return array all the question bank capabilities.
*/
function question_get_all_capabilities() {
$caps = question_get_question_capabilities();
$caps[] = 'moodle/question:managecategory';
$caps[] = 'moodle/question:flag';
return $caps;
}
/**
* Check capability on category
*
* @global object
* @global object
* @param mixed $question object or id
* @param string $cap 'add', 'edit', 'view', 'use', 'move'
* @param integer $cachecat useful to cache all question records in a category
* @return boolean this user has the capability $cap for this question $question?
*/
function question_has_capability_on($question, $cap, $cachecat = -1){
global $USER, $DB;
// nicolasconnault@gmail.com In some cases I get $question === false. Since no such object exists, it can't be deleted, we can safely return true
if ($question === false) {
return true;
}
// these are capabilities on existing questions capabilties are
//set per category. Each of these has a mine and all version. Append 'mine' and 'all'
$question_questioncaps = array('edit', 'view', 'use', 'move');
static $questions = array();
static $categories = array();
static $cachedcat = array();
if ($cachecat != -1 && array_search($cachecat, $cachedcat) === false) {
$questions += $DB->get_records('question', array('category' => $cachecat));
$cachedcat[] = $cachecat;
}
if (!is_object($question)){
if (!isset($questions[$question])){
if (!$questions[$question] = $DB->get_record('question', array('id' => $question), 'id,category,createdby')) {
print_error('questiondoesnotexist', 'question');
}
}
$question = $questions[$question];
}
if (!isset($categories[$question->category])){
if (!$categories[$question->category] = $DB->get_record('question_categories', array('id'=>$question->category))) {
print_error('invalidcategory', 'quiz');
}
}
$category = $categories[$question->category];
$context = get_context_instance_by_id($category->contextid);
if (array_search($cap, $question_questioncaps)!== FALSE){
if (!has_capability('moodle/question:'.$cap.'all', $context)){
if ($question->createdby == $USER->id){
return has_capability('moodle/question:'.$cap.'mine', $context);
} else {
return false;
}
} else {
return true;
}
} else {
return has_capability('moodle/question:'.$cap, $context);
}
}
/**
* Require capability on question.
*/
function question_require_capability_on($question, $cap){
if (!question_has_capability_on($question, $cap)){
print_error('nopermissions', '', '', $cap);
}
return true;
}
/**
* Get the real state - the correct question id and answer - for a random
* question.
* @param object $state with property answer.
* @return mixed return integer real question id or false if there was an
* error..
*/
function question_get_real_state($state) {
global $OUTPUT;
$realstate = clone($state);
$matches = array();
if (!preg_match('|^random([0-9]+)-(.*)|', $state->answer, $matches)){
echo $OUTPUT->notification(get_string('errorrandom', 'quiz_statistics'));
return false;
} else {
$realstate->question = $matches[1];
$realstate->answer = $matches[2];
return $realstate;
}
}
/**
* Update the flagged state of a particular question session.
*
* @global object
* @param integer $sessionid question_session id.
* @param boolean $newstate the new state for the flag.
* @return boolean success or failure.
*/
function question_update_flag($sessionid, $newstate) {
global $DB;
return $DB->set_field('question_sessions', 'flagged', $newstate, array('id' => $sessionid));
}
/**
* Update the flagged state of all the questions in an attempt, where a new .
*
* @global object
* @param integer $sessionid question_session id.
* @param boolean $newstate the new state for the flag.
* @return boolean success or failure.
*/
function question_save_flags($formdata, $attemptid, $questionids) {
global $DB;
$donequestionids = array();
foreach ($formdata as $postvariable => $value) {
list($qid, $key) = question_id_and_key_from_post_name($postvariable);
if ($qid !== false && in_array($qid, $questionids)) {
if ($key == '_flagged') {
$DB->set_field('question_sessions', 'flagged', !empty($value),
array('attemptid' => $attemptid, 'questionid' => $qid));
$donequestionids[$qid] = 1;
}
}
}
foreach ($questionids as $qid) {
if (!isset($donequestionids[$qid])) {
$DB->set_field('question_sessions', 'flagged', 0,
array('attemptid' => $attemptid, 'questionid' => $qid));
}
}
}
/**
*
* @global object
* @param integer $attemptid the question_attempt id.
* @param integer $questionid the question id.
* @param integer $sessionid the question_session id.
* @param object $user a user, or null to use $USER.
* @return string that needs to be sent to question/toggleflag.php for it to work.
*/
function question_get_toggleflag_checksum($attemptid, $questionid, $sessionid, $user = null) {
if (is_null($user)) {
global $USER;
$user = $USER;
}
return md5($attemptid . "_" . $user->secret . "_" . $questionid . "_" . $sessionid);
}
/**
* Adds question bank setting links to the given navigation node if caps are met.
*
* @param navigation_node $navigationnode The navigation node to add the question branch to
* @param stdClass $context
* @return navigation_node Returns the question branch that was added
*/
function question_extend_settings_navigation(navigation_node $navigationnode, $context) {
global $PAGE;
if ($context->contextlevel == CONTEXT_COURSE) {
$params = array('courseid'=>$context->instanceid);
} else if ($context->contextlevel == CONTEXT_MODULE) {
$params = array('cmid'=>$context->instanceid);
} else {
return;
}
$questionnode = $navigationnode->add(get_string('questionbank','question'), new moodle_url('/question/edit.php', $params), navigation_node::TYPE_CONTAINER);
$contexts = new question_edit_contexts($context);
if ($contexts->have_one_edit_tab_cap('questions')) {
$questionnode->add(get_string('questions', 'quiz'), new moodle_url('/question/edit.php', $params), navigation_node::TYPE_SETTING);
}
if ($contexts->have_one_edit_tab_cap('categories')) {
$questionnode->add(get_string('categories', 'quiz'), new moodle_url('/question/category.php', $params), navigation_node::TYPE_SETTING);
}
if ($contexts->have_one_edit_tab_cap('import')) {
$questionnode->add(get_string('import', 'quiz'), new moodle_url('/question/import.php', $params), navigation_node::TYPE_SETTING);
}
if ($contexts->have_one_edit_tab_cap('export')) {
$questionnode->add(get_string('export', 'quiz'), new moodle_url('/question/export.php', $params), navigation_node::TYPE_SETTING);
}
return $questionnode;
}
class question_edit_contexts {
public static $CAPS = array(
'editq' => array('moodle/question:add',
'moodle/question:editmine',
'moodle/question:editall',
'moodle/question:viewmine',
'moodle/question:viewall',
'moodle/question:usemine',
'moodle/question:useall',
'moodle/question:movemine',
'moodle/question:moveall'),
'questions'=>array('moodle/question:add',
'moodle/question:editmine',
'moodle/question:editall',
'moodle/question:viewmine',
'moodle/question:viewall',
'moodle/question:movemine',
'moodle/question:moveall'),
'categories'=>array('moodle/question:managecategory'),
'import'=>array('moodle/question:add'),
'export'=>array('moodle/question:viewall', 'moodle/question:viewmine'));
protected $allcontexts;
/**
* @param current context
*/
public function question_edit_contexts($thiscontext){
$pcontextids = get_parent_contexts($thiscontext);
$contexts = array($thiscontext);
foreach ($pcontextids as $pcontextid){
$contexts[] = get_context_instance_by_id($pcontextid);
}
$this->allcontexts = $contexts;
}
/**
* @return array all parent contexts
*/
public function all(){
return $this->allcontexts;
}
/**
* @return object lowest context which must be either the module or course context
*/
public function lowest(){
return $this->allcontexts[0];
}
/**
* @param string $cap capability
* @return array parent contexts having capability, zero based index
*/
public function having_cap($cap){
$contextswithcap = array();
foreach ($this->allcontexts as $context){