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<?php
// This file is part of Moodle - http://moodle.org/
//
// Moodle is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.
//
// Moodle is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with Moodle. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

/**
* Contains classes, functions and constants used during the tracking
* of activity completion for users.
*
* Completion top-level options (admin setting enablecompletion)
*
* @package core_completion
* @category completion
* @copyright 1999 onwards Martin Dougiamas {@link http://moodle.com}
* @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU GPL v3 or later
*/

defined('MOODLE_INTERNAL') || die();

/**
* Include the required completion libraries
*/
require_once $CFG->dirroot.'/completion/completion_aggregation.php';
require_once $CFG->dirroot.'/completion/criteria/completion_criteria.php';
require_once $CFG->dirroot.'/completion/completion_completion.php';
require_once $CFG->dirroot.'/completion/completion_criteria_completion.php';


/**
* The completion system is enabled in this site/course
*/
define('COMPLETION_ENABLED', 1);
/**
* The completion system is not enabled in this site/course
*/
define('COMPLETION_DISABLED', 0);

/**
* Completion tracking is disabled for this activity
* This is a completion tracking option per-activity (course_modules/completion)
*/
define('COMPLETION_TRACKING_NONE', 0);

/**
* Manual completion tracking (user ticks box) is enabled for this activity
* This is a completion tracking option per-activity (course_modules/completion)
*/
define('COMPLETION_TRACKING_MANUAL', 1);
/**
* Automatic completion tracking (system ticks box) is enabled for this activity
* This is a completion tracking option per-activity (course_modules/completion)
*/
define('COMPLETION_TRACKING_AUTOMATIC', 2);

/**
* The user has not completed this activity.
* This is a completion state value (course_modules_completion/completionstate)
*/
define('COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE', 0);
/**
* The user has completed this activity. It is not specified whether they have
* passed or failed it.
* This is a completion state value (course_modules_completion/completionstate)
*/
define('COMPLETION_COMPLETE', 1);
/**
* The user has completed this activity with a grade above the pass mark.
* This is a completion state value (course_modules_completion/completionstate)
*/
define('COMPLETION_COMPLETE_PASS', 2);
/**
* The user has completed this activity but their grade is less than the pass mark
* This is a completion state value (course_modules_completion/completionstate)
*/
define('COMPLETION_COMPLETE_FAIL', 3);

/**
* The effect of this change to completion status is unknown.
* A completion effect changes (used only in update_state)
*/
define('COMPLETION_UNKNOWN', -1);
/**
* The user's grade has changed, so their new state might be
* COMPLETION_COMPLETE_PASS or COMPLETION_COMPLETE_FAIL.
* A completion effect changes (used only in update_state)
*/
define('COMPLETION_GRADECHANGE', -2);

/**
* User must view this activity.
* Whether view is required to create an activity (course_modules/completionview)
*/
define('COMPLETION_VIEW_REQUIRED', 1);
/**
* User does not need to view this activity
* Whether view is required to create an activity (course_modules/completionview)
*/
define('COMPLETION_VIEW_NOT_REQUIRED', 0);

/**
* User has viewed this activity.
* Completion viewed state (course_modules_completion/viewed)
*/
define('COMPLETION_VIEWED', 1);
/**
* User has not viewed this activity.
* Completion viewed state (course_modules_completion/viewed)
*/
define('COMPLETION_NOT_VIEWED', 0);

/**
* Cache expiry time in seconds (10 minutes)
* Completion cacheing
*/
define('COMPLETION_CACHE_EXPIRY', 10*60);

/**
* Completion details should be ORed together and you should return false if
* none apply.
*/
define('COMPLETION_OR', false);
/**
* Completion details should be ANDed together and you should return true if
* none apply
*/
define('COMPLETION_AND', true);

/**
* Course completion criteria aggregation method.
*/
define('COMPLETION_AGGREGATION_ALL', 1);
/**
* Course completion criteria aggregation method.
*/
define('COMPLETION_AGGREGATION_ANY', 2);


/**
* Class represents completion information for a course.
*
* Does not contain any data, so you can safely construct it multiple times
* without causing any problems.
*
* @package core
* @category completion
* @copyright 2008 Sam Marshall
* @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU GPL v3 or later
*/
class completion_info {

    /* @var stdClass Course object passed during construction */
    private $course;

    /* @var int Course id */
    public $course_id;

    /* @var array Completion criteria {@link completion_info::get_criteria()} */
    private $criteria;

    /**
* Return array of aggregation methods
* @return array
*/
    public static function get_aggregation_methods() {
        return array(
            COMPLETION_AGGREGATION_ALL => get_string('all'),
            COMPLETION_AGGREGATION_ANY => get_string('any', 'completion'),
        );
    }

    /**
* Constructs with course details.
*
* When instantiating a new completion info object you must provide a course
* object with at least id, and enablecompletion properties.
*
* @param stdClass $course Moodle course object.
*/
    public function __construct($course) {
        $this->course = $course;
        $this->course_id = $course->id;
    }

    /**
* Determines whether completion is enabled across entire site.
*
* @return bool COMPLETION_ENABLED (true) if completion is enabled for the site,
* COMPLETION_DISABLED (false) if it's complete
*/
    public static function is_enabled_for_site() {
        global $CFG;
        return !empty($CFG->enablecompletion);
    }

    /**
* Checks whether completion is enabled in a particular course and possibly
* activity.
*
* @param stdClass|cm_info $cm Course-module object. If not specified, returns the course
* completion enable state.
* @return mixed COMPLETION_ENABLED or COMPLETION_DISABLED (==0) in the case of
* site and course; COMPLETION_TRACKING_MANUAL, _AUTOMATIC or _NONE (==0)
* for a course-module.
*/
    public function is_enabled($cm = null) {
        global $CFG, $DB;

        // First check global completion
        if (!isset($CFG->enablecompletion) || $CFG->enablecompletion == COMPLETION_DISABLED) {
            return COMPLETION_DISABLED;
        }

        // Load data if we do not have enough
        if (!isset($this->course->enablecompletion)) {
            $this->course->enablecompletion = $DB->get_field('course', 'enablecompletion', array('id' => $this->course->id));
        }

        // Check course completion
        if ($this->course->enablecompletion == COMPLETION_DISABLED) {
            return COMPLETION_DISABLED;
        }

        // If there was no $cm and we got this far, then it's enabled
        if (!$cm) {
            return COMPLETION_ENABLED;
        }

        // Return course-module completion value
        return $cm->completion;
    }

    /**
* Displays the 'Your progress' help icon, if completion tracking is enabled.
* Just prints the result of display_help_icon().
*
* @deprecated since Moodle 2.0 - Use display_help_icon instead.
*/
    public function print_help_icon() {
        print $this->display_help_icon();
    }

    /**
* Returns the 'Your progress' help icon, if completion tracking is enabled.
*
* @return string HTML code for help icon, or blank if not needed
*/
    public function display_help_icon() {
        global $PAGE, $OUTPUT;
        $result = '';
        if ($this->is_enabled() && !$PAGE->user_is_editing() && isloggedin() && !isguestuser()) {
            $result .= '<span id = "completionprogressid" class="completionprogress">'.get_string('yourprogress','completion').' ';
            $result .= $OUTPUT->help_icon('completionicons', 'completion');
            $result .= '</span>';
        }
        return $result;
    }

    /**
* Get a course completion for a user
*
* @param int $user_id User id
* @param int $criteriatype Specific criteria type to return
* @return bool|completion_criteria_completion returns false on fail
*/
    public function get_completion($user_id, $criteriatype) {
        $completions = $this->get_completions($user_id, $criteriatype);

        if (empty($completions)) {
            return false;
        } elseif (count($completions) > 1) {
            print_error('multipleselfcompletioncriteria', 'completion');
        }

        return $completions[0];
    }

    /**
* Get all course criteria's completion objects for a user
*
* @param int $user_id User id
* @param int $criteriatype Specific criteria type to return (optional)
* @return array
*/
    public function get_completions($user_id, $criteriatype = null) {
        $criterion = $this->get_criteria($criteriatype);

        $completions = array();

        foreach ($criterion as $criteria) {
            $params = array(
                'course' => $this->course_id,
                'userid' => $user_id,
                'criteriaid' => $criteria->id
            );

            $completion = new completion_criteria_completion($params);
            $completion->attach_criteria($criteria);

            $completions[] = $completion;
        }

        return $completions;
    }

    /**
* Get completion object for a user and a criteria
*
* @param int $user_id User id
* @param completion_criteria $criteria Criteria object
* @return completion_criteria_completion
*/
    public function get_user_completion($user_id, $criteria) {
        $params = array(
            'course' => $this->course_id,
            'userid' => $user_id,
            'criteriaid' => $criteria->id,
        );

        $completion = new completion_criteria_completion($params);
        return $completion;
    }

    /**
* Check if course has completion criteria set
*
* @return bool Returns true if there are criteria
*/
    public function has_criteria() {
        $criteria = $this->get_criteria();

        return (bool) count($criteria);
    }

    /**
* Get course completion criteria
*
* @param int $criteriatype Specific criteria type to return (optional)
*/
    public function get_criteria($criteriatype = null) {

        // Fill cache if empty
        if (!is_array($this->criteria)) {
            global $DB;

            $params = array(
                'course' => $this->course->id
            );

            // Load criteria from database
            $records = (array)$DB->get_records('course_completion_criteria', $params);

            // Build array of criteria objects
            $this->criteria = array();
            foreach ($records as $record) {
                $this->criteria[$record->id] = completion_criteria::factory((array)$record);
            }
        }

        // If after all criteria
        if ($criteriatype === null) {
            return $this->criteria;
        }

        // If we are only after a specific criteria type
        $criteria = array();
        foreach ($this->criteria as $criterion) {

            if ($criterion->criteriatype != $criteriatype) {
                continue;
            }

            $criteria[$criterion->id] = $criterion;
        }

        return $criteria;
    }

    /**
* Get aggregation method
*
* @param int $criteriatype If none supplied, get overall aggregation method (optional)
* @return int One of COMPLETION_AGGREGATION_ALL or COMPLETION_AGGREGATION_ANY
*/
    public function get_aggregation_method($criteriatype = null) {
        $params = array(
            'course' => $this->course_id,
            'criteriatype' => $criteriatype
        );

        $aggregation = new completion_aggregation($params);

        if (!$aggregation->id) {
            $aggregation->method = COMPLETION_AGGREGATION_ALL;
        }

        return $aggregation->method;
    }

    /**
* Get incomplete course completion criteria
*
* @return array
*/
    public function get_incomplete_criteria() {
        $incomplete = array();

        foreach ($this->get_criteria() as $criteria) {
            if (!$criteria->is_complete()) {
                $incomplete[] = $criteria;
            }
        }

        return $incomplete;
    }

    /**
* Clear old course completion criteria
*/
    public function clear_criteria() {
        global $DB;
        $DB->delete_records('course_completion_criteria', array('course' => $this->course_id));
        $DB->delete_records('course_completion_aggr_methd', array('course' => $this->course_id));

        $this->delete_course_completion_data();
    }

    /**
* Has the supplied user completed this course
*
* @param int $user_id User's id
* @return boolean
*/
    public function is_course_complete($user_id) {
        $params = array(
            'userid' => $user_id,
            'course' => $this->course_id
        );

        $ccompletion = new completion_completion($params);
        return $ccompletion->is_complete();
    }

    /**
* Updates (if necessary) the completion state of activity $cm for the given
* user.
*
* For manual completion, this function is called when completion is toggled
* with $possibleresult set to the target state.
*
* For automatic completion, this function should be called every time a module
* does something which might influence a user's completion state. For example,
* if a forum provides options for marking itself 'completed' once a user makes
* N posts, this function should be called every time a user makes a new post.
* [After the post has been saved to the database]. When calling, you do not
* need to pass in the new completion state. Instead this function carries out
* completion calculation by checking grades and viewed state itself, and
* calling the involved module via modulename_get_completion_state() to check
* module-specific conditions.
*
* @param stdClass|cm_info $cm Course-module
* @param int $possibleresult Expected completion result. If the event that
* has just occurred (e.g. add post) can only result in making the activity
* complete when it wasn't before, use COMPLETION_COMPLETE. If the event that
* has just occurred (e.g. delete post) can only result in making the activity
* not complete when it was previously complete, use COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE.
* Otherwise use COMPLETION_UNKNOWN. Setting this value to something other than
* COMPLETION_UNKNOWN significantly improves performance because it will abandon
* processing early if the user's completion state already matches the expected
* result. For manual events, COMPLETION_COMPLETE or COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE
* must be used; these directly set the specified state.
* @param int $userid User ID to be updated. Default 0 = current user
* @return void
*/
    public function update_state($cm, $possibleresult=COMPLETION_UNKNOWN, $userid=0) {
        global $USER, $SESSION;

        // Do nothing if completion is not enabled for that activity
        if (!$this->is_enabled($cm)) {
            return;
        }

        // Get current value of completion state and do nothing if it's same as
        // the possible result of this change. If the change is to COMPLETE and the
        // current value is one of the COMPLETE_xx subtypes, ignore that as well
        $current = $this->get_data($cm, false, $userid);
        if ($possibleresult == $current->completionstate ||
            ($possibleresult == COMPLETION_COMPLETE &&
                ($current->completionstate == COMPLETION_COMPLETE_PASS ||
                $current->completionstate == COMPLETION_COMPLETE_FAIL))) {
            return;
        }

        if ($cm->completion == COMPLETION_TRACKING_MANUAL) {
            // For manual tracking we set the result directly
            switch($possibleresult) {
                case COMPLETION_COMPLETE:
                case COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE:
                    $newstate = $possibleresult;
                    break;
                default:
                    $this->internal_systemerror("Unexpected manual completion state for {$cm->id}: $possibleresult");
            }

        } else {
            // Automatic tracking; get new state
            $newstate = $this->internal_get_state($cm, $userid, $current);
        }

        // If changed, update
        if ($newstate != $current->completionstate) {
            $current->completionstate = $newstate;
            $current->timemodified = time();
            $this->internal_set_data($cm, $current);
        }
    }

    /**
* Calculates the completion state for an activity and user.
*
* Internal function. Not private, so we can unit-test it.
*
* @param stdClass|cm_info $cm Activity
* @param int $userid ID of user
* @param stdClass $current Previous completion information from database
* @return mixed
*/
    public function internal_get_state($cm, $userid, $current) {
        global $USER, $DB, $CFG;

        // Get user ID
        if (!$userid) {
            $userid = $USER->id;
        }

        // Check viewed
        if ($cm->completionview == COMPLETION_VIEW_REQUIRED &&
            $current->viewed == COMPLETION_NOT_VIEWED) {

            return COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE;
        }

        // Modname hopefully is provided in $cm but just in case it isn't, let's grab it
        if (!isset($cm->modname)) {
            $cm->modname = $DB->get_field('modules', 'name', array('id'=>$cm->module));
        }

        $newstate = COMPLETION_COMPLETE;

        // Check grade
        if (!is_null($cm->completiongradeitemnumber)) {
            require_once($CFG->libdir.'/gradelib.php');
            $item = grade_item::fetch(array('courseid'=>$cm->course, 'itemtype'=>'mod',
                'itemmodule'=>$cm->modname, 'iteminstance'=>$cm->instance,
                'itemnumber'=>$cm->completiongradeitemnumber));
            if ($item) {
                // Fetch 'grades' (will be one or none)
                $grades = grade_grade::fetch_users_grades($item, array($userid), false);
                if (empty($grades)) {
                    // No grade for user
                    return COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE;
                }
                if (count($grades) > 1) {
                    $this->internal_systemerror("Unexpected result: multiple grades for
item '{$item->id}', user '{$userid}'");
                }
                $newstate = self::internal_get_grade_state($item, reset($grades));
                if ($newstate == COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE) {
                    return COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE;
                }

            } else {
                $this->internal_systemerror("Cannot find grade item for '{$cm->modname}'
cm '{$cm->id}' matching number '{$cm->completiongradeitemnumber}'");
            }
        }

        if (plugin_supports('mod', $cm->modname, FEATURE_COMPLETION_HAS_RULES)) {
            $function = $cm->modname.'_get_completion_state';
            if (!function_exists($function)) {
                $this->internal_systemerror("Module {$cm->modname} claims to support
FEATURE_COMPLETION_HAS_RULES but does not have required
{$cm->modname}_get_completion_state function");
            }
            if (!$function($this->course, $cm, $userid, COMPLETION_AND)) {
                return COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE;
            }
        }

        return $newstate;

    }

    /**
* Marks a module as viewed.
*
* Should be called whenever a module is 'viewed' (it is up to the module how to
* determine that). Has no effect if viewing is not set as a completion condition.
*
* Note that this function must be called before you print the page header because
* it is possible that the navigation block may depend on it. If you call it after
* printing the header, it shows a developer debug warning.
*
* @param stdClass|cm_info $cm Activity
* @param int $userid User ID or 0 (default) for current user
* @return void
*/
    public function set_module_viewed($cm, $userid=0) {
        global $PAGE, $UNITTEST;
        if ($PAGE->headerprinted && empty($UNITTEST->running)) {
            debugging('set_module_viewed must be called before header is printed',
                    DEBUG_DEVELOPER);
        }
        // Don't do anything if view condition is not turned on
        if ($cm->completionview == COMPLETION_VIEW_NOT_REQUIRED || !$this->is_enabled($cm)) {
            return;
        }
        // Get current completion state
        $data = $this->get_data($cm, $userid);
        // If we already viewed it, don't do anything
        if ($data->viewed == COMPLETION_VIEWED) {
            return;
        }
        // OK, change state, save it, and update completion
        $data->viewed = COMPLETION_VIEWED;
        $this->internal_set_data($cm, $data);
        $this->update_state($cm, COMPLETION_COMPLETE, $userid);
    }

    /**
* Determines how much completion data exists for an activity. This is used when
* deciding whether completion information should be 'locked' in the module
* editing form.
*
* @param cm_info $cm Activity
* @return int The number of users who have completion data stored for this
* activity, 0 if none
*/
    public function count_user_data($cm) {
        global $DB;

        return $DB->get_field_sql("
SELECT
COUNT(1)
FROM
{course_modules_completion}
WHERE
coursemoduleid=? AND completionstate<>0", array($cm->id));
    }

    /**
* Determines how much course completion data exists for a course. This is used when
* deciding whether completion information should be 'locked' in the completion
* settings form and activity completion settings.
*
* @param int $user_id Optionally only get course completion data for a single user
* @return int The number of users who have completion data stored for this
* course, 0 if none
*/
    public function count_course_user_data($user_id = null) {
        global $DB;

        $sql = '
SELECT
COUNT(1)
FROM
{course_completion_crit_compl}
WHERE
course = ?
';

        $params = array($this->course_id);

        // Limit data to a single user if an ID is supplied
        if ($user_id) {
            $sql .= ' AND userid = ?';
            $params[] = $user_id;
        }

        return $DB->get_field_sql($sql, $params);
    }

    /**
* Check if this course's completion criteria should be locked
*
* @return boolean
*/
    public function is_course_locked() {
        return (bool) $this->count_course_user_data();
    }

    /**
* Deletes all course completion completion data.
*
* Intended to be used when unlocking completion criteria settings.
*/
    public function delete_course_completion_data() {
        global $DB;

        $DB->delete_records('course_completions', array('course' => $this->course_id));
        $DB->delete_records('course_completion_crit_compl', array('course' => $this->course_id));
    }

    /**
* Deletes completion state related to an activity for all users.
*
* Intended for use only when the activity itself is deleted.
*
* @param stdClass|cm_info $cm Activity
*/
    public function delete_all_state($cm) {
        global $SESSION, $DB;

        // Delete from database
        $DB->delete_records('course_modules_completion', array('coursemoduleid'=>$cm->id));

        // Erase cache data for current user if applicable
        if (isset($SESSION->completioncache) &&
            array_key_exists($cm->course, $SESSION->completioncache) &&
            array_key_exists($cm->id, $SESSION->completioncache[$cm->course])) {

            unset($SESSION->completioncache[$cm->course][$cm->id]);
        }

        // Check if there is an associated course completion criteria
        $criteria = $this->get_criteria(COMPLETION_CRITERIA_TYPE_ACTIVITY);
        $acriteria = false;
        foreach ($criteria as $criterion) {
            if ($criterion->moduleinstance == $cm->id) {
                $acriteria = $criterion;
                break;
            }
        }

        if ($acriteria) {
            // Delete all criteria completions relating to this activity
            $DB->delete_records('course_completion_crit_compl', array('course' => $this->course_id, 'criteriaid' => $acriteria->id));
            $DB->delete_records('course_completions', array('course' => $this->course_id));
        }
    }

    /**
* Recalculates completion state related to an activity for all users.
*
* Intended for use if completion conditions change. (This should be avoided
* as it may cause some things to become incomplete when they were previously
* complete, with the effect - for example - of hiding a later activity that
* was previously available.)
*
* Resetting state of manual tickbox has same result as deleting state for
* it.
*
* @param stcClass|cm_info $cm Activity
*/
    public function reset_all_state($cm) {
        global $DB;

        if ($cm->completion == COMPLETION_TRACKING_MANUAL) {
            $this->delete_all_state($cm);
            return;
        }
        // Get current list of users with completion state
        $rs = $DB->get_recordset('course_modules_completion', array('coursemoduleid'=>$cm->id), '', 'userid');
        $keepusers = array();
        foreach ($rs as $rec) {
            $keepusers[] = $rec->userid;
        }
        $rs->close();

        // Delete all existing state [also clears session cache for current user]
        $this->delete_all_state($cm);

        // Merge this with list of planned users (according to roles)
        $trackedusers = $this->get_tracked_users();
        foreach ($trackedusers as $trackeduser) {
            $keepusers[] = $trackeduser->id;
        }
        $keepusers = array_unique($keepusers);

        // Recalculate state for each kept user
        foreach ($keepusers as $keepuser) {
            $this->update_state($cm, COMPLETION_UNKNOWN, $keepuser);
        }
    }

    /**
* Obtains completion data for a particular activity and user (from the
* session cache if available, or by SQL query)
*
* @param stcClass|cm_info $cm Activity; only required field is ->id
* @param bool $wholecourse If true (default false) then, when necessary to
* fill the cache, retrieves information from the entire course not just for
* this one activity
* @param int $userid User ID or 0 (default) for current user
* @param array $modinfo Supply the value here - this is used for unit
* testing and so that it can be called recursively from within
* get_fast_modinfo. (Needs only list of all CMs with IDs.)
* Otherwise the method calls get_fast_modinfo itself.
* @return object Completion data (record from course_modules_completion)
*/
    public function get_data($cm, $wholecourse = false, $userid = 0, $modinfo = null) {
        global $USER, $CFG, $SESSION, $DB;

        // Get user ID
        if (!$userid) {
            $userid = $USER->id;
        }

        // Is this the current user?
        $currentuser = $userid==$USER->id;

        if ($currentuser && is_object($SESSION)) {
            // Make sure cache is present and is for current user (loginas
            // changes this)
            if (!isset($SESSION->completioncache) || $SESSION->completioncacheuserid!=$USER->id) {
                $SESSION->completioncache = array();
                $SESSION->completioncacheuserid = $USER->id;
            }
            // Expire any old data from cache
            foreach ($SESSION->completioncache as $courseid=>$activities) {
                if (empty($activities['updated']) || $activities['updated'] < time()-COMPLETION_CACHE_EXPIRY) {
                    unset($SESSION->completioncache[$courseid]);
                }
            }
            // See if requested data is present, if so use cache to get it
            if (isset($SESSION->completioncache) &&
                array_key_exists($this->course->id, $SESSION->completioncache) &&
                array_key_exists($cm->id, $SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id])) {
                return $SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id][$cm->id];
            }
        }

        // Not there, get via SQL
        if ($currentuser && $wholecourse) {
            // Get whole course data for cache
            $alldatabycmc = $DB->get_records_sql("
SELECT
cmc.*
FROM
{course_modules} cm
INNER JOIN {course_modules_completion} cmc ON cmc.coursemoduleid=cm.id
WHERE
cm.course=? AND cmc.userid=?", array($this->course->id, $userid));

            // Reindex by cm id
            $alldata = array();
            if ($alldatabycmc) {
                foreach ($alldatabycmc as $data) {
                    $alldata[$data->coursemoduleid] = $data;
                }
            }

            // Get the module info and build up condition info for each one
            if (empty($modinfo)) {
                $modinfo = get_fast_modinfo($this->course, $userid);
            }
            foreach ($modinfo->cms as $othercm) {
                if (array_key_exists($othercm->id, $alldata)) {
                    $data = $alldata[$othercm->id];
                } else {
                    // Row not present counts as 'not complete'
                    $data = new StdClass;
                    $data->id = 0;
                    $data->coursemoduleid = $othercm->id;
                    $data->userid = $userid;
                    $data->completionstate = 0;
                    $data->viewed = 0;
                    $data->timemodified = 0;
                }
                $SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id][$othercm->id] = $data;
            }
            $SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id]['updated'] = time();

            if (!isset($SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id][$cm->id])) {
                $this->internal_systemerror("Unexpected error: course-module {$cm->id} could not be found on course {$this->course->id}");
            }
            return $SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id][$cm->id];

        } else {
            // Get single record
            $data = $DB->get_record('course_modules_completion', array('coursemoduleid'=>$cm->id, 'userid'=>$userid));
            if ($data == false) {
                // Row not present counts as 'not complete'
                $data = new StdClass;
                $data->id = 0;
                $data->coursemoduleid = $cm->id;
                $data->userid = $userid;
                $data->completionstate = 0;
                $data->viewed = 0;
                $data->timemodified = 0;
            }

            // Put in cache
            if ($currentuser) {
                $SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id][$cm->id] = $data;
                // For single updates, only set date if it was empty before
                if (empty($SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id]['updated'])) {
                    $SESSION->completioncache[$this->course->id]['updated'] = time();
                }
            }
        }

        return $data;
    }

    /**
* Updates completion data for a particular coursemodule and user (user is
* determined from $data).
*
* (Internal function. Not private, so we can unit-test it.)
*
* @param stdClass|cm_info $cm Activity
* @param stdClass $data Data about completion for that user
*/
    public function internal_set_data($cm, $data) {
        global $USER, $SESSION, $DB;

        $transaction = $DB->start_delegated_transaction();
        if (!$data->id) {
            // Check there isn't really a row
            $data->id = $DB->get_field('course_modules_completion', 'id',
                    array('coursemoduleid'=>$data->coursemoduleid, 'userid'=>$data->userid));
        }
        if (!$data->id) {
            // Didn't exist before, needs creating
            $data->id = $DB->insert_record('course_modules_completion', $data);
        } else {
            // Has real (nonzero) id meaning that a database row exists, update
            $DB->update_record('course_modules_completion', $data);
        }
        $transaction->allow_commit();

        if ($data->userid == $USER->id) {
            $SESSION->completioncache[$cm->course][$cm->id] = $data;
            $reset = 'reset';
            get_fast_modinfo($reset);
        }
    }

    /**
* Obtains a list of activities for which completion is enabled on the
* course. The list is ordered by the section order of those activities.
*
* @param array $modinfo For unit testing only, supply the value
* here. Otherwise the method calls get_fast_modinfo
* @return array Array from $cmid => $cm of all activities with completion enabled,
* empty array if none
*/
    public function get_activities($modinfo=null) {
        global $DB;

        // Obtain those activities which have completion turned on
        $withcompletion = $DB->get_records_select('course_modules', 'course='.$this->course->id.
          ' AND completion<>'.COMPLETION_TRACKING_NONE);
        if (!$withcompletion) {
            return array();
        }

        // Use modinfo to get section order and also add in names
        if (empty($modinfo)) {
            $modinfo = get_fast_modinfo($this->course);
        }
        $result = array();
        foreach ($modinfo->sections as $sectioncms) {
            foreach ($sectioncms as $cmid) {
                if (array_key_exists($cmid, $withcompletion)) {
                    $result[$cmid] = $withcompletion[$cmid];
                    $result[$cmid]->modname = $modinfo->cms[$cmid]->modname;
                    $result[$cmid]->name = $modinfo->cms[$cmid]->name;
                }
            }
        }

        return $result;
    }

    /**
* Checks to see if the userid supplied has a tracked role in
* this course
*
* @param int $userid User id
* @return bool
*/
    public function is_tracked_user($userid) {
        return is_enrolled(context_course::instance($this->course->id), $userid, '', true);
    }

    /**
* Returns the number of users whose progress is tracked in this course.
*
* Optionally supply a search's where clause, or a group id.
*
* @param string $where Where clause sql (use 'u.whatever' for user table fields)
* @param array $whereparams Where clause params
* @param int $groupid Group id
* @return int Number of tracked users
*/
    public function get_num_tracked_users($where = '', $whereparams = array(), $groupid = 0) {
        global $DB;

        list($enrolledsql, $enrolledparams) = get_enrolled_sql(
                context_course::instance($this->course->id), '', $groupid, true);
        $sql = 'SELECT COUNT(eu.id) FROM (' . $enrolledsql . ') eu JOIN {user} u ON u.id = eu.id';
        if ($where) {
            $sql .= " WHERE $where";
        }

        $params = array_merge($enrolledparams, $whereparams);
        return $DB->count_records_sql($sql, $params);
    }

    /**
* Return array of users whose progress is tracked in this course.
*
* Optionally supply a search's where clause, group id, sorting, paging.
*
* @param string $where Where clause sql, referring to 'u.' fields (optional)
* @param array $whereparams Where clause params (optional)
* @param int $groupid Group ID to restrict to (optional)
* @param string $sort Order by clause (optional)
* @param int $limitfrom Result start (optional)
* @param int $limitnum Result max size (optional)
* @param context $extracontext If set, includes extra user information fields
* as appropriate to display for current user in this context
* @return array Array of user objects with standard user fields
*/
    public function get_tracked_users($where = '', $whereparams = array(), $groupid = 0,
             $sort = '', $limitfrom = '', $limitnum = '', context $extracontext = null) {

        global $DB;

        list($enrolledsql, $params) = get_enrolled_sql(
                context_course::instance($this->course->id), '', $groupid, true);

        $sql = 'SELECT u.id, u.firstname, u.lastname, u.idnumber';
        if ($extracontext) {
            $sql .= get_extra_user_fields_sql($extracontext, 'u', '', array('idnumber'));
        }
        $sql .= ' FROM (' . $enrolledsql . ') eu JOIN {user} u ON u.id = eu.id';

        if ($where) {
            $sql .= " AND $where";
            $params = array_merge($params, $whereparams);
        }

        if ($sort) {
            $sql .= " ORDER BY $sort";
        }

        return $DB->get_records_sql($sql, $params, $limitfrom, $limitnum);
    }

    /**
* Obtains progress information across a course for all users on that course, or
* for all users in a specific group. Intended for use when displaying progress.
*
* This includes only users who, in course context, have one of the roles for
* which progress is tracked (the gradebookroles admin option) and are enrolled in course.
*
* Users are included (in the first array) even if they do not have
* completion progress for any course-module.
*
* @param bool $sortfirstname If true, sort by first name, otherwise sort by
* last name
* @param string $where Where clause sql (optional)
* @param array $where_params Where clause params (optional)
* @param int $groupid Group ID or 0 (default)/false for all groups
* @param int $pagesize Number of users to actually return (optional)
* @param int $start User to start at if paging (optional)
* @param context $extracontext If set, includes extra user information fields
* as appropriate to display for current user in this context
* @return stdClass with ->total and ->start (same as $start) and ->users;
* an array of user objects (like mdl_user id, firstname, lastname)
* containing an additional ->progress array of coursemoduleid => completionstate
*/
    public function get_progress_all($where = '', $where_params = array(), $groupid = 0,
            $sort = '', $pagesize = '', $start = '', context $extracontext = null) {
        global $CFG, $DB;

        // Get list of applicable users
        $users = $this->get_tracked_users($where, $where_params, $groupid, $sort,
                $start, $pagesize, $extracontext);

        // Get progress information for these users in groups of 1, 000 (if needed)
        // to avoid making the SQL IN too long
        $results = array();
        $userids = array();
        foreach ($users as $user) {
            $userids[] = $user->id;
            $results[$user->id] = $user;
            $results[$user->id]->progress = array();
        }

        for($i=0; $i<count($userids); $i+=1000) {
            $blocksize = count($userids)-$i < 1000 ? count($userids)-$i : 1000;

            list($insql, $params) = $DB->get_in_or_equal(array_slice($userids, $i, $blocksize));
            array_splice($params, 0, 0, array($this->course->id));
            $rs = $DB->get_recordset_sql("
SELECT
cmc.*
FROM
{course_modules} cm
INNER JOIN {course_modules_completion} cmc ON cm.id=cmc.coursemoduleid
WHERE
cm.course=? AND cmc.userid $insql", $params);
            foreach ($rs as $progress) {
                $progress = (object)$progress;
                $results[$progress->userid]->progress[$progress->coursemoduleid] = $progress;
            }
            $rs->close();
        }

        return $results;
    }

    /**
* Called by grade code to inform the completion system when a grade has
* been changed. If the changed grade is used to determine completion for
* the course-module, then the completion status will be updated.
*
* @param stdClass|cm_info $cm Course-module for item that owns grade
* @param grade_item $item Grade item
* @param stdClass $grade
* @param bool $deleted
*/
    public function inform_grade_changed($cm, $item, $grade, $deleted) {
        // Bail out now if completion is not enabled for course-module, it is enabled
        // but is set to manual, grade is not used to compute completion, or this
        // is a different numbered grade
        if (!$this->is_enabled($cm) ||
            $cm->completion == COMPLETION_TRACKING_MANUAL ||
            is_null($cm->completiongradeitemnumber) ||
            $item->itemnumber != $cm->completiongradeitemnumber) {
            return;
        }

        // What is the expected result based on this grade?
        if ($deleted) {
            // Grade being deleted, so only change could be to make it incomplete
            $possibleresult = COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE;
        } else {
            $possibleresult = self::internal_get_grade_state($item, $grade);
        }

        // OK, let's update state based on this
        $this->update_state($cm, $possibleresult, $grade->userid);
    }

    /**
* Calculates the completion state that would result from a graded item
* (where grade-based completion is turned on) based on the actual grade
* and settings.
*
* Internal function. Not private, so we can unit-test it.
*
* @param grade_item $item an instance of grade_item
* @param grade_grade $grade an instance of grade_grade
* @return int Completion state e.g. COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE
*/
    public static function internal_get_grade_state($item, $grade) {
        if (!$grade) {
            return COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE;
        }
        // Conditions to show pass/fail:
        // a) Grade has pass mark (default is 0.00000 which is boolean true so be careful)
        // b) Grade is visible (neither hidden nor hidden-until)
        if ($item->gradepass && $item->gradepass > 0.000009 && !$item->hidden) {
            // Use final grade if set otherwise raw grade
            $score = !is_null($grade->finalgrade) ? $grade->finalgrade : $grade->rawgrade;

            // We are displaying and tracking pass/fail
            if ($score >= $item->gradepass) {
                return COMPLETION_COMPLETE_PASS;
            } else {
                return COMPLETION_COMPLETE_FAIL;
            }
        } else {
            // Not displaying pass/fail, so just if there is a grade
            if (!is_null($grade->finalgrade) || !is_null($grade->rawgrade)) {
                // Grade exists, so maybe complete now
                return COMPLETION_COMPLETE;
            } else {
                // Grade does not exist, so maybe incomplete now
                return COMPLETION_INCOMPLETE;
            }
        }
    }

    /**
* Aggregate activity completion state
*
* @param int $type Aggregation type (COMPLETION_* constant)
* @param bool $old Old state
* @param bool $new New state
* @return bool
*/
    public static function aggregate_completion_states($type, $old, $new) {
        if ($type == COMPLETION_AND) {
            return $old && $new;
        } else {
            return $old || $new;
        }
    }

    /**
* This is to be used only for system errors (things that shouldn't happen)
* and not user-level errors.
*
* @global type $CFG
* @param string $error Error string (will not be displayed to user unless debugging is enabled)
* @throws moodle_exception Exception with the error string as debug info
*/
    public function internal_systemerror($error) {
        global $CFG;
        throw new moodle_exception('err_system','completion',
            $CFG->wwwroot.'/course/view.php?id='.$this->course->id,null,$error);
    }

    /**
* For testing only. Wipes information cached in user session.
*/
    public static function wipe_session_cache() {
        global $SESSION;
        unset($SESSION->completioncache);
        unset($SESSION->completioncacheuserid);
    }
}
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