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<title>Documentation Moodle : Manuel de l'enseignant</title>
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<h1>Manuel de l'enseignant</h1>
<p>Cette page est un guide trËs rapide ý la crÈation de cours en ligne avec Moodle.
Il dÈcrit les fonctions principales ý disposition, ainsi que quelques-unes des
dÈcisions que vous devrez prendre.</p>
<p>Sections de ce document :</p>
<li><a href="#started">Pour commencer</a></li>
<li><a href="#settings">Configurer le cours</a></li>
<li><a href="#upload">DÈposer des fichiers</a></li>
<li><a href="#activities">Mettre en place des activitÈs</a></li>
<li><a href="#course">Lancer le cours</a></li>
<li><a href="#further">Informations complÈmentaires</a></li>
<h3 class="sectionheading"><a name="started"></a>Pour commencer</h3>
<p>Ce document prÈsuppose que l'administrateur de votre site a configurÈ
Moodle et vous a donnÈ un cours vide avec lequel vous pouvez commencer ý
travailler. Il part aussi de l'idÈe que vous vous Ítes connectÈ dans votre
cours avec votre compte d'enseignant.</p>
<p>Voici trois conseils qui vous aideront ý commmencer le travail avec Moodle.</p>
<li><strong>N'ayez pas peur d'expÈrimenter&nbsp;:</strong>
<blockquote>explorez votre cours et faites-y des modifications. Il est difficile
de casser quoi que ce soit dans un cours Moodle, et mÍme dans ce cas, il est
facile de corriger le problËme.
<li><strong>Remarquez et utilisez ces petites icÙnes</strong>&nbsp;:
<p>&nbsp;<img src="../pix/i/edit.gif"> - l'<strong>icÙne de modification</strong>
vous permet de modifier l'ÈlÈment ý cÙtÈ duquel elle est placÈe.</p>
<p><img src="../pix/help.gif" width="22" height="17"> - l'<strong>icÙne
d'aide</strong> ouvre une fenÍtre avec un texte d'aide.</p>
<p>&nbsp;<img src="../pix/i/hide.gif" width="16" height="16"> - l'<strong>icÙne
oeil ouvert</strong> vous permet de cacher des ÈlÈments aux Ètudiants.</p>
<p>&nbsp;<img src="../pix/i/show.gif" width="16" height="16"> - l'<strong>icÙne
oeil fermÈ</strong> vous permet de rendre disponible un ÈlÈment cachÈ.</p>
<li><strong>Utilisez la barre de navigation au haut de chaque page</strong>&nbsp;:
<blockquote>elle vous aidera ý vous rappeler o_ vous vous trouvez et
vous Èvitera de vous perdre dans le site.
<h3 class="sectionheading"><a name="settings"></a>Configurer le cours</h3>
<!-- Le reste doit encore Ítre traduit -->
<p>The first thing you should do is look under the &quot;Administration&quot;
on your course home page and click on &quot;<strong>Settings...</strong>&quot;
(Note that this link, and in fact the whole Administration section is only
available to you (and the site administrator). Students will not even see
these links).</p>
<p>On the Settings page you can change a number of settings about your course,
ranging from its name to what day it starts. I won't talk here about all these,
as they all have a help icon next to them which explains them all in detail.
However, I will talk about the most important of these - the <strong>course
<p>The course format that you choose will decide the basic layout of your course,
like a template. Moodle version 1.0 has three formats - in future there will
probably be many more (please send new ideas to <a href=""></a>!)</p>
<p>Here are some screenshots of three sample courses in each of these three
formats (ignore the different colours, which are set for a whole site by the
site administrator):</p>
<p align="center"><strong>Weekly format:</strong></p>
<p align="center"><img src="pix/weekly.jpg" width="570" height="527"></p>
<p align="center">&nbsp;</p>
<p align="center"><strong>Topics format:</strong></p>
<p align="center"><img src="pix/topics.jpg" width="570" height="463"></p>
<p align="center">&nbsp;</p>
<p align="center"><strong>Social format:</strong></p>
<p align="center"><img src="pix/social.jpg" width="570" height="429"></p>
<p>Note that the weekly and topics formats are very similar in structure. The
main difference is that each box in the weekly format covers exactly one week,
whereas in the topic format each box can cover whatever you like. The social
format doesn't use much content at all and is based around just one forum
- this is displayed on the main page.</p>
<p>See the help buttons on the Course Settings page for more details.</p>
<h3 class="sectionheading"><a name="upload"></a>DÈposer des fichiers</h3>
<p>You may have existing content that you want to add to your course, such as
web pages, audio files, video files, word documents, or flash animations.
Any type of file that exists can be uploaded into your course and stored on
the server. While your files are on the server you can move, rename, edit
or delete them.</p>
<p>All of this is achieved through the <strong>Files</strong> link in your Administration
menu. The Files section looks like this:</p>
<p align="center"><img src="pix/files.jpg" width="400" height="347"></p>
<p>This interface is only available to teachers - it is not accessible by students.
Individual files are made available to students later on (as &quot;Resources&quot;
- see the next section).</p>
<p>As you can see in the screenshot, files are listed alongside subdirectories.
You can create any number of subdirectories to organise your files and move
your files from one to the other.</p>
<p>Uploading files via the web is currently restricted to one file at a time.
If you want to upload a lot of files at once (for example a whole web site),
it can be a lot easier to use a <strong>zip program</strong> to compress them
into a single file, upload the zip file and then unzip them again on the server
(you will see an &quot;unzip&quot; link next to zip archives).</p>
<p>To preview any file you have uploaded just click on its name. Your web browser
will take care of either displaying it or downloading it to your computer.</p>
<p>HTML and text files can be edited in-place online. Other files will need
to be edited on your local computer and uploaded again. if you upload a file
with the same name as an existing file it will automatically be overwritten.</p>
<p>A final note: if your content resides out on the web then you don't need
to upload the files at all - you can link directly to them from inside the
course (see the Resources module and the next section).</p>
<h3 class="sectionheading"><a name="activities"></a>Mettre en place des activitÈs</h3>
<p>Building a course involves adding course activity modules to the main page
in the order that students will be using them. You can shuffle the order any
time you like.</p>
<p>To turn on editing, click &quot;Turn on editing&quot; under Administration.
This toggle switch shows or hides the extra controls that allow you to manipulate
your main course page. Note in the first screenshot above (of the Weekly format
course) that the editing controls are turned on.</p>
<p>To add a new activity, simply go to the week or topic or section of the screen
where you want to add it, and select the type of activity from the popup menu.
Here is a summary of all the standard activities in Moodle 1.0:</p>
<dd>An assignment is where you set a task with a due date and a maximum grade.
Students will be able to upload one file to satisify the requirements. The
date they upload their file is recorded. Afterwards, you will have a single
page on which ou can view each file (and how late or early it is), and then
record a grade and a comment. Half an hour after you grade any particular
student, Moodle will automatically email that student a notification. </dd>
<dd>A choice activity is very simple - you ask a question and specify a choice
of responses. Students can make their choice, and you have a report screen
where you can see the results. I use it to gather research consent from
my students, but you could use it for quick polls or class votes.</dd>
<dd>This module is by far the most important - it is here that discussion
takes place. When you add a new forum, yu will presented with a choice of
different types - a simple single-topic discussion, a free-for-all general
forum, or a one-discussion-thread-per-user.</dd>
<dd>Each journal activity is an entry in the whole course journal. For each
one you can specify an open-ended question that guides what students write,
as well as a window of time in which the journal is open (weekly course
format only). A general rule of thumb is to create one journal per week.
Encourage students to write reflectively and critically in these journals,
as they are only available to them and you. Afterwards, you will be able
to grade and comment all the entries for that week or topic, and students
will receive an automatic email informing them of your feedback. Journals
are not designed to be continually added to - if you need to do that then
add more journal activities.</dd>
<dd>Resources are the content of your course. Each resource can be any file
you have uploaded or can point to using a URL. You can also maintain simple
text-based pages by typing them directly into a form.</dd>
<dd>This module allows you to design and set quiz tests, consisting of multiple
choice, true-false, and short answer questions. These questions are kept
in a categorised database, and can be re-used within courses and even between
courses. Quizzes can allow multiple attempts. Each attempt is automatically
marked, and the teacher can choose whether to give feedback or to show correct
answers. This module includes grading facilities. </dd>
<dd>The survey module provides a number of predefined survey instruments that
are useful in evaluating and understanding your class. Currently they include
the COLLES and the ATTLS instruments. They can be given to students early
in the course as a diagnostic tool and at the end of the course as an evaluation
tool (I use one every week in my courses).</dd>
<p>After adding your activities you can move them up and down in your course
layout by clicking on the little arrow icons (<img src="../pix/t/up.gif" width="9" height="10">
<img src="../pix/t/down.gif" width="9" height="10">) next to each one. You
can also delete them using the cross icon <img src="../pix/t/delete.gif" width="10" height="10">,
and re-edit them using the edit icon <img src="../pix/t/edit.gif" width="10" height="11">.</p>
<h3 class="sectionheading"><a name="course"></a>Lancer le cours</h3>
<p>There are some big plans to extend this document into a more comprehensive
tutorial. Until then here are a few ideas:</p>
<li>Subscribe yourself to all the forums so you keep in touch with your class
activity. </li>
<li>Encourage all the students fill out their user profile (including photos)
and read them all - this will help provide some context to their later writings
and help you to respond in ways that are tailored to their own needs.</li>
<li>Keep notes to yourself in the private &quot;<strong>Teacher's Forum</strong>&quot;
(under Administration). This is especially useful when team teaching.</li>
<li>Use the &quot;<strong>Logs</strong>&quot; link (under Administration)
to get access to complete, raw logs. In there you'll see a link to a popup
window that updates every sixty seconds and shows the last hour of activity.
This is useful to keep open on your desktop all day so you can feel in touch
with what's going on in the course.</li>
<li>Use the &quot;<strong>Activity Reports</strong>&quot; (next to each name
in the list of all people, or from any user profile page). These provide
a great way to see what any particular person has been up to in the course.</li>
<li>Respond quickly to students. Don't leave it for later - do it right away.
Not only is it easy to become overwhelmed with the volume that can be generated,
but it's a crucial part of building and maintaining a community feel in
your course.</li>
<h3 class="sectionheading"><a name="further"></a>Informations complÈmentaires</h3>
<p>If you have any particular problems with your site, you should contact your
local site administrator.</p>
<p>If you have some great ideas for improvements to Moodle, or even some good
stories, come over to <a href="" target="_top"></a>
and join us in the course called "<a href="" target="_top">Using
Moodle</a>". We'd love to hear from you, and you can help Moodle improve.</p>
<p>If you want to contribute to coding new modules, or writing documentation,
or papers, contact me: <a href="" target="_top">Martin
Dougiamas</a> or browse the &quot;bug tracker&quot; site for Moodle, at <a href="" target="_top"></a></p>
<p align="center">Thanks for using Moodle - and good luck with your teaching!</p>
<p align="center"><font size="1"><a href="." target="_top">Documentation Moodle</a></font></p>
<p align="center"><font size="1">Version: $Id: teacher.html,v 1.4 2002/08/18 10:00:01
martin Exp $</font></p>
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