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1 parent 32ce883 commit 4642b11d3551a4597f3703f1b908eb14b1e3bf3c mits committed Aug 25, 2004
Showing with 7 additions and 10 deletions.
  1. +7 −10 lang/ja/docs/philosophy.html
@@ -13,32 +13,29 @@
<h1>理念</h1>
<blockquote>
- <p>Moodleのデザイン及び開発作業は特定の学習理念に基づいて行われています。恐らく略された表現をご覧になると思いますが、これは「<em>社会解釈的教授法</em>」という考え方です。
- (Some of you scientists may already be thinking &quot;soft education mumbo jumbo&quot; and reaching for your mouse, but please read on - this is useful for every subject area!)</p>
- <p>This page tries to explain in simple terms what that phrase means by unpacking <strong>four main concepts</strong> behind it. Note that each of these is summarising one
- view of an immense amount of diverse research so these definitions may seem thin if you have read about these before.</p>
- <p>If these concepts are completely new to you then it is likely that these ideas will be hard to understand at first - all I can recommend is that you read it carefully, while thinking about your own experiences of trying to learn something.<br>
- </p>
- <h3>1. Constructivism</h3>
+ <p>Moodleのデザイン及び開発作業は特定の学習理念に基づいて行われています。恐らく略された表現をご覧になると思いますが、これは「<em>社会解釈的教授法</em>」という考え方です。(何人かの科学者は、既に「無意味なソフトエディケーション」だと思ってマウスに手をかけたところでしょう。しかし、どうか読み進めてください。この考え方はあらゆる研究領域にとって有益なものですから!)</p>
+ <p>このページでは、簡単な用語を使用して、その背後に横たわる<strong>4つの主要な概念</strong>を紐解いて行くことにします。膨大な量の様々な研究における一つの視点を要約する形で説明を行いますので、これらの概念に関して事前に読まれた方にとっては、内容が希薄であると思われます。</p>
+ <p>これらの概念があなたにとって全く新しいものである場合、最初は理解し辛いものでしょう。私がご提案出来ますことは、自分が何かを学ぼうとしている時の経験を思い浮かべながら内容を注意深く読み進めることです。<br></p>
+ <h3>1. 構成主義</h3>
<blockquote>
<p>This point of view maintains that people actively <strong>construct</strong> new knowledge as they interact with their environment. </p>
<p>Everything you read, see, hear, feel, and touch is tested against your prior knowledge and if it is viable within your mental world, may form new knowledge you carry with you. Knowledge is strengthened if you can use it successfully in your wider environment. You are not just a memory bank passively absorbing information, nor can knowledge be &quot;transmitted&quot; to you just by reading something or listening to someone.</p>
<p>This is not to say you can't learn anything from reading a web page or watching a lecture, obviously you can, it's just pointing out that there is more interpretation going on than a transfer of information from one brain to another.<br>
</p>
</blockquote>
- <h3>2. Constructionism</h3>
+ <h3>2. 構築主義</h3>
<blockquote>
<p>Constructionism asserts that learning is particularly effective when constructing something for others to experience. This can be anything from a spoken sentence or an internet posting, to more complex artifacts like a painting, a house or a software package.</p>
<p>For example, you might read this page several times and still forget it by tomorrow - but if you were to try and explain these ideas to someone else in your own words, or produce a slideshow that explained these concepts, then I can guarantee you'd have a better understanding that is more integrated into your own ideas. This is why people take notes during lectures, even if they never read the notes again.<br>
</p>
</blockquote>
- <h3>3. Social Constructivism</h3>
+ <h3>3. 社会構成主義</h3>
<blockquote>
<p>This extends the above ideas into a social group constructing things for one another, collaboratively creating a small culture of shared artifacts with shared meanings. When one is immersed within a culture like this, one is learning all the time about how to be a part of that culture, on many levels.</p>
<p>A very simple example is an object like a cup. The object can be used for many things, but its shape does suggest some &quot;knowledge&quot; about carrying liquids. A more complex example is an online course - not only do the &quot;shapes&quot; of the software tools indicate certain things about the way online courses should work, but the activities and texts produced within the group as a whole will help shape how each person behaves within that group.<br>
</p>
</blockquote>
- <h3>4. Connected and Separate</h3>
+ <h3>4. 関連認識と分離認識</h3>
<blockquote>
<p>This idea looks deeper into the motivations of individuals within a discussion. <strong>Separate</strong> behaviour is when someone tries to remain 'objective' and 'factual', and tends to defend their own ideas using logic to find holes in their opponent's ideas. <strong>Connected</strong> behaviour is a more empathic approach that accepts subjectivity, trying to listen and ask questions in an effort to understand the other point of view. <strong>Constructed</strong> behaviour is when a person is sensitive to both of these approaches and is able to choose either of them as appropriate to the current situation.</p>
<p>In general, a healthy amount of connected behaviour within a learning community is a very powerful stimulant for learning, not only bringing people closer together but promoting deeper reflection and re-examination of their existing beliefs.</p>

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