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commit 6af88ac7a210d404b1f6f2b65145ab89f6c6ccf2 1 parent 106140f
compuproggy authored
Showing with 2,952 additions and 267 deletions.
  1. +1 −1  lang/de/assignment.php
  2. +4 −1 lang/de/auth.php
  3. +5 −1 lang/de/choice.php
  4. +44 −0 lang/de/docs/README.txt
  5. +44 −0 lang/de/docs/background.html
  6. +201 −0 lang/de/docs/credits.html
  7. +151 −0 lang/de/docs/cvs.html
  8. +271 −0 lang/de/docs/developer.html
  9. +160 −0 lang/de/docs/features.html
  10. +18 −0 lang/de/docs/files.php
  11. +45 −0 lang/de/docs/future.html
  12. +382 −0 lang/de/docs/install.html
  13. +37 −0 lang/de/docs/intro.html
  14. +31 −0 lang/de/docs/licence.html
  15. +18 −18 lang/de/docs/module_files.txt
  16. +383 −0 lang/de/docs/release.html
  17. +237 −0 lang/de/docs/teacher.html
  18. +110 −0 lang/de/docs/upgrade.html
  19. +13 −7 lang/de/help/assignment/assignmenttype.html
  20. +7 −4 lang/de/help/choice/options.html
  21. +6 −1 lang/de/help/coursecategory.html
  22. +20 −7 lang/de/help/courseformats.html
  23. +2 −2 lang/de/help/coursefullname.html
  24. +12 −1 lang/de/help/coursenewsitems.html
  25. +11 −1 lang/de/help/coursenumsections.html
  26. +13 −2 lang/de/help/courserecent.html
  27. +5 −2 lang/de/help/courseshortname.html
  28. +15 −1 lang/de/help/coursestartdate.html
  29. +16 −1 lang/de/help/enrolmentkey.html
  30. +20 −8 lang/de/help/forum/allowdiscussions.html
  31. +21 −5 lang/de/help/forum/attachment.html
  32. +16 −3 lang/de/help/forum/forumtype.html
  33. +70 −21 lang/de/help/forum/ratings.html
  34. +18 −0 lang/de/help/forum/subscription.html
  35. +13 −1 lang/de/help/guestaccess.html
  36. +10 −2 lang/de/help/html.html
  37. +9 −1 lang/de/help/langedit.html
  38. +47 −16 lang/de/help/mods.html
  39. +15 −3 lang/de/help/picture.html
  40. +77 −11 lang/de/help/questions.html
  41. +6 −0 lang/de/help/quiz/attempts.html
  42. +11 −1 lang/de/help/quiz/categories.html
  43. +5 −2 lang/de/help/quiz/correctanswers.html
  44. +3 −2 lang/de/help/quiz/feedback.html
  45. +16 −8 lang/de/help/quiz/grademethod.html
  46. +11 −0 lang/de/help/quiz/maxgrade.html
  47. +17 −1 lang/de/help/quiz/multichoice.html
  48. +23 −13 lang/de/help/quiz/questiontypes.html
  49. +1 −1  lang/de/help/quiz/random.html
  50. +6 −0 lang/de/help/quiz/review.html
  51. +8 −1 lang/de/help/quiz/shortanswer.html
  52. +3 −1 lang/de/help/quiz/timeopen.html
  53. +8 −1 lang/de/help/quiz/truefalse.html
  54. +23 −1 lang/de/help/resource/resourcetype.html
  55. +6 −1 lang/de/help/resource/summary.html
  56. +61 −38 lang/de/help/richtext.html
  57. +63 −27 lang/de/help/surveys.html
  58. +16 −1 lang/de/help/teachers.html
  59. +48 −41 lang/de/help/text.html
  60. +32 −5 lang/de/help/textformat.html
  61. +1 −0  lang/de/moodle.php
  62. +6 −1 lang/de/quiz.php
View
2  lang/de/assignment.php
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
<?PHP // $Id$
- // assignment.php - created with Moodle 1.0.6 dev 3 (2002102101)
+ // assignment.php - created with Moodle 1.0.8 dev (2002122301)
$string['allowresubmit'] = "Erneutes Einreichen erlauben";
View
5 lang/de/auth.php
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
<?PHP // $Id$
- // auth.php - created with Moodle 1.0.6 dev 3 (2002102101)
+ // auth.php - created with Moodle 1.0.8 dev (2002122301)
$string['auth_dbdescription'] = "This method uses an external database table to check whether a given username and password is valid. If the account is a new one, then information from other fields may also be copied across into Moodle.";
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
$string['auth_dbhost'] = "The computer hosting the database server.";
$string['auth_dbname'] = "Name of the database itself";
$string['auth_dbpass'] = "Password matching the above username";
+$string['auth_dbpasstype'] = "Spezifizieren Sie das Format, das das Kennwortfeld benutzt. MD5-Verschlüsselung ist nützlich dafür, mit anderen üblichen Netzanwendungen Verbindung aufzunehmen wie z.B. PostNuke";
$string['auth_dbtable'] = "Name of the table in the database";
$string['auth_dbtitle'] = "Use an external database";
$string['auth_dbtype'] = "The database type (See the <A HREF=../lib/adodb/readme.htm#drivers>ADOdb documentation</A> for details)";
@@ -52,6 +53,8 @@
$string['chooseauthmethod'] = "Choose an authentication method: ";
$string['guestloginbutton'] = "Guest login button";
$string['instructions'] = "Instructions";
+$string['md5'] = "MD5-Verschlüsselung";
+$string['plaintext'] = "Reiner Text";
$string['showguestlogin'] = "You can hide or show the guest login button on the login page.";
?>
View
6 lang/de/choice.php
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
<?PHP // $Id$
- // choice.php - created with Moodle 1.0.6 dev (2002100200)
+ // choice.php - created with Moodle 1.0.8 dev (2002122301)
$string['answered'] = "Beantwortet";
@@ -9,6 +9,10 @@
$string['modulename'] = "Wahl ";
$string['modulenameplural'] = "Wahlen ";
$string['notanswered'] = "Noch nicht beantwortet";
+$string['publish'] = "Ergebnisse veröffentlichen";
+$string['publishanonymous'] = "Anonyme Ergebnisse veröffentlichen, Namen der Teilnehmer nicht zeigen";
+$string['publishnames'] = "Ergebnisse vollständig veröffentlichen, Namen und deren Wahl anzeigen";
+$string['publishnot'] = "Keine Ergebnisse den Teilnehmern veröffentlichen";
$string['responses'] = "Antworten ";
$string['responsesto'] = "Antworten zu \$a";
$string['savemychoice'] = "Meine Wahl speichern";
View
44 lang/de/docs/README.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+Moodle documentation
+--------------------
+
+If you want to translate this documentation into another language,
+I would suggest that you:
+
+ 1) don't include English versions of the files in this directory
+ because they will be used automatically anyway if it is missing
+ from your language pack.
+
+ 2) translate them in this order (starting with the important ones):
+
+ MOST IMPORTANT
+ |-------------------
+ |
+ | - files.php
+ | - install.html
+ | - upgrade.html
+ |
+ | -----------------
+ |
+ | - teacher.html
+ | - module_files.txt
+ |
+ | -----------------
+ |
+ | - intro.html
+ | - features.html
+ | - release.html
+ |
+ | -----------------
+ |
+ | - developer.html
+ | - cvs.html
+ | - future.html
+ |
+ | -----------------
+ |
+ | - license.html
+ | - credits.html
+ |
+ |-------------------
+ LEAST IMPORTANT
+
View
44 lang/de/docs/background.html
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
+<HTML>
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Background</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#ffffff">
+
+<H2>Background</H2>
+
+<P>Moodle is an active and evolving work in progress.</P>
+<P>I've been working on it, in some way or other, for several years. It started
+ in the 90's when I was webmaster at <a target=_top href="http://www.curtin.edu.au/">Curtin University
+ of Technology</a> and a system administrator of their WebCT installation. I
+ encountered many frustrations with the WebCT beast and developed an itch that
+ needed scratching - there had to be a better way (no, not Blackboard :-)</P>
+<P>I also know a lot of people in schools and smaller institutions (and some big
+ ones!) who want to make better use of the Internet but don't know where to start
+ in the maze of technologies and pedagogies that are out there. I've always hoped
+ there would be a Free alternative that such people could use to help them move
+ their teaching skills into the online environment.</P>
+<P>My strong beliefs in the unrealised possibilities of Internet-based education
+ led me to complete a Masters and then a PhD in Education, combining my former
+ career in Computer Science with newly constructed knowledge about the nature
+ of learning and collaboration.</P>
+<P>Since then Moodle has progressed through several very different prototypes
+ until the release of version 1.0 upon a largely unsuspecting world on
+ August 20, 2002 and a steady series of improved releases since then.
+<P>I've been using it in several courses and find it an
+ extremely usable and reliable tool for building high-quality online courses
+ - others are reporting the same. Given the context in which it's been designed,
+ it works particularly well for smaller institutions, or for smaller, more intimate
+ classes.</P>
+<P>When compared to the big commercial tools such as WebCT or Blackboard I think
+ it still falls short in some areas (such as scalability and standards support),
+ but it comes out ahead in many others (see <a href="features.html">Features</a>).
+</P>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
+
+</BODY>
+</HTML>
View
201 lang/de/docs/credits.html
@@ -0,0 +1,201 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
+<HTML>
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Credits</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+ <BODY BGCOLOR="#ffffff">
+
+<H2>Credits</H2>
+
+<P><B>Moodle </B>itself is Copyright &copy; 2001-2002, <A TARGET=_top HREF="http://dougiamas.com/">
+ Martin Dougiamas</A>. &nbsp;It is distributed under the <A HREF="licence.html">
+ GNU Public License</A>.</P>
+
+
+
+<H3><BR>Special thanks</H3>
+<UL>
+ <B><A TARGET=_top HREF="http://pctaylor.com">Dr Peter C. Taylor</A></B>,
+ at Curtin University of Technology in Perth, Australia, for working
+ with the earliest prototypes and making many useful suggestions along the way</LI>
+</UL>
+
+
+
+<H3><BR>Translations</H3>
+<BLOCKQUOTE>
+<P>Many thanks to these people - each translation takes many hours of work, as there are nearly
+ 900 phrases to translate (plus all the help files!).
+ These are listed in the order they joined the project:
+<UL>
+ <LI><B>en - English</B>, by Martin Dougiamas
+ <LI><B>fr - French</B>, by Sébastien Namèche, seb@gaia.anet.fr, <A HREF="http://gaia.anet.fr/">http://gaia.anet.fr/</A>
+ <LI><B>fi - Finnish</B>, by Petri Asikainen (paca@sci.fi), Jaana Tolvanen (jaanat@cedunet.com)
+ <LI><B>it - Italian</B>, by Davide Suraci, icarused@tiscalinet.it
+ <LI><B>pt_br - Portuguese (Brazil)</B>, by Fabricio Valadares, webdesigner@unincor.br
+ <LI><B>de - German</B>, by Holger Schadeck, Holger.Schadeck@webdesign-forum.de
+ <LI><B>es_mx - Spanish (Mexico)</B>, by Claudio Tavares, <A HREF="http://enlaceacademico.com">enlaceacademico.com</A>
+ <LI><B>es_es - Spanish </B>, by Antonio J. Navarro Vergara, anavarro@sextaisla.com, <A HREF="http://www.sextaisla.com">www.sextaisla.com</A>
+ <LI><B>ca - Catalan</B>, by Carles Bellver with the help of Mercè Renau,
+ Clara Andrés and Jordi Adell, cent@uji.es, <A HREF="http://cent.uji.es">Centre d'Educació i Noves Tecnologies</A>
+ <LI><B>no - Norwegian</B>, by Jøran Sørbø, joran.sorbo@teleweb.no
+ <LI><B>id - Indonesian</B>, by Arfan Hidayat, ivanh@telkom.net, <A HREF="http://www.kursusmaya.com">http://www.kursusmaya.com</A>
+ <LI><B>ja - Japanese</B>, by Mitsuhiro Yoshida, mits@mitstek.com, <A HREF="http://mitstek.com">http://mitstek.com</A>
+ <LI><B>tr - Turkish</B>, by M. Cüneyt Birkök, cuneyt@birkok.net, <A HREF="http://birkok.net">http://birkok.net</A>
+ <LI><B>zh_cn - Chinese</B>, by Zhang Dexuan, cncoolbit@hotmail.com
+ <LI><B>ar - Arabic</B>, by Ahmed Nabil, ana@harf.com
+ <LI><B>sv - Swedish</B>, by Set Lonnert, set@setlonnert.com, <A HREF="http://setlonnert.com">http://setlonnert.com</A>
+
+</UL>
+</BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+
+<H3><BR>Other contributors</H3>
+<BLOCKQUOTE>
+<P>Thanks to all of you who have
+<UL>
+ <LI>donated via the <A TARGET=_top HREF="http://moodle.com/donations">Donations page</A>,
+ <LI>contributed to the <A TARGET=_top HREF="http://bugs.moodle.com">bug tracker</A>, and
+ <LI>participated in the "<A TARGET=_top HREF="http://moodle.com/course/">Using Moodle</A>" course at moodle.com</A>
+</UL>
+</P>
+
+<P>Especially, thanks to those of you who have at some time contributed
+ with long constructive discussions and especially code. This list is long
+ and always changing, but some names include (in the order I added them):
+ <UL>
+ Art Lader,
+ Matt Hope,
+ Tom Murdock,
+ Sébastien Namèche,
+ Petri Asikainen,
+ James Miller,
+ Dustin Rue,
+ Holger Schadeck,
+ Giovanni Tummarello,
+ John Windmueller,
+ Mitsuhiro Yoshida,
+ Mark Kimes,
+ Greg Barnett,
+ Mary Hunter
+ </UL>
+</P>
+
+<P>I apologise if for some reason your name is not on this list - it's very
+ difficult to maintain! Mail me and demand to be on it. :-)
+</P>
+
+</BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+<H3><BR>Moodle libraries</H3>
+
+<BLOCKQUOTE>
+ <P>Some of Moodle's libraries were written by other people, and are being
+redistributed as part of Moodle under the LGPL. My thanks go out to the
+authors of all these excellent products - without them Moodle would be missing
+important functionality. Copyright information for each package is included below:</P>
+
+ <P><B>ADOdb &nbsp; </B>- &nbsp;lib/adodb<BR>
+ </P>
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE>
+ <P>Database abstraction library for MySQL, PostgreSQL, MSSQL, Oracle,
+Interbase, Foxpro, Access, ADO, Sybase, DB2 and ODBC.</P>
+
+ <P>Version: 2.00 14 May 2002&nbsp;<BR>
+ Copyright &copy; 2000, 2001 John Lim (jlim@natsoft.com.my)<BR>
+ License: Dual LGPL and BSD-style<BR>
+ URL: &nbsp;<A HREF="http://php.weblogs.com/adodb" TARGET="newpage">http://php.weblogs.com/adodb</A><BR>
+ </P>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+ <P><B>Graph Class</B> &nbsp; - &nbsp;lib/graphlib.php </P>
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE>
+ <P>Class to draw line, point, bar, and area graphs, including numeric
+ x-axis and double y-axis.</P>
+
+ <P> Version: 1.6.3 (with modifications)<BR>
+ Copyright &copy;&nbsp;2000&nbsp; Herman Veluwenkamp,&nbsp;hermanV@mindless.com<BR>
+ License: LGPL<BR>
+ </P>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+ <P><B>IP-Atlas</B>&nbsp; - &nbsp; lib/ipatlas</P>
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE>PHP scripts to show the location of an IP address on a map.<BR>
+ <BR>
+ Version: 1.0 (with modifications)<BR>
+ Copyright &copy; 2002 &nbsp; Ivan Kozik<BR>
+ License: GNU GPL<BR>
+ URL: <A HREF="http://www.xpenguin.com/ip-atlas.php" TARGET="newpage">http://www.xpenguin.com/ip-atlas.php</A><BR>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+ <P><B>PHP mailer</B> &nbsp; - &nbsp;lib/class.phpmailer.php<BR>
+ </P>
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE>Class for sending email using either sendmail, PHP mail(),
+or SMTP.&nbsp; Methods are based upon the standard AspEmail(tm) classes.<BR>
+ <BR>
+ Version 1.60, Created 03/30/2002<BR>
+ Copyright &copy; 2001 Brent R. Matzelle &lt;bmatzelle@yahoo.com&gt;<BR>
+ License: LGPL<BR>
+ URL: &nbsp; <A HREF="http://phpmailer.sourceforge.net" TARGET="newpage">http://phpmailer.sourceforge.net</A><BR>
+ <BR>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+
+ <P><B>PHP Simple Excel File Generator</B>&nbsp; - &nbsp; lib/psxlsgen.php</P>
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE>Class to generate very simple MS Excel files (xls)
+via PHP.<BR>
+ <BR>
+ Version: 0.3b<BR>
+ Copyright &copy; 2001 &nbsp;Erol Ozcan &lt;eozcan@superonline.com&gt;<BR>
+ License: GNU LGPL<BR>
+ URL: <A HREF="http://psxlsgen.sourceforge.net" TARGET="newpage">http://psxlsgen.sourceforge.net</A><BR>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+
+
+
+ <P><B>Richtext Editor</B>&nbsp; - &nbsp; lib/rte</P>
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE>HTML text editor for embedding in web pages.<BR>
+ <BR>
+ Version: 0.30 beta 1 (plus modifications)<BR>
+ Copyright &copy; 2001 Ramesys (Contracting Services) Limited &lt;Austin.France@Ramesys.com&gt;
+ License: GNU LGPL<BR>
+ URL: <A HREF="http://richtext.sourceforge.net" TARGET="newpage">http://richtext.sourceforge.net</A><BR>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+ <P><B>SMTP class &nbsp; </B>- &nbsp;lib/class.smtp.php<BR>
+ </P>
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE>Class that can be used to connect and communicate with
+ any SMTP server. <BR>
+ It implements all the SMTP functions defined in RFC821 except TURN.<BR>
+ <BR>
+ Version: 03/26/2001 <BR>
+ Copyright &copy; 2001 &nbsp;Chris Ryan &lt;chris@greatbridge.com&gt;<BR>
+ <BR>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+
+ <BLOCKQUOTE><BR>
+ </BLOCKQUOTE>
+
+ <P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+ <P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
+
+
+ </BODY>
+ </HTML>
View
151 lang/de/docs/cvs.html
@@ -0,0 +1,151 @@
+<html>
+<head>
+<title>Moodle Docs: How to use CVS</title>
+<link rel="stylesheet" href="../theme/standard/styles.php" type="TEXT/CSS">
+</head>
+<body bgcolor="#ffffff">
+<h2>Using CVS to access and update Moodle source code</h2>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>CVS is the Concurrent Versioning System. It's a commonly used way of storing
+ source code because it keeps versions of all files so that nothing is ever
+ lost, and usage by different people is tracked. It also provides ways to merge
+ code if two or more people are working on the same file. All code and all
+ versions are stored on a central server (in this case, at <a href="http://www.sf.net/">Sourceforge</a>).
+ </p>
+ <p>To use <a href="http://cvs.sourceforge.net/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/moodle/moodle/">Moodle's
+ CVS archive</a> (as a <a href="http://sourceforge.net/project/memberlist.php?group_id=30935">developer
+ with write access</a>), you first need to have an <a href="http://sourceforge.net/account/register.php">account
+ on Sourceforge</a>. For the examples on this page, let's assume your username
+ is <strong><font color="#990000">myusername</font></strong> and your password
+ is <strong><font color="#990000">mypassword</font></strong>. Once you have
+ a Sourceforge account, contact me (<a
+ href="http://dougiamas.com/">Martin Dougiamas</a>) so I can give you write access
+ to particular directories.</p>
+ <p>To avoid being prompted for <strong><font color="#990000">mypassword</font></strong>
+ every time you run a CVS command, follow the <a href="http://sourceforge.net/account/editsshkeys.php">Sourceforge
+ directions for using authorized keys</a>. This step is optional, but it can
+ make your CVS experience a lot nicer.</p>
+ <p>With that done, you should have all the permissions you need, so you just
+ need to set up your machine and download the current sources so you can start
+ working on them. Below are instructions for Unix and Windows systems.</p>
+ <h3>1. Using CVS on Unix</h3>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>Sourceforge CVS uses ssh as a transport layer for security, so you will
+ have to set this CVS_RSH environment variable in your Unix shell:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>setenv CVS_RSH ssh</strong> (for csh, tcsh etc)</pre>
+ <pre><strong>export CVS_RSH=ssh</strong> (for sh, bash etc)</pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>It's best to put this in your .bashrc or .cshrc so you don't have to type
+ it all the time. Then, check out Moodle using this (all one line): </p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>cvs -z3 -d:ext:myusername@cvs.moodle.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/moodle co moodle</strong></pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Don't try to do run this first CVS command into an existing moodle directory
+ - start fresh with a new directory.</p>
+ <p>Note that you will be prompted for <strong><font color="#990000">mypassword</font></strong>
+ for each command unless you set up <a href="http://sourceforge.net/account/editsshkeys.php">authorized
+ keys</a></p>
+ <p>Now, you should have a new 'moodle' directory. You can rename it and move
+ it around if you like. Go into it: </p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>cd moodle </strong></pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>All the latest Moodle files should be in there. You can now change files
+ in your copy. To compare your files against the main CVS copy on the server
+ use cvs diff, eg: </p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>cvs diff -c config-dist.php
+cvs diff -c lang</strong></pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>To fetch the latest updates from the server use: </p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>cvs update -dP</strong> </pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>To copy your new files back to the server you would do something like:
+ </p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>cd lang/ca
+cvs commit</strong> </pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>You will be prompted to add some comments (depends on your default text
+ editor) ... add a meangingful comment and close the editor ... the files
+ will be sent to Sourceforge and stored. Done! </p>
+ <p>To save more time you can put default arguments into a file called .cvsrc
+ in your home directory. For example, mine contains: </p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>diff -c
+update -dP</strong> </pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Try 'cvs help' for more details ... </p>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <h3>2. Using CVS on Windows</h3>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>These instructions are based on notes provided by Mitsuhiro Yoshida &lt;mits@mitstek.com&gt;.</p>
+ <p>Firstly, download and install WinCVS.</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><a href="https://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=10072">https://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=10072</a></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Secondly, download sfsetup for SourceForge ssh access, install it and reboot
+ Windows.</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><a href="http://sourceforge.net/projects/sfsetup/">http://sourceforge.net/projects/sfsetup/</a></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Next, configure WinCVS. Launch it, and select Admin -&gt; Preferences.
+ Then change them as follows:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p> [General]<br>
+ <strong>CVSROOT data</strong>:<br>
+ <strong>Authentication</strong>: ssh<br>
+ <strong>Path</strong>: /cvsroot/moodle<br>
+ <strong>Host address</strong>: cvs.moodle.sourceforge.net<br>
+ <strong>User name</strong>: <font color="#990000">myusername</font><br>
+ <strong>CVSROOT</strong>: <font color="#990000">myusername</font>@cvs.moodle.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/moodle</p>
+ <p>[Globals]<br>
+ <strong>Checkout read-only</strong>: uncheck<br>
+ <strong>Supply control when adding files</strong>: check<br>
+ <strong>Quiet mode</strong>: uncheck<br>
+ <strong>TCP/IP compression</strong>: check and select 9<br>
+ <strong>Dirty files support</strong>: check<br>
+ <strong>Prune(remove) empty directories</strong>: check<br>
+ <strong>Disable splash screen</strong>: uncheck</p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Congratulations, WinCVS is set up. Now, you should check out a complete
+ working copy of the Moodle course code:</p>
+ <ol>
+ <li>Select 'Create -&gt; checkout'</li>
+ <li>For the setting 'Module name and path on the server&quot;, type &quot;moodle&quot;,
+ then click OK.</li>
+ <li>Type in <strong><font color="#990000">mypassword</font></strong> and
+ press Enter in the DOS window.</li>
+ </ol>
+ <p>After this first checkout, you can fetch updated files from the CVS server
+ like this:</p>
+ <ol>
+ <li> Select folders or files you want to update</li>
+ <li>Press right mouse button and select '<strong>Update selection</strong>'</li>
+ <li>Press OK button</li>
+ <li>Type in <strong><font color="#990000">mypassword</font></strong> and
+ press Enter in the DOS window.</li>
+ </ol>
+ <p>After modifying files, you can commit them back to the CVS server like
+ this:</p>
+ <ol>
+ <li>Select folders or files you want to commit</li>
+ <li>Press right button and select '<strong>Commit selection</strong>'</li>
+ <li>Press OK button</li>
+ <li>Type in a meaningful comment and press OK button.</li>
+ <li>Type in <strong><font color="#990000">mypassword</font></strong> and
+ press Enter in the DOS window.</li>
+ </ol>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+ <p align="center">Good luck!</p>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p align="CENTER"><font size="1"><a href="." target="_top">Moodle Documentation</a></font></p>
+<p align="CENTER"><font size="1">Version: $Id: features.html,v 1.2 2001/12/09
+ 10:34:19 martin Exp $</font></p>
+</body>
+</html>
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271 lang/de/docs/developer.html
@@ -0,0 +1,271 @@
+<head>
+ <title>Moodle Docs: Developers Manual</title>
+ <link rel="stylesheet" href="../theme/standard/styles.php" type="TEXT/CSS">
+</head>
+
+<body bgcolor="#FFFFFF">
+<h2>Developers Manual</h2>
+<p>This document describes some of Moodle's design and how you can contribute.</p>
+<p>Sections in this document:</p>
+<ol>
+ <li><a href="#architecture">Moodle architecture</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#contribute">How you can contribute</a>
+ <ul>
+ <li><a href="#activities">Learning activities</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#themes">Themes</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#languages">Languages</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#database">Database Schemas</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#courseformats">Course formats</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#doc">Documentation and articles</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#bugs">Participating in the bug tracker</a></li>
+ </ul>
+ </li>
+</ol>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<h3><a name="architecture"></a>1. Moodle architecture</h3>
+<p>From a system administrator's perspective, Moodle has been designed according
+ to the following criteria:</p>
+<ol>
+ <li><strong>Moodle should run on the widest variety of platforms</strong><br>
+ <br>
+ The web application platform that runs on most platforms is PHP combined with
+ MySQL, and this is the environment that Moodle has been developed in (on Linux,
+ Windows, and Mac OS X). Moodle also uses the ADOdb library for database abstraction,
+ which means Moodle can use <a href="http://php.weblogs.com/ADOdb_manual#drivers">more
+ than ten different brands of database</a> (unfortunately, though, it can not
+ yet <em><strong>set up tables</strong></em> in all these databases - more
+ on this later). <br><br>
+ </li>
+ <li><strong>Moodle should be easy to install, learn and modify</strong><br>
+ <br>
+ Early prototypes of Moodle (1999) were built using <a href="http://www.zope.org/">Zope</a>
+ - an advanced object-oriented web application server. Unfortunately I found
+ that although the technology was pretty cool, it had a very steep learning
+ curve and was not very flexible in terms of system administration. The PHP
+ scripting language, on the other hand, is very easy to get into (especially
+ if you've done any programming using any other scripting language). Early
+ on I made the decision to avoid using a class-oriented design - again, to
+ keep it simple to understand for novices. Code reuse is instead achieved by
+ libraries of clearly-named functions and consistent layout of script files.
+ PHP is also easy to install (binaries are available for every platform) and
+ is widely available to the point that most web hosting services provide it
+ as standard.<br><br>
+ </li>
+ <li><strong>It should be easy to upgrade from one version to the next</strong><br>
+ <br>
+ Moodle knows what version it is (as well as the versions of all plug-in modules)
+ and a mechanism has been built-in so that Moodle can properly upgrade itself
+ to new versions (for example it can rename database tables or add new fields).
+ If using CVS in Unix for example, one can just do a &quot;cvs update -d&quot;
+ and then visit the site home page to complete an upgrade.<br><br>
+ </li>
+ <li><strong>It should be modular to allow for growth</strong><br>
+ <br>
+ Moodle has a number of features that are modular, including themes, activities,
+ interface languages, database schemas and course formats. This allows anyone
+ to add features to the main codebase or to even distribute them separately.
+ More on this below in the next section.<br><br>
+ </li>
+ <li><strong>It should be able to be used in conjunction with other systems</strong><br>
+ <br>
+ One thing Moodle does is keep all files for one course within a single, normal
+ directory on the server. This would allow a system administrator to provide
+ seamless forms of file-level access for each teacher, such as Appletalk, SMB,
+ NFS, FTP, WebDAV and so on. The authentication modules allow Moodle to use
+ LDAP, IMAP, POP3, NNTP and other databases as sources for user information.
+ Otherwise, there is work yet to do. Features planned
+ for Moodle in future versions include: import and export of Moodle data using XML-based
+ formats (including IMS and SCORM); and increased use of style sheets for
+ interface formatting (so that it can be integrated visually into other web sites).</li>
+</ol>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<h3><a name="contribute" id="contribute"></a>2. How you can contribute</h3>
+<p>As mentioned above, Moodle has a number of features that are modular. Even
+ if you are not a programmer there are things you can change or help with.</p>
+<p><strong><a name="activities" id="activities"></a>Learning Activities</strong></p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>These are by far the most important modules, and reside in the 'mod' directory.
+ There are seven default modules: assignment, choice, forum, journal, quiz,
+ resource, and survey. Each module is in a separate subdirectory and consists
+ of the following mandatory elements (plus extra scripts unique to each module):</p>
+ <ul>
+ <li>mod.html: a form to set up or update an instance of this module</li>
+ <li>version.php: defines some meta-info and provides upgrading code</li>
+ <li>icon.gif: a 16x16 icon for the module</li>
+ <li>db/: SQL dumps of all the required db tables and data (for each database
+ type) </li>
+ <li>index.php: a page to list all instances in a course</li>
+ <li>view.php: a page to view a particular instance</li>
+ <li>lib.php: any/all functions defined by the module should be in here. If
+ the modulename if called widget, then the required functions include:
+ <ul>
+ <li>widget_add_instance() - code to add a new instance of widget</li>
+ <li>widget_update_instance() - code to update an existing instance</li>
+ <li>widget_delete_instance() - code to delete an instance</li>
+ <li>widget_user_outline() - given an instance, return a summary of a user's
+ contribution</li>
+ <li>widget_user_complete() - given an instance, print details of a user's
+ contribution<br>
+ </li>
+ <li>To avoid possible conflict, any module functions should be named starting
+ with widget_ and any constants you define should start with WIDGET_
+ </li>
+ </ul>
+ </li>
+ <li>Lastly, each module will have some language files that contain strings
+ for that module. See below.</li>
+ </ul>
+ <p>The easiest way to start a new learning activity module is to use the template
+ in <strong><a href="http://moodle.com/mod/newmodule_template.zip">mod/newmodule_template.zip</a>.</strong>
+ Unzip it and follow the README inside. </p>
+ <p>You might also like to post first in the <a href="http://moodle.com/mod/forum/view.php?id=44" target="_top">Activities
+ modules forum on Using Moodle</a>.</p>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p> <strong><a name="themes" id="themes"></a>Themes</strong></p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Themes (or skins) define the look of a site. A number of simple themes are
+ provided in the main distribution, but you may want to copy one of these and
+ customise it to suit your own needs (eg local logo, colours, styles, graphics
+ etc). Each theme is in a subdirectory of the &quot;theme&quot; directory.
+ You can copy the &quot;standard&quot; theme or any other theme as a template
+ for your own.</p>
+ <p>Here is what each of the files does:</p>
+ <ul>
+ <li><strong>config.php</strong>: defines your theme colours used throughout
+ the site</li>
+ <li><strong>styles.php</strong>: the style sheet, containing CSS definitions
+ for standard HTML elements as well as many Moodle elements.</li>
+ <li><strong>header.html</strong>: Included at the top of each page. This is
+ what you need to edit to add a logo at the top of pages, for example.</li>
+ <li><strong>footer.html</strong>: Included at the bottom of each page.</li>
+ </ul>
+ <p>Note that Moodle upgrades <em>may</em> break themes slightly, so check the
+ release notes carefully if you are using a custom theme.</p>
+ <p>In particular, Moodle 2.0 will have a completely new display system, based
+ on a XSL transformations of XML output from Moodle. It is likely that the
+ themes for this will be a completely different format, but the advantage will
+ be a much higher possible degree of customisation (including moving elements
+ around the page).</p>
+ <p>More discussion about this in the <a href="http://moodle.com/mod/forum/view.php?id=46">Themes
+ forum on Using Moodle</a>.<br>
+ </p>
+</blockquote>
+<p><strong><a name="languages" id="languages"></a>Languages</strong></p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Moodle has been designed for internationalisation. Each 'string' or 'page'
+ of text that is displayed as part of the interface is drawn from a set of
+ language files. Each language is a subdirectory of the directory 'lang'. The
+ structure of the lang directory is as follows:</p>
+ <p><strong>lang/en</strong> - directory containing all files for one language
+ (eg English)</p>
+ <ul>
+ <li>moodle.php - strings for main interface</li>
+ <li>assignment.php - strings for assignment module</li>
+ <li>choice.php - strings for choice module</li>
+ <li>forum.php - strings for forum module</li>
+ <li>journal.php - strings for journal module </li>
+ <li>quiz.php - strings for quiz module</li>
+ <li>resource.php - strings for resource module</li>
+ <li>survey.php - strings for survey module</li>
+ <li>.... plus other modules if any.<br>
+ <br>
+ A string is called from these files using the <strong><em>get_string()</em></strong><em>
+ </em>or<em> <strong>print_string()</strong> </em>functions. Each string
+ supports variable substitution, to support variable ordering in different
+ languages.<em><br>
+ <br>
+ </em>eg $strdueby = get_string(&quot;assignmentdueby&quot;, &quot;assignment&quot;,
+ userdate($date)); <br>
+ <br>
+ If a string doesn't exist in a particular language, then the equivalent
+ in English will automatically be used instead.</li>
+ </ul>
+ <p><strong>lang/en/help</strong> - contains whole help pages (for popup context-sensitive
+ help)</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>Main help pages are situated here, while help pages specific to each module
+ are located in subdirectories with the module's name.</p>
+ <p>You can insert a helpbutton in a page with the helpbutton function.</p>
+ <p>eg helpbutton(&quot;text&quot;, &quot;Click here for help about text&quot;);</p>
+ <p>and for modules:</p>
+ <p>helpbutton(&quot;forumtypes&quot;, &quot;Forum types&quot;, &quot;forum&quot;);</p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Note that you can edit languages online, using the administration web tools
+ under &quot;Check this language&quot;. This makes it easy to not to only create
+ new languages but to refine existing ones. If you are starting a new language,
+ please contact me, <a href="http://dougiamas.com/">Martin Dougiamas</a>. </p>
+ <p>You might also like to post in the <a href="http://moodle.com/mod/forum/view.php?id=43" target="_top">Languages
+ forum on Using Moodle</a>. </p>
+ <p>If you are maintaining a language an ongoing basis, I can give you <a href="cvs.html">CVS
+ write access to the Moodle source code</a> so that you can directly maintain
+ the files.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p><br>
+ <strong><a name="database" id="database"></a>Database Schemas</strong></p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Given a working database with defined tables, the intentionally simple SQL
+ used in Moodle should work fine with a wide variety of database brands.</p>
+ <p>A problem exists with <strong>automatically creating</strong> new tables
+ in a database, which is what Moodle tries to do upon initial installation.
+ Because every database is very different, there doesn't yet exist any way
+ to do this in a platform-independent way. To support this automation in each
+ database, schemas can be created that list the required SQL to create Moodle
+ tables in a particular database. These are files in <strong>lib/db</strong>
+ and inside the <strong>db</strong> subdirectory of each module.</p>
+ <p>Currently, only MySQL is supported because that's what I know. If you are
+ familiar with another database (especially open source databases) and are
+ willing to help port the MySQL schema, please get in contact with me (<a href="http://dougiamas.com/">Martin
+ Dougiamas</a>).</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<p><strong><a name="courseformats" id="courseformats"></a>Course Formats</strong></p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Moodle 1.x supports three different course formats: weekly, topics and social.
+ </p>
+ <p>These are a little more connected to the rest of the code (and hence, less
+ &quot;pluggable&quot;) but it is still quite easy to add new ones.</p>
+ <p>If you have any ideas for different formats that you need or would like to
+ see, get in touch with me and I'll do my absolute best to have them available
+ in future releases.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<p><strong><a name="doc" id="doc"></a>Documentation and articles</strong></p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>If you feel like writing a tutorial, an article, an academic paper or anything
+ else about Moodle, please do! </p>
+ <p>Put it on the web and make sure you include links to <a href="http://moodle.com/">http://moodle.com/</a></p>
+ </blockquote>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<p><strong><a name="bugs" id="bugs"></a>Participating in the bug tracker</strong></p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Finally, I would like to invite you to register on the &quot;bug tracker&quot;
+ at <a href="http://bugs.moodle.org">bugs.moodle.org</a> so you can file any
+ bugs that you find and perhaps participate in discussing and fixing them.
+ </p>
+ <p>&quot;Bugs&quot; not only includes software bugs with current versions of
+ Moodle, but also new ideas, feature requests and even constructive criticism
+ of existing features. The beauty of open source is that anyone can participate
+ in some way and help to create a better product for all of us to enjoy. In
+ this project, your input is very welcome!</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<blockquote>
+ <blockquote>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p align="center">Thanks for using Moodle!</p>
+ <p align="center">Cheers,<br>
+ <a href="http://dougiamas.com/" target="_top">Martin Dougiamas</a></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ </blockquote>
+</blockquote>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p align="CENTER"><font size="1"><a href="." target="_top">Moodle Documentation</a></font></p>
+<p align="CENTER"><font size="1">Version: $Id: developer.html,v 1.2 2001/12/09
+ 10:34:19 martin Exp $</font></p>
+
+</body>
View
160 lang/de/docs/features.html
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+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
+<HTML>
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Background</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#ffffff">
+
+<H2>Features</H2>
+<p>Moodle is an active and evolving product. This page lists some of the many
+ features it contains:</p>
+<p><strong>Overall design</strong></p>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Promotes a social constructionist pedagogy (collaboration, activities, critical
+ reflection, etc)</LI>
+ <LI>Suitable for 100% online classes as well as supplementing face-to-face learning
+ <LI>Simple, lightweight, efficient, compatible, low-tech browser interface</LI>
+ <LI>Easy to install on almost any platform that supports PHP. Requires only
+ one database.</LI>
+ <LI>Full database abstraction supports all major brands of database (except
+ for initial table definition)</LI>
+ <LI>Course listing shows descriptions for every course on the server, including
+ accessibility to guests.</LI>
+ <LI>Emphasis on strong security throughout. Forms are all checked, data validated,
+ cookies encrypted etc</LI>
+</UL>
+<p><strong>Site management</strong></p>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Site is managed by an admin user, defined during setup</LI>
+ <LI>Plug-in "themes" allow the admin to customise the site colours, fonts, layout
+ etc to suit local needs</LI>
+ <LI>Plug-in activity modules can be added to existing Moodle installations</LI>
+ <LI>Plug-in language packs allow full localisation to any language. These can
+ be edited using a built-in web-based editor. Currently there are language packs
+ for more than <A HREF="http://moodle.com/download/lang/" TARGET="_top">12 languages</A>.</LI>
+ <LI>The code is clearly-written PHP under a GPL license - easy to modify to
+ suit your needs</LI>
+</UL>
+<p><strong>User management</strong></p>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Goals are to reduce admin involvement to a minimum, while retaining high
+ security</LI>
+ <LI>Supports a range of authentication mechanisms through plug-in authentication
+ modules, allowing easy integration with existing systems.</LI>
+ <LI>Standard email method: students can create their own login accounts. Email
+ addresses are verified by confirmation.</LI>
+ <LI>LDAP method: account logins can be checked against an LDAP server. Admin
+ can specify which fields to use.</LI>
+ <LI>IMAP, POP3, NNTP: account logins are checked against a mail or news server.
+ SSL, certificates and TLS are supported.</LI>
+ <LI>External database: any database containing at least two fields can be used
+ as an external authentication source.</LI>
+ <LI>Each person requires only one account for the whole server - each account
+ can have different access</LI>
+ <LI>An admin account controls the creation of courses and creates teachers by
+ assigning users to courses</LI>
+ <LI>Security - teachers can add an "enrolment key" to their courses to keep
+ out non-students. They can give out this key face-to-face or via personal
+ email etc</LI>
+ <LI>Teachers can unenrol students manually if desired, otherwise they are automatically
+ unenrolled after a certain period of inactivity (set by the admin)</LI>
+ <LI>Students are encouraged to build an online profile including photos, description.
+ Email addresses can be protected from display if required.</LI>
+ <LI>Every user can specify their own timezone, and every date in Moodle is translated
+ to that timezone (eg posting dates, assignment due dates etc)</LI>
+ <LI>Every user can choose the language used for the Moodle interface (English,
+ French, German, Spanish, Portuguese etc)</LI>
+</UL>
+<p><strong>Course management</strong></p>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Teacher has full control over all settings for a course</LI>
+ <LI>Choice of course formats such as by week, by topic or a discussion-focussed
+ social format</LI>
+ <LI>Flexible array of course activities - Forums, Journals, Quizzes, Resources,
+ Choices, Surveys, Assignments.</LI>
+ <LI>Recent changes to the course since the last login can be displayed on the
+ course home page - helps give sense of community</LI>
+ <LI>Most text entry areas (resources, forum postings, journal entries etc) can
+ be edited using an embedded WYSIWYG HTML editor</LI>
+ <LI>All grades for Forums, Journals, Quizzes and Assignments can be viewed on
+ one page (and downloaded as a spreadsheet file)</LI>
+ <LI>Full user logging and tracking - activity reports for each student are available
+ with graphs and details about each module (last access, number of times read)
+ as well as a detailed "story" of each students involvement including postings,
+ journal entries etc on one page.</LI>
+ <LI>Mail integration - copies of forum posts, teacher feedback etc can be mailed
+ in HTML or plain text.</LI>
+</UL>
+<B>Assignment Module</B>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Assignments can be specified with a due date and a maximum grade.</LI>
+ <LI>Students can upload their assignments (any file format) to the server -
+ they are date-stamped.</LI>
+ <LI>Late assignments are allowed, but the amount of lateness is shown clearly
+ to the teacher</LI>
+ <LI>For each particular assignment, the whole class can be assessed (grade and
+ comment) on one page in one form.</LI>
+ <LI>Teacher feedback is appended to the assignment page for each student, and
+ notification is mailed out.</LI>
+ <LI>The teacher can choose to allow resubmission of assignments after grading
+ (for regrading)</LI>
+</UL>
+<P><B>Choice Module</B> </P>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Like a poll. Can either be used to vote on something, or to get feedback
+ from every student (eg research consent)</LI>
+ <LI>Teacher sees intuitive table view of who chose what</LI>
+</UL>
+<P><B>Forum Module</B> </P>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Different types of forums are available, such as teacher-only, course news,
+ open-to-all, and one-thread-per-user.</LI>
+ <LI>All postings have the authors photo attached.</LI>
+ <LI>Discussions can be viewed nested, flat or threaded, oldest or newest first.</LI>
+ <LI>Individual forums can be subscribed to by each person so that copies are
+ forwarded via email, or the teacher can force subscription for all</LI>
+ <LI>The teacher can choose not to allow replies (eg for an announcements-only
+ forum)</LI>
+</UL>
+<B>Journal Module</B>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Journals are private between student and teacher.</LI>
+ <LI>Each journal entry can be directed by an open question.</LI>
+ <LI>For each particular journal entry, the whole class can be assessed on one
+ page in one form</LI>
+ <LI>Teacher feedback is appended to the journal entry page, and notification
+ is mailed out.</LI>
+</UL>
+<P><B>Quiz Module</B> </P>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Teachers can define a database of questions for re-use in different quizzes</LI>
+ <LI>Quizzes are automatically graded, and can be re-graded if questions are
+ modified </LI>
+ <LI>Quizzes can have a limited time window outside of which they are not available</LI>
+ <LI>At the teacher's option, quizzes can be attempted multiple times, and can
+ show feedback and/or correct answers</LI>
+ <LI>Questions allow HTML and images</LI>
+ <LI>Multiple-choice questions supporting single or multiple answers</LI>
+ <LI>Short Answer questions (words or phrases)</LI>
+ <LI>True-False questions </LI>
+</UL>
+<P><B>Resource Module</B> </P>
+<UL>
+ <LI>Supports display of any electronic content</LI>
+ <LI>Files can be uploaded and managed on the server, or created on the fly using
+ web forms (text or HTML)</LI>
+ <LI>External content on the web can be linked to or seamlessly included within
+ the course interface.</LI>
+</UL>
+<B>Survey Module</B>
+<UL><LI>Built-in surveys (COLLES, ATTLS) have been proven as instruments for analysing online classes</LI><LI>Online survey reports always available, including many graphs. Data is downloadable as an Excel spreadsheet or CSV text file.</LI><LI>Survey interface prevents partly-finished surveys.</LI><LI>Feedback is provided to the student of their results compared to the class averages</UL>
+
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id: features.html,v 1.2 2001/12/09
+ 10:34:19 martin Exp $</FONT></P>
+
+</BODY>
+</HTML>
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18 lang/de/docs/files.php
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+<?PHP // $Id$
+ // Names of the documentation files
+
+$string['intro.html'] = "Introduction";
+$string['background.html'] = "Background";
+$string['features.html'] = "Features";
+$string['release.html'] = "Release Notes";
+$string['install.html'] = "Installation";
+$string['upgrade.html'] = "Upgrading";
+$string['teacher.html'] = "Teacher Manual";
+$string['developer.html'] = "Developer Manual";
+$string['cvs.html'] = "Using CVS";
+$string['future.html'] = "Future";
+$string['credits.html'] = "Credits";
+$string['licence.html'] = "License";
+
+
+?>
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+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Future</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF">
+
+<H2>Future</H2>
+<P>I'm committed to continuing my work on Moodle and on keeping it Open and Free.
+ I have a deeply-held belief in the importance of unrestricted education and
+ empowered teaching, and Moodle is the main way I can contribute to the realisation
+ of these ideals.
+
+<P>As Moodle gains in maturity, I hope its directions are influenced by the community
+ of developers and users. A dynamic database of proposed features and their status
+ can be found at <A TARGET=_top HREF="http://bugs.moodle.org/">bugs.moodle.org</A>.
+ Your <A href="developer.html">contributions</a> in the form of ideas, code,
+ feedback and promotion are all very welcome.
+
+<P>Until about April 2003, my own involvement will slow down while I finish my PhD thesis.
+ During this time there will still be releases, but they will only contain minor
+ new features and bug fixes. I will also be including modules and other code contributed
+ by others.
+
+<P>After this time, by around June/July 2003, I am expecting a major release called Moodle 2.0
+ that will include major new features such as:
+ <UL>
+ <LI>Stronger pedagogical support for both teachers and students
+ <LI>Support for groups and group work
+ <LI>Rewritten display incorporating XML, XSL and CSS for full flexibility
+ and compatibility with all modern web standards.
+ <LI>Basic support for IMS and SCORM
+ <LI>A variety of new modules (chat, tracker etc)
+ <LI>Whatever else seems most important at the time :-)
+ </UL>
+
+<P>About this time I will also be experimenting with ways of making
+ Moodle development more sustainable for the long term. This may
+ include offering services for payment - although the software itself
+ will always remain Free.
+
+<P ALIGN="CENTER">&nbsp;</P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
+</BODY>
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382 lang/de/docs/install.html
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+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Installation</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF">
+<H2>Installing Moodle</H2>
+<P>This guide explains how to install Moodle for the first time. It goes into some detail
+ about some of the steps, in order to cover the wide variety of small differences between
+ web server setups, so this document may look long and complicated. Don't be put off by this
+ - I usually set Moodle up in a few minutes!</P>
+<P>Take your time and work through this document carefully - it will save you time later on.</P>
+<P>Sections in this document:</P>
+<OL>
+ <LI><A HREF="#requirements">Requirements</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#downloading">Download</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#site">Site structure</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#data">Create a data directory</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#database">Create a database</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#webserver">Check web server settings</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#config">Edit config.php</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#admin">Go to the admin page</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#cron">Set up cron</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#course">Create a new course</A></LI>
+</OL>
+<H3><A NAME="requirements"></A>1. Requirements</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Moodle is primarily developed in Linux using PHP, Apache and MySQL, and regularly
+ tested with PostgreSQL and in Windows XP and Mac OS X environments.</p>
+ <p>All you should need are:</p>
+ <ol>
+ <li>a working installation of <A HREF="http://www.php.net/">PHP</A> (version
+ 4.1.0 or later), with the following features enabled (most PHP installations
+ these days will have all of these):
+ <ul>
+ <LI>JPEG and/or PNG image editing support via the <A HREF="http://www.boutell.com/gd/">GD library</A></li>
+ <LI>Sessions support</LI>
+ <LI>File uploading allowed</LI>
+ </UL>
+</LI>
+ <li>a working database server: <A HREF="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</A> or <A HREF="http://www.postgresql.org/">PostgreSQL</A> are recommended. (MSSQL, Oracle, Interbase, Foxpro, Access, ADO, Sybase, DB2 or ODBC are also theoretically supported but will require you to manually set up the database tables).</li>
+ </ol>
+ <p>On a Windows platform, the quickest way to satisfy these requirements is
+ to download <A HREF="http://www.foxserv.net/">FoxServ</A>,
+ or <A HREF="http://www.easyphp.org/">EasyPHP</A> which will install Apache,
+ PHP, and MySQL for you. Make sure you enable the GD module so Moodle can process
+ images - you may have to edit php.ini and remove the comment (;) from this
+ line: 'extension=php_gd.dll'.</p>
+
+ <p>On Mac OS X I highly recommend the <a href="http://fink.sourceforge.net/">fink</a>
+ project as a way to download easily-maintainable packages for all of this.</p>
+
+ <p>If you're on Linux or another Unix then I'll assume you can figure all this out for yourself! ;-) </p>
+
+</blockquote>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<H3><A NAME="downloading"></A>2. Download</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>There are two ways to get Moodle, as a compressed package and via CVS. These
+ are explained in detail on the download page on <A HREF="http://moodle.com/">http://moodle.com/</A></p>
+ <p>After downloading and unpacking the archive, or checking out the files via
+ CVS, you will be left with a directory called &quot;moodle&quot;, containing
+ a number of files and folders. </p>
+ <p>You can either place the whole folder in your web server documents directory,
+ in which case the site will be located at <B>http://yourwebserver.com/moodle</B>,
+ or you can copy all the contents straight into the main web server documents
+ directory, in which case the site will be simply <B>http://yourwebserver.com</B>.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<H3><A NAME="site"></A>3. Site structure</H3>
+<BLOCKQUOTE>
+ <p>Here is a quick summary of the contents of the Moodle folder, to help get
+ you oriented:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>config.php - the only file you need to edit to get started<br>
+ version.php - defines the current version of Moodle code<BR>
+ index.php - the front page of the site</p>
+ <ul>
+ <li>admin/ - code to administrate the whole server </li>
+ <li>auth/ - plugin modules to authenticate users </li>
+ <li>course/ - code to display and manage courses </li>
+ <li>doc/ - help documentation for Moodle (eg this page)</li>
+ <li>files/ - code to display and manage uploaded files</li>
+ <li>lang/ - texts in different languages, one directory per language </li>
+ <li>lib/ - libraries of core Moodle code </li>
+ <li>login/ - code to handle login and account creation </li>
+ <li>mod/ - all Moodle course modules</li>
+ <li>pix/ - generic site graphics</li>
+ <li>theme/ - theme packs/skins to change the look of the site.</li>
+ <li>user/ - code to display and manage users</li>
+ </ul>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+ </blockquote>
+</BLOCKQUOTE>
+<H3><A NAME="data"></A>4. Create a data directory</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Moodle will also need some space on your hard disk to store uploaded files,
+ such as course documents and user pictures.</p>
+
+ <p>Create a directory for this purpose somewhere. For security, it's best that
+ this directory is NOT accessible directly via the web. The easiest way to do this
+ is to simply locate it OUTSIDE the web directory, otherwise protect it
+ by creating a file in the data directory called .htaccess, containing this line:
+ <blockquote>
+ <PRE>deny from all</PRE>
+ </blockquote>
+
+ <p>To make sure that Moodle can save uploaded files in this directory, check that
+ the web server software (eg Apache) has permission to write
+ to this directory. On Unix machines, this means setting the owner of the directory
+ to be something like &quot;nobody&quot; or &quot;apache&quot;.</p>
+
+ <p>On many shared hosting servers, you will probably need to restrict all file access
+ to your "group" (to prevent other webhost customers from looking at or changing your files),
+ but provide full read/write access to everyone else (which will allow the web server
+ to access your files). Speak to your server administrator if you are having
+ trouble setting this up securely.</p>
+
+</blockquote>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<H3><A NAME="database"></A>5. Create a database</H3>
+<blockquote>
+<p>You need to create an empty database (eg "moodle") in your database system
+ along with a special user (eg "moodleuser") that has access to that database
+ (and that database only). You could use the "root" user if you wanted to, but
+ this is not recommended for a production system: if hackers manage to discover
+ the password then your whole database system would be at risk, rather than
+ just one database.
+</p>
+ <p>Example command lines for MySQL: </p>
+ <PRE>
+ # mysql -u root -p
+ > CREATE DATABASE moodle;
+ > GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,CREATE,DROP,INDEX,ALTER ON moodle.*
+ TO moodleuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'yourpassword';
+ > quit
+ # mysqladmin -p reload
+</PRE>
+ <p>Example command lines for PostgreSQL: </p>
+ <PRE>
+ # su - postgres
+ > psql -c "create user moodleuser createdb;" template1
+ > psql -c "create database moodle;" -U moodleuser template1
+ > psql -c "alter user moodleuser nocreatedb;" template1
+</PRE>
+ <p>(For MySQL I highly recommend the use of <a href="http://phpmyadmin.sourceforge.net/">phpMyAdmin</a>
+ to manage your databases).</p>
+<p>As of version 1.0.8, Moodle now supports table prefixes, and so can safely share
+ a database with tables from other applications.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<H3><A NAME="webserver" id="webserver"></A>6. Check your web server settings</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Firstly, make sure that your web server is set up to use index.php as a default
+ page (perhaps in addition to index.html, default.htm and so on).</p>
+ <p>In Apache, this is done using a DirectoryIndex parameter in your httpd.conf
+ file. Mine usually looks like this:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre><strong>DirectoryIndex</strong> index.php index.html index.htm </pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Just make sure index.php is in the list (and preferably towards the start
+ of the list, for efficiency).</p>
+ <p>Secondly, Moodle requires a number of PHP settings to be active for it to
+ work. <B>On most servers these will already be the default settings.</B>
+ However, some PHP servers (and some of the more recent PHP versions) may
+ have things set differently. These are defined in PHP's configuration
+ file (usually called php.ini):</p>
+ <blockquote>
+<pre>file_uploads = 1
+magic_quotes_gpc = 1
+short_open_tag = 1
+session.auto_start = 0
+</pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>If you don't have access to httpd.conf or php.ini on your server, or you
+ have Moodle on a server with other applications that require different
+ settings, then you can OVERRIDE all of the default settings.
+
+ <p>To do this, you need to create a file called <B>.htaccess</B> in Moodle's
+ main directory that contains definitions for these settings.
+ This only works on Apache servers and only when Overrides have been allowed.
+ <BLOCKQUOTE><PRE>
+DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm
+php_value magic_quotes_gpc 1
+php_value file_uploads 1
+php_value short_open_tag 1
+php_value session.auto_start 0</BLOCKQUOTE></PRE>
+ <P>You can also do things like define the maximum size for uploaded files:
+ <BLOCKQUOTE><PRE>
+php_value upload_max_filesize 2M
+php_value post_max_size 2M
+ </BLOCKQUOTE></PRE>
+
+ <p>The easiest thing to do is just copy the sample file from lib/htaccess
+ and edit it to suit your needs. It contains further instructions. For
+ example, in a Unix shell:
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre>cp lib/htaccess .htaccess</pre>
+ </blockquote>
+
+</blockquote>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<H3><A NAME="config"></A>7. Edit config.php</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Now you can edit the configuration file, <strong>config.php</strong>, using a
+ text editor. This file is used by all other files in Moodle.</p>
+ <p>To start with, make a copy of config-dist.php and call it config.php. We
+ do this so that your config.php won't be overwritten in case you upgrade Moodle
+ later on. </p>
+ <p>Edit config.php to specify the database details that you just defined (including
+ a table prefix - notice this is REQUIRED for PostgreSQL), as
+ well as the site address, file system directory and data directory.
+ The config file has detailed directions.</p>
+ <p>For the rest of this installation document we will assume your site is at:
+ <u>http://example.com/moodle</u></p>
+</blockquote>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<H3><A NAME="admin"></A>8. Go to the admin page</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>The admin page should now be working at: <u>http://example.com/moodle/admin</u>.
+ If you try and access the front page of your site you'll be taken there automatically
+ anyway. The first time you access this admin page, you will be presented with
+ a GPL agreement with which you need to agree before you can continue with the setup.</p>
+ <P>(Moodle will also try to set some cookies in your browser. If you have
+ your browser set up to let you choose to accept cookies, then you <B>must</B>
+ accept the Moodle cookies, or Moodle won't work properly.)
+ <p>Now Moodle will start setting up your database and creating tables to store data.
+ Firstly, the main database tables are created. You should see a number of SQL statements followed by
+ status messages (in green or red) that look like this:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>CREATE TABLE course ( id int(10) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment, category
+ int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default '0', password varchar(50) NOT NULL default
+ '', fullname varchar(254) NOT NULL default '', shortname varchar(15) NOT
+ NULL default '', summary text NOT NULL, format tinyint(4) NOT NULL default
+ '1', teacher varchar(100) NOT NULL default 'Teacher', startdate int(10)
+ unsigned NOT NULL default '0', enddate int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default
+ '0', timemodified int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default '0', PRIMARY KEY (id))
+ TYPE=MyISAM</p>
+ <p><FONT COLOR="#006600">SUCCESS</FONT></p>
+ <p>...and so on, followed by: <FONT COLOR="#FF0000">Main databases set up
+ successfully</FONT>. </p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>If you don't see these, then there must have been some problem with the database
+ or the configuration settings you defined in config.php. Check that PHP isn't
+ in a restricted "safe mode" (commercial web hosts often have safe mode turned
+ on). You can check PHP variables by creating a little file containing &lt?
+ phpinfo() ?&gt and looking at it through a browser. Check all these and try
+ this page again.</p>
+ <p>Scroll down the very bottom of the page and press the &quot;Continue&quot;
+ link.</p>
+ <p>Next you will see a similar page that sets up all the tables required by
+ each Moodle module. As before, they should all be green.</p>
+
+ <p>Scroll down the very bottom of the page and press the &quot;Continue&quot;
+ link.</p>
+
+ <p>You should now see a form where you can define more configuration variables
+ for your installation, such as the default language, SMTP hosts and so on.
+ Don't worry too much about getting everything right just now - you can always
+ come back and edit these later on using the admin interface. Scroll down
+ to the bottom and click &quot;Save changes&quot;.</p>
+
+ <p>If (and only if) you find yourself getting stuck on this page or the next
+ page, unable to continue, then your server probably has what I call the
+ "buggy referrer" problem. This is easy to fix: just edit
+ your config.php and set the variable buggy_referrer to <i>true</i>, then
+ try the page again.</p>
+
+ <p>The next page is a form where you can define parameters for your Moodle site and the
+ front page, such as the name, format, description and so on.
+
+ Fill this out (you can always go back and change these later) and then press
+ &quot;Save changes&quot;.</p>
+
+ <p>Finally, you will then be asked to create a top-level administration user
+ for future access to the admin pages. Fill out the details with your own name,
+ email etc and then click &quot;Save changes&quot;. Not all the fields are
+ required, but if you miss any important fields you'll be re-prompted for them.
+ </p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <blockquote>
+ <blockquote>
+ <blockquote>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><strong>Make sure you remember the username and password you chose
+ for the administration user account, as they will be necessary to
+ access the administration page in future.</strong></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ </blockquote>
+ </blockquote>
+ </blockquote>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Once successful, you will be returned to the main admin page, which contain
+ a number of links arranged in a menu (these items also appear on the home
+ page when you are logged in as the admin user). All your further administration
+ of Moodle can now be done using this menu, such as:</p>
+ <ul>
+ <li>creating and deleting courses</li>
+ <li>creating and editing user accounts</li>
+ <li>administering teacher accounts</li>
+ <li>changing site-wide settings like themes etc</li>
+ </ul>
+</blockquote>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<H3><A NAME="cron"></A>9. Set up cron</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Some of Moodle's modules require continual checks to perform tasks. For example,
+ Moodle needs to check the discussion forums so it can mail out copies of posts
+ to people who have subscribed.</p>
+ <p>The script that does all this is located in the admin directory, and is called
+ cron.php. However, it can not run itself, so you need to set up a mechanism
+ where this script is run regularly (eg every five minutes). This provides
+ a &quot;heartbeat&quot; so that the script can perform functions at periods
+ defined by each module.</p>
+ <P>Note that the machine performing the cron <B>does not need to be the same
+ machine that is running Moodle</B>. For example, if you have a limited web hosting
+ service that does not have cron, then you can might choose to run cron on another
+ server or on your home computer. All that matters is that the cron.php file is
+ called every five minutes or so.</p>
+ <p>First, test that the script works by running it directly from your browser:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <PRE>http://example.com/moodle/admin/cron.php</PRE>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Now, you need to set up some of way of running the script automatically and
+ regularly. </p>
+ <H4> Running the script from a command line</H4>
+ <p>You can call the page from the command line just as you did in the example
+ above. For example, you can use a Unix utility like 'wget':</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <PRE>wget -q -O /dev/null http://example.com/moodle/admin/cron.php</PRE>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Note in this example that the output is thrown away (to /dev/null).</p>
+ <p>The same thing using lynx:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <pre>lynx -dump http://example.com/moodle/admin/cron.php &gt; /dev/null</pre>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Alternatively you could use a standalone version of PHP, compiled to be run
+ on the command line. The advantage with doing this is that your web server
+ logs aren't filled with constant requests to cron.php. The disadvantage is
+ that you need to have access to a command-line version of php.</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <PRE>/opt/bin/php /web/moodle/admin/cron.php
+
+
+(Windows) C:\apache\php\php.exe C:\apache\htdocs\moodle\admin\cron.php
+
+</PRE>
+ </blockquote>
+ <h4>Automatically running the script every 5 minutes</h4>
+ <p>On Unix systems: Use <B>cron</B>. Edit your cron settings from the commandline
+ using &quot;crontab -e&quot; and add a line like:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <PRE>*/5 * * * * wget -q -O /dev/null http://example.com/moodle/admin/cron.php</PRE>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>On Windows systems: The simplest way is to use my package <A TITLE="Click to download this package (150k)" HREF="http://moodle.com/download/moodle-cron-for-windows.zip">moodle-cron-for-windows.zip</A>
+ which makes this whole thing very easy. You can also explore using the built-in
+ Windows feature for "Scheduled Tasks".</p>
+ </p>
+</blockquote>
+<H3><A NAME="course"></A>10. Create a new course</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Now that Moodle is running properly, you can create a course. </p>
+ <p>Select &quot;Create a new course&quot; from the Admin page (or the admin
+ links on the home page).</p>
+ <p>Fill out the form, paying special attention to the course format. You don't
+ have to worry about the details too much at this stage, as everything can
+ be changed later by the teacher.</p>
+ <p>Press &quot;Save changes&quot;, and you will be taken to a new form where
+ you can assign teachers to the course. You can only add existing user accounts
+ from this form - if you want to create a new teacher account then either ask
+ the teacher to create one for themselves (see the login page), or create one
+ for them using the &quot;Add a new user&quot; on the Admin page.</p>
+ <p>Once done, the course is ready to customise, and is accessible via the &quot;Courses&quot;
+ link on the home page.</p>
+ <p>See the &quot;<A HREF="teacher.html">Teacher Manual</A>&quot; for more details
+ on course-building.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
+
+</BODY>
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37 lang/de/docs/intro.html
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+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
+<HTML>
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Introduction</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#ffffff">
+
+<H2>Introduction</H2>
+
+<P>Moodle is a software package for producing internet-based courses and web sites.
+ It's an ongoing development project designed to support a <A HREF="http://dougiamas.com/writing/herdsa2002/">social constructionist</A> framework of education. </P>
+
+<P>Moodle is provided freely as <A HREF="http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition_plain.html">
+ Open Source</A> software (under the <A HREF="http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html">
+ GNU Public License</A>). Basically this means Moodle is copyrighted, but that you have additional
+ freedoms. You are allowed to copy, use and modify Moodle <B>provided</B> that you agree: to provide
+ the source to others; to not modify or remove the original license, and apply this same
+ license to any derivative work.
+
+<P>Moodle will run on any computer that can run <A HREF="http://www.php.net/">
+ PHP</A>, and can support many types of database (particularly <a href="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</a>).</P>
+
+<P>The word Moodle is an acronym for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning
+ Environment, which is mostly useful to programmers and education theorists.&nbsp;
+ &nbsp;It's also a verb that describes the process of lazily meandering through
+ something, doing things as it occurs to you to do them, an enjoyable tinkering
+ that often leads to insight and creativity. As such it applies both to the way
+ Moodle was developed, and to the way a student or teacher might approach studying
+ or teaching an online course.</P>
+<P><BR>
+</P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
+
+</BODY>
+</HTML>
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31 lang/de/docs/licence.html
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+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
+<HTML>
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Copyright License</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#ffffff">
+
+<H2>Copyright License for Moodle</H2>
+
+<P>Moodle is Copyright &copy; 2001-2002, <A HREF="http://dougiamas.com/">Martin
+ Dougiamas</A>.</P>
+<P>This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify<BR>
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by<BR>
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or<BR>
+ (at your option) any later version.</P>
+<P>This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,<BR>
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of<BR>
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the<BR>
+ GNU General Public License for more details (attached below).<BR>
+</P>
+<HR WIDTH="100%" SIZE="2"><BR>
+
+<PRE> GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE<BR> Version 2, June 1991<BR><BR> Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.<BR> 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA<BR> Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies<BR> of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.<BR><BR> Preamble<BR><BR> The licenses for most software are designed to take away your<BR>freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public<BR>License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free<BR>software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This<BR>General Public License applies to most of the Free Software<BR>Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to<BR>using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by<BR>the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to<BR>your programs, too.<BR><BR> When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not<BR>price. 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IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING<BR>WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR<BR>REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES,<BR>INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING<BR>OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED<BR>TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY<BR>YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER<BR>PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE<BR>POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.<BR><BR> END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS<BR></PRE>
+
+
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
+
+</BODY>
+</HTML>
View
36 lang/de/docs/module_files.txt
@@ -1,18 +1,18 @@
-ABOUT THIS DIRECTORY
---------------------
-
-DO NOT CHANGE, RENAME OR MOVE ANY OF THE FILES
-IN THIS DIRECTORY unless you REALLY know what
-you are doing.
-
-Changing these files could mess up your course.
-
-This directory contains files uploaded to your
-course within particular modules (mostly by
-students), such as assignment submissions and
-forum attachments.
-
-The names of the directories and files within
-this directory are very specific and are
-automatically maintained by Moodle.
-
+ABOUT THIS DIRECTORY
+--------------------
+
+DO NOT CHANGE, RENAME OR MOVE ANY OF THE FILES
+IN THIS DIRECTORY unless you REALLY know what
+you are doing.
+
+Changing these files could mess up your course.
+
+This directory contains files uploaded to your
+course within particular modules (mostly by
+students), such as assignment submissions and
+forum attachments.
+
+The names of the directories and files within
+this directory are very specific and are
+automatically maintained by Moodle.
+
View
383 lang/de/docs/release.html
@@ -0,0 +1,383 @@
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Release notes</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+ <style type="text/css">
+ DT {font-family: "Trebuchet MS", Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-weight: bold;}
+ DD {margin-bottom:1em;}
+ </style>
+</HEAD>
+
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF">
+<H2>Release notes</H2>
+
+<H3> New in Moodle 1.0.8 (due for release soon) </H3>
+<UL><DL>
+<DT> Databases</DT>
+<DD> Moodle now has complete native support support for <B>PostgreSQL 7</B> databases (thanks
+ to Mary Hunter for the SQL files and other ideas!).
+ Moodle also now supports table prefixes, which means you can install
+ Moodle into any database, even if it already contains tables from
+ other web applications.
+ A number of other changes have also been made to the code structure that will
+ make it fairly easy now to add full support for other database types.</DD>
+
+<DT> Languages </DT>
+<DD> Four big new languages have been added! Chinese (from Zhang Dexuan),
+ Arabic (from Ahmed Nabil), Turkish (from M. Cüneyt Birkök) and Swedish (from Set Lonnert). Many thanks
+ to these guys! All other languages have also had updates and fixes since 1.0.7.
+ The language editor has been improved slightly, making it easier to see
+ new strings and empty strings that need translating. All documentation is
+ now able to be localised and will appear in the current language if
+ translated versions exist.</DD>
+
+<DT> Layout</DT>
+<DD> A number of small improvements have been in the layout (such as the forum posting
+ screen) to make it clearer, neater and smaller. Almost all text entry screens
+ now have specific help items alongside them (depending on the pedagogical
+ focus). The forums now have a quick search form available on every page.</DD>
+
+<DT> Themes </DT>
+<DD> Theme support of CSS has been extended to give theme makers more control
+ over more of the Moodle web site.</DD>
+
+<DT> Resources</DT>
+<DD> A new type of resource has been added, called "Program", which allows
+ Moodle to cooperate with external web applications by passing information
+ about the current user and session to them.
+ Uploaded HTML files can now be edited using the WYSIWYG HTML editor. </DD>
+
+<DT> Choices</DT>
+<DD> Results can now be "published" (either with names or anonymously) so that
+ everyone can see the statistics. Choice text can be edited using HTML editor.</DD>
+
+<DT> Grades</DT>
+<DD> Students can now see all their grades for a course on one page, accessible
+ from the course home page.</DD>
+
+<DT> Quizzes</DT>
+<DD> Students can now review all their past quiz attempts, but only if the quiz has been closed,
+ and if the teacher allows it.</DD>
+
+<DT> Authorisation </DT>
+<DD> The database module now supports databases that contain md5-encrypted passwords,
+ which means it should now be compatible with systems like PostNuke. When using
+ external authorisation students are now forced to fully fill-out their information
+ before they can enter any course.</DD>
+
+<DT> Administration </DT>
+<DD> The admin can now assign other people to also be admins.</DD>
+
+<DT> Debugging mode </DT>
+<DD> Admins/developers can use a "debugging mode" which prints more information
+ and warning messages about unset variables and so on - making it easier to
+ find bugs. To make this work a LOT of cleaning up has been done on existing
+ Moodle code to make it more robust.</DD>
+
+<DT> Other things</DT>
+<DD>
+ <LI> Unpacked template module is ignored by Moodle.
+ <LI> A default country can be set by the admin
+ <LI> View source button in Richtext editor was missing with some languages
+ <LI> A bug affecting grades page on some installations was fixed.
+ <LI> Some minor problems with the display of logs has been fixed.
+ <LI> Improved GD detection that works with PHP 4.3.0
+ <LI> A bug causing the wrong display of the date has been fixed.
+ <LI> Usernames can now contain "." and "-" characters.
+ <LI> Cookies now use table prefixes for unique naming, so that many
+ different moodle sites can be run on the same web site and database.
+ <LI> Some small performance improvements here and there
+ <LI> Many little code clean-ups.
+</DD>
+
+</DL></UL>
+
+
+<HR>
+<H3> New in Moodle 1.0.7 (10th December, 2002): </H3>
+<UL><DL>
+<DT> Simpler version numbers!</DT>
+<DD> The four-digit version numbers were getting a bit ridiculous (too complex),
+ so I've switched back to simpler 3-digit numbers. The first digit is the
+ major structural version, the second digit is for decent-sized upgrades
+ and the third digit is for minor upgrades.</DD>
+
+<DT> Languages</DT>
+<DD> Two completely new languages have been added: Indonesian (from Arfan Hidayat)
+ and Japanese (from Mitsuhiro Yoshida). A US English version was added too.
+ Most other languages contain some updates. All languages now contain locale
+ information, which means that when a user changes the language all the dates
+ will display properly too.</DD>
+
+<DT> Database access</DT>
+<DD> ADOdb was upgraded to 2.50 which should fix some problems with very
+ new versions of PHP (4.3.0).</DD>
+
+<DT> Layout improvements</DT>
+<DD> Cleaned up the display of "side boxes" and added CSS style control over
+ more elements on the site and course pages. You may need to upgrade
+ your custom themes to get the full effect. Changes are in styles.php,
+ config.php and one line in header.html.
+
+ <P>The interface when
+ courses are on front page and there is more than one category has
+ been improved (no longer just shows short course names).</P>
+
+ </DD>
+
+<DT> Class interface</DT>
+<DD> A wrapper file provides a class interface to main Moodle library
+ (for external programs interfacing to Moodle) - moodle/lib/makeclass.php</DD>
+
+<DT> Small improvements and bug fixes</DT>
+<DD>
+ <LI> Quizzes now have a confirmation dialog when submitting an attempt
+ <LI> Courses now default to having "show recent activity" on (again).
+ <LI> Abolished leading zeroes in dates (introduced in last release)
+ <LI> Some formatting fixes for Japanese and old Netscape browsers
+ <LI> Teacher can allow larger assignments to be uploaded
+ <LI> Change password button on user page now always functions like the one on login page
+ <LI> Forum search now searches subjects as well as messages
+ <LI> Various HTML fixes
+ <LI> Fixes to grades display when there are no grades, also no forum ratings
+ <LI> Slashes in requested filenames are now stripped
+ <LI> Updates to the documentation
+</DD>
+
+
+</DL></UL>
+
+
+
+<HR>
+<H3> New in Moodle 1.0.6.4 (24th November, 2002) : </H3>
+<UL><DL>
+
+<DT> Authentication</DT>
+<DD> Moodle now features seven different authentication mechanisms,
+ making it possible to hook Moodle up to nearly any external list
+ of users!</P>
+ <P>New methods just added include IMAP, POP3 and NNTP servers (including
+ those using SSL or certificate-based authentication), and also
+ authentication against user-specified fields in ANY
+ external database table.</P>
+ <P>The login page can now be partially customised
+ by the admin with personalised instructions, and the guest login can be
+ hidden if desired. </P>
+ <P>"Mappings" can be defined so that other fields (such as email, firstname,
+ lastname, department, language etc) can also be copied from LDAP or an
+ external database when accounts are first used.</P>
+
+ <P>Finally, Moodle now sports a cool
+ new admin GUI for configuring all of this, so it should be pretty
+ easy now to set up external authentication.
+ Many thanks to contributor Petri Asikainen for helping with the admin GUI.</P></DD>
+
+<DT> Languages</DT>
+<DD> Complete new Norwegian translation (from Jøran Sørbø), and updates for several others.</DD>
+
+<DT> Assignments</DT>
+<DD> Students can now resubmit assignments after grading if the teacher allows it</DD>
+
+<DT> Contributed code</DT>
+<DD> Standalone user-contributed code is now distributed under the /contrib directory. This directory
+ could get quite large, and the quality/security of it has usually not been checked by me,
+ and so this code is not included in the standard releases and nightlies. However, people
+ who are interested in it can access it via CVS (or see <A HREF="http://cvs.sourceforge.net/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/moodle/moodle/contrib/">CVS web view</A>). As these new features become polished or if demand grows for them,
+ then I'll integrate them into the main Moodle distribution.
+ <BR><BR>
+ The first contributor is Holger Schadeck (compuproggy), who has written some <A HREF="http://cvs.sourceforge.net/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/moodle/moodle/contrib/compuproggy/">interesting code</A> to help with translating all the Moodle help files. Check it out!</DD>
+
+<DT> Bug fixes</DT>
+<DD>
+ <LI> Day value in dates (eg forum posts, weekly listing) are
+ now displayed correctly on Windows servers.
+ <LI> config-dist.php and README.txt is now in DOS format to make it easier for Windows users to get started (Unix users shouldn't be affected).
+ <LI> Added a workaround (and new config switch in config-dist.php) for
+ some systems which have buggy referer variables. This should help
+ those people getting "stuck" on a form during setup.
+ <LI> Logout now sends you to the home page and clears the session completely.
+ <LI> Timezones now range between -13 to 13 hours (for daylight saving).
+ <LI> Character set in email now matches current language.
+ <LI> User pictures are now uploaded even if other fields have errors.
+ <LI> Full-size user pictures on user profile page no longer clickable.
+ <LI> Long user listing now has a small notice at the bottom about automatic unenrolment
+ <LI> Unenrol and change password buttons are hidden for guest student
+ <LI> Fixed occasional case where submitted assignments were sometimes having their owner changed.
+ <LI> User log graphs are now faster, cleaner and translatable.
+ <LI> Fixed HTML display errors with courses in category boxes on front page.
+ <LI> Admin and guest accounts now always work, even with external authentication activated.
+ <LI> Slightly more security when writing/reading files (now checks for embedded scripting).
+ <LI> The same user can now be deleted more than once (create, delete, recreate, delete caused error).
+ <LI> Language editor now works with multibyte languages (Thanks, Mits)
+</DD>
+
+</DL></UL>
+
+
+<HR>
+<H3> New in Moodle 1.0.6.3 (14th November, 2002) : </H3>
+<UL><DL>
+
+<DT> Bug fix for no-name forums.</DT>
+<DD> New sites created with 1.0.6.2 had some forums appearing with no names
+ (for example the News forum on the home page).
+ A workaround is to add a new activity to that section (all the names
+ will be refreshed), but this release will fix it too. </DD>
+
+<DT> New languages!</DT>
+<DD> Catalan and Spanish (Spain) translations have arrived!</DD>
+
+<DT> Some display improvements for old Netscape browsers (headers and quizzes)</DT>
+
+<DT> Guest language now ALWAYS the same as the current site language</DT>
+
+<DT> "Recent Activity" can now be disabled completely if desired </DT>
+
+<DT> For very large classes (larger than 500) participant list is not displayed</DT>
+
+</DL></UL>
+
+<HR>
+
+<H3> New in Moodle 1.0.6.2 (11th November, 2002) : </H3>
+<UL><DL>
+<DT> Course formatting improvements </DT>
+<DD> The weekly and topic formats now have an extra "general" area up
+ the top where "general" activities are listed - these are things
+ that apply throughout the course, not just to one particular topic
+ or week. This general area is not shown if it is completely empty.</DD>
+
+<DT> Popup "jump" menu. </DT>
+<DD> You can now jump from one activity directly to any other using a
+ popup menu in the upper-right corner of the page</DD>
+
+<DT> Speed improvements </DT>
+<DD> Course activity details are now cached for each course, which
+ greatly reduces the amount of database access required to display
+ the course page. On heavily accessed systems this should improve speed.</DD>
+
+<DT> Languages </DT>
+<DD> Surveys are now completely translatable.</DD>
+
+<DT> Admin improvements </DT>
+<DD> Paging was added to the user admin page, so that the admin can now
+ browse large numbers of users. </DD>
+
+<DT> Fixes and tweaks </DT>
+<DD> Various other small improvements to formatting</DD>
+</DL></UL>
+
+
+<HR>
+
+<H3> New in Moodle 1.0.6.1 (6th November, 2002) : </H3>
+<UL><DL>
+<DT> New assignment type: offline assignments </DT>
+<DD> In addition to "upload a file" assignments, you can now have "offline"
+ assignments. These don't require the student to do anything online.
+ They are useful for grading activities that are not on in Moodle, and a
+ also useful for adding "manual" columns to the grade page.</DD>
+
+<DT> Languages </DT>
+<DD> Spanish (Mexican) has been added to the distribution. Other languages have various improvements.</DD>
+
+<DT> SMTP authentication </DT>
+<DD> SMTP mail now supports SMTP username and password if needed</DD>
+
+<DT> Documentation </DT>
+<DD> Some parts rewritten, and documentation cleaned up (upgrade info now part of main docs)</DD>
+
+<DT> Other fixes </DT>
+<UL><LI>Better checking on teachers using "loginas" to stop them roaming other courses as a student
+ <LI>While using "loginas", teachers can return to their own identity using a link in the footer
+ <LI>Some strings fixed in assignments, journals, and forums.
+ <LI>Guest language is now the same as the site
+ <LI>etc
+ </UL></DD>
+
+</DL></UL>
+
+
+<HR>
+<H3> New in Moodle 1.0.6 (26th October, 2002) : </H3>
+
+<UL><DL>
+<DT> New feature - WYSIWYG Text editing! </DT>
+<DD> A WYSIWYG text editor has been added to many of the forms in Moodle. These are currently
+ only visible when using Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.5 or later - other browsers see the
+ normal forms exactly as before.</DD>
+
+<DT> New feature - Quiz module! </DT>
+<DD> Finally, the most requested new module is here! Multiple choice, short answer, and true-false
+ questions with automatic marking, multiple attempts, teacher regrading and many other features.
+ Questions are stored in a categorised database, and may be "published" to other courses.</DD>
+
+<DT> New feature - Grade manager! </DT>
+<DD> A new tool has been added for teachers to see all grades for a course on one page.
+ You can also download/export grades as a tab-separated text file or an Excel
+ Spreadsheet. In future more features will be added to this page like sorting, manual
+ columns and calculations, but it's still pretty useful right now.</DD>
+
+<DT> New feature - LDAP authentication! </DT>
+<DD> Moodle can now authenticate against external directories that use the
+ LDAP protocol (including Novell etc). Many thanks to Petri Asikainen for
+ developing this authentication plug-in!</DD>
+
+<DT> New feature - New smilies </DT>
+<DD> Many new smilies have been added, and are now also accessible using a GUI in the text editor.</DD>
+
+<DT> Improved text editing </DT>
+<DD> You can now include all major HTML tags in all texts. This is now safe because
+ of newly added functionality that strips all Javascript and faulty tags from texts
+ before they can cause security or display problems.</DD>
+
+<DT> Languages </DT>
+<DD> German and Italian have been added! Many thanks to the translators (see the credits).</DD>
+
+<DT> Reading module => Resource module </DT>
+<DD> After much thought and a vote of support (21 "yes" to 6 "no") on the "Using Moodle"
+ web site I changed the name of the "reading" module to "resource" (at the code level
+ and also the language packs). It was better to do this earlier than later.
+ This more generic name will be more meaningful to more people and opens the way to
+ some real development on a resource library.
+ But I don't want to ever change a module name again! :-)
+ If you have any hard-coded URLs pointing to readings that you don't want to break,
+ you can add a line like this to your Apache httpd.conf to redirect them:
+ <P><CODE>Redirect /mod/reading http://yourserver.com/mod/resource</CODE></P>
+ <FONT COLOR=RED>Note: if upgrading to 1.0.6 you may have some "reading" errors in "Recent activity" ... logging
+ out and then logging in again will fix this</FONT></DD>
+
+<DT> Other additions </DT>
+<DD> An admin script to totally delete the Moodle data directory has been included (admin/delete.php)
+ for people who need to tear down a Moodle installation but don't have root access on their
+ server.</DD>
+
+<DT> Miscellaneous </DT>
+<DD> Many small improvements have been made to the interface, and many small bugs have been fixed.
+ Some examples:
+ <UL>
+ <LI> Big "Edit this page" buttons at the top of pages (replacing the tiny icon)
+ <LI> LDAP authentication module (thanks to Petri)
+ <LI> Authentication from external sources can now import any fields
+ <LI> Student assignment list now shows submission status properly
+ <LI> Default language for users is now the site language
+ <LI> Users have a 'Change Password' button on their profile page
+ <LI> Journals that need teacher feedback are highlighted
+ <LI> More documentation and more context help buttons
+ <LI> Database-specific upgrade code
+ <LI> Uses character-set codes to make the browser do the right thing
+ <LI> User's name in footer is now a link
+ <LI> News and social forums are now editable
+ <LI> Forums that don't allow posting don't have uneccessary "discuss" links
+ <LI> Improved algorithm for shortening posts in forum listings
+ <LI> Choice module now allows up to six choices
+ </UL>
+</DD>
+</DL></UL>
+
+<P>Older releases can be seen in the <A HREF="http://moodle.com/mod/forum/view.php?f=1">Moodle.com announcement forum</A>.
+
+
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="../doc/" TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
View
237 lang/de/docs/teacher.html
@@ -0,0 +1,237 @@
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Teachers Manual</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF">
+
+<H2>Teacher Manual</H2>
+<P>This page is a quick guide to creating online courses with Moodle. It outlines
+ the main functions that are available, as well as some of the main decisions
+ you'll need to make.</P>
+
+<P>Sections in this document:</P>
+<OL>
+ <LI><A HREF="#started">Getting started</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#settings">Course settings</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#upload">Uploading files</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#activities">Setting up activities</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#course">Running the course</A></LI>
+ <LI><A HREF="#further">Further information</A></LI>
+</OL>
+<H3><A NAME="started"></A>Getting started</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>This document assumes your site administrator has set up Moodle and given
+ you new, blank course to start with. It also assumes you have logged in to
+ your course using your teacher account.</p>
+ <p>Here are three general tips that will help you get started.</p>
+ <ol>
+ <li><strong>Don't be afraid to experiment:</strong>
+ <blockquote>feel free to poke around and change things. It's hard to break anything
+ in a Moodle course, and even if you do it's usually easy to fix it.
+ </blockquote>
+ <li><strong>Notice and use these little icons</strong>:
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>&nbsp;<img src="../pix/i/edit.gif"> - the <strong>edit icon</strong>
+ lets you edit whatever it is next to.</p>
+ <p><img src="../pix/help.gif" width="22" height="17"> - the <strong>help
+ icon</strong> will provide you with a popup help window </p>
+ </blockquote>
+ </li>
+ <li><strong>Use the navigation bar at the top of each page</strong>
+ <blockquote>this
+ should help remind you where you are and prevent getting lost.
+ </blockquote></li>
+ </ol>
+ <hr>
+</blockquote>
+<h3><A NAME="settings"></A>Course settings</h3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>The first thing you should do is look under the &quot;Administration&quot;
+ on your course home page and click on &quot;<strong>Settings...</strong>&quot;
+ (Note that this link, and in fact the whole Administration section is only
+ available to you (and the site administrator). Students will not even see
+ these links).</p>
+ <p>On the Settings page you can change a number of settings about your course,
+ ranging from its name to what day it starts. I won't talk here about all these,
+ as they all have a help icon next to them which explains them all in detail.
+ However, I will talk about the most important of these - the <strong>course
+ format</strong>.</p>
+ <p>The course format that you choose will decide the basic layout of your course,
+ like a template. Moodle version 1.0 has three formats - in future there will
+ probably be many more (please send new ideas to <a href="mailto:martin@moodle.com">martin@moodle.com</a>!)</p>
+ <p>Here are some screenshots of three sample courses in each of these three
+ formats (ignore the different colours, which are set for a whole site by the
+ site administrator):</p>
+ <p align="center"><strong>Weekly format:</strong></p>
+ <p align="center"><img src="pix/weekly.jpg" width="570" height="527"></p>
+ <p align="center">&nbsp;</p>
+ <p align="center"><strong>Topics format:</strong></p>
+ <p align="center"><img src="pix/topics.jpg" width="570" height="463"></p>
+ <p align="center">&nbsp;</p>
+ <p align="center"><strong>Social format:</strong></p>
+ <p align="center"><img src="pix/social.jpg" width="570" height="429"></p>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+ <p>Note that the weekly and topics formats are very similar in structure. The
+ main difference is that each box in the weekly format covers exactly one week,
+ whereas in the topic format each box can cover whatever you like. The social
+ format doesn't use much content at all and is based around just one forum
+ - this is displayed on the main page.</p>
+ <p>See the help buttons on the Course Settings page for more details.</p>
+ <HR>
+</blockquote>
+<H3><A NAME="upload"></A>Uploading files</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>You may have existing content that you want to add to your course, such as
+ web pages, audio files, video files, word documents, or flash animations.
+ Any type of file that exists can be uploaded into your course and stored on
+ the server. While your files are on the server you can move, rename, edit
+ or delete them.</p>
+ <p>All of this is achieved through the <strong>Files</strong> link in your Administration
+ menu. The Files section looks like this:</p>
+ <p align="center"><img src="pix/files.jpg" width="400" height="347"></p>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+ <p>This interface is only available to teachers - it is not accessible by students.
+ Individual files are made available to students later on (as &quot;Resources&quot;
+ - see the next section).</p>
+ <p>As you can see in the screenshot, files are listed alongside subdirectories.
+ You can create any number of subdirectories to organise your files and move
+ your files from one to the other.</p>
+ <p>Uploading files via the web is currently restricted to one file at a time.
+ If you want to upload a lot of files at once (for example a whole web site),
+ it can be a lot easier to use a <strong>zip program</strong> to compress them
+ into a single file, upload the zip file and then unzip them again on the server
+ (you will see an &quot;unzip&quot; link next to zip archives).</p>
+ <p>To preview any file you have uploaded just click on its name. Your web browser
+ will take care of either displaying it or downloading it to your computer.</p>
+ <p>HTML and text files can be edited in-place online. Other files will need
+ to be edited on your local computer and uploaded again. if you upload a file
+ with the same name as an existing file it will automatically be overwritten.</p>
+ <p>A final note: if your content resides out on the web then you don't need
+ to upload the files at all - you can link directly to them from inside the
+ course (see the Resources module and the next section).</p>
+ <HR>
+</blockquote>
+<H3><A NAME="activities"></A>Setting up activities</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Building a course involves adding course activity modules to the main page
+ in the order that students will be using them. You can shuffle the order any
+ time you like.</p>
+ <p>To turn on editing, click &quot;Turn on editing&quot; under Administration.
+ This toggle switch shows or hides the extra controls that allow you to manipulate
+ your main course page. Note in the first screenshot above (of the Weekly format
+ course) that the editing controls are turned on.</p>
+ <p>To add a new activity, simply go to the week or topic or section of the screen
+ where you want to add it, and select the type of activity from the popup menu.
+ Here is a summary of all the standard activities in Moodle 1.0:</p>
+ <dl>
+ <dt><strong>Assignment</strong></dt>
+ <dd>An assignment is where you set a task with a due date and a maximum grade.
+ Students will be able to upload one file to satisify the requirements. The
+ date they upload their file is recorded. Afterwards, you will have a single
+ page on which ou can view each file (and how late or early it is), and then
+ record a grade and a comment. Half an hour after you grade any particular
+ student, Moodle will automatically email that student a notification. </dd><BR>
+ <BR>
+ <dt><strong>Choice</strong></dt>
+ <dd>A choice activity is very simple - you ask a question and specify a choice
+ of responses. Students can make their choice, and you
+ have a report screen where you can see the results. I use it to gather research
+ consent from my students, but you could use it for quick polls or class
+ votes.</dd>
+ <BR>
+ <BR>
+ <dt><strong>Forum</strong></dt>
+ <dd>This module is by far the most important - it is here that discussion
+ takes place. When you add a new forum, yu will presented with a choice of
+ different types - a simple single-topic discussion, a free-for-all general
+ forum, or a one-discussion-thread-per-user.</dd>
+ <BR>
+ <BR>
+ <dt><strong>Journal</strong></dt>
+ <dd>Each journal activity is an entry in the whole course journal. For each
+ one you can specify an open-ended question that guides what students write,
+ as well as a window of time in which the journal is open (weekly course
+ format only). Encourage students to write reflectively and critically in
+ these journals, as they are only available to them and you. Afterwards,
+ you will be able to grade and comment all the entries for that week or topic,
+ and students will receive an automatic email informing them of your feedback.</dd>
+ <BR>
+ <BR>
+ <dt><strong>Resource</strong></dt>
+ <dd>Resources are the content of your course. Each resource can be any file
+ you have uploaded or can point to using a URL. You can also maintain simple text-based pages by typing them
+ directly into a form.</dd>
+ <BR>
+ <BR>
+ <dt><strong>Quiz</strong></dt>
+ <dd>This module allows you to design and set quiz tests, consisting of
+ multiple choice, true-false, and short answer questions. These
+ questions are kept in a categorised database, and can be re-used
+ within courses and even between courses. Quizzes can allow
+ multiple attempts. Each attempt is automatically marked, and the
+ teacher can choose whether to give feedback or to show correct answers.
+ This module includes grading facilities.
+ </dd>
+ <BR>
+ <BR>
+ <dt><strong>Survey</strong></dt>
+ <dd>The survey module provides a number of predefined survey instruments that are useful in
+ evaluating and understanding your class. Currently they include the COLLES and the ATTLS instruments.
+ They can be given to students early in the course as a diagnostic tool and at the end of the
+ course as an evaluation tool (I use one every week in my courses).</dd>
+ </dl>
+ <BR>
+ <p>After adding your activities you can move them up and down in your course
+ layout by clicking on the little arrow icons (<img src="../pix/t/up.gif" width="9" height="10">
+ <img src="../pix/t/down.gif" width="9" height="10">) next to each one. You
+ can also delete them using the cross icon <img src="../pix/t/delete.gif" width="10" height="10">,
+ and re-edit them using the edit icon <img src="../pix/t/edit.gif" width="10" height="11">.</p>
+ <HR>
+</blockquote>
+<H3><A NAME="course"></A>Running the course</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>I could write a thesis about this. Actually I <strong>am</strong> writing
+ a thesis about this. <img src="../pix/s/biggrin.gif" width="15" height="15"></p>
+ <p>Until then here are just a few quick pointers:</p>
+ <ol>
+ <li>Subscribe yourself to all the forums.</li>
+ <li>Encourage all the students fill out their user profile (including photos)
+ and read them all - this will help provide some context to their later writings.</li>
+ <li>Keep notes to yourself in the private &quot;<strong>Teacher's Forum</strong>&quot;
+ (under Administration). This is especially useful when team teaching.</li>
+ <li>Use the &quot;<strong>Logs</strong>&quot; link (under Administration)
+ to get access to complete, raw logs. In there you'll see a link to a popup
+ window that updates every sixty seconds and shows the last hour of activity.
+ This is useful to keep open on your desktop all day so you can feel in touch
+ with what's going on in the course.</li>
+ <li>Use the &quot;<strong>Activity Reports</strong>&quot; (next to each name
+ in the list of all people, or from any user profile page). These provide
+ a great way to see what any particular person has been up to in the course.</li>
+ <li>Respond quickly to students. Don't leave it for later - do it right away.
+ Not only is it easy to become overwhelmed with the volume that can be generated,
+ but it's a crucial part of building and maintaining a community feel in
+ your course.</li>
+ </ol>
+ <HR>
+</blockquote>
+<H3><A NAME="further"></A>Further information</H3>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>If you have any particular problems with your site, you should contact your
+ local site administrator.</p>
+ <p>If you have some great ideas for improvements to Moodle, or even some good
+ stories, come over to <a href="http://moodle.com/" target="_top">moodle.com</a> and join
+ in the course called "<A HREF="http://moodle.com/course/view.php?id=5" target=_top >Using Moodle</A>".
+ We'd love to hear from you, and you can help Moodle improve.</p>
+ <p>If you want to contribute to coding new modules, or writing documentation,
+ or papers, contact me: <a href="http://dougiamas.com/" target="_top">Martin
+ Dougiamas</a> or browse the &quot;bug tracker&quot; site for Moodle, at <a href="http://bugs.moodle.com" target="_top">bugs.moodle.com</a></p>
+ <p align="center">Thanks for using Moodle - good luck!</p>
+ <HR>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+</blockquote>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id: teacher.html,v 1.4 2002/08/18 10:00:01
+ martin Exp $</FONT></P>
+
+</BODY>
View
110 lang/de/docs/upgrade.html
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+<HEAD>
+ <TITLE>Moodle Docs: Upgrading</TITLE>
+ <LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="../theme/standard/styles.php" TYPE="TEXT/CSS">
+</HEAD>
+
+<BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF">
+<H2>Upgrading Moodle</H2>
+
+<p>Moodle is designed to upgrade cleanly from any earlier version to any later
+ version. </p>
+<p>When upgrading a Moodle installation you should follow these steps:</p>
+<h2>1. Backup important data</h2>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>Although it is not strictly necessary, it is always a good idea to make a
+ backup of any production system before a major upgrade, just in case you need
+ to revert back to the older version for some reason. In fact, it's a good
+ idea to automate your server to backup your Moodle installation daily, so
+ that you can skip this step.</p>
+ <p>There are three areas that need backing up:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><strong>1. The Moodle software directory itself</strong></p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>Make a separate copy of these files before the upgrade, so that you can
+ retrieve your config.php and any modules you have added like themes, languages
+ etc<strong><br>
+ </strong></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p><strong>2. Your data directory.</strong></p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>This is where uploaded content resides (such as course resources and
+ student assignments) so it is very important to have a backup of these
+ files anyway. Sometimes upgrades may move or rename directories within
+ your data directory.<strong><br>
+ </strong></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p><strong>3. Your database</strong></p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>Most Moodle upgrades will alter the database tables, adding or changing
+ fields. Each database has different ways to backup. One way of backing
+ up a MySQL database is to 'dump' it to a single SQL file. The following
+ example shows Unix commands to dump the database called &quot;moodle&quot;:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><font face="Courier New, Courier, mono">mysqldump moodle &gt; moodle-backup-2002-10-26.sql</font></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>You can also use the &quot;Export&quot; feature in Moodle's &quot;Manage
+ Database&quot; web interface to do the same thing on all platforms.</p>
+ </blockquote>
+ </blockquote>
+</blockquote>
+<h2>&nbsp;</h2>
+<h2>2. Install the new Moodle software</h2>
+<blockquote>
+ <p><strong>Using a downloaded archive</strong></p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>Do not overwrite an old installation unless you know what you are doing
+ ... sometimes old files can cause problems in new installations. The best
+ way it to rename the current Moodle directory to something else, then unpack
+ the new Moodle archive into the old location.</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><font face="Courier New, Courier, mono">mv moodle moodle.backup<br>
+ tar xvzf moodle-1.0.6.tgz</font></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Next, copy across your config.php and any other plugins such as custom
+ themes:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><font face="Courier New, Courier, mono">cp moodle.backup/config.php moodle<br>
+ cp -pr moodle.backup/theme/mytheme moodle/theme/mytheme</font></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p><strong>Using CVS</strong></p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p>If you are using CVS, just go into the Moodle root directory and update
+ to the new files:</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><font face="Courier New, Courier, mono">cvs update -dP</font></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>Make sure you use the &quot;d&quot; parameter to create new directories
+ if necessary, and the &quot;P&quot; parameter to prune empty directories.</p>
+ <p>If you have been editing Moodle files, watch the messages very closely
+ for possible conflicts. All your customised themes and non-standard plugins
+ will be untouched.</p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>&nbsp;</p>
+</blockquote>
+<h2>3. Finishing the upgrade</h2>
+<blockquote>
+ <p>The last step is to trigger the upgrade processes within Moodle.</p>
+ <p>To do this just visit <a target=_top href="../admin/index.php">the admin page of your
+ installation</a>.</p>
+ <blockquote>
+ <p><font face="Courier New, Courier, mono">http://example.com/moodle/admin</font></p>
+ </blockquote>
+ <p>It doesn't matter if you are logged in as admin or not.</p>
+ <p> Moodle will automatically detect the new version and perform all the database
+ or filesystem upgrades that are necessary. If there is anything it can't do
+ itself (very rare) then you will see messages telling you what you need to
+ do. </p>
+</blockquote>
+<p>&nbsp; </p>
+<p> Assuming all goes well (no error messages) then you can start using your new
+ version of Moodle and enjoy the new features!</p>
+<p>If you have trouble with the upgrade, visit <a target=_top href="http://moodle.com/">moodle.com</a>
+ and post on the <a target=_top href="http://moodle.com/mod/forum/view.php?id=28">Installation
+ Support Forum</a>.</p>
+<p>&nbsp;</p>
+<P>&nbsp;</P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1"><A HREF="." TARGET="_top">Moodle Documentation</A></FONT></P>
+<P ALIGN="CENTER"><FONT SIZE="1">Version: $Id$</FONT></P>
+
+</BODY>
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20 lang/de/help/assignment/assignmenttype.html
@@ -1,7 +1,13 @@
-<P ALIGN=CENTER><B> AnweisungscArt </B></P>
-
-<P>Es gibt unterschiedliche Arten von Anweisungen</P>
-
-<P><B> Indirekte Tätigkeit </B> - dieses ist nützlich, wenn die Anweisung außerhalb Moodle durchgeführt wird. Kursteilnehmer können eine Beschreibung der Anweisung sehen, aber können nicht Akten oder alle hochladen. Lehrer können alle Kursteilnehmer zwar ordnen, und Kursteilnehmer sehen Mitteilungen ihrer Grade.
-
-<P><B>Hochladen Sie eine einzelne Akte</B> - diese Art der Anweisung erlaubt allen Kursteilnehmern, eine einzelne Akte, irgendeiner Art zu hochladen. Dieses konnte ein Textverarbeitungsgerätdokument sein, oder ein Bild, eine Reißverschluss zugemachte Web site oder alle bitten Sie sie einzureichen. Lehrer können eingereichte Anweisungen online ordnen.
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Assignment Type</B></P>
+
+<P>There are different types of assignments</P>
+
+<P><B>Offline activity</B> - this is useful when the assignment is performed outside
+of Moodle. Students can see a description of the assignment, but can't upload files or anything.
+Teachers can grade all students though, and students will see notifications of their grades.
+
+<P><B>Upload a single file</B> - this type of assignment allows all students to upload a
+single file, of any type. This might be a Word processor document, or an image, a
+zipped web site, or anything you ask them to submit. Teachers can grade submitted
+assignments online.
+
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11 lang/de/help/choice/options.html
@@ -1,4 +1,7 @@
-
-
-<P>Ist hier, wo Sie die Wahlen spezifizieren, denen Teilnehmer w&auml;hlen m&uuml;ssen von.<P>You can fill in any number of these: it's OK to leave some blank
- if you don't need the full 6 options.
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Choice options</B></P>
+
+<P>Here is where you specify the options that participants
+ have to choose from.
+
+<P>You can fill in any number of these: it's OK to leave some blank
+ if you don't need the full 6 options.
View
7 lang/de/help/coursecategory.html