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Added all the missing help files etc

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1 parent 59b888d commit 7f9b57040e2b4dd708651859de0b55621dc44e10 moodler committed Dec 12, 2002
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  1. +18 −0 lang/zh_cn/docs/module_files.txt
  2. +13 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/assignment/assignmenttype.html
  3. +9 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/assignment/resubmit.html
  4. +7 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/choice/options.html
  5. +11 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/coursecategory.html
  6. +24 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/courseformats.html
  7. +4 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/coursefullname.html
  8. +15 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/coursenewsitems.html
  9. +14 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/coursenumsections.html
  10. +16 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/courserecent.html
  11. +7 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/courseshortname.html
  12. +19 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/coursestartdate.html
  13. +23 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/enrolmentkey.html
  14. +20 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/forum/allowdiscussions.html
  15. +21 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/forum/attachment.html
  16. +16 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/forum/forumtype.html
  17. +70 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/forum/ratings.html
  18. +18 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/forum/subscription.html
  19. +21 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/guestaccess.html
  20. +13 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/html.html
  21. +12 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/langedit.html
  22. +69 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/mods.html
  23. +18 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/picture.html
  24. +94 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/questions.html
  25. +6 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/attempts.html
  26. +17 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/categories.html
  27. +6 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/correctanswers.html
  28. +5 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/feedback.html
  29. +25 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/grademethod.html
  30. +11 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/maxgrade.html
  31. +19 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/multichoice.html
  32. +37 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/questiontypes.html
  33. +3 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/random.html
  34. +10 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/shortanswer.html
  35. +5 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/timeopen.html
  36. +11 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/quiz/truefalse.html
  37. +23 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/resource/resourcetype.html
  38. +8 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/resource/summary.html
  39. +160 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/richtext.html
  40. +99 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/surveys.html
  41. +22 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/teachers.html
  42. +144 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/text.html
  43. +41 −0 lang/zh_cn/help/textformat.html
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+IN THIS DIRECTORY unless you REALLY know what
+you are doing.
+Changing these files could mess up your course.
+This directory contains files uploaded to your
+course within particular modules (mostly by
+students), such as assignment submissions and
+forum attachments.
+The names of the directories and files within
+this directory are very specific and are
+automatically maintained by Moodle.
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Assignment Type</B></P>
+<P>There are different types of assignments</P>
+<P><B>Offline activity</B> - this is useful when the assignment is performed outside
+of Moodle. Students can see a description of the assignment, but can't upload files or anything.
+Teachers can grade all students though, and students will see notifications of their grades.
+<P><B>Upload a single file</B> - this type of assignment allows all students to upload a
+single file, of any type. This might be a Word processor document, or an image, a
+zipped web site, or anything you ask them to submit. Teachers can grade submitted
+assignments online.
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Resubmitting assignments</B></P>
+<P>By default, students cannot resubmit assignments once the teacher has graded them</P>
+<P>If you turn this option on, then students will be allowed to resubmit assignments
+ after they have been graded (for you to re-grade). This may be useful if the
+ teacher wants to encourage students to do better work in an iterative process.</P>
+<P>Obviously, this option is not relevant for offline assignments.</P>
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Choice options</B></P>
+<P>Here is where you specify the options that participants
+ have to choose from.
+<P>You can fill in any number of these: it's OK to leave some blank
+ if you don't need the full 6 options.
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Course Categories</B></P>
+<P>Your Moodle administrator may have set up several
+ course categories.
+<P>For example, "Science", "Humanities", "Public Health" etc
+<P>Choose the one most applicable for your course. This
+ choice will affect where your course is displayed on the
+ course listing and may make it easier for students to
+ find your course.
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Moodle course formats</B></P>
+<P><B>Weekly format</B></P>
+The course is organised week by week, with a clear start date and a finish date.
+Each week consists of activities. Some of them, like journals, may have
+"open windows" of, say, two weeks after which they become unavailable.
+<P><B>Topics format</B></P>
+Very similar to the weekly format, except that each "week" is called a topic.
+A "topic" is not restricted to any time limit. You don't need to specify any
+<P><B>Social format</B></P>
+This format is oriented around one main forum, the Social forum, which appears
+listed on the main page. It is useful for situations that are more freeform.
+They may not even be courses. For example, it could be used as a departmental
+notice board.
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Course Full name</B></P>
+<P>The full name of the course is displayed at the top of the screen and in the course listings.</P>
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Course News Items</B></P>
+<P>A special forum called "News" appears in the
+ "weekly" and "topics" course formats. It's
+ a good place to post notices for all students
+ to see. (By default, all students are subscribed
+ to this forum, and will receive your notices by
+ email.)
+<P>This setting determines how many recent items
+ appear on your course home page, in a news box
+ down the right-hand side.
+<P>If you set it to "0 news items" then the news
+ box won't even appear.
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Course Number of Weeks/Topics</B></P>
+<P>This setting is only used by the 'weekly' and 'topics'
+ course formats.
+<P>In the 'weekly' format, it specifies the number of weeks
+ that the course will run for, starting from the
+ course starting date.
+<P>In the 'topics' format, it specifies the number of topics
+ in the course.
+<P>Both of these translate to the number of "boxes" down the
+ middle of the course page.
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Recent Activity</B></P>
+<P>Moodle can display "recent activity" on the course home page.
+<P>This shows the everything that has happened in the course since
+the last time the viewer logged in to the course, including
+new posts, new users, submitted journals etc.
+<P>It is highly recommended you leave this feature enabled in
+your courses, as it helps give a sense of activity in the course.
+Knowing what everyone else is doing also helps to promote a
+collaborative atmosphere in the class.
+<P>You might want to disable this feature for extremely large or
+heavily used courses, as it may slow down the display of
+the course page.
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Course short name</B></P>
+<P>Many institutions have a shorthand way of referring to a course, such as
+ BP102 or COMMS. Even you don't already have such a name for your course,
+ make one up here. It will be used in several places where the long name
+ isn't appropriate (such us in the subject line of email).</P>
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Course Start Date</B></P>
+<P>This is where you specify the starting time of the
+ course (in your own timezone).
+<P>If you are using a 'weekly' course format, this will
+ affect the display of the weeks. The first week will
+ start on the date you set here.
+<P>This setting will not affect courses using the
+ 'social' or 'topics' formats.
+<P>However, one place this setting will be affect is
+ the display of logs, which use this date as the earliest
+ possible date you can display.
+<P>In general, if your course does have a real starting date
+ then it makes sense to set this date to that, no matter
+ what course formats you are using.
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Course Enrolment Key</B></P>
+<P>A course enrolment key is what keeps unwanted people
+ out of your course.
+<P>If you leave this blank, then anyone who has created
+ a Moodle username on this site will be able to enrol
+ in your course simply by going in to it.
+<P>If you put something here, then students who are trying
+ to get in for the FIRST TIME ONLY will be asked to supply
+ this word or phrase.
+<P>The idea is that you will supply the key to authorised
+ people using another means like private email, snail mail,
+ on the phone or even verbally in a face to face class.
+<P>If this password "gets out" and you have unwanted people
+ enrolling, you can unenrol them (see their user profile page)
+ and change this key. Any legitimate students who have already
+ enrolled will not be affected, but the unwanted people won't be
+ able to get back in.
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Allowing new posts</B></P>
+<P>This option allows you to restrict students from posting
+ new content in this forum.
+<P>For most forums you will want to leave students unrestricted
+ and choose the first option to allow them to start new discussion
+ topics (threads), and also to post replies within those threads.
+<P>Sometimes, however, you will want to disable this ability. For
+ example, this is useful for the News forum when you only want
+ teachers to post new items that appear on the course main page.
+ In this case you might choose the third option "No discussions, no replies".
+<P>Sometimes you might want to only allow teachers to start new
+ discussions, but still allow students to reply within those
+ threads (for example within the news forum on the site home page).
+ In this case you would choose the second option, "No discussions, but
+ replies are allowed".
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Attachments for posts</B></P>
+<P>You can optionally attach ONE file from your own computer
+ to any post in the forums. This file is uploaded to the
+ server and stored with your post.
+<P>This is useful when you want to share a picture, for example,
+ or a Word document.
+<P>This file can be of any type, however it is highly recommended
+ that the file is named using standard 3-letter internet
+ suffixes such as .doc for a Word document, .jpg or .png
+ for an image, and so on. This will make it easier for others
+ to download and view your attachment in their browsers.
+<P>If you re-edit a posting and attach a new file, then any
+ previous attached files for that post will be replaced.
+<P>If you re-edit a posting with an attachment and leave
+ this space blank, then the original attachment will be
+ retained.
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Forum Types</B></P>
+<P>There are several different types of forum to choose from:
+<P><B>A single simple discussion</B> - is just a single topic, all on one page.
+Useful for short, focussed discussions.
+<P><B>Standard forum for general use</B> - is an open forum where any one can
+start a new topic at any time. This is the best general-purpose forum.
+<P><B>Each person posts one discussion</B> - Each person can post exactly one
+new discussion topic (everyone can reply to them though). This is useful when
+you want each student to start a discussion about, say, their reflections on
+the week's topic, and everyone else responds to these.
+<P>(More development to come in future versions of Moodle)
@@ -0,0 +1,70 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Forum Ratings</B></P>
+<P>Individual posts can be rated using a scale based on the theory of
+<strong>separate and connected knowing</strong>.
+<p>This theory may help you to look at human interactions
+ in a new way. It describes two different ways that we can evaluate and learn
+ about the things we see and hear.
+<p>Although each of us may use these two methods in different amounts at different
+ times, it may be useful to imagine two people as examples, one who is a mostly
+ separate knower (Jim) and the other a mostly connected knower (Mary).</p>
+ <li>Jim likes to remain as 'objective' as possible without including his feelings
+ and emotions. When in a discussion with other people who may have different
+ ideas, he likes to defend his own ideas, using logic to find holes in his
+ opponent's ideas. He is critical of new ideas unless they are proven facts
+ from reputable sources such as textbooks, respected teachers or his own direct
+ experience. Jim is a very <strong>separate knower</strong>.<br><br>
+ </li>
+ <li>Mary is more sensitive to other people. She is skilled at empathy and tends
+ to listen and ask questions until she feels she can connect and &quot;understand
+ things from their point of view&quot;. She learns by trying to share the experiences
+ that led to the knowledge she finds in other people. When talking to others,
+ she avoids confrontation and will often try to help the other person if she
+ can see a way to do so, using logical suggestions. Mary is a very <strong>connected
+ knower</strong>.</li>
+<p>Did you notice in these examples that the separate knower is male and the connected
+ knower is female? Some studies have shown that statistically this tends to be
+ the case, however individual people can be anywhere in the spectrum between
+ these two extremes. </p>
+<p>For a collaborative and effective group of learners it may be best if everyone
+ were able to use BOTH ways of knowing.</p>
+<p>In a particular situation like an online forum, a single post by a person may
+ exhibit either of these characteristics, or even both. Someone who is generally
+ very connected may post a very separate-sounding message, and vice versa. The
+ purpose of rating each post using this scale is to:</p>
+ <p>a) help you think about these issues when reading other posts<br>
+ b) provide feedback to each author on how they are being seen by others</p>
+<p>The results are not used towards student assessment in any way, they are just
+ to help improve communication and learning.</p>
+ In case you're interested, here are some references to papers by the authors
+ who originally developed these ideas:</p>
+ <li>Belenky, M.F., Clinchy, B.M., Goldberger, N.R., &amp; Tarule, J.M. (1986).
+ Women's ways of knowing: the development of self, voice, and mind. New York,
+ NY: Basic Books.</li>
+ <li>Clinchy, B.M. (1989a). The development of thoughtfulness in college women:
+ Integrating reason and care. American Behavioural Scientist, 32(6), 647-657.</li>
+ <li>Clinchy, B.M. (1989b). On critical thinking &amp; connected knowing. Liberal
+ education, 75(5), 14-19.</li>
+ <li>Clinchy, B.M. (1996). Connected and separate knowing; Toward a marriage
+ of two minds. In N.R. Goldberger, Tarule, J.M., Clinchy, B.M. &amp;</li>
+ <li>Belenky, M.F. (Eds.), Knowledge, Difference, and Power; Essays inspired
+ by &#8220;Women&#8217;s Ways of Knowing&#8221; (pp. 205-247). New York, NY:
+ Basic Books.</li>
+ <li>Galotti, K. M., Clinchy, B. M., Ainsworth, K., Lavin, B., &amp; Mansfield,
+ A. F. (1999). A New Way of Assessing Ways of Knowing: The Attitudes Towards
+ Thinking and Learning Survey (ATTLS). Sex Roles, 40(9/10), 745-766.</li>
+ <li>Galotti, K. M., Reimer, R. L., &amp; Drebus, D. W. (2001). Ways of knowing
+ as learning styles: Learning MAGIC with a partner. Sex Roles, 44(7/8), 419-436.
+ <br>
+ </li>
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Forum Subscription</B></P>
+<P>When a person is subscribed to a forum it means that
+they will be sent email copies of every post in that forum
+(posts are sent about 30 minutes after the post was first
+<P>People can usually choose whether or not they want to be
+subscribed to each forum.
+<P>However, if a teacher forces subscription on a particular forum
+then this choice is taken away and everyone in the class will get
+email copies.
+<P>This is especially useful in the News forum and in forums
+towards the beginning of the course (before everyone has
+worked out that they can subscribe to these emails themselves).
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Guest Access</B></P>
+<P>You have the choice of allowing "guests" into your course.
+<P>People can log in as guests using the "Login as a guest" button
+ on the login screen.
+<P>Guests ALWAYS have "read-only" access - meaning they can't leave
+ any posts or otherwise mess up the course for real students.
+<P>This can be handy when you want to let a colleague in to
+ look around at your work, or to let students see a course before
+ they have decided to enrol.
+<P>Note that you have a choice between two types of guest access:
+ with the enrolment key or without. If you choose to allow
+ guests who have the key, then the guest will need to provide
+ the current enrolment key EVERY TIME they log in (unlike
+ students who only need to do it once). This lets you restrict
+ your guests. If you choose to allow guests without a key, then
+ anyone can get straight into your course.
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Help on writing html</B></P>
+<P>When writing HTML in Moodle, you are free to use any HTML tags you like
+ to produce the effect you want.
+<P>Your code will normally be printed on the page within a table cell,
+ so:
+ <UL>
+ <LI>there is no need to use any &lt;HEAD> or &lt;BODY> tags
+ <LI>be careful about unmatched &lt;/TABLE> tags that may mess up the display.
+ </UL>
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><B>Language Editing</B></P>
+<P>To edit languages on this page the files need to be writable
+ by the web server process.
+<P>Within some of the strings you will notice <B>$a</B> and <B>$a->something</B>.
+<P>These represent variables that will be replaced by names or other words from
+ within Moodle.
+<P>When there is only one variable, the $a form is used. When there are two or
+ more variables, then each one has a name.
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