Yet Another HTTP client for Elixir powered by hackney
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mix.exs

README.md

HTTPoison Build Status Hex pm hex.pm downloads

HTTP client for Elixir, based on HTTPotion (documentation).

But... why something so similar to HTTPotion?

HTTPoison uses hackney to execute HTTP requests instead of ibrowse. I like hackney 👍

Using hackney we work only with binaries instead of string lists.

Installation

First, add HTTPoison to your mix.exs dependencies:

def deps do
  [{:httpoison, "~> 0.9.0"}]
end

and run $ mix deps.get. Now, list the :httpoison application as your application dependency:

def application do
  [applications: [:httpoison]]
end

If you're on Ubuntu

Make sure you have erlang-dev installed before using httpoison. You can do so by running:

apt-get install erlang-dev

Usage

iex> HTTPoison.start
iex> HTTPoison.get! "http://httparrot.herokuapp.com/get"
%HTTPoison.Response{
  body: "{\n  \"args\": {},\n  \"headers\": {} ...",
  headers: [{"Connection", "keep-alive"}, {"Server", "Cowboy"},
  {"Date", "Sat, 06 Jun 2015 03:52:13 GMT"}, {"Content-Length", "495"},
  {"Content-Type", "application/json"}, {"Via", "1.1 vegur"}],
  status_code: 200
}
iex> HTTPoison.get! "http://localhost:1"
** (HTTPoison.Error) :econnrefused
iex> HTTPoison.get "http://localhost:1"
{:error, %HTTPoison.Error{id: nil, reason: :econnrefused}}

You can also easily pattern match on the HTTPoison.Response struct:

case HTTPoison.get(url) do
  {:ok, %HTTPoison.Response{status_code: 200, body: body}} ->
    IO.puts body
  {:ok, %HTTPoison.Response{status_code: 404}} ->
    IO.puts "Not found :("
  {:error, %HTTPoison.Error{reason: reason}} ->
    IO.inspect reason
end

Wrapping HTTPoison.Base

You can also use the HTTPoison.Base module in your modules in order to make cool API clients or something. The following example wraps HTTPoison.Base in order to build a client for the GitHub API (Poison is used for JSON decoding):

defmodule GitHub do
  use HTTPoison.Base

  @expected_fields ~w(
    login id avatar_url gravatar_id url html_url followers_url
    following_url gists_url starred_url subscriptions_url
    organizations_url repos_url events_url received_events_url type
    site_admin name company blog location email hireable bio
    public_repos public_gists followers following created_at updated_at
  )

  def process_url(url) do
    "https://api.github.com" <> url
  end

  def process_response_body(body) do
    body
    |> Poison.decode!
    |> Map.take(@expected_fields)
    |> Enum.map(fn({k, v}) -> {String.to_atom(k), v} end)
  end
end
iex> GitHub.start
iex> GitHub.get!("/users/myfreeweb").body[:public_repos]
37

It's possible to extend the functions listed below:

defp process_request_body(body), do: body

defp process_response_body(body), do: body

defp process_request_headers(headers) when is_map(headers) do
  Enum.into(headers, [])
end

defp process_request_headers(headers), do: headers

defp process_response_chunk(chunk), do: chunk

defp process_headers(headers), do: headers

defp process_status_code(status_code), do: status_code

defp process_url(url), do: url

Async requests

HTTPoison now comes with async requests!

iex> HTTPoison.get! "https://github.com/", %{}, stream_to: self
%HTTPoison.AsyncResponse{id: #Reference<0.0.0.1654>}
iex> flush
%HTTPoison.AsyncStatus{code: 200, id: #Reference<0.0.0.1654>}
%HTTPoison.AsyncHeaders{headers: %{"Connection" => "keep-alive", ...}, id: #Reference<0.0.0.1654>}
%HTTPoison.AsyncChunk{chunk: "<!DOCTYPE html>...", id: #Reference<0.0.0.1654>}
%HTTPoison.AsyncEnd{id: #Reference<0.0.0.1654>}
:ok

Cookies

HTTPoison allows you to send cookies:

iex> HTTPoison.get!("http://httparrot.herokuapp.com/cookies", %{}, hackney: [cookie: ["session=a933ec1dd923b874e691; logged_in=true"]])
%HTTPoison.Response{body: "{\n  \"cookies\": {\n    \"session\": \"a933ec1dd923b874e691\",\n    \"logged_in\": \"true\"\n  }\n}",
 headers: [{"Connection", "keep-alive"}, ...],
 status_code: 200}

You can see more usage examples in the test files (located in the test/) directory.

License

Copyright © 2013-2014 Eduardo Gurgel <eduardo@gurgel.me>

This work is free. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
terms of the MIT License. See the LICENSE file for more details.