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Lightweight job scheduler extension for Sidekiq
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Sidekiq Scheduler

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sidekiq-scheduler is an extension to Sidekiq that adds support for running scheduled.

Scheduled jobs are like cron jobs, recurring on a regular basis.


Add this to your Gemfile:

gem 'sidekiq-scheduler', '~> 2.0'

If you are using rails you are set

If you are not using rails create a file with this content:

require 'sidekiq-scheduler'

and the execute:

sidekiq -r created_file_path.rb

Look at Loading the schedule for information on how to load your schedule.

You can add sidekiq-scheduler configuration options to sidekiq.yml config file. Available options are:

:schedule: <the schedule to be run>
:dynamic: <if true the schedule can be modified in runtime>
:enabled: <disables scheduler if true [true by default]>

Manage tasks from Unicorn/Rails server

For example, if you want start sidekiq-scheduler only from Unicorn/Rails, but not from Sidekiq you can write something like this in initializer:

# config/initializers/sidekiq_scheduler.rb
require 'sidekiq/scheduler'

puts "Sidekiq.server? is #{Sidekiq.server?.inspect}"
puts "defined?(Rails::Server) is #{defined?(Rails::Server).inspect}"
puts "defined?(Unicorn) is #{defined?(Unicorn).inspect}"

if Rails.env == 'production' && (defined?(Rails::Server) || defined?(Unicorn))
  Sidekiq.schedule = YAML
    .load_file(File.expand_path('../../../config/scheduler.yml', __FILE__))
  Sidekiq::Scheduler.enabled = false
  puts "Sidekiq::Scheduler.enabled is #{Sidekiq::Scheduler.enabled.inspect}"

Scheduled Jobs (Recurring Jobs)

Scheduled (or recurring) jobs are logically no different than a standard cron job. They are jobs that run based on a fixed schedule which is set at startup.

The schedule is a list of Sidekiq worker classes with arguments and a schedule frequency (in crontab syntax). The schedule is just a hash, but is most likely stored in a YAML like so:

  cron: "*/5 * * * *"

  cron: "0 0 * * *"
  # you can use rufus-scheduler "every" syntax in place of cron if you prefer
  # every: 1h
  # By default the job name (hash key) will be taken as worker class name.
  # If you want to have a different job name and class name, provide the 'class' option
  class: QueueDocuments
  queue: high
  description: "This job queues all content for indexing in solr"

  cron: "30 6 * * 1"
  class: ClearLeaderboards
  queue: low
  args: contributors
  description: "This job resets the weekly leaderboard for contributions"

You can provide options to "every" or "cron" via Array:

  every: ["30s", :first_in => '120s']
  class: CheckDaemon
  queue: daemons
  description: "This job will check Daemon every 30 seconds after 120 seconds after start"

NOTE: Six parameter cron's are also supported (as they supported by rufus-scheduler which powers the sidekiq-scheduler process). This allows you to schedule jobs per second (ie: "30 * * * * *" would fire a job every 30 seconds past the minute).

A big shout out to rufus-scheduler for handling the heavy lifting of the actual scheduling engine.

Loading the schedule

Let's assume your scheduled jobs are defined in a file called "config/scheduler.yml" under your Rails project, you could create a Rails initializer called "config/initializer/scheduler.rb" which would load the job definitions:

require 'sidekiq/scheduler'
Sidekiq.schedule = YAML.load_file(File.expand_path("../../../config/scheduler.yml",__FILE__))

If you were running a non Rails project you should add code to load the workers classes before loading the schedule.

require 'sidekiq/scheduler'
Dir[File.expand_path('../lib/workers/*.rb',__FILE__)].each do |file| load file; end
Sidekiq.schedule = YAML.load_file(File.expand_path("../../../config/scheduler.yml",__FILE__))

You can also put your schedule information inside sidekiq.yml and load it with:

sidekiq -C ./config/sidekiq.yml

The Spring preloader and Testing your initializer via Rails console

If you're pulling in your schedule from a YML file via an initializer as shown, be aware that the Spring application preloader included with Rails will interefere with testing via the Rails console.

Spring will not reload initializers unless the initializer is changed. Therefore, if you're making a change to your YML schedule file and reloading Rails console to see the change, Spring will make it seem like your modified schedule is not being reloaded.

To see your updated schedule, be sure to reload Spring by stopping it prior to booting the Rails console.

Run spring stop to stop Spring.

For more information, see this issue and Spring's README.

Reloading the schedules

The schedules can we updated from redis, every 5 seconds the redis is checked for schedule changes, to update an schedule you have to:

   Sidekiq.set_schedule('some_name', { 'every' => ['1m'], 'class' => 'HardWorker' })

If the schedule did not exist it'll we created if it existed it'll be updated

### Testing

In your tests you can check that a schedule change has been set you have to:

   require 'sidekiq'
   require 'sidekiq-scheduler'
   require 'sidekiq-scheduler/test'

   Sidekiq.set_schedule('some_name', { 'every' => ['1m'], 'class' => 'HardWorker' })

   Sidekiq::Scheduler.schedules => { 'every' => ['1m'], 'class' => 'HardWorker' }
   Sidekiq::Scheduler.schedules_changed => ['every']

Time zones

Note that if you use the cron syntax, this will be interpreted as in the server time zone rather than the config.time_zone specified in Rails.

You can explicitly specify the time zone that rufus-scheduler will use:

cron: "30 6 * * 1 Europe/Stockholm"

Also note that config.time_zone in Rails allows for a shorthand (e.g. "Stockholm") that rufus-scheduler does not accept. If you write code to set the scheduler time zone from the config.time_zone value, make sure it's the right format, e.g. with:


A future version of sidekiq-scheduler may do this for you.

Sidekiq Web Integration

SidekiqScheduler provides an extension to the Sidekiq web interface that adds a Recurring Jobs page.

To use it, set up the Sidekiq web interface according to the Sidekiq documentation and then add the SidekiqScheduler::Web require:

require 'sidekiq/web'
require 'sidekiq-scheduler/web'

Note on Patches / Pull Requests

  • Fork the project.
  • Make your feature addition or bug fix.
  • Add tests for it. This is important so I don't break it in a future version unintentionally.
  • Commit, do not mess with rakefile, version, or history. (if you want to have your own version, that is fine but bump version in a commit by itself I can ignore when I pull)
  • Send me a pull request. Bonus points for topic branches.


This work is a partial port of resque-scheduler by Ben VandenBos.
Modified to work with the Sidekiq queueing library by Morton Jonuschat. Scheduling of recurring jobs has been added to v0.4.0, thanks to Adrian Gomez.



MIT License


Copyright 2013 Moove-IT Copyright 2012 Morton Jonuschat Some parts copyright 2010 Ben VandenBos

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