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about ----- socat is a relay for bidirectional data transfer between two independent data channels. Each of these data channels may be a file, pipe, device (serial line etc. or a pseudo terminal), a socket (UNIX, IP4, IP6 - raw, UDP, TCP), an SSL socket, proxy CONNECT connection, a file descriptor (stdin etc.), the GNU line editor (readline), a program, or a combination of two of these. These modes include generation of "listening" sockets, named pipes, and pseudo terminals. socat can be used, e.g., as TCP port forwarder (one-shot or daemon), as an external socksifier, for attacking weak firewalls, as a shell interface to UNIX sockets, IP6 relay, for redirecting TCP oriented programs to a serial line, to logically connect serial lines on different computers, or to establish a relatively secure environment (su and chroot) for running client or server shell scripts with network connections. Many options are available to refine socats behaviour: terminal parameters, open() options, file permissions, file and process owners, basic socket options like bind address, advanced socket options like IP source routing, linger, TTL, TOS (type of service), or TCP performance tuning. More capabilities, like daemon mode with forking, client address check, "tail -f" mode, some stream data processing (line terminator conversion), choosing sockets, pipes, or ptys for interprocess communication, debug and trace options, logging to syslog, stderr or file, and last but not least precise error messages make it a versatile tool for many different purposes. In fact, many of these features already exist in specialized tools; but until now, there does not seem to exists another tool that provides such a generic, flexible, simple and almost comprehensive (UNIX) byte stream connector. packages -------- before bothering with compilers, dependencies and include files, you might try to get a binary distribution that matches your platform. Have a look at the projects home page for actual information regarding socat binary distributions. platforms --------- socat 1.7.0 was compiled and more or less successfully tested under the following operating systems: Debian lenny/sid on x86, kernel 2.6.24 FreeBSD 6.1 on x86 NetBSD 4.0 on x86 OpenBSD 4.3 on x86 OpenSolaris 10 on x86 with gcc Mac OS X 10.5.5 on iMac G5, with libreadline HP-UX 11.23 AIX 5.3 on 64bit Power4 with gcc Cygwin 1.5.25 on i686 tests on Tru64 can no longer be performed because HP testdrive has taken down these hosts. Some versions of socat have been reported to successfully compile under older Linux versions back to RedHat 2.1 (kernel 1.2.13, gcc 2.7.0), under AIX 4.1 and 4.3, SunOS 5.7-5.8, FreeBSD 4.2 - 4.9, MacOS X 10.1, Cygwin, Solaris 8 on x86, OSR 5.0.6, NetBSD 1.6.1 and 2.0.2, OpenBSD 3.4 and 3.8, Tru64 5.1B, Mac OS X 10.1-10.2, and HP-UX 11 It might well compile and run under other UNIX like operating systems. install ------- Get the tarball and extract it: tar xzf socat.tar.gz cd socat-18.104.22.168 ./configure make su make install # installs socat, filan, and procan in /usr/local/bin For compiling socat, gcc (or egc) is recommended. If gcc is not available, the configure script will fail to determine some features; then you'd better begin with one of the Makefiles and config.h's from the Config directory. If you have problems with the OpenSSL library, you can apply the option "--disable-openssl" to configure. If you have problems with the readline library or (n)curses, you can apply the option "--disable-readline" to configure. If you have problems with the tcp wrappers library, you can apply the option "--disable-libwrap" to configure. If you still get errors or a tremendous amount of warnings you can exclude the features for system call tracing and file descriptor analyzing by applying the options "--disable-sycls --disable-filan" to configure. You still need the functions vsnprintf and snprintf that are in the GNU libc, but might not be available with some proprietary libc's. The configure script looks for headers and libraries of openssl, readline, and tcp wrappers in the OS'es standard places and in the subdirectories include/ and lib/ of the following places: /sw/ /usr/local/ /opt/freeware/ /usr/sfw/ and for openssl also in: /usr/local/ssl/ In case of unexpected behaviour it is important to understand that configure first searches for the appropriate include file and then expects to find the library in the associated lib directory. That means, when e.g. a OpenSSL installation resides under /usr/local and there is a symbolic link from /usr/include/ssl/ssl.h to /usr/local/ssl/include/ssl/ssl.h, configure will find the /usr/include/... header and will therefore expect libssl in /usr/lib instead of /usr/local/... If configure does not find a header file or library but you know where it is, you can specify additional search locations, e.g.: export LIBS="-L$HOME/lib" export CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/include" before running configure and make. For other operating systems, if socat does not compile without errors, refer to the file PORTING. platform specifics - redhat --------------------------- Install the following packages before building socat: tcp_wrappers-devel readline-devel openssl-devel On RedHat Linux 9.0, including openssl/ssl.h might fail due to problems with the krb5-devel package. configure reacts with disabling openssl integration. To solve this issue, help cpp to find the krb5.h include file: CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/kerberos/include" ./configure platform specifics - aix ------------------------ The flock() prototype is not available but the function is. Thus, to enable the socat flock options, run configure and then change in config.h the line /* #undef HAVE_FLOCK */ to #define HAVE_FLOCK 1 and continue the build process. When using the OpenSSL rpm provided by IBM, configure might need the environment variable setting: LIBS="-L/opt/freeware/lib" When using the OpenSSL bundle provided by IBM, egd needs to be installed too to get enough entropy. socat compiles not only with gcc, but also with xlc. Just adapt the Makefile: replace gcc by /usr/vac/bin/xlc and remove gcc specific options "-Wall -Wno-parentheses". When linking with the OpenSSL library provided by IBM, errors may occur: ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .__umoddi3 In this case, you need to link with libgcc or compile libcrypt yourself using xlc, or disable SSL (in config.h, undefine WITH_OPENSSL and recompile) The score of test.sh can be improved by uncommenting MISCDELAY=1 in this script. platform specifics - solaris ---------------------------- If libreadline or libssl are in a directory not searched by the loader per default, e.g. /opt/sfw/lib, you must add this directory to $LD_LIBRARY_PATH, for running both configure and the socat executables, e.g.: export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/opt/sfw/lib For some shell scripts, it is preferable to have /usr/xpg4/bin at a prominent position in $PATH. With the default compiler define _GNU_SOURCE, the CMSG_* macros are not available, and therefore ancillary messages cannot be used. To enable these try the following: After running ./configure, edit Makefile and replace "-D_GNU_SOURCE" with "-D_XPG4_2 -D__EXTENSIONS__" and run make platform specifics - hp-ux -------------------------- Ancillary messages cannot be compiled in with socat: both struct msghdr and struct cmsghdr are required. Compiling with -D_XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED provides struct msghdr but disables struct cmsghdr while -D_OPEN_SOURCE disables struct msghdr but disables struct cmsghdr. Please contact socat development if you know a solution. Shutting down the write channel of a UNIX domain socket does not seem to trigger an EOF on the peer socket. This makes problems with the exec and system addresses. This OS provides the type "long long", but not the strtoll() function to read data into a long long variable. UNIX domain sockets are only supported with SOCK_STREAM, not with datagrams (see man 7 unix). With UDP sockets it seems to happen that the select() call reports available data (or EOF) but a subsequent read() call hangs. platform specifics - tru64 -------------------------- When the use of the readline address fails with an error like: socat: /sbin/loader: Fatal Error: Reference to unresolvable symbol "tgetent" in ".../libreadline.so.4" and you still want to use shared libraries, try the following workaround: $ make distclean; LIBS="-static" ./configure remove the "-static" occurrence in Makefile $ make documentation ------------- These files reside in the doc subdirectory: socat.1 is the man page, socat.html is the HTML based man page. It is actual, but describes only the more useful options. xio.help is an older, but more exact description in text form; with socat version 1.6.0 it is outdated. doc/socat-openssltunnel.html is a simple tutorial for a private SSL connection. doc/socat-multicast.html is a short tutorial for multicast and broadcast communications. doc/socat-tun shows how to build a virtual network between two hosts. socat.1 and socat.html can be generated from socat.yo (which is released with socat 22.214.171.124 and later) using the yodl document language package. Maintenance of yodl had been discontinued by its author (http://www.xs4all.nl/~jantien/yodl/) (there seems to be a revival at http://yodl.sourceforge.net/ though). For socat, the old version 1.31 is used; an rpm is still distributed with recent OpenSuSE versions (confirmed for OpenSuSE 10.1 in suse/i586/yodl-1.31.18-1142.i586.rpm). It appears to install smoothly also under RedHat Linux. After yodl 1.31 installation, the following correction must be performed in /usr/share/yodl/shared.yo in two places: < whenhtml(htmlcommand(<!)ARG1+htmlcommand(>))) > whenhtml(htmlcommand(<!--)ARG1+htmlcommand(-->))) license ------- socat is distributed under the terms of the GNU GPLv2; except for install-sh, which is copyright MIT, with its own license; In addition, as a special exception, the copyright holder gives permission to link the code of this program with any version of the OpenSSL library which is distributed under a license identical to that listed in the included COPYING.OpenSSL file, and distribute linked combinations including the two. You must obey the GNU General Public License in all respects for all of the code used other than OpenSSL. If you modify this file, you may extend this exception to your version of the file, but you are not obligated to do so. If you do not wish to do so, delete this exception statement from your version. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2 of the License This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. contact ------- For questions, bug reports, ideas, contributions etc. please contact email@example.com For socat source distribution, bug fixes, and latest news see http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/ www.socat.org is an alternate site providing the same contents. public git repository: git://repo.or.cz/socat.git http://repo.or.cz/r/socat.git