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README.md

sshportal

CircleCI Go Report Card GoDoc Financial Contributors on Open Collective License GitHub release

Jump host/Jump server without the jump, a.k.a Transparent SSH bastion

Features include: independence of users and hosts, convenient user invite system, connecting to servers that don't support SSH keys, various levels of access, and many more. Easy to install, run and configure.

Flow Diagram


Contents


Installation and usage

Start the server

$ sshportal server
2017/11/13 10:58:35 Admin user created, use the user 'invite:BpLnfgDsc2WD8F2q' to associate a public key with this account
2017/11/13 10:58:35 SSH Server accepting connections on :2222

Link your SSH key with the admin account

$ ssh localhost -p 2222 -l invite:BpLnfgDsc2WD8F2q
Welcome admin!

Your key is now associated with the user "admin@sshportal".
Shared connection to localhost closed.
$

If the association fails and you are promted for a password, verify that the host you're connecting from has a SSH key set up or generate one with ssh-keygen -t rsa

Drop an interactive administrator shell

ssh localhost -p 2222 -l admin


    __________ _____           __       __
   / __/ __/ // / _ \___  ____/ /____ _/ /
  _\ \_\ \/ _  / ___/ _ \/ __/ __/ _ '/ /
 /___/___/_//_/_/   \___/_/  \__/\_,_/_/


config>

Create your first host

config> host create bart@foo.example.org
1
config>

List hosts

config> host ls
  ID | NAME |           URL           |   KEY   | PASS | GROUPS  | COMMENT
+----+------+-------------------------+---------+------+---------+---------+
   1 | foo  | bart@foo.example.org:22 | default |      | default |
Total: 1 hosts.
config>

Add the key to the server

$ ssh bart@foo.example.org "$(ssh localhost -p 2222 -l admin key setup default)"
$

Profit

ssh localhost -p 2222 -l foo
bart@foo>

Invite friends

This command doesn't create a user on the remote server, it only creates an account in the sshportal database.

config> user invite bob@example.com
User 2 created.
To associate this account with a key, use the following SSH user: 'invite:NfHK5a84jjJkwzDk'.
config>

Demo gif: sshportal demo


Use cases

Used by educators to provide temporary access to students. Feedback from a teacher. The author is using it in one of his projects, pathwar, to dynamically configure hosts and users, so that he can give temporary accesses for educational purposes.

vptech, the vente-privee.com technical team (a group of over 6000 people) is using it internally to manage access to servers/routers, saving hours on configuration management and not having to share the configuration information.

There are companies who use a jump host to monitor connections at a single point.

A hosting company is using SSHportal for its “logging” feature, among the others. As every session is logged and introspectable, they have a detailed history of who performed which action. This company made its own contribution on the project, allowing the support of more than 65.000 sessions in the database.

The project has also received multiple contributions from a security researcher that made a thesis on quantum cryptography. This person uses SSHportal in their security-hardened hosting company.

If you need to invite multiple people to an event (hackathon, course, etc), the day before the event you can create multiple accounts at once, print the invite, and distribute the paper.


Features and limitations

  • Single autonomous binary (~10-20Mb) with no runtime dependencies (embeds ssh server and client)
  • Portable / Cross-platform (regularly tested on linux and OSX/darwin)
  • Store data in Sqlite3 or MySQL (probably easy to add postgres, mssql thanks to gorm)
  • Stateless -> horizontally scalable when using MySQL as the backend
  • Connect to remote host using key or password
  • Admin commands can be run directly or in an interactive shell
  • Host management
  • User management (invite, group, stats)
  • Host Key management (create, remove, update, import)
  • Automatic remote host key learning
  • User Key management (multile keys per user)
  • ACL management (acl+user-groups+host-groups)
  • User roles (admin, trusted, standard, ...)
  • User invitations (no more "give me your public ssh key please")
  • Easy server installation (generate shell command to setup authorized_keys)
  • Sensitive data encryption
  • Session management (see active connections, history, stats, stop)
  • Audit log (logging every user action)
  • Record TTY Session (with ttyrec format, use ttyplay for replay)
  • Tunnels logging
  • Host Keys verifications shared across users
  • Healthcheck user (replying OK to any user)
  • SSH compatibility
    • ipv4 and ipv6 support
    • scp support
    • rsync support
    • tunneling (local forward, remote forward, dynamic forward) support
    • sftp support
    • ssh-agent support
    • X11 forwarding support
    • Git support (can be used to easily use multiple user keys on GitHub, or access your own firewalled gitlab server)
    • Do not require any SSH client modification or custom .ssh/config, works with every tested SSH programming libraries and every tested SSH clients
  • SSH to non-SSH proxy

(Known) limitations

  • Does not work (yet?) with mosh
  • It is not possible for a user to access a host with the same name as the user. This is easily circumvented by changing the user name, especially since the most common use cases does not expose it.
  • It is not possible access a host named healthcheck as this is a built in command.

Docker

Docker is the recommended way to run sshportal.

An automated build is setup on the Docker Hub.

# Start a server in background
#   mount `pwd` to persist the sqlite database file
docker run -p 2222:2222 -d --name=sshportal -v "$(pwd):$(pwd)" -w "$(pwd)" moul/sshportal:v1.10.0

# check logs (mandatory on first run to get the administrator invite token)
docker logs -f sshportal

The easier way to upgrade sshportal is to do the following:

# we consider you were using an old version and you want to use the new version v1.10.0

# stop and rename the last working container + backup the database
docker stop sshportal
docker rename sshportal sshportal_old
cp sshportal.db sshportal.db.bkp

# run the new version
docker run -p 2222:2222 -d --name=sshportal -v "$(pwd):$(pwd)" -w "$(pwd)" moul/sshportal:v1.10.0
# check the logs for migration or cross-version incompabitility errors
docker logs -f sshportal

Now you can test ssh-ing to sshportal to check if everything looks OK.

In case of problem, you can rollback to the latest working version with the latest working backup, using:

docker stop sshportal
docker rm sshportal
cp sshportal.db.bkp sshportal.db
docker rename sshportal_old sshportal
docker start sshportal
docker logs -f sshportal

Manual Install

Get the latest version using GO.

GO111MODULE=on go get -u moul.io/sshportal

Backup / Restore

sshportal embeds built-in backup/restore methods which basically import/export JSON objects:

# Backup
ssh portal config backup  > sshportal.bkp

# Restore
ssh portal config restore < sshportal.bkp

This method is particularly useful as it should be resistant against future DB schema changes (expected during development phase).

I suggest you to be careful during this development phase, and use an additional backup method, for example:

# sqlite dump
sqlite3 sshportal.db .dump > sshportal.sql.bkp

# or just the immortal cp
cp sshportal.db sshportal.db.bkp

built-in shell

sshportal embeds a configuration CLI.

By default, the configuration user is admin, (can be changed using --config-user=<value> when starting the server. The shell is also accessible through ssh [username]@portal.example.org.

Each commands can be run directly by using this syntax: ssh admin@portal.example.org <command> [args]:

ssh admin@portal.example.org host inspect toto

You can enter in interactive mode using this syntax: ssh admin@portal.example.org

sshportal overview


Demo data

The following servers are freely available, without external registration, it makes it easier to quickly test sshportal without configuring your own servers to accept sshportal connections.

ssh portal host create new@sdf.org
ssh sdf@portal

ssh portal host create test@whoami.filippo.io
ssh whoami@portal

ssh portal host create test@chat.shazow.net
ssh chat@portal

Shell commands

# acl management
acl help
acl create [-h] [--hostgroup=HOSTGROUP...] [--usergroup=USERGROUP...] [--pattern=<value>] [--comment=<value>] [--action=<value>] [--weight=value]
acl inspect [-h] ACL...
acl ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
acl rm [-h] ACL...
acl update [-h] [--comment=<value>] [--action=<value>] [--weight=<value>] [--assign-hostgroup=HOSTGROUP...] [--unassign-hostgroup=HOSTGROUP...] [--assign-usergroup=USERGROUP...] [--unassign-usergroup=USERGROUP...] ACL...

# config management
config help
config backup [-h] [--indent] [--decrypt]
config restore [-h] [--confirm] [--decrypt]

# event management
event help
event ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
event inspect [-h] EVENT...

# host management
host help
host create [-h] [--name=<value>] [--password=<value>] [--comment=<value>] [--key=KEY] [--group=HOSTGROUP...] [--hop=HOST] [--logging=MODE] <username>[:<password>]@<host>[:<port>]
host inspect [-h] [--decrypt] HOST...
host ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
host rm [-h] HOST...
host update [-h] [--name=<value>] [--comment=<value>] [--key=KEY] [--assign-group=HOSTGROUP...] [--unassign-group=HOSTGROUP...] [--logging-MODE] [--set-hop=HOST] [--unset-hop] HOST...

# hostgroup management
hostgroup help
hostgroup create [-h] [--name=<value>] [--comment=<value>]
hostgroup inspect [-h] HOSTGROUP...
hostgroup ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
hostgroup rm [-h] HOSTGROUP...

# key management
key help
key create [-h] [--name=<value>] [--type=<value>] [--length=<value>] [--comment=<value>]
key import [-h] [--name=<value>] [--comment=<value>]
key inspect [-h] [--decrypt] KEY...
key ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
key rm [-h] KEY...
key setup [-h] KEY
key show [-h] KEY

# session management
session help
session ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
session inspect [-h] SESSION...

# user management
user help
user invite [-h] [--name=<value>] [--comment=<value>] [--group=USERGROUP...] <email>
user inspect [-h] USER...
user ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
user rm [-h] USER...
user update [-h] [--name=<value>] [--email=<value>] [--set-admin] [--unset-admin] [--assign-group=USERGROUP...] [--unassign-group=USERGROUP...] USER...

# usergroup management
usergroup help
hostgroup create [-h] [--name=<value>] [--comment=<value>]
usergroup inspect [-h] USERGROUP...
usergroup ls [-h] [--latest] [--quiet]
usergroup rm [-h] USERGROUP...

# other
exit [-h]
help, h
info [-h]
version [-h]

Healthcheck

By default, sshportal will return OK to anyone sshing using the healthcheck user without checking for authentication.

$ ssh healthcheck@sshportal
OK
$

the healtcheck user can be changed using the healthcheck-user option.


Alternatively, you can run the built-in healthcheck helper (requiring no ssh client nor ssh key):

Usage: `sshportal healthcheck [--addr=host:port] [--wait] [--quiet]

$ sshportal healthcheck --addr=localhost:2222; echo $?
$ 0

Wait for sshportal to be healthy, then connect

$ sshportal healthcheck --wait && ssh sshportal -l admin
config>

portal alias (.ssh/config)

Edit your ~/.ssh/config file (create it first if needed)

Host portal
  User      admin
  Port      2222       # portal port
  HostName  127.0.0.1  # portal hostname
# you can now run a shell using this:
ssh portal
# instead of this:
ssh localhost -p 2222 -l admin

# or connect to hosts using this:
ssh hostname@portal
# instead of this:
ssh localhost -p 2222 -l hostname

Scaling

sshportal is stateless but relies on a database to store configuration and logs.

By default, sshportal uses a local sqlite database which isn't scalable by design.

You can run multiple instances of sshportal sharing a same MySQL database, using sshportal --db-conn=user:pass@host/dbname?parseTime=true --db-driver=mysql.

sshportal cluster with MySQL backend

See examples/mysql.


Under the hood

sshportal data model

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