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/*
* Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra <pzijlstr@redhat.com>
*
* Provides a framework for enqueueing and running callbacks from hardirq
* context. The enqueueing is NMI-safe.
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/irq_work.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
/*
* An entry can be in one of four states:
*
* free NULL, 0 -> {claimed} : free to be used
* claimed NULL, 3 -> {pending} : claimed to be enqueued
* pending next, 3 -> {busy} : queued, pending callback
* busy NULL, 2 -> {free, claimed} : callback in progress, can be claimed
*
* We use the lower two bits of the next pointer to keep PENDING and BUSY
* flags.
*/
#define IRQ_WORK_PENDING 1UL
#define IRQ_WORK_BUSY 2UL
#define IRQ_WORK_FLAGS 3UL
static inline bool irq_work_is_set(struct irq_work *entry, int flags)
{
return (unsigned long)entry->next & flags;
}
static inline struct irq_work *irq_work_next(struct irq_work *entry)
{
unsigned long next = (unsigned long)entry->next;
next &= ~IRQ_WORK_FLAGS;
return (struct irq_work *)next;
}
static inline struct irq_work *next_flags(struct irq_work *entry, int flags)
{
unsigned long next = (unsigned long)entry;
next |= flags;
return (struct irq_work *)next;
}
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct irq_work *, irq_work_list);
/*
* Claim the entry so that no one else will poke at it.
*/
static bool irq_work_claim(struct irq_work *entry)
{
struct irq_work *next, *nflags;
do {
next = entry->next;
if ((unsigned long)next & IRQ_WORK_PENDING)
return false;
nflags = next_flags(next, IRQ_WORK_FLAGS);
} while (cmpxchg(&entry->next, next, nflags) != next);
return true;
}
void __weak arch_irq_work_raise(void)
{
/*
* Lame architectures will get the timer tick callback
*/
}
/*
* Queue the entry and raise the IPI if needed.
*/
static void __irq_work_queue(struct irq_work *entry)
{
struct irq_work *next;
preempt_disable();
do {
next = __this_cpu_read(irq_work_list);
/* Can assign non-atomic because we keep the flags set. */
entry->next = next_flags(next, IRQ_WORK_FLAGS);
} while (this_cpu_cmpxchg(irq_work_list, next, entry) != next);
/* The list was empty, raise self-interrupt to start processing. */
if (!irq_work_next(entry))
arch_irq_work_raise();
preempt_enable();
}
/*
* Enqueue the irq_work @entry, returns true on success, failure when the
* @entry was already enqueued by someone else.
*
* Can be re-enqueued while the callback is still in progress.
*/
bool irq_work_queue(struct irq_work *entry)
{
if (!irq_work_claim(entry)) {
/*
* Already enqueued, can't do!
*/
return false;
}
__irq_work_queue(entry);
return true;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(irq_work_queue);
/*
* Run the irq_work entries on this cpu. Requires to be ran from hardirq
* context with local IRQs disabled.
*/
void irq_work_run(void)
{
struct irq_work *list;
if (this_cpu_read(irq_work_list) == NULL)
return;
BUG_ON(!in_irq());
BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
list = this_cpu_xchg(irq_work_list, NULL);
while (list != NULL) {
struct irq_work *entry = list;
list = irq_work_next(list);
/*
* Clear the PENDING bit, after this point the @entry
* can be re-used.
*/
entry->next = next_flags(NULL, IRQ_WORK_BUSY);
entry->func(entry);
/*
* Clear the BUSY bit and return to the free state if
* no-one else claimed it meanwhile.
*/
(void)cmpxchg(&entry->next,
next_flags(NULL, IRQ_WORK_BUSY),
NULL);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(irq_work_run);
/*
* Synchronize against the irq_work @entry, ensures the entry is not
* currently in use.
*/
void irq_work_sync(struct irq_work *entry)
{
WARN_ON_ONCE(irqs_disabled());
while (irq_work_is_set(entry, IRQ_WORK_BUSY))
cpu_relax();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(irq_work_sync);