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/*
* kernel/sched.c
*
* Kernel scheduler and related syscalls
*
* Copyright (C) 1991-2002 Linus Torvalds
*
* 1996-12-23 Modified by Dave Grothe to fix bugs in semaphores and
* make semaphores SMP safe
* 1998-11-19 Implemented schedule_timeout() and related stuff
* by Andrea Arcangeli
* 2002-01-04 New ultra-scalable O(1) scheduler by Ingo Molnar:
* hybrid priority-list and round-robin design with
* an array-switch method of distributing timeslices
* and per-CPU runqueues. Cleanups and useful suggestions
* by Davide Libenzi, preemptible kernel bits by Robert Love.
* 2003-09-03 Interactivity tuning by Con Kolivas.
* 2004-04-02 Scheduler domains code by Nick Piggin
* 2007-04-15 Work begun on replacing all interactivity tuning with a
* fair scheduling design by Con Kolivas.
* 2007-05-05 Load balancing (smp-nice) and other improvements
* by Peter Williams
* 2007-05-06 Interactivity improvements to CFS by Mike Galbraith
* 2007-07-01 Group scheduling enhancements by Srivatsa Vaddagiri
* 2007-11-29 RT balancing improvements by Steven Rostedt, Gregory Haskins,
* Thomas Gleixner, Mike Kravetz
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/debug_locks.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/times.h>
#include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/cpuacct.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
#include <asm/mutex.h>
#include <mach/sec_debug.h>
#include "sched_cpupri.h"
#include "workqueue_sched.h"
#include "sched_autogroup.h"
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/sched.h>
/*
* Convert user-nice values [ -20 ... 0 ... 19 ]
* to static priority [ MAX_RT_PRIO..MAX_PRIO-1 ],
* and back.
*/
#define NICE_TO_PRIO(nice) (MAX_RT_PRIO + (nice) + 20)
#define PRIO_TO_NICE(prio) ((prio) - MAX_RT_PRIO - 20)
#define TASK_NICE(p) PRIO_TO_NICE((p)->static_prio)
/*
* 'User priority' is the nice value converted to something we
* can work with better when scaling various scheduler parameters,
* it's a [ 0 ... 39 ] range.
*/
#define USER_PRIO(p) ((p)-MAX_RT_PRIO)
#define TASK_USER_PRIO(p) USER_PRIO((p)->static_prio)
#define MAX_USER_PRIO (USER_PRIO(MAX_PRIO))
/*
* Helpers for converting nanosecond timing to jiffy resolution
*/
#define NS_TO_JIFFIES(TIME) ((unsigned long)(TIME) / (NSEC_PER_SEC / HZ))
#define NICE_0_LOAD SCHED_LOAD_SCALE
#define NICE_0_SHIFT SCHED_LOAD_SHIFT
/*
* These are the 'tuning knobs' of the scheduler:
*
* default timeslice is 100 msecs (used only for SCHED_RR tasks).
* Timeslices get refilled after they expire.
*/
#define DEF_TIMESLICE (100 * HZ / 1000)
/*
* single value that denotes runtime == period, ie unlimited time.
*/
#define RUNTIME_INF ((u64)~0ULL)
static inline int rt_policy(int policy)
{
if (unlikely(policy == SCHED_FIFO || policy == SCHED_RR))
return 1;
return 0;
}
static inline int task_has_rt_policy(struct task_struct *p)
{
return rt_policy(p->policy);
}
/*
* This is the priority-queue data structure of the RT scheduling class:
*/
struct rt_prio_array {
DECLARE_BITMAP(bitmap, MAX_RT_PRIO+1); /* include 1 bit for delimiter */
struct list_head queue[MAX_RT_PRIO];
};
struct rt_bandwidth {
/* nests inside the rq lock: */
raw_spinlock_t rt_runtime_lock;
ktime_t rt_period;
u64 rt_runtime;
struct hrtimer rt_period_timer;
};
static struct rt_bandwidth def_rt_bandwidth;
static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int overrun);
static enum hrtimer_restart sched_rt_period_timer(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b =
container_of(timer, struct rt_bandwidth, rt_period_timer);
ktime_t now;
int overrun;
int idle = 0;
for (;;) {
now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(timer);
overrun = hrtimer_forward(timer, now, rt_b->rt_period);
if (!overrun)
break;
idle = do_sched_rt_period_timer(rt_b, overrun);
}
return idle ? HRTIMER_NORESTART : HRTIMER_RESTART;
}
static
void init_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, u64 period, u64 runtime)
{
rt_b->rt_period = ns_to_ktime(period);
rt_b->rt_runtime = runtime;
raw_spin_lock_init(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
hrtimer_init(&rt_b->rt_period_timer,
CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
rt_b->rt_period_timer.function = sched_rt_period_timer;
}
static inline int rt_bandwidth_enabled(void)
{
return sysctl_sched_rt_runtime >= 0;
}
static void start_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
{
ktime_t now;
if (!rt_bandwidth_enabled() || rt_b->rt_runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
return;
if (hrtimer_active(&rt_b->rt_period_timer))
return;
raw_spin_lock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
for (;;) {
unsigned long delta;
ktime_t soft, hard;
if (hrtimer_active(&rt_b->rt_period_timer))
break;
now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
hrtimer_forward(&rt_b->rt_period_timer, now, rt_b->rt_period);
soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
hard = hrtimer_get_expires(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft));
__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rt_b->rt_period_timer, soft, delta,
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED, 0);
}
raw_spin_unlock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
static void destroy_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
{
hrtimer_cancel(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
}
#endif
/*
* sched_domains_mutex serializes calls to init_sched_domains,
* detach_destroy_domains and partition_sched_domains.
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(sched_domains_mutex);
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
struct cfs_rq;
static LIST_HEAD(task_groups);
/* task group related information */
struct task_group {
struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/* schedulable entities of this group on each cpu */
struct sched_entity **se;
/* runqueue "owned" by this group on each cpu */
struct cfs_rq **cfs_rq;
unsigned long shares;
atomic_t load_weight;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
struct sched_rt_entity **rt_se;
struct rt_rq **rt_rq;
struct rt_bandwidth rt_bandwidth;
#endif
struct rcu_head rcu;
struct list_head list;
struct task_group *parent;
struct list_head siblings;
struct list_head children;
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP
struct autogroup *autogroup;
#endif
};
/* task_group_lock serializes the addition/removal of task groups */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_group_lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
# define ROOT_TASK_GROUP_LOAD NICE_0_LOAD
/*
* A weight of 0 or 1 can cause arithmetics problems.
* A weight of a cfs_rq is the sum of weights of which entities
* are queued on this cfs_rq, so a weight of a entity should not be
* too large, so as the shares value of a task group.
* (The default weight is 1024 - so there's no practical
* limitation from this.)
*/
#define MIN_SHARES (1UL << 1)
#define MAX_SHARES (1UL << 18)
static int root_task_group_load = ROOT_TASK_GROUP_LOAD;
#endif
/* Default task group.
* Every task in system belong to this group at bootup.
*/
struct task_group root_task_group;
#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */
/* CFS-related fields in a runqueue */
struct cfs_rq {
struct load_weight load;
unsigned long nr_running;
u64 exec_clock;
u64 min_vruntime;
#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
u64 min_vruntime_copy;
#endif
struct rb_root tasks_timeline;
struct rb_node *rb_leftmost;
struct list_head tasks;
struct list_head *balance_iterator;
/*
* 'curr' points to currently running entity on this cfs_rq.
* It is set to NULL otherwise (i.e when none are currently running).
*/
struct sched_entity *curr, *next, *last, *skip;
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
unsigned int nr_spread_over;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
struct rq *rq; /* cpu runqueue to which this cfs_rq is attached */
/*
* leaf cfs_rqs are those that hold tasks (lowest schedulable entity in
* a hierarchy). Non-leaf lrqs hold other higher schedulable entities
* (like users, containers etc.)
*
* leaf_cfs_rq_list ties together list of leaf cfs_rq's in a cpu. This
* list is used during load balance.
*/
int on_list;
struct list_head leaf_cfs_rq_list;
struct task_group *tg; /* group that "owns" this runqueue */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* the part of load.weight contributed by tasks
*/
unsigned long task_weight;
/*
* h_load = weight * f(tg)
*
* Where f(tg) is the recursive weight fraction assigned to
* this group.
*/
unsigned long h_load;
/*
* Maintaining per-cpu shares distribution for group scheduling
*
* load_stamp is the last time we updated the load average
* load_last is the last time we updated the load average and saw load
* load_unacc_exec_time is currently unaccounted execution time
*/
u64 load_avg;
u64 load_period;
u64 load_stamp, load_last, load_unacc_exec_time;
unsigned long load_contribution;
#endif
#endif
};
/* Real-Time classes' related field in a runqueue: */
struct rt_rq {
struct rt_prio_array active;
unsigned long rt_nr_running;
#if defined CONFIG_SMP || defined CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
struct {
int curr; /* highest queued rt task prio */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int next; /* next highest */
#endif
} highest_prio;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
unsigned long rt_nr_migratory;
unsigned long rt_nr_total;
int overloaded;
struct plist_head pushable_tasks;
#endif
int rt_throttled;
u64 rt_time;
u64 rt_runtime;
/* Nests inside the rq lock: */
raw_spinlock_t rt_runtime_lock;
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
unsigned long rt_nr_boosted;
struct rq *rq;
struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
struct task_group *tg;
#endif
};
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* We add the notion of a root-domain which will be used to define per-domain
* variables. Each exclusive cpuset essentially defines an island domain by
* fully partitioning the member cpus from any other cpuset. Whenever a new
* exclusive cpuset is created, we also create and attach a new root-domain
* object.
*
*/
struct root_domain {
atomic_t refcount;
struct rcu_head rcu;
cpumask_var_t span;
cpumask_var_t online;
/*
* The "RT overload" flag: it gets set if a CPU has more than
* one runnable RT task.
*/
cpumask_var_t rto_mask;
atomic_t rto_count;
struct cpupri cpupri;
};
/*
* By default the system creates a single root-domain with all cpus as
* members (mimicking the global state we have today).
*/
static struct root_domain def_root_domain;
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
/*
* This is the main, per-CPU runqueue data structure.
*
* Locking rule: those places that want to lock multiple runqueues
* (such as the load balancing or the thread migration code), lock
* acquire operations must be ordered by ascending &runqueue.
*/
struct rq {
/* runqueue lock: */
raw_spinlock_t lock;
/*
* nr_running and cpu_load should be in the same cacheline because
* remote CPUs use both these fields when doing load calculation.
*/
unsigned long nr_running;
#define CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX 5
unsigned long cpu_load[CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX];
unsigned long last_load_update_tick;
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
u64 nohz_stamp;
unsigned char nohz_balance_kick;
#endif
int skip_clock_update;
/* capture load from *all* tasks on this cpu: */
struct load_weight load;
unsigned long nr_load_updates;
u64 nr_switches;
struct cfs_rq cfs;
struct rt_rq rt;
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/* list of leaf cfs_rq on this cpu: */
struct list_head leaf_cfs_rq_list;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
#endif
/*
* This is part of a global counter where only the total sum
* over all CPUs matters. A task can increase this counter on
* one CPU and if it got migrated afterwards it may decrease
* it on another CPU. Always updated under the runqueue lock:
*/
unsigned long nr_uninterruptible;
struct task_struct *curr, *idle, *stop;
unsigned long next_balance;
struct mm_struct *prev_mm;
u64 clock;
u64 clock_task;
atomic_t nr_iowait;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
struct root_domain *rd;
struct sched_domain *sd;
unsigned long cpu_power;
unsigned char idle_at_tick;
/* For active balancing */
int post_schedule;
int active_balance;
int push_cpu;
struct cpu_stop_work active_balance_work;
/* cpu of this runqueue: */
int cpu;
int online;
unsigned long avg_load_per_task;
u64 rt_avg;
u64 age_stamp;
u64 idle_stamp;
u64 avg_idle;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
u64 prev_irq_time;
#endif
/* calc_load related fields */
unsigned long calc_load_update;
long calc_load_active;
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int hrtick_csd_pending;
struct call_single_data hrtick_csd;
#endif
struct hrtimer hrtick_timer;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
/* latency stats */
struct sched_info rq_sched_info;
unsigned long long rq_cpu_time;
/* could above be rq->cfs_rq.exec_clock + rq->rt_rq.rt_runtime ? */
/* sys_sched_yield() stats */
unsigned int yld_count;
/* schedule() stats */
unsigned int sched_switch;
unsigned int sched_count;
unsigned int sched_goidle;
/* try_to_wake_up() stats */
unsigned int ttwu_count;
unsigned int ttwu_local;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
struct task_struct *wake_list;
#endif
};
static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct rq, runqueues);
static void check_preempt_curr(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags);
static inline int cpu_of(struct rq *rq)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
return rq->cpu;
#else
return 0;
#endif
}
#define rcu_dereference_check_sched_domain(p) \
rcu_dereference_check((p), \
rcu_read_lock_held() || \
lockdep_is_held(&sched_domains_mutex))
/*
* The domain tree (rq->sd) is protected by RCU's quiescent state transition.
* See detach_destroy_domains: synchronize_sched for details.
*
* The domain tree of any CPU may only be accessed from within
* preempt-disabled sections.
*/
#define for_each_domain(cpu, __sd) \
for (__sd = rcu_dereference_check_sched_domain(cpu_rq(cpu)->sd); __sd; __sd = __sd->parent)
#define cpu_rq(cpu) (&per_cpu(runqueues, (cpu)))
#define this_rq() (&__get_cpu_var(runqueues))
#define task_rq(p) cpu_rq(task_cpu(p))
#define cpu_curr(cpu) (cpu_rq(cpu)->curr)
#define raw_rq() (&__raw_get_cpu_var(runqueues))
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
/*
* Return the group to which this tasks belongs.
*
* We use task_subsys_state_check() and extend the RCU verification with
* pi->lock and rq->lock because cpu_cgroup_attach() holds those locks for each
* task it moves into the cgroup. Therefore by holding either of those locks,
* we pin the task to the current cgroup.
*/
static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct task_group *tg;
struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
css = task_subsys_state_check(p, cpu_cgroup_subsys_id,
lockdep_is_held(&p->pi_lock) ||
lockdep_is_held(&task_rq(p)->lock));
tg = container_of(css, struct task_group, css);
return autogroup_task_group(p, tg);
}
/* Change a task's cfs_rq and parent entity if it moves across CPUs/groups */
static inline void set_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
p->se.cfs_rq = task_group(p)->cfs_rq[cpu];
p->se.parent = task_group(p)->se[cpu];
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
p->rt.rt_rq = task_group(p)->rt_rq[cpu];
p->rt.parent = task_group(p)->rt_se[cpu];
#endif
}
#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */
static inline void set_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { }
static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
return NULL;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */
static void update_rq_clock_task(struct rq *rq, s64 delta);
static void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq)
{
s64 delta;
if (rq->skip_clock_update > 0)
return;
delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu_of(rq)) - rq->clock;
rq->clock += delta;
update_rq_clock_task(rq, delta);
}
/*
* Tunables that become constants when CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is off:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
# define const_debug __read_mostly
#else
# define const_debug static const
#endif
/**
* runqueue_is_locked - Returns true if the current cpu runqueue is locked
* @cpu: the processor in question.
*
* This interface allows printk to be called with the runqueue lock
* held and know whether or not it is OK to wake up the klogd.
*/
int runqueue_is_locked(int cpu)
{
return raw_spin_is_locked(&cpu_rq(cpu)->lock);
}
/*
* Debugging: various feature bits
*/
#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled) \
__SCHED_FEAT_##name ,
enum {
#include "sched_features.h"
};
#undef SCHED_FEAT
#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled) \
(1UL << __SCHED_FEAT_##name) * enabled |
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_features =
#include "sched_features.h"
0;
#undef SCHED_FEAT
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled) \
#name ,
static __read_mostly char *sched_feat_names[] = {
#include "sched_features.h"
NULL
};
#undef SCHED_FEAT
static int sched_feat_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; sched_feat_names[i]; i++) {
if (!(sysctl_sched_features & (1UL << i)))
seq_puts(m, "NO_");
seq_printf(m, "%s ", sched_feat_names[i]);
}
seq_puts(m, "\n");
return 0;
}
static ssize_t
sched_feat_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
{
char buf[64];
char *cmp;
int neg = 0;
int i;
if (cnt > 63)
cnt = 63;
if (copy_from_user(&buf, ubuf, cnt))
return -EFAULT;
buf[cnt] = 0;
cmp = strstrip(buf);
if (strncmp(cmp, "NO_", 3) == 0) {
neg = 1;
cmp += 3;
}
for (i = 0; sched_feat_names[i]; i++) {
if (strcmp(cmp, sched_feat_names[i]) == 0) {
if (neg)
sysctl_sched_features &= ~(1UL << i);
else
sysctl_sched_features |= (1UL << i);
break;
}
}
if (!sched_feat_names[i])
return -EINVAL;
*ppos += cnt;
return cnt;
}
static int sched_feat_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
return single_open(filp, sched_feat_show, NULL);
}
static const struct file_operations sched_feat_fops = {
.open = sched_feat_open,
.write = sched_feat_write,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
static __init int sched_init_debug(void)
{
debugfs_create_file("sched_features", 0644, NULL, NULL,
&sched_feat_fops);
return 0;
}
late_initcall(sched_init_debug);
#endif
#define sched_feat(x) (sysctl_sched_features & (1UL << __SCHED_FEAT_##x))
/*
* Number of tasks to iterate in a single balance run.
* Limited because this is done with IRQs disabled.
*/
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_nr_migrate = 32;
/*
* period over which we average the RT time consumption, measured
* in ms.
*
* default: 1s
*/
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_time_avg = MSEC_PER_SEC;
/*
* period over which we measure -rt task cpu usage in us.
* default: 1s
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_rt_period = 1000000;
static __read_mostly int scheduler_running;
/*
* part of the period that we allow rt tasks to run in us.
* default: 0.95s
*/
int sysctl_sched_rt_runtime = 950000;
static inline u64 global_rt_period(void)
{
return (u64)sysctl_sched_rt_period * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}
static inline u64 global_rt_runtime(void)
{
if (sysctl_sched_rt_runtime < 0)
return RUNTIME_INF;
return (u64)sysctl_sched_rt_runtime * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}
#ifndef prepare_arch_switch
# define prepare_arch_switch(next) do { } while (0)
#endif
#ifndef finish_arch_switch
# define finish_arch_switch(prev) do { } while (0)
#endif
static inline int task_current(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
return rq->curr == p;
}
static inline int task_running(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
return p->on_cpu;
#else
return task_current(rq, p);
#endif
}
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
static inline void prepare_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* We can optimise this out completely for !SMP, because the
* SMP rebalancing from interrupt is the only thing that cares
* here.
*/
next->on_cpu = 1;
#endif
}
static inline void finish_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* After ->on_cpu is cleared, the task can be moved to a different CPU.
* We must ensure this doesn't happen until the switch is completely
* finished.
*/
smp_wmb();
prev->on_cpu = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
/* this is a valid case when another task releases the spinlock */
rq->lock.owner = current;
#endif
/*
* If we are tracking spinlock dependencies then we have to
* fix up the runqueue lock - which gets 'carried over' from
* prev into current:
*/
spin_acquire(&rq->lock.dep_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
}
#else /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */
static inline void prepare_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* We can optimise this out completely for !SMP, because the
* SMP rebalancing from interrupt is the only thing that cares
* here.
*/
next->on_cpu = 1;
#endif
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
#else
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
#endif
}
static inline void finish_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* After ->on_cpu is cleared, the task can be moved to a different CPU.
* We must ensure this doesn't happen until the switch is completely
* finished.
*/
smp_wmb();
prev->on_cpu = 0;
#endif
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
local_irq_enable();
#endif
}
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */
/*
* __task_rq_lock - lock the rq @p resides on.
*/
static inline struct rq *__task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
lockdep_assert_held(&p->pi_lock);
for (;;) {
rq = task_rq(p);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
if (likely(rq == task_rq(p)))
return rq;
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
}
/*
* task_rq_lock - lock p->pi_lock and lock the rq @p resides on.
*/
static struct rq *task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long *flags)
__acquires(p->pi_lock)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
for (;;) {
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, *flags);
rq = task_rq(p);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
if (likely(rq == task_rq(p)))
return rq;
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, *flags);
}
}
static void __task_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
static inline void
task_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, unsigned long *flags)
__releases(rq->lock)
__releases(p->pi_lock)
{
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, *flags);
}
/*
* this_rq_lock - lock this runqueue and disable interrupts.
*/
static struct rq *this_rq_lock(void)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
local_irq_disable();
rq = this_rq();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
return rq;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
/*
* Use HR-timers to deliver accurate preemption points.
*
* Its all a bit involved since we cannot program an hrt while holding the
* rq->lock. So what we do is store a state in in rq->hrtick_* and ask for a
* reschedule event.
*
* When we get rescheduled we reprogram the hrtick_timer outside of the
* rq->lock.
*/
/*
* Use hrtick when:
* - enabled by features
* - hrtimer is actually high res
*/
static inline int hrtick_enabled(struct rq *rq)
{
if (!sched_feat(HRTICK))
return 0;
if (!cpu_active(cpu_of(rq)))
return 0;
return hrtimer_is_hres_active(&rq->hrtick_timer);
}
static void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
{
if (hrtimer_active(&rq->hrtick_timer))
hrtimer_cancel(&rq->hrtick_timer);
}
/*
* High-resolution timer tick.
* Runs from hardirq context with interrupts disabled.
*/
static enum hrtimer_restart hrtick(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
struct rq *rq = container_of(timer, struct rq, hrtick_timer);
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_of(rq) != smp_processor_id());
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(rq);
rq->curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, rq->curr, 1);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* called from hardirq (IPI) context
*/
static void __hrtick_start(void *arg)
{
struct rq *rq = arg;
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
hrtimer_restart(&rq->hrtick_timer);
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 0;
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
/*
* Called to set the hrtick timer state.
*
* called with rq->lock held and irqs disabled
*/
static void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
{
struct hrtimer *timer = &rq->hrtick_timer;
ktime_t time = ktime_add_ns(timer->base->get_time(), delay);
hrtimer_set_expires(timer, time);
if (rq == this_rq()) {
hrtimer_restart(timer);
} else if (!rq->hrtick_csd_pending) {
__smp_call_function_single(cpu_of(rq), &rq->hrtick_csd, 0);
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 1;
}
}
static int
hotplug_hrtick(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
int cpu = (int)(long)hcpu;
switch (action) {
case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
case CPU_UP_CANCELED_FROZEN:
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE_FROZEN:
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
hrtick_clear(cpu_rq(cpu));
return NOTIFY_OK;
}
return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
static __init void init_hrtick(void)
{
hotcpu_notifier(hotplug_hrtick, 0);
}
#else
/*
* Called to set the hrtick timer state.
*
* called with rq->lock held and irqs disabled
*/
static void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
{
__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rq->hrtick_timer, ns_to_ktime(delay), 0,
HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED, 0);
}
static inline void init_hrtick(void)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 0;
rq->hrtick_csd.flags = 0;
rq->hrtick_csd.func = __hrtick_start;
rq->hrtick_csd.info = rq;
#endif
hrtimer_init(&rq->hrtick_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
rq->hrtick_timer.function = hrtick;
}
#else /* CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */
static inline void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
{
}
static inline void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
{
}
static inline void init_hrtick(void)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */
/*
* resched_task - mark a task 'to be rescheduled now'.
*
* On UP this means the setting of the need_resched flag, on SMP it
* might also involve a cross-CPU call to trigger the scheduler on
* the target CPU.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#ifndef tsk_is_polling
#define tsk_is_polling(t) test_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG)
#endif
static void resched_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
int cpu;
assert_raw_spin_locked(&task_rq(p)->lock);
if (test_tsk_need_resched(p))
return;
set_tsk_need_resched(p);
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if (cpu == smp_processor_id())
return;
/* NEED_RESCHED must be visible before we test polling */
smp_mb();
if (!tsk_is_polling(p))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
}
static void resched_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long flags;
if (!raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags))
return;
resched_task(cpu_curr(cpu));
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
/*
* In the semi idle case, use the nearest busy cpu for migrating timers
* from an idle cpu. This is good for power-savings.
*
* We don't do similar optimization for completely idle system, as
* selecting an idle cpu will add more delays to the timers than intended
* (as that cpu's timer base may not be uptodate wrt jiffies etc).
*/
int get_nohz_timer_target(void)
{
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
int i;
struct sched_domain *sd;
rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(cpu, sd) {
for_each_cpu(i, sched_domain_span(sd)) {
if (!idle_cpu(i)) {
cpu = i;
goto unlock;
}
}
}
unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
return cpu;
}
/*
* When add_timer_on() enqueues a timer into the timer wheel of an
* idle CPU then this timer might expire before the next timer event
* which is scheduled to wake up that CPU. In case of a completely
* idle system the next event might even be infinite time into the
* future. wake_up_idle_cpu() ensures that the CPU is woken up and
* leaves the inner idle loop so the newly added timer is taken into
* account when the CPU goes back to idle and evaluates the timer
* wheel for the next timer event.
*/
void wake_up_idle_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
if (cpu == smp_processor_id())
return;
/*
* This is safe, as this function is called with the timer
* wheel base lock of (cpu) held. When the CPU is on the way
* to idle and has not yet set rq->curr to idle then it will
* be serialized on the timer wheel base lock and take the new
* timer into account automatically.
*/
if (rq->curr != rq->idle)
return;
/*
* We can set TIF_RESCHED on the idle task of the other CPU
* lockless. The worst case is that the other CPU runs the
* idle task through an additional NOOP schedule()
*/
set_tsk_need_resched(rq->idle);
/* NEED_RESCHED must be visible before we test polling */
smp_mb();
if (!tsk_is_polling(rq->idle))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ */
static u64 sched_avg_period(void)
{
return (u64)sysctl_sched_time_avg * NSEC_PER_MSEC / 2;
}
static void sched_avg_update(struct rq *rq)
{
s64 period = sched_avg_period();
while ((s64)(rq->clock - rq->age_stamp) > period) {
/*
* Inline assembly required to prevent the compiler
* optimising this loop into a divmod call.
* See __iter_div_u64_rem() for another example of this.
*/
asm("" : "+rm" (rq->age_stamp));
rq->age_stamp += period;
rq->rt_avg /= 2;
}
}
static void sched_rt_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 rt_delta)
{
rq->rt_avg += rt_delta;
sched_avg_update(rq);
}
#else /* !CONFIG_SMP */
static void resched_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
assert_raw_spin_locked(&task_rq(p)->lock);
set_tsk_need_resched(p);
}
static void sched_rt_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 rt_delta)
{
}
static void sched_avg_update(struct rq *rq)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
# define WMULT_CONST (~0UL)
#else
# define WMULT_CONST (1UL << 32)
#endif
#define WMULT_SHIFT 32
/*
* Shift right and round:
*/
#define SRR(x, y) (((x) + (1UL << ((y) - 1))) >> (y))
/*
* delta *= weight / lw
*/
static unsigned long
calc_delta_mine(unsigned long delta_exec, unsigned long weight,
struct load_weight *lw)
{
u64 tmp;
/*
* weight can be less than 2^SCHED_LOAD_RESOLUTION for task group sched
* entities since MIN_SHARES = 2. Treat weight as 1 if less than
* 2^SCHED_LOAD_RESOLUTION.
*/
if (likely(weight > (1UL << SCHED_LOAD_RESOLUTION)))
tmp = (u64)delta_exec * scale_load_down(weight);
else
tmp = (u64)delta_exec;
if (!lw->inv_weight) {
unsigned long w = scale_load_down(lw->weight);
if (BITS_PER_LONG > 32 && unlikely(w >= WMULT_CONST))
lw->inv_weight = 1;
else if (unlikely(!w))
lw->inv_weight = WMULT_CONST;
else
lw->inv_weight = WMULT_CONST / w;
}
/*
* Check whether we'd overflow the 64-bit multiplication:
*/
if (unlikely(tmp > WMULT_CONST))
tmp = SRR(SRR(tmp, WMULT_SHIFT/2) * lw->inv_weight,
WMULT_SHIFT/2);
else
tmp = SRR(tmp * lw->inv_weight, WMULT_SHIFT);
return (unsigned long)min(tmp, (u64)(unsigned long)LONG_MAX);
}
static inline void update_load_add(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long inc)
{
lw->weight += inc;
lw->inv_weight = 0;
}
static inline void update_load_sub(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long dec)
{
lw->weight -= dec;
lw->inv_weight = 0;
}
static inline void update_load_set(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long w)
{
lw->weight = w;
lw->inv_weight = 0;
}
/*
* To aid in avoiding the subversion of "niceness" due to uneven distribution
* of tasks with abnormal "nice" values across CPUs the contribution that
* each task makes to its run queue's load is weighted according to its
* scheduling class and "nice" value. For SCHED_NORMAL tasks this is just a
* scaled version of the new time slice allocation that they receive on time
* slice expiry etc.
*/
#define WEIGHT_IDLEPRIO 3
#define WMULT_IDLEPRIO 1431655765
/*
* Nice levels are multiplicative, with a gentle 10% change for every
* nice level changed. I.e. when a CPU-bound task goes from nice 0 to
* nice 1, it will get ~10% less CPU time than another CPU-bound task
* that remained on nice 0.
*
* The "10% effect" is relative and cumulative: from _any_ nice level,
* if you go up 1 level, it's -10% CPU usage, if you go down 1 level
* it's +10% CPU usage. (to achieve that we use a multiplier of 1.25.
* If a task goes up by ~10% and another task goes down by ~10% then
* the relative distance between them is ~25%.)
*/
static const int prio_to_weight[40] = {
/* -20 */ 88761, 71755, 56483, 46273, 36291,
/* -15 */ 29154, 23254, 18705, 14949, 11916,
/* -10 */ 9548, 7620, 6100, 4904, 3906,
/* -5 */ 3121, 2501, 1991, 1586, 1277,
/* 0 */ 1024, 820, 655, 526, 423,
/* 5 */ 335, 272, 215, 172, 137,
/* 10 */ 110, 87, 70, 56, 45,
/* 15 */ 36, 29, 23, 18, 15,
};
/*
* Inverse (2^32/x) values of the prio_to_weight[] array, precalculated.
*
* In cases where the weight does not change often, we can use the
* precalculated inverse to speed up arithmetics by turning divisions
* into multiplications:
*/
static const u32 prio_to_wmult[40] = {
/* -20 */ 48388, 59856, 76040, 92818, 118348,
/* -15 */ 147320, 184698, 229616, 287308, 360437,
/* -10 */ 449829, 563644, 704093, 875809, 1099582,
/* -5 */ 1376151, 1717300, 2157191, 2708050, 3363326,
/* 0 */ 4194304, 5237765, 6557202, 8165337, 10153587,
/* 5 */ 12820798, 15790321, 19976592, 24970740, 31350126,
/* 10 */ 39045157, 49367440, 61356676, 76695844, 95443717,
/* 15 */ 119304647, 148102320, 186737708, 238609294, 286331153,
};
/* Time spent by the tasks of the cpu accounting group executing in ... */
enum cpuacct_stat_index {
CPUACCT_STAT_USER, /* ... user mode */
CPUACCT_STAT_SYSTEM, /* ... kernel mode */
CPUACCT_STAT_NSTATS,
};
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_CPUACCT
static void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime);
static void cpuacct_update_stats(struct task_struct *tsk,
enum cpuacct_stat_index idx, cputime_t val);
#else
static inline void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) {}
static inline void cpuacct_update_stats(struct task_struct *tsk,
enum cpuacct_stat_index idx, cputime_t val) {}
#endif
static inline void inc_cpu_load(struct rq *rq, unsigned long load)
{
update_load_add(&rq->load, load);
}
static inline void dec_cpu_load(struct rq *rq, unsigned long load)
{
update_load_sub(&rq->load, load);
}
#if (defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED)) || defined(CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED)
typedef int (*tg_visitor)(struct task_group *, void *);
/*
* Iterate the full tree, calling @down when first entering a node and @up when
* leaving it for the final time.
*/
static int walk_tg_tree(tg_visitor down, tg_visitor up, void *data)
{
struct task_group *parent, *child;
int ret;
rcu_read_lock();
parent = &root_task_group;
down:
ret = (*down)(parent, data);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
list_for_each_entry_rcu(child, &parent->children, siblings) {
parent = child;
goto down;
up:
continue;
}
ret = (*up)(parent, data);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
child = parent;
parent = parent->parent;
if (parent)
goto up;
out_unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
static int tg_nop(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/* Used instead of source_load when we know the type == 0 */
static unsigned long weighted_cpuload(const int cpu)
{
return cpu_rq(cpu)->load.weight;
}
/*
* Return a low guess at the load of a migration-source cpu weighted
* according to the scheduling class and "nice" value.
*
* We want to under-estimate the load of migration sources, to
* balance conservatively.
*/
static unsigned long source_load(int cpu, int type)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long total = weighted_cpuload(cpu);
if (type == 0 || !sched_feat(LB_BIAS))
return total;
return min(rq->cpu_load[type-1], total);
}
/*
* Return a high guess at the load of a migration-target cpu weighted
* according to the scheduling class and "nice" value.
*/
static unsigned long target_load(int cpu, int type)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long total = weighted_cpuload(cpu);
if (type == 0 || !sched_feat(LB_BIAS))
return total;
return max(rq->cpu_load[type-1], total);
}
static unsigned long power_of(int cpu)
{
return cpu_rq(cpu)->cpu_power;
}
static int task_hot(struct task_struct *p, u64 now, struct sched_domain *sd);
static unsigned long cpu_avg_load_per_task(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long nr_running = ACCESS_ONCE(rq->nr_running);
if (nr_running)
rq->avg_load_per_task = rq->load.weight / nr_running;
else
rq->avg_load_per_task = 0;
return rq->avg_load_per_task;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/*
* Compute the cpu's hierarchical load factor for each task group.
* This needs to be done in a top-down fashion because the load of a child
* group is a fraction of its parents load.
*/
static int tg_load_down(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
unsigned long load;
long cpu = (long)data;
if (!tg->parent) {
load = cpu_rq(cpu)->load.weight;
} else {
load = tg->parent->cfs_rq[cpu]->h_load;
load *= tg->se[cpu]->load.weight;
load /= tg->parent->cfs_rq[cpu]->load.weight + 1;
}
tg->cfs_rq[cpu]->h_load = load;
return 0;
}
static void update_h_load(long cpu)
{
walk_tg_tree(tg_load_down, tg_nop, (void *)cpu);
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
static void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2);
/*
* fair double_lock_balance: Safely acquires both rq->locks in a fair
* way at the expense of forcing extra atomic operations in all
* invocations. This assures that the double_lock is acquired using the
* same underlying policy as the spinlock_t on this architecture, which
* reduces latency compared to the unfair variant below. However, it
* also adds more overhead and therefore may reduce throughput.
*/
static inline int _double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
__releases(this_rq->lock)
__acquires(busiest->lock)
__acquires(this_rq->lock)
{
raw_spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
double_rq_lock(this_rq, busiest);
return 1;
}
#else
/*
* Unfair double_lock_balance: Optimizes throughput at the expense of
* latency by eliminating extra atomic operations when the locks are
* already in proper order on entry. This favors lower cpu-ids and will
* grant the double lock to lower cpus over higher ids under contention,
* regardless of entry order into the function.
*/
static int _double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
__releases(this_rq->lock)
__acquires(busiest->lock)
__acquires(this_rq->lock)
{
int ret = 0;
if (unlikely(!raw_spin_trylock(&busiest->lock))) {
if (busiest < this_rq) {
raw_spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
raw_spin_lock(&busiest->lock);
raw_spin_lock_nested(&this_rq->lock,
SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
ret = 1;
} else
raw_spin_lock_nested(&busiest->lock,
SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
}
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT */
/*
* double_lock_balance - lock the busiest runqueue, this_rq is locked already.
*/
static int double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
{
if (unlikely(!irqs_disabled())) {
/* printk() doesn't work good under rq->lock */
raw_spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
BUG_ON(1);
}
return _double_lock_balance(this_rq, busiest);
}
static inline void double_unlock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
__releases(busiest->lock)
{
raw_spin_unlock(&busiest->lock);
lock_set_subclass(&this_rq->lock.dep_map, 0, _RET_IP_);
}
/*
* double_rq_lock - safely lock two runqueues
*
* Note this does not disable interrupts like task_rq_lock,
* you need to do so manually before calling.
*/
static void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
__acquires(rq1->lock)
__acquires(rq2->lock)
{
BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
if (rq1 == rq2) {
raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
__acquire(rq2->lock); /* Fake it out ;) */
} else {
if (rq1 < rq2) {
raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
raw_spin_lock_nested(&rq2->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
} else {
raw_spin_lock(&rq2->lock);
raw_spin_lock_nested(&rq1->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
}
}
}
/*
* double_rq_unlock - safely unlock two runqueues
*
* Note this does not restore interrupts like task_rq_unlock,
* you need to do so manually after calling.
*/
static void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
__releases(rq1->lock)
__releases(rq2->lock)
{
raw_spin_unlock(&rq1->lock);
if (rq1 != rq2)
raw_spin_unlock(&rq2->lock);
else
__release(rq2->lock);
}
#else /* CONFIG_SMP */
/*
* double_rq_lock - safely lock two runqueues
*
* Note this does not disable interrupts like task_rq_lock,
* you need to do so manually before calling.
*/
static void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
__acquires(rq1->lock)
__acquires(rq2->lock)
{
BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
BUG_ON(rq1 != rq2);
raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
__acquire(rq2->lock); /* Fake it out ;) */
}
/*
* double_rq_unlock - safely unlock two runqueues
*
* Note this does not restore interrupts like task_rq_unlock,
* you need to do so manually after calling.
*/
static void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
__releases(rq1->lock)
__releases(rq2->lock)
{
BUG_ON(rq1 != rq2);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq1->lock);
__release(rq2->lock);
}
#endif
static void calc_load_account_idle(struct rq *this_rq);
static void update_sysctl(void);
static int get_update_sysctl_factor(void);
static void update_cpu_load(struct rq *this_rq);
static inline void __set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
set_task_rq(p, cpu);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* After ->cpu is set up to a new value, task_rq_lock(p, ...) can be
* successfuly executed on another CPU. We must ensure that updates of
* per-task data have been completed by this moment.
*/
smp_wmb();
task_thread_info(p)->cpu = cpu;
#endif
}
static const struct sched_class rt_sched_class;
#define sched_class_highest (&stop_sched_class)
#define for_each_class(class) \
for (class = sched_class_highest; class; class = class->next)
#include "sched_stats.h"
static void inc_nr_running(struct rq *rq)
{
rq->nr_running++;
}
static void dec_nr_running(struct rq *rq)
{
rq->nr_running--;
}
static void set_load_weight(struct task_struct *p)
{
int prio = p->static_prio - MAX_RT_PRIO;
struct load_weight *load = &p->se.load;
/*
* SCHED_IDLE tasks get minimal weight:
*/
if (p->policy == SCHED_IDLE) {
load->weight = scale_load(WEIGHT_IDLEPRIO);
load->inv_weight = WMULT_IDLEPRIO;
return;
}
load->weight = scale_load(prio_to_weight[prio]);
load->inv_weight = prio_to_wmult[prio];
}
static void enqueue_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
update_rq_clock(rq);
sched_info_queued(p);
p->sched_class->enqueue_task(rq, p, flags);
}
static void dequeue_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
update_rq_clock(rq);
sched_info_dequeued(p);
p->sched_class->dequeue_task(rq, p, flags);
}
/*
* activate_task - move a task to the runqueue.
*/
static void activate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
if (task_contributes_to_load(p))
rq->nr_uninterruptible--;
enqueue_task(rq, p, flags);
inc_nr_running(rq);
}
/*
* deactivate_task - remove a task from the runqueue.
*/
static void deactivate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
if (task_contributes_to_load(p))
rq->nr_uninterruptible++;
dequeue_task(rq, p, flags);
dec_nr_running(rq);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
/*
* There are no locks covering percpu hardirq/softirq time.
* They are only modified in account_system_vtime, on corresponding CPU
* with interrupts disabled. So, writes are safe.
* They are read and saved off onto struct rq in update_rq_clock().
* This may result in other CPU reading this CPU's irq time and can
* race with irq/account_system_vtime on this CPU. We would either get old
* or new value with a side effect of accounting a slice of irq time to wrong
* task when irq is in progress while we read rq->clock. That is a worthy
* compromise in place of having locks on each irq in account_system_time.
*/
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, cpu_hardirq_time);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, cpu_softirq_time);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, irq_start_time);
static int sched_clock_irqtime;
void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void)
{
sched_clock_irqtime = 1;
}
void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void)
{
sched_clock_irqtime = 0;
}
#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(seqcount_t, irq_time_seq);
static inline void irq_time_write_begin(void)
{
__this_cpu_inc(irq_time_seq.sequence);
smp_wmb();
}
static inline void irq_time_write_end(void)
{
smp_wmb();
__this_cpu_inc(irq_time_seq.sequence);
}
static inline u64 irq_time_read(int cpu)
{
u64 irq_time;
unsigned seq;
do {
seq = read_seqcount_begin(&per_cpu(irq_time_seq, cpu));
irq_time = per_cpu(cpu_softirq_time, cpu) +
per_cpu(cpu_hardirq_time, cpu);
} while (read_seqcount_retry(&per_cpu(irq_time_seq, cpu), seq));
return irq_time;
}
#else /* CONFIG_64BIT */
static inline void irq_time_write_begin(void)
{
}
static inline void irq_time_write_end(void)
{
}
static inline u64 irq_time_read(int cpu)
{
return per_cpu(cpu_softirq_time, cpu) + per_cpu(cpu_hardirq_time, cpu);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
/*
* Called before incrementing preempt_count on {soft,}irq_enter
* and before decrementing preempt_count on {soft,}irq_exit.
*/
void account_system_vtime(struct task_struct *curr)
{
unsigned long flags;
s64 delta;
int cpu;
if (!sched_clock_irqtime)
return;
local_irq_save(flags);
cpu = smp_processor_id();
delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu) - __this_cpu_read(irq_start_time);
__this_cpu_add(irq_start_time, delta);
irq_time_write_begin();
/*
* We do not account for softirq time from ksoftirqd here.
* We want to continue accounting softirq time to ksoftirqd thread
* in that case, so as not to confuse scheduler with a special task
* that do not consume any time, but still wants to run.
*/
if (hardirq_count())
__this_cpu_add(cpu_hardirq_time, delta);
else if (in_serving_softirq() && curr != this_cpu_ksoftirqd())
__this_cpu_add(cpu_softirq_time, delta);
irq_time_write_end();
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(account_system_vtime);
static void update_rq_clock_task(struct rq *rq, s64 delta)
{
s64 irq_delta;
irq_delta = irq_time_read(cpu_of(rq)) - rq->prev_irq_time;
/*
* Since irq_time is only updated on {soft,}irq_exit, we might run into
* this case when a previous update_rq_clock() happened inside a
* {soft,}irq region.
*
* When this happens, we stop ->clock_task and only update the
* prev_irq_time stamp to account for the part that fit, so that a next
* update will consume the rest. This ensures ->clock_task is
* monotonic.
*
* It does however cause some slight miss-attribution of {soft,}irq
* time, a more accurate solution would be to update the irq_time using
* the current rq->clock timestamp, except that would require using
* atomic ops.
*/
if (irq_delta > delta)
irq_delta = delta;
rq->prev_irq_time += irq_delta;
delta -= irq_delta;
rq->clock_task += delta;
if (irq_delta && sched_feat(NONIRQ_POWER))
sched_rt_avg_update(rq, irq_delta);
}
static int irqtime_account_hi_update(void)
{
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
unsigned long flags;
u64 latest_ns;
int ret = 0;
local_irq_save(flags);
latest_ns = this_cpu_read(cpu_hardirq_time);
if (cputime64_gt(nsecs_to_cputime64(latest_ns), cpustat->irq))
ret = 1;
local_irq_restore(flags);
return ret;
}
static int irqtime_account_si_update(void)
{
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
unsigned long flags;
u64 latest_ns;
int ret = 0;
local_irq_save(flags);
latest_ns = this_cpu_read(cpu_softirq_time);
if (cputime64_gt(nsecs_to_cputime64(latest_ns), cpustat->softirq))
ret = 1;
local_irq_restore(flags);
return ret;
}
#else /* CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING */
#define sched_clock_irqtime (0)
static void update_rq_clock_task(struct rq *rq, s64 delta)
{
rq->clock_task += delta;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING */
#include "sched_idletask.c"
#include "sched_fair.c"
#include "sched_rt.c"
#include "sched_autogroup.c"
#include "sched_stoptask.c"
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
# include "sched_debug.c"
#endif
void sched_set_stop_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *stop)
{
struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO - 1 };
struct task_struct *old_stop = cpu_rq(cpu)->stop;
if (stop) {
/*
* Make it appear like a SCHED_FIFO task, its something
* userspace knows about and won't get confused about.
*
* Also, it will make PI more or less work without too
* much confusion -- but then, stop work should not
* rely on PI working anyway.
*/
sched_setscheduler_nocheck(stop, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
stop->sched_class = &stop_sched_class;
}
cpu_rq(cpu)->stop = stop;
if (old_stop) {
/*
* Reset it back to a normal scheduling class so that
* it can die in pieces.
*/
old_stop->sched_class = &rt_sched_class;
}
}
/*
* __normal_prio - return the priority that is based on the static prio
*/
static inline int __normal_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
return p->static_prio;
}
/*
* Calculate the expected normal priority: i.e. priority
* without taking RT-inheritance into account. Might be
* boosted by interactivity modifiers. Changes upon fork,
* setprio syscalls, and whenever the interactivity
* estimator recalculates.
*/
static inline int normal_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
int prio;
if (task_has_rt_policy(p))
prio = MAX_RT_PRIO-1 - p->rt_priority;
else
prio = __normal_prio(p);
return prio;
}
/*
* Calculate the current priority, i.e. the priority
* taken into account by the scheduler. This value might
* be boosted by RT tasks, or might be boosted by
* interactivity modifiers. Will be RT if the task got
* RT-boosted. If not then it returns p->normal_prio.
*/
static int effective_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
p->normal_prio = normal_prio(p);
/*
* If we are RT tasks or we were boosted to RT priority,
* keep the priority unchanged. Otherwise, update priority
* to the normal priority:
*/
if (!rt_prio(p->prio))
return p->normal_prio;
return p->prio;
}
/**
* task_curr - is this task currently executing on a CPU?
* @p: the task in question.
*/
inline int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p)
{
return cpu_curr(task_cpu(p)) == p;
}
static inline void check_class_changed(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
const struct sched_class *prev_class,
int oldprio)
{
if (prev_class != p->sched_class) {
if (prev_class->switched_from)
prev_class->switched_from(rq, p);
p->sched_class->switched_to(rq, p);
} else if (oldprio != p->prio)
p->sched_class->prio_changed(rq, p, oldprio);
}
static void check_preempt_curr(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
const struct sched_class *class;
if (p->sched_class == rq->curr->sched_class) {
rq->curr->sched_class->check_preempt_curr(rq, p, flags);
} else {
for_each_class(class) {
if (class == rq->curr->sched_class)
break;
if (class == p->sched_class) {
resched_task(rq->curr);
break;
}
}
}
/*
* A queue event has occurred, and we're going to schedule. In
* this case, we can save a useless back to back clock update.
*/
if (rq->curr->on_rq && test_tsk_need_resched(rq->curr))
rq->skip_clock_update = 1;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* Is this task likely cache-hot:
*/
static int
task_hot(struct task_struct *p, u64 now, struct sched_domain *sd)
{
s64 delta;
if (p->sched_class != &fair_sched_class)
return 0;
if (unlikely(p->policy == SCHED_IDLE))
return 0;
/*
* Buddy candidates are cache hot:
*/
if (sched_feat(CACHE_HOT_BUDDY) && this_rq()->nr_running &&
(&p->se == cfs_rq_of(&p->se)->next ||
&p->se == cfs_rq_of(&p->se)->last))
return 1;
if (sysctl_sched_migration_cost == -1)
return 1;
if (sysctl_sched_migration_cost == 0)
return 0;
delta = now - p->se.exec_start;
return delta < (s64)sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
}
void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int new_cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
/*
* We should never call set_task_cpu() on a blocked task,
* ttwu() will sort out the placement.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(p->state != TASK_RUNNING && p->state != TASK_WAKING &&
!(task_thread_info(p)->preempt_count & PREEMPT_ACTIVE));
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
/*
* The caller should hold either p->pi_lock or rq->lock, when changing
* a task's CPU. ->pi_lock for waking tasks, rq->lock for runnable tasks.
*
* sched_move_task() holds both and thus holding either pins the cgroup,
* see set_task_rq().
*
* Furthermore, all task_rq users should acquire both locks, see
* task_rq_lock().
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && !(lockdep_is_held(&p->pi_lock) ||
lockdep_is_held(&task_rq(p)->lock)));
#endif
#endif
trace_sched_migrate_task(p, new_cpu);
if (task_cpu(p) != new_cpu) {
p->se.nr_migrations++;
perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_CPU_MIGRATIONS, 1, 1, NULL, 0);
}
__set_task_cpu(p, new_cpu);
}
struct migration_arg {
struct task_struct *task;
int dest_cpu;
};
static int migration_cpu_stop(void *data);
/*
* wait_task_inactive - wait for a thread to unschedule.
*
* If @match_state is nonzero, it's the @p->state value just checked and
* not expected to change. If it changes, i.e. @p might have woken up,
* then return zero. When we succeed in waiting for @p to be off its CPU,
* we return a positive number (its total switch count). If a second call
* a short while later returns the same number, the caller can be sure that
* @p has remained unscheduled the whole time.
*
* The caller must ensure that the task *will* unschedule sometime soon,
* else this function might spin for a *long* time. This function can't
* be called with interrupts off, or it may introduce deadlock with
* smp_call_function() if an IPI is sent by the same process we are
* waiting to become inactive.
*/
unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *p, long match_state)
{
unsigned long flags;
int running, on_rq;
unsigned long ncsw;
struct rq *rq;
for (;;) {
/*
* We do the initial early heuristics without holding
* any task-queue locks at all. We'll only try to get
* the runqueue lock when things look like they will
* work out!
*/
rq = task_rq(p);
/*
* If the task is actively running on another CPU
* still, just relax and busy-wait without holding
* any locks.
*
* NOTE! Since we don't hold any locks, it's not
* even sure that "rq" stays as the right runqueue!
* But we don't care, since "task_running()" will
* return false if the runqueue has changed and p
* is actually now running somewhere else!
*/
while (task_running(rq, p)) {
if (match_state && unlikely(p->state != match_state))
return 0;
cpu_relax();
}
/*
* Ok, time to look more closely! We need the rq
* lock now, to be *sure*. If we're wrong, we'll
* just go back and repeat.
*/
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
trace_sched_wait_task(p);
running = task_running(rq, p);
on_rq = p->on_rq;
ncsw = 0;
if (!match_state || p->state == match_state)
ncsw = p->nvcsw | LONG_MIN; /* sets MSB */
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &flags);
/*
* If it changed from the expected state, bail out now.
*/
if (unlikely(!ncsw))
break;
/*
* Was it really running after all now that we
* checked with the proper locks actually held?
*
* Oops. Go back and try again..
*/
if (unlikely(running)) {
cpu_relax();
continue;
}
/*
* It's not enough that it's not actively running,
* it must be off the runqueue _entirely_, and not
* preempted!
*
* So if it was still runnable (but just not actively
* running right now), it's preempted, and we should
* yield - it could be a while.
*/
if (unlikely(on_rq)) {
ktime_t to = ktime_set(0, NSEC_PER_SEC/HZ);
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule_hrtimeout(&to, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
continue;
}
/*
* Ahh, all good. It wasn't running, and it wasn't
* runnable, which means that it will never become
* running in the future either. We're all done!
*/
break;
}
return ncsw;
}
/***
* kick_process - kick a running thread to enter/exit the kernel
* @p: the to-be-kicked thread
*
* Cause a process which is running on another CPU to enter
* kernel-mode, without any delay. (to get signals handled.)
*
* NOTE: this function doesn't have to take the runqueue lock,
* because all it wants to ensure is that the remote task enters
* the kernel. If the IPI races and the task has been migrated
* to another CPU then no harm is done and the purpose has been
* achieved as well.
*/
void kick_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
int cpu;
preempt_disable();
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if ((cpu != smp_processor_id()) && task_curr(p))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
preempt_enable();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kick_process);
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* ->cpus_allowed is protected by both rq->lock and p->pi_lock
*/
static int select_fallback_rq(int cpu, struct task_struct *p)
{
int dest_cpu;
const struct cpumask *nodemask = cpumask_of_node(cpu_to_node(cpu));
/* Look for allowed, online CPU in same node. */
for_each_cpu_and(dest_cpu, nodemask, cpu_active_mask)
if (cpumask_test_cpu(dest_cpu, &p->cpus_allowed))
return dest_cpu;
/* Any allowed, online CPU? */
dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(&p->cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask);
if (dest_cpu < nr_cpu_ids)
return dest_cpu;
/* No more Mr. Nice Guy. */
dest_cpu = cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(p);
/*
* Don't tell them about moving exiting tasks or
* kernel threads (both mm NULL), since they never
* leave kernel.
*/
if (p->mm && printk_ratelimit()) {
printk(KERN_INFO "process %d (%s) no longer affine to cpu%d\n",
task_pid_nr(p), p->comm, cpu);
}
return dest_cpu;
}
/*
* The caller (fork, wakeup) owns p->pi_lock, ->cpus_allowed is stable.
*/
static inline
int select_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flags, int wake_flags)
{
int cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, sd_flags, wake_flags);
/*
* In order not to call set_task_cpu() on a blocking task we need
* to rely on ttwu() to place the task on a valid ->cpus_allowed
* cpu.
*
* Since this is common to all placement strategies, this lives here.
*
* [ this allows ->select_task() to simply return task_cpu(p) and
* not worry about this generic constraint ]
*/
if (unlikely(!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, &p->cpus_allowed) ||
!cpu_online(cpu)))
cpu = select_fallback_rq(task_cpu(p), p);
return cpu;
}
static void update_avg(u64 *avg, u64 sample)
{
s64 diff = sample - *avg;
*avg += diff >> 3;
}
#endif
static void
ttwu_stat(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int wake_flags)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
if (cpu == this_cpu) {
schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_local);
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_local);
} else {
struct sched_domain *sd;
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_remote);
rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sched_domain_span(sd))) {
schedstat_inc(sd, ttwu_wake_remote);
break;
}
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
if (wake_flags & WF_MIGRATED)
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_migrate);
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_count);
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups);
if (wake_flags & WF_SYNC)
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_sync);
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
}
static void ttwu_activate(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int en_flags)
{
activate_task(rq, p, en_flags);
p->on_rq = 1;
/* if a worker is waking up, notify workqueue */
if (p->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER)
wq_worker_waking_up(p, cpu_of(rq));
}
/*
* Mark the task runnable and perform wakeup-preemption.
*/
static void
ttwu_do_wakeup(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags)
{
trace_sched_wakeup(p, true);
check_preempt_curr(rq, p, wake_flags);
p->state = TASK_RUNNING;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_class->task_woken)
p->sched_class->task_woken(rq, p);
if (unlikely(rq->idle_stamp)) {
u64 delta = rq->clock - rq->idle_stamp;
u64 max = 2*sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
if (delta > max)
rq->avg_idle = max;
else
update_avg(&rq->avg_idle, delta);
rq->idle_stamp = 0;
}
#endif
}
static void
ttwu_do_activate(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_contributes_to_load)
rq->nr_uninterruptible--;
#endif
ttwu_activate(rq, p, ENQUEUE_WAKEUP | ENQUEUE_WAKING);
ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, wake_flags);
}
/*
* Called in case the task @p isn't fully descheduled from its runqueue,
* in this case we must do a remote wakeup. Its a 'light' wakeup though,
* since all we need to do is flip p->state to TASK_RUNNING, since
* the task is still ->on_rq.
*/
static int ttwu_remote(struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags)
{
struct rq *rq;
int ret = 0;
rq = __task_rq_lock(p);
if (p->on_rq) {
ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, wake_flags);
ret = 1;
}
__task_rq_unlock(rq);
return ret;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static void sched_ttwu_do_pending(struct task_struct *list)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
while (list) {
struct task_struct *p = list;
list = list->wake_entry;
ttwu_do_activate(rq, p, 0);
}
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
static void sched_ttwu_pending(void)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
struct task_struct *list = xchg(&rq->wake_list, NULL);
if (!list)
return;
sched_ttwu_do_pending(list);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
void scheduler_ipi(void)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
struct task_struct *list = xchg(&rq->wake_list, NULL);
if (!list)
return;
/*
* Not all reschedule IPI handlers call irq_enter/irq_exit, since
* traditionally all their work was done from the interrupt return
* path. Now that we actually do some work, we need to make sure
* we do call them.
*
* Some archs already do call them, luckily irq_enter/exit nest
* properly.
*
* Arguably we should visit all archs and update all handlers,
* however a fair share of IPIs are still resched only so this would
* somewhat pessimize the simple resched case.
*/
irq_enter();
sched_ttwu_do_pending(list);
irq_exit();
}
static void ttwu_queue_remote(struct task_struct *p, int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
struct task_struct *next = rq->wake_list;
for (;;) {
struct task_struct *old = next;
p->wake_entry = next;
next = cmpxchg(&rq->wake_list, old, p);
if (next == old)
break;
}
if (!next)
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
}
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
static int ttwu_activate_remote(struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags)
{
struct rq *rq;
int ret = 0;
rq = __task_rq_lock(p);
if (p->on_cpu) {
ttwu_activate(rq, p, ENQUEUE_WAKEUP);
ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, wake_flags);
ret = 1;
}
__task_rq_unlock(rq);
return ret;
}
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW */
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void ttwu_queue(struct task_struct *p, int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP)
if (sched_feat(TTWU_QUEUE) && cpu != smp_processor_id()) {
sched_clock_cpu(cpu); /* sync clocks x-cpu */
ttwu_queue_remote(p, cpu);
return;
}
#endif
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
ttwu_do_activate(rq, p, 0);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
/**
* try_to_wake_up - wake up a thread
* @p: the thread to be awakened
* @state: the mask of task states that can be woken
* @wake_flags: wake modifier flags (WF_*)
*
* Put it on the run-queue if it's not already there. The "current"
* thread is always on the run-queue (except when the actual
* re-schedule is in progress), and as such you're allowed to do
* the simpler "current->state = TASK_RUNNING" to mark yourself
* runnable without the overhead of this.
*
* Returns %true if @p was woken up, %false if it was already running
* or @state didn't match @p's state.
*/
static int
try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state, int wake_flags)
{
unsigned long flags;
int cpu, success = 0;
smp_wmb();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
if (!(p->state & state))
goto out;
success = 1; /* we're going to change ->state */
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if (p->on_rq && ttwu_remote(p, wake_flags))
goto stat;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* If the owning (remote) cpu is still in the middle of schedule() with
* this task as prev, wait until its done referencing the task.
*/
while (p->on_cpu) {
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
/*
* In case the architecture enables interrupts in
* context_switch(), we cannot busy wait, since that
* would lead to deadlocks when an interrupt hits and
* tries to wake up @prev. So bail and do a complete
* remote wakeup.
*/
if (ttwu_activate_remote(p, wake_flags))
goto stat;
#else
cpu_relax();
#endif
}
/*
* Pairs with the smp_wmb() in finish_lock_switch().
*/
smp_rmb();
p->sched_contributes_to_load = !!task_contributes_to_load(p);
p->state = TASK_WAKING;
if (p->sched_class->task_waking)
p->sched_class->task_waking(p);
cpu = select_task_rq(p, SD_BALANCE_WAKE, wake_flags);
if (task_cpu(p) != cpu) {
wake_flags |= WF_MIGRATED;
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
ttwu_queue(p, cpu);
stat:
ttwu_stat(p, cpu, wake_flags);
out:
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
return success;
}
/**
* try_to_wake_up_local - try to wake up a local task with rq lock held
* @p: the thread to be awakened
*
* Put @p on the run-queue if it's not already there. The caller must
* ensure that this_rq() is locked, @p is bound to this_rq() and not
* the current task.
*/
static void try_to_wake_up_local(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
BUG_ON(rq != this_rq());
BUG_ON(p == current);
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
if (!raw_spin_trylock(&p->pi_lock)) {
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_lock(&p->pi_lock);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
}
if (!(p->state & TASK_NORMAL))
goto out;
if (!p->on_rq)
ttwu_activate(rq, p, ENQUEUE_WAKEUP);
ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, 0);
ttwu_stat(p, smp_processor_id(), 0);
out:
raw_spin_unlock(&p->pi_lock);
}
/**
* wake_up_process - Wake up a specific process
* @p: The process to be woken up.
*
* Attempt to wake up the nominated process and move it to the set of runnable
* processes. Returns 1 if the process was woken up, 0 if it was already
* running.
*
* It may be assumed that this function implies a write memory barrier before
* changing the task state if and only if any tasks are woken up.
*/
int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
return try_to_wake_up(p, TASK_ALL, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(wake_up_process);
int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state)
{
return try_to_wake_up(p, state, 0);
}
/*
* Perform scheduler related setup for a newly forked process p.
* p is forked by current.
*
* __sched_fork() is basic setup used by init_idle() too:
*/
static void __sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)
{
p->on_rq = 0;
p->se.on_rq = 0;
p->se.exec_start = 0;
p->se.sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->se.prev_sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->se.nr_migrations = 0;
p->se.vruntime = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->se.group_node);
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
memset(&p->se.statistics, 0, sizeof(p->se.statistics));
#endif
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rt.run_list);
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&p->preempt_notifiers);
#endif
}
/*
* fork()/clone()-time setup:
*/
void sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long flags;
int cpu = get_cpu();
__sched_fork(p);
/*
* We mark the process as running here. This guarantees that
* nobody will actually run it, and a signal or other external
* event cannot wake it up and insert it on the runqueue either.
*/
p->state = TASK_RUNNING;
/*
* Revert to default priority/policy on fork if requested.
*/
if (unlikely(p->sched_reset_on_fork)) {
if (p->policy == SCHED_FIFO || p->policy == SCHED_RR) {
p->policy = SCHED_NORMAL;
p->normal_prio = p->static_prio;
}
if (PRIO_TO_NICE(p->static_prio) < 0) {
p->static_prio = NICE_TO_PRIO(0);
p->normal_prio = p->static_prio;
set_load_weight(p);
}
/*
* We don't need the reset flag anymore after the fork. It has
* fulfilled its duty:
*/
p->sched_reset_on_fork = 0;
}
/*
* Make sure we do not leak PI boosting priority to the child.
*/
p->prio = current->normal_prio;
if (!rt_prio(p->prio))
p->sched_class = &fair_sched_class;
if (p->sched_class->task_fork)
p->sched_class->task_fork(p);
/*
* The child is not yet in the pid-hash so no cgroup attach races,
* and the cgroup is pinned to this child due to cgroup_fork()
* is ran before sched_fork().
*
* Silence PROVE_RCU.
*/
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
#if defined(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) || defined(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT)
if (likely(sched_info_on()))
memset(&p->sched_info, 0, sizeof(p->sched_info));
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP)
p->on_cpu = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/* Want to start with kernel preemption disabled. */
task_thread_info(p)->preempt_count = 1;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
plist_node_init(&p->pushable_tasks, MAX_PRIO);
#endif
put_cpu();
}
/*
* wake_up_new_task - wake up a newly created task for the first time.
*
* This function will do some initial scheduler statistics housekeeping
* that must be done for every newly created context, then puts the task
* on the runqueue and wakes it.
*/
void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* Fork balancing, do it here and not earlier because:
* - cpus_allowed can change in the fork path
* - any previously selected cpu might disappear through hotplug
*/
set_task_cpu(p, select_task_rq(p, SD_BALANCE_FORK, 0));
#endif
rq = __task_rq_lock(p);
activate_task(rq, p, 0);
p->on_rq = 1;
trace_sched_wakeup_new(p, true);
check_preempt_curr(rq, p, WF_FORK);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_class->task_woken)
p->sched_class->task_woken(rq, p);
#endif
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &flags);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
/**
* preempt_notifier_register - tell me when current is being preempted & rescheduled
* @notifier: notifier struct to register
*/
void preempt_notifier_register(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
hlist_add_head(&notifier->link, &current->preempt_notifiers);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_register);
/**
* preempt_notifier_unregister - no longer interested in preemption notifications
* @notifier: notifier struct to unregister
*
* This is safe to call from within a preemption notifier.
*/
void preempt_notifier_unregister(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
hlist_del(&notifier->link);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_unregister);
static void fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
{
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
struct hlist_node *node;
hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_in(notifier, raw_smp_processor_id());
}
static void
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct task_struct *next)
{
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
struct hlist_node *node;
hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_out(notifier, next);
}
#else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS */
static void fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
{
}
static void
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct task_struct *next)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS */
/**
* prepare_task_switch - prepare to switch tasks
* @rq: the runqueue preparing to switch
* @prev: the current task that is being switched out
* @next: the task we are going to switch to.
*
* This is called with the rq lock held and interrupts off. It must
* be paired with a subsequent finish_task_switch after the context
* switch.
*
* prepare_task_switch sets up locking and calls architecture specific
* hooks.
*/
static inline void
prepare_task_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next)
{
sched_info_switch(prev, next);
perf_event_task_sched_out(prev, next);
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(prev, next);
prepare_lock_switch(rq, next);
prepare_arch_switch(next);
trace_sched_switch(prev, next);
}
/**
* finish_task_switch - clean up after a task-switch
* @rq: runqueue associated with task-switch
* @prev: the thread we just switched away from.
*
* finish_task_switch must be called after the context switch, paired
* with a prepare_task_switch call before the context switch.
* finish_task_switch will reconcile locking set up by prepare_task_switch,
* and do any other architecture-specific cleanup actions.
*
* Note that we may have delayed dropping an mm in context_switch(). If
* so, we finish that here outside of the runqueue lock. (Doing it
* with the lock held can cause deadlocks; see schedule() for
* details.)
*/
static void finish_task_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = rq->prev_mm;
long prev_state;
rq->prev_mm = NULL;
/*
* A task struct has one reference for the use as "current".
* If a task dies, then it sets TASK_DEAD in tsk->state and calls
* schedule one last time. The schedule call will never return, and
* the scheduled task must drop that reference.
* The test for TASK_DEAD must occur while the runqueue locks are
* still held, otherwise prev could be scheduled on another cpu, die
* there before we look at prev->state, and then the reference would
* be dropped twice.
* Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
*/
prev_state = prev->state;
finish_arch_switch(prev);
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
local_irq_disable();
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW */
perf_event_task_sched_in(current);
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
local_irq_enable();
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW */
finish_lock_switch(rq, prev);
fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(current);
if (mm)
mmdrop(mm);
if (unlikely(prev_state == TASK_DEAD)) {
/*
* Remove function-return probe instances associated with this
* task and put them back on the free list.
*/
kprobe_flush_task(prev);
put_task_struct(prev);
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/* assumes rq->lock is held */
static inline void pre_schedule(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
if (prev->sched_class->pre_schedule)
prev->sched_class->pre_schedule(rq, prev);
}
/* rq->lock is NOT held, but preemption is disabled */
static inline void post_schedule(struct rq *rq)
{
if (rq->post_schedule) {
unsigned long flags;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
if (rq->curr->sched_class->post_schedule)
rq->curr->sched_class->post_schedule(rq);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
rq->post_schedule = 0;
}
}
#else
static inline void pre_schedule(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
}
static inline void post_schedule(struct rq *rq)
{
}
#endif
/**
* schedule_tail - first thing a freshly forked thread must call.
* @prev: the thread we just switched away from.
*/
asmlinkage void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
finish_task_switch(rq, prev);
/*
* FIXME: do we need to worry about rq being invalidated by the
* task_switch?
*/
post_schedule(rq);
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
/* In this case, finish_task_switch does not reenable preemption */
preempt_enable();
#endif
if (current->set_child_tid)
put_user(task_pid_vnr(current), current->set_child_tid);
}
/*
* context_switch - switch to the new MM and the new
* thread's register state.
*/
static inline void
context_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next)
{
struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm;
prepare_task_switch(rq, prev, next);
mm = next->mm;
oldmm = prev->active_mm;
/*
* For paravirt, this is coupled with an exit in switch_to to
* combine the page table reload and the switch backend into
* one hypercall.
*/
arch_start_context_switch(prev);
if (!mm) {
next->active_mm = oldmm;
atomic_inc(&oldmm->mm_count);
enter_lazy_tlb(oldmm, next);
} else
switch_mm(oldmm, mm, next);
if (!prev->mm) {
prev->active_mm = NULL;
rq->prev_mm = oldmm;
}
/*
* Since the runqueue lock will be released by the next
* task (which is an invalid locking op but in the case
* of the scheduler it's an obvious special-case), so we
* do an early lockdep release here:
*/
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
spin_release(&rq->lock.dep_map, 1, _THIS_IP_);
#endif
/* Here we just switch the register state and the stack. */
switch_to(prev, next, prev);
barrier();
/*
* this_rq must be evaluated again because prev may have moved
* CPUs since it called schedule(), thus the 'rq' on its stack
* frame will be invalid.
*/
finish_task_switch(this_rq(), prev);
}
unsigned long get_cpu_nr_running(unsigned int cpu)
{
if(cpu <=NR_CPUS)
return cpu_rq(cpu)->nr_running;
else
return 0;
}
/*
* nr_running, nr_uninterruptible and nr_context_switches:
*
* externally visible scheduler statistics: current number of runnable
* threads, current number of uninterruptible-sleeping threads, total
* number of context switches performed since bootup.
*/
unsigned long nr_running(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_online_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_running;
return sum;
}
unsigned long nr_uninterruptible(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_uninterruptible;
/*
* Since we read the counters lockless, it might be slightly
* inaccurate. Do not allow it to go below zero though:
*/
if (unlikely((long)sum < 0))
sum = 0;
return sum;
}
unsigned long long nr_context_switches(void)
{
int i;
unsigned long long sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_switches;
return sum;
}
unsigned long nr_iowait(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += atomic_read(&cpu_rq(i)->nr_iowait);
return sum;
}
unsigned long nr_iowait_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *this = cpu_rq(cpu);
return atomic_read(&this->nr_iowait);
}
unsigned long this_cpu_load(void)
{
struct rq *this = this_rq();
return this->cpu_load[0];
}
/* Variables and functions for calc_load */
static atomic_long_t calc_load_tasks;
static unsigned long calc_load_update;
unsigned long avenrun[3];
EXPORT_SYMBOL(avenrun);
static long calc_load_fold_active(struct rq *this_rq)
{
long nr_active, delta = 0;
nr_active = this_rq->nr_running;
nr_active += (long) this_rq->nr_uninterruptible;
if (nr_active != this_rq->calc_load_active) {
delta = nr_active - this_rq->calc_load_active;
this_rq->calc_load_active = nr_active;
}
return delta;
}
static unsigned long
calc_load(unsigned long load, unsigned long exp, unsigned long active)
{
load *= exp;
load += active * (FIXED_1 - exp);
load += 1UL << (FSHIFT - 1);
return load >> FSHIFT;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
/*
* For NO_HZ we delay the active fold to the next LOAD_FREQ update.
*
* When making the ILB scale, we should try to pull this in as well.
*/
static atomic_long_t calc_load_tasks_idle;
static void calc_load_account_idle(struct rq *this_rq)
{
long delta;
delta = calc_load_fold_active(this_rq);
if (delta)
atomic_long_add(delta, &calc_load_tasks_idle);
}
static long calc_load_fold_idle(void)
{
long delta = 0;
/*
* Its got a race, we don't care...
*/
if (atomic_long_read(&calc_load_tasks_idle))
delta = atomic_long_xchg(&calc_load_tasks_idle, 0);
return delta;
}
/**
* fixed_power_int - compute: x^n, in O(log n) time
*
* @x: base of the power
* @frac_bits: fractional bits of @x
* @n: power to raise @x to.
*
* By exploiting the relation between the definition of the natural power
* function: x^n := x*x*...*x (x multiplied by itself for n times), and
* the binary encoding of numbers used by computers: n := \Sum n_i * 2^i,
* (where: n_i \elem {0, 1}, the binary vector representing n),
* we find: x^n := x^(\Sum n_i * 2^i) := \Prod x^(n_i * 2^i), which is
* of course trivially computable in O(log_2 n), the length of our binary
* vector.
*/
static unsigned long
fixed_power_int(unsigned long x, unsigned int frac_bits, unsigned int n)
{
unsigned long result = 1UL << frac_bits;
if (n) for (;;) {
if (n & 1) {
result *= x;
result += 1UL << (frac_bits - 1);
result >>= frac_bits;
}
n >>= 1;
if (!n)
break;
x *= x;
x += 1UL << (frac_bits - 1);
x >>= frac_bits;
}
return result;
}
/*
* a1 = a0 * e + a * (1 - e)
*
* a2 = a1 * e + a * (1 - e)
* = (a0 * e + a * (1 - e)) * e + a * (1 - e)
* = a0 * e^2 + a * (1 - e) * (1 + e)
*
* a3 = a2 * e + a * (1 - e)
* = (a0 * e^2 + a * (1 - e) * (1 + e)) * e + a * (1 - e)
* = a0 * e^3 + a * (1 - e) * (1 + e + e^2)
*
* ...
*
* an = a0 * e^n + a * (1 - e) * (1 + e + ... + e^n-1) [1]
* = a0 * e^n + a * (1 - e) * (1 - e^n)/(1 - e)
* = a0 * e^n + a * (1 - e^n)
*
* [1] application of the geometric series:
*
* n 1 - x^(n+1)
* S_n := \Sum x^i = -------------
* i=0 1 - x
*/
static unsigned long
calc_load_n(unsigned long load, unsigned long exp,
unsigned long active, unsigned int n)
{
return calc_load(load, fixed_power_int(exp, FSHIFT, n), active);
}
/*
* NO_HZ can leave us missing all per-cpu ticks calling
* calc_load_account_active(), but since an idle CPU folds its delta into
* calc_load_tasks_idle per calc_load_account_idle(), all we need to do is fold
* in the pending idle delta if our idle period crossed a load cycle boundary.
*
* Once we've updated the global active value, we need to apply the exponential
* weights adjusted to the number of cycles missed.
*/
static void calc_global_nohz(unsigned long ticks)
{
long delta, active, n;
if (time_before(jiffies, calc_load_update))
return;
/*
* If we crossed a calc_load_update boundary, make sure to fold
* any pending idle changes, the respective CPUs might have
* missed the tick driven calc_load_account_active() update
* due to NO_HZ.
*/
delta = calc_load_fold_idle();
if (delta)
atomic_long_add(delta, &calc_load_tasks);
/*
* If we were idle for multiple load cycles, apply them.
*/
if (ticks >= LOAD_FREQ) {
n = ticks / LOAD_FREQ;
active = atomic_long_read(&calc_load_tasks);
active = active > 0 ? active * FIXED_1 : 0;
avenrun[0] = calc_load_n(avenrun[0], EXP_1, active, n);
avenrun[1] = calc_load_n(avenrun[1], EXP_5, active, n);
avenrun[2] = calc_load_n(avenrun[2], EXP_15, active, n);
calc_load_update += n * LOAD_FREQ;
}
/*
* Its possible the remainder of the above division also crosses
* a LOAD_FREQ period, the regular check in calc_global_load()
* which comes after this will take care of that.
*
* Consider us being 11 ticks before a cycle completion, and us
* sleeping for 4*LOAD_FREQ + 22 ticks, then the above code will
* age us 4 cycles, and the test in calc_global_load() will
* pick up the final one.
*/
}
#else
static void calc_load_account_idle(struct rq *this_rq)
{
}
static inline long calc_load_fold_idle(void)
{
return 0;
}
static void calc_global_nohz(unsigned long ticks)
{
}
#endif
/**
* get_avenrun - get the load average array
* @loads: pointer to dest load array
* @offset: offset to add
* @shift: shift count to shift the result left
*
* These values are estimates at best, so no need for locking.
*/
void get_avenrun(unsigned long *loads, unsigned long offset, int shift)
{
loads[0] = (avenrun[0] + offset) << shift;
loads[1] = (avenrun[1] + offset) << shift;
loads[2] = (avenrun[2] + offset) << shift;
}
/*
* calc_load - update the avenrun load estimates 10 ticks after the
* CPUs have updated calc_load_tasks.
*/
void calc_global_load(unsigned long ticks)
{
long active;
calc_global_nohz(ticks);
if (time_before(jiffies, calc_load_update + 10))
return;
active = atomic_long_read(&calc_load_tasks);
active = active > 0 ? active * FIXED_1 : 0;
avenrun[0] = calc_load(avenrun[0], EXP_1, active);
avenrun[1] = calc_load(avenrun[1], EXP_5, active);
avenrun[2] = calc_load(avenrun[2], EXP_15, active);
calc_load_update += LOAD_FREQ;
}
/*
* Called from update_cpu_load() to periodically update this CPU's
* active count.
*/
static void calc_load_account_active(struct rq *this_rq)
{
long delta;
if (time_before(jiffies, this_rq->calc_load_update))
return;
delta = calc_load_fold_active(this_rq);
delta += calc_load_fold_idle();
if (delta)
atomic_long_add(delta, &calc_load_tasks);
this_rq->calc_load_update += LOAD_FREQ;
}
/*
* The exact cpuload at various idx values, calculated at every tick would be
* load = (2^idx - 1) / 2^idx * load + 1 / 2^idx * cur_load
*
* If a cpu misses updates for n-1 ticks (as it was idle) and update gets called
* on nth tick when cpu may be busy, then we have:
* load = ((2^idx - 1) / 2^idx)^(n-1) * load
* load = (2^idx - 1) / 2^idx) * load + 1 / 2^idx * cur_load
*
* decay_load_missed() below does efficient calculation of
* load = ((2^idx - 1) / 2^idx)^(n-1) * load
* avoiding 0..n-1 loop doing load = ((2^idx - 1) / 2^idx) * load
*
* The calculation is approximated on a 128 point scale.
* degrade_zero_ticks is the number of ticks after which load at any
* particular idx is approximated to be zero.
* degrade_factor is a precomputed table, a row for each load idx.
* Each column corresponds to degradation factor for a power of two ticks,
* based on 128 point scale.
* Example:
* row 2, col 3 (=12) says that the degradation at load idx 2 after
* 8 ticks is 12/128 (which is an approximation of exact factor 3^8/4^8).
*
* With this power of 2 load factors, we can degrade the load n times
* by looking at 1 bits in n and doing as many mult/shift instead of
* n mult/shifts needed by the exact degradation.
*/
#define DEGRADE_SHIFT 7
static const unsigned char
degrade_zero_ticks[CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX] = {0, 8, 32, 64, 128};
static const unsigned char
degrade_factor[CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX][DEGRADE_SHIFT + 1] = {
{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0},
{64, 32, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0},
{96, 72, 40, 12, 1, 0, 0},
{112, 98, 75, 43, 15, 1, 0},
{120, 112, 98, 76, 45, 16, 2} };
/*
* Update cpu_load for any missed ticks, due to tickless idle. The backlog
* would be when CPU is idle and so we just decay the old load without
* adding any new load.
*/
static unsigned long
decay_load_missed(unsigned long load, unsigned long missed_updates, int idx)
{
int j = 0;
if (!missed_updates)
return load;
if (missed_updates >= degrade_zero_ticks[idx])
return 0;
if (idx == 1)
return load >> missed_updates;
while (missed_updates) {
if (missed_updates % 2)
load = (load * degrade_factor[idx][j]) >> DEGRADE_SHIFT;
missed_updates >>= 1;
j++;
}
return load;
}
/*
* Update rq->cpu_load[] statistics. This function is usually called every
* scheduler tick (TICK_NSEC). With tickless idle this will not be called
* every tick. We fix it up based on jiffies.
*/
static void update_cpu_load(struct rq *this_rq)
{
unsigned long this_load = this_rq->load.weight;
unsigned long curr_jiffies = jiffies;
unsigned long pending_updates;
int i, scale;
this_rq->nr_load_updates++;
/* Avoid repeated calls on same jiffy, when moving in and out of idle */
if (curr_jiffies == this_rq->last_load_update_tick)
return;
pending_updates = curr_jiffies - this_rq->last_load_update_tick;
this_rq->last_load_update_tick = curr_jiffies;
/* Update our load: */
this_rq->cpu_load[0] = this_load; /* Fasttrack for idx 0 */
for (i = 1, scale = 2; i < CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX; i++, scale += scale) {
unsigned long old_load, new_load;
/* scale is effectively 1 << i now, and >> i divides by scale */
old_load = this_rq->cpu_load[i];
old_load = decay_load_missed(old_load, pending_updates - 1, i);
new_load = this_load;
/*
* Round up the averaging division if load is increasing. This
* prevents us from getting stuck on 9 if the load is 10, for
* example.
*/
if (new_load > old_load)
new_load += scale - 1;
this_rq->cpu_load[i] = (old_load * (scale - 1) + new_load) >> i;
}
sched_avg_update(this_rq);
}
static void update_cpu_load_active(struct rq *this_rq)
{
update_cpu_load(this_rq);
calc_load_account_active(this_rq);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* sched_exec - execve() is a valuable balancing opportunity, because at
* this point the task has the smallest effective memory and cache footprint.
*/
void sched_exec(void)
{
struct task_struct *p = current;
unsigned long flags;
int dest_cpu;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
dest_cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, SD_BALANCE_EXEC, 0);
if (dest_cpu == smp_processor_id())
goto unlock;
if (likely(cpu_active(dest_cpu))) {
struct migration_arg arg = { p, dest_cpu };
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
stop_one_cpu(task_cpu(p), migration_cpu_stop, &arg);
return;
}
unlock:
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
}
#endif
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_stat, kstat);
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(kstat);
/*
* Return any ns on the sched_clock that have not yet been accounted in
* @p in case that task is currently running.
*
* Called with task_rq_lock() held on @rq.
*/
static u64 do_task_delta_exec(struct task_struct *p, struct rq *rq)
{
u64 ns = 0;
if (task_current(rq, p)) {
update_rq_clock(rq);
ns = rq->clock_task - p->se.exec_start;
if ((s64)ns < 0)
ns = 0;
}
return ns;
}
unsigned long long task_delta_exec(struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;
u64 ns = 0;
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
ns = do_task_delta_exec(p, rq);
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &flags);
return ns;
}
/*
* Return accounted runtime for the task.
* In case the task is currently running, return the runtime plus current's
* pending runtime that have not been accounted yet.
*/
unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;
u64 ns = 0;
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
ns = p->se.sum_exec_runtime + do_task_delta_exec(p, rq);
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &flags);
return ns;
}
/*
* Account user cpu time to a process.
* @p: the process that the cpu time gets accounted to
* @cputime: the cpu time spent in user space since the last update
* @cputime_scaled: cputime scaled by cpu frequency
*/
void account_user_time(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t cputime,
cputime_t cputime_scaled)
{
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
cputime64_t tmp;
/* Add user time to process. */
p->utime = cputime_add(p->utime, cputime);
p->utimescaled = cputime_add(p->utimescaled, cputime_scaled);
account_group_user_time(p, cputime);
/* Add user time to cpustat. */
tmp = cputime_to_cputime64(cputime);
if (TASK_NICE(p) > 0)
cpustat->nice = cputime64_add(cpustat->nice, tmp);
else
cpustat->user = cputime64_add(cpustat->user, tmp);
cpuacct_update_stats(p, CPUACCT_STAT_USER, cputime);
/* Account for user time used */
acct_update_integrals(p);
}
/*
* Account guest cpu time to a process.
* @p: the process that the cpu time gets accounted to
* @cputime: the cpu time spent in virtual machine since the last update
* @cputime_scaled: cputime scaled by cpu frequency
*/
static void account_guest_time(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t cputime,
cputime_t cputime_scaled)
{
cputime64_t tmp;
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
tmp = cputime_to_cputime64(cputime);
/* Add guest time to process. */
p->utime = cputime_add(p->utime, cputime);
p->utimescaled = cputime_add(p->utimescaled, cputime_scaled);
account_group_user_time(p, cputime);
p->gtime = cputime_add(p->gtime, cputime);
/* Add guest time to cpustat. */
if (TASK_NICE(p) > 0) {
cpustat->nice = cputime64_add(cpustat->nice, tmp);
cpustat->guest_nice = cputime64_add(cpustat->guest_nice, tmp);
} else {
cpustat->user = cputime64_add(cpustat->user, tmp);
cpustat->guest = cputime64_add(cpustat->guest, tmp);
}
}
/*
* Account system cpu time to a process and desired cpustat field
* @p: the process that the cpu time gets accounted to
* @cputime: the cpu time spent in kernel space since the last update
* @cputime_scaled: cputime scaled by cpu frequency
* @target_cputime64: pointer to cpustat field that has to be updated
*/
static inline
void __account_system_time(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t cputime,
cputime_t cputime_scaled, cputime64_t *target_cputime64)
{
cputime64_t tmp = cputime_to_cputime64(cputime);
/* Add system time to process. */
p->stime = cputime_add(p->stime, cputime);
p->stimescaled = cputime_add(p->stimescaled, cputime_scaled);
account_group_system_time(p, cputime);
/* Add system time to cpustat. */
*target_cputime64 = cputime64_add(*target_cputime64, tmp);
cpuacct_update_stats(p, CPUACCT_STAT_SYSTEM, cputime);
/* Account for system time used */
acct_update_integrals(p);
}
/*
* Account system cpu time to a process.
* @p: the process that the cpu time gets accounted to
* @hardirq_offset: the offset to subtract from hardirq_count()
* @cputime: the cpu time spent in kernel space since the last update
* @cputime_scaled: cputime scaled by cpu frequency
*/
void account_system_time(struct task_struct *p, int hardirq_offset,
cputime_t cputime, cputime_t cputime_scaled)
{
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
cputime64_t *target_cputime64;
if ((p->flags & PF_VCPU) && (irq_count() - hardirq_offset == 0)) {
account_guest_time(p, cputime, cputime_scaled);
return;
}
if (hardirq_count() - hardirq_offset)
target_cputime64 = &cpustat->irq;
else if (in_serving_softirq())
target_cputime64 = &cpustat->softirq;
else
target_cputime64 = &cpustat->system;
__account_system_time(p, cputime, cputime_scaled, target_cputime64);
}
/*
* Account for involuntary wait time.
* @cputime: the cpu time spent in involuntary wait
*/
void account_steal_time(cputime_t cputime)
{
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
cputime64_t cputime64 = cputime_to_cputime64(cputime);
cpustat->steal = cputime64_add(cpustat->steal, cputime64);
}
/*
* Account for idle time.
* @cputime: the cpu time spent in idle wait
*/
void account_idle_time(cputime_t cputime)
{
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
cputime64_t cputime64 = cputime_to_cputime64(cputime);
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
if (atomic_read(&rq->nr_iowait) > 0)
cpustat->iowait = cputime64_add(cpustat->iowait, cputime64);
else
cpustat->idle = cputime64_add(cpustat->idle, cputime64);
}
#ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING
#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
/*
* Account a tick to a process and cpustat
* @p: the process that the cpu time gets accounted to
* @user_tick: is the tick from userspace
* @rq: the pointer to rq
*
* Tick demultiplexing follows the order
* - pending hardirq update
* - pending softirq update
* - user_time
* - idle_time
* - system time
* - check for guest_time
* - else account as system_time
*
* Check for hardirq is done both for system and user time as there is
* no timer going off while we are on hardirq and hence we may never get an
* opportunity to update it solely in system time.
* p->stime and friends are only updated on system time and not on irq
* softirq as those do not count in task exec_runtime any more.
*/
static void irqtime_account_process_tick(struct task_struct *p, int user_tick,
struct rq *rq)
{
cputime_t one_jiffy_scaled = cputime_to_scaled(cputime_one_jiffy);
cputime64_t tmp = cputime_to_cputime64(cputime_one_jiffy);
struct cpu_usage_stat *cpustat = &kstat_this_cpu.cpustat;
if (irqtime_account_hi_update()) {
cpustat->irq = cputime64_add(cpustat->irq, tmp);
} else if (irqtime_account_si_update()) {
cpustat->softirq = cputime64_add(cpustat->softirq, tmp);
} else if (this_cpu_ksoftirqd() == p) {
/*
* ksoftirqd time do not get accounted in cpu_softirq_time.
* So, we have to handle it separately here.
* Also, p->stime needs to be updated for ksoftirqd.
*/
__account_system_time(p, cputime_one_jiffy, one_jiffy_scaled,
&cpustat->softirq);
} else if (user_tick) {
account_user_time(p, cputime_one_jiffy, one_jiffy_scaled);
} else if (p == rq->idle) {
account_idle_time(cputime_one_jiffy);
} else if (p->flags & PF_VCPU) { /* System time or guest time */
account_guest_time(p, cputime_one_jiffy, one_jiffy_scaled);
} else {
__account_system_time(p, cputime_one_jiffy, one_jiffy_scaled,
&cpustat->system);
}
}
static void irqtime_account_idle_ticks(int ticks)
{
int i;
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
for (i = 0; i < ticks; i++)
irqtime_account_process_tick(current, 0, rq);
}
#else /* CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING */
static void irqtime_account_idle_ticks(int ticks) {}
static void irqtime_account_process_tick(struct task_struct *p, int user_tick,
struct rq *rq) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING */
/*
* Account a single tick of cpu time.
* @p: the process that the cpu time gets accounted to
* @user_tick: indicates if the tick is a user or a system tick
*/
void account_process_tick(struct task_struct *p, int user_tick)
{
cputime_t one_jiffy_scaled = cputime_to_scaled(cputime_one_jiffy);
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
if (sched_clock_irqtime) {
irqtime_account_process_tick(p, user_tick, rq);
return;
}
if (user_tick)
account_user_time(p, cputime_one_jiffy, one_jiffy_scaled);
else if ((p != rq->idle) || (irq_count() != HARDIRQ_OFFSET))
account_system_time(p, HARDIRQ_OFFSET, cputime_one_jiffy,
one_jiffy_scaled);
else
account_idle_time(cputime_one_jiffy);
}
/*
* Account multiple ticks of steal time.
* @p: the process from which the cpu time has been stolen
* @ticks: number of stolen ticks
*/
void account_steal_ticks(unsigned long ticks)
{
account_steal_time(jiffies_to_cputime(ticks));
}
/*
* Account multiple ticks of idle time.
* @ticks: number of stolen ticks
*/
void account_idle_ticks(unsigned long ticks)
{
if (sched_clock_irqtime) {
irqtime_account_idle_ticks(ticks);
return;
}
account_idle_time(jiffies_to_cputime(ticks));
}
#endif
/*
* Use precise platform statistics if available:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING
void task_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *st)
{
*ut = p->utime;
*st = p->stime;
}
void thread_group_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *st)
{
struct task_cputime cputime;
thread_group_cputime(p, &cputime);
*ut = cputime.utime;
*st = cputime.stime;
}
#else
#ifndef nsecs_to_cputime
# define nsecs_to_cputime(__nsecs) nsecs_to_jiffies(__nsecs)
#endif
void task_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *st)
{
cputime_t rtime, utime = p->utime, total = cputime_add(utime, p->stime);
/*
* Use CFS's precise accounting:
*/
rtime = nsecs_to_cputime(p->se.sum_exec_runtime);
if (total) {
u64 temp = rtime;
temp *= utime;
do_div(temp, total);
utime = (cputime_t)temp;
} else
utime = rtime;
/*
* Compare with previous values, to keep monotonicity:
*/
p->prev_utime = max(p->prev_utime, utime);
p->prev_stime = max(p->prev_stime, cputime_sub(rtime, p->prev_utime));
*ut = p->prev_utime;
*st = p->prev_stime;
}
/*
* Must be called with siglock held.
*/
void thread_group_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *st)
{
struct signal_struct *sig = p->signal;
struct task_cputime cputime;
cputime_t rtime, utime, total;
thread_group_cputime(p, &cputime);
total = cputime_add(cputime.utime, cputime.stime);
rtime = nsecs_to_cputime(cputime.sum_exec_runtime);
if (total) {
u64 temp = rtime;
temp *= cputime.utime;
do_div(temp, total);
utime = (cputime_t)temp;
} else
utime = rtime;
sig->prev_utime = max(sig->prev_utime, utime);
sig->prev_stime = max(sig->prev_stime,
cputime_sub(rtime, sig->prev_utime));
*ut = sig->prev_utime;
*st = sig->prev_stime;
}
#endif
/*
* This function gets called by the timer code, with HZ frequency.
* We call it with interrupts disabled.
*/
void scheduler_tick(void)
{
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
struct task_struct *curr = rq->curr;
sched_clock_tick();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(rq);
update_cpu_load_active(rq);
curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, curr, 0);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
perf_event_task_tick();
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
rq->idle_at_tick = idle_cpu(cpu);
trigger_load_balance(rq, cpu);
#endif
}
notrace unsigned long get_parent_ip(unsigned long addr)
{
if (in_lock_functions(addr)) {
addr = CALLER_ADDR2;
if (in_lock_functions(addr))
addr = CALLER_ADDR3;
}
return addr;
}
#if defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT) && (defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT) || \
defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_TRACER))
void __kprobes add_preempt_count(int val)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT
/*
* Underflow?
*/
if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON((preempt_count() < 0)))
return;
#endif
preempt_count() += val;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT
/*
* Spinlock count overflowing soon?
*/
DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON((preempt_count() & PREEMPT_MASK) >=
PREEMPT_MASK - 10);
#endif
if (preempt_count() == val)
trace_preempt_off(CALLER_ADDR0, get_parent_ip(CALLER_ADDR1));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_preempt_count);
void __kprobes sub_preempt_count(int val)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT
/*
* Underflow?
*/
if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(val > preempt_count()))
return;
/*
* Is the spinlock portion underflowing?
*/
if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON((val < PREEMPT_MASK) &&
!(preempt_count() & PREEMPT_MASK)))
return;
#endif
if (preempt_count() == val)
trace_preempt_on(CALLER_ADDR0, get_parent_ip(CALLER_ADDR1));
preempt_count() -= val;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sub_preempt_count);
#endif
/*
* Print scheduling while atomic bug:
*/
static noinline void __schedule_bug(struct task_struct *prev)
{
struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs();
printk(KERN_ERR "BUG: scheduling while atomic: %s/%d/0x%08x\n",
prev->comm, prev->pid, preempt_count());
debug_show_held_locks(prev);
print_modules();
if (irqs_disabled())
print_irqtrace_events(prev);
if (regs)
show_regs(regs);
else
dump_stack();
}
/*
* Various schedule()-time debugging checks and statistics:
*/
static inline void schedule_debug(struct task_struct *prev)
{
/*
* Test if we are atomic. Since do_exit() needs to call into
* schedule() atomically, we ignore that path for now.
* Otherwise, whine if we are scheduling when we should not be.
*/
if (unlikely(in_atomic_preempt_off() && !prev->exit_state))
__schedule_bug(prev);
profile_hit(SCHED_PROFILING, __builtin_return_address(0));
schedstat_inc(this_rq(), sched_count);
}
static void put_prev_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
if (prev->on_rq || rq->skip_clock_update < 0)
update_rq_clock(rq);
prev->sched_class->put_prev_task(rq, prev);
}
/*
* Pick up the highest-prio task:
*/
static inline struct task_struct *
pick_next_task(struct rq *rq)
{
const struct sched_class *class;
struct task_struct *p;
/*
* Optimization: we know that if all tasks are in
* the fair class we can call that function directly:
*/
if (likely(rq->nr_running == rq->cfs.nr_running)) {
p = fair_sched_class.pick_next_task(rq);
if (likely(p))
return p;
}
for_each_class(class) {
p = class->pick_next_task(rq);
if (p)
return p;
}
BUG(); /* the idle class will always have a runnable task */
}
/*
* __schedule() is the main scheduler function.
*/
static void __sched __schedule(void)
{
struct task_struct *prev, *next;
unsigned long *switch_count;
struct rq *rq;
int cpu;
need_resched:
preempt_disable();
cpu = smp_processor_id();
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
rcu_note_context_switch(cpu);
prev = rq->curr;
schedule_debug(prev);
if (sched_feat(HRTICK))
hrtick_clear(rq);
raw_spin_lock_irq(&rq->lock);
switch_count = &prev->nivcsw;
if (prev->state && !(preempt_count() & PREEMPT_ACTIVE)) {
if (unlikely(signal_pending_state(prev->state, prev))) {
prev->state = TASK_RUNNING;
} else {
deactivate_task(rq, prev, DEQUEUE_SLEEP);
prev->on_rq = 0;
/*
* If a worker went to sleep, notify and ask workqueue
* whether it wants to wake up a task to maintain
* concurrency.
*/
if (prev->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER) {
struct task_struct *to_wakeup;
to_wakeup = wq_worker_sleeping(prev, cpu);
if (to_wakeup)
try_to_wake_up_local(to_wakeup);
}
}
switch_count = &prev->nvcsw;
}
pre_schedule(rq, prev);
if (unlikely(!rq->nr_running))
idle_balance(cpu, rq);
put_prev_task(rq, prev);
next = pick_next_task(rq);
clear_tsk_need_resched(prev);
rq->skip_clock_update = 0;
if (likely(prev != next)) {
rq->nr_switches++;
rq->curr = next;
++*switch_count;
context_switch(rq, prev, next); /* unlocks the rq */
/*
* The context switch have flipped the stack from under us
* and restored the local variables which were saved when
* this task called schedule() in the past. prev == current
* is still correct, but it can be moved to another cpu/rq.
*/
cpu = smp_processor_id();
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
} else
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
sec_debug_task_sched_log(cpu, rq->curr);
post_schedule(rq);
preempt_enable_no_resched();
if (need_resched())
goto need_resched;
}
static inline void sched_submit_work(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
if (!tsk->state)
return;
/*
* If we are going to sleep and we have plugged IO queued,
* make sure to submit it to avoid deadlocks.
*/
if (blk_needs_flush_plug(tsk))
blk_schedule_flush_plug(tsk);
}
asmlinkage void __sched schedule(void)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
sched_submit_work(tsk);
__schedule();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule);
#ifdef CONFIG_MUTEX_SPIN_ON_OWNER
static inline bool owner_running(struct mutex *lock, struct task_struct *owner)
{
bool ret = false;
rcu_read_lock();
if (lock->owner != owner)
goto fail;
/*
* Ensure we emit the owner->on_cpu, dereference _after_ checking
* lock->owner still matches owner, if that fails, owner might
* point to free()d memory, if it still matches, the rcu_read_lock()
* ensures the memory stays valid.
*/
barrier();
ret = owner->on_cpu;
fail:
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
/*
* Look out! "owner" is an entirely speculative pointer
* access and not reliable.
*/
int mutex_spin_on_owner(struct mutex *lock, struct task_struct *owner)
{
if (!sched_feat(OWNER_SPIN))
return 0;
while (owner_running(lock, owner)) {
if (need_resched())
return 0;
arch_mutex_cpu_relax();
}
/*
* If the owner changed to another task there is likely
* heavy contention, stop spinning.
*/
if (lock->owner)
return 0;
return 1;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* this is the entry point to schedule() from in-kernel preemption
* off of preempt_enable. Kernel preemptions off return from interrupt
* occur there and call schedule directly.
*/
asmlinkage void __sched notrace preempt_schedule(void)
{
struct thread_info *ti = current_thread_info();
/*
* If there is a non-zero preempt_count or interrupts are disabled,
* we do not want to preempt the current task. Just return..
*/
if (likely(ti->preempt_count || irqs_disabled()))
return;
do {
add_preempt_count_notrace(PREEMPT_ACTIVE);
__schedule();
sub_preempt_count_notrace(PREEMPT_ACTIVE);
/*
* Check again in case we missed a preemption opportunity
* between schedule and now.
*/
barrier();
} while (need_resched());
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(preempt_schedule);
/*
* this is the entry point to schedule() from kernel preemption
* off of irq context.
* Note, that this is called and return with irqs disabled. This will
* protect us against recursive calling from irq.
*/
asmlinkage void __sched preempt_schedule_irq(void)
{
struct thread_info *ti = current_thread_info();
/* Catch callers which need to be fixed */
BUG_ON(ti->preempt_count || !irqs_disabled());
do {
add_preempt_count(PREEMPT_ACTIVE);
local_irq_enable();
__schedule();
local_irq_disable();
sub_preempt_count(PREEMPT_ACTIVE);
/*
* Check again in case we missed a preemption opportunity
* between schedule and now.
*/
barrier();
} while (need_resched());
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT */
int default_wake_function(wait_queue_t *curr, unsigned mode, int wake_flags,
void *key)
{
return try_to_wake_up(curr->private, mode, wake_flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(default_wake_function);
/*
* The core wakeup function. Non-exclusive wakeups (nr_exclusive == 0) just
* wake everything up. If it's an exclusive wakeup (nr_exclusive == small +ve
* number) then we wake all the non-exclusive tasks and one exclusive task.
*
* There are circumstances in which we can try to wake a task which has already
* started to run but is not in state TASK_RUNNING. try_to_wake_up() returns
* zero in this (rare) case, and we handle it by continuing to scan the queue.
*/
static void __wake_up_common(wait_queue_head_t *q, unsigned int mode,
int nr_exclusive, int wake_flags, void *key)
{
wait_queue_t *curr, *next;
list_for_each_entry_safe(curr, next, &q->task_list, task_list) {
unsigned flags = curr->flags;
if (curr->func(curr, mode, wake_flags, key) &&
(flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) && !--nr_exclusive)
break;
}
}
/**
* __wake_up - wake up threads blocked on a waitqueue.
* @q: the waitqueue
* @mode: which threads
* @nr_exclusive: how many wake-one or wake-many threads to wake up
* @key: is directly passed to the wakeup function
*
* It may be assumed that this function implies a write memory barrier before
* changing the task state if and only if any tasks are woken up.
*/
void __wake_up(wait_queue_head_t *q, unsigned int mode,
int nr_exclusive, void *key)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
__wake_up_common(q, mode, nr_exclusive, 0, key);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__wake_up);
/*
* Same as __wake_up but called with the spinlock in wait_queue_head_t held.
*/
void __wake_up_locked(wait_queue_head_t *q, unsigned int mode)
{
__wake_up_common(q, mode, 1, 0, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__wake_up_locked);
void __wake_up_locked_key(wait_queue_head_t *q, unsigned int mode, void *key)
{
__wake_up_common(q, mode, 1, 0, key);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__wake_up_locked_key);
/**
* __wake_up_sync_key - wake up threads blocked on a waitqueue.
* @q: the waitqueue
* @mode: which threads
* @nr_exclusive: how many wake-one or wake-many threads to wake up
* @key: opaque value to be passed to wakeup targets
*
* The sync wakeup differs that the waker knows that it will schedule
* away soon, so while the target thread will be woken up, it will not
* be migrated to another CPU - ie. the two threads are 'synchronized'
* with each other. This can prevent needless bouncing between CPUs.
*
* On UP it can prevent extra preemption.
*
* It may be assumed that this function implies a write memory barrier before
* changing the task state if and only if any tasks are woken up.
*/
void __wake_up_sync_key(wait_queue_head_t *q, unsigned int mode,
int nr_exclusive, void *key)
{
unsigned long flags;
int wake_flags = WF_SYNC;
if (unlikely(!q))
return;
if (unlikely(!nr_exclusive))
wake_flags = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
__wake_up_common(q, mode, nr_exclusive, wake_flags, key);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__wake_up_sync_key);
/*
* __wake_up_sync - see __wake_up_sync_key()
*/
void __wake_up_sync(wait_queue_head_t *q, unsigned int mode, int nr_exclusive)
{
__wake_up_sync_key(q, mode, nr_exclusive, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__wake_up_sync); /* For internal use only */
/**
* complete: - signals a single thread waiting on this completion
* @x: holds the state of this particular completion
*
* This will wake up a single thread waiting on this completion. Threads will be
* awakened in the same order in which they were queued.
*
* See also complete_all(), wait_for_completion() and related routines.
*
* It may be assumed that this function implies a write memory barrier before
* changing the task state if and only if any tasks are woken up.
*/
void complete(struct completion *x)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&x->wait.lock, flags);
x->done++;
__wake_up_common(&x->wait, TASK_NORMAL, 1, 0, NULL);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&x->wait.lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(complete);
/**
* complete_all: - signals all threads waiting on this completion
* @x: holds the state of this particular completion
*
* This will wake up all threads waiting on this particular completion event.
*
* It may be assumed that this function implies a write memory barrier before
* changing the task state if and only if any tasks are woken up.
*/
void complete_all(struct completion *x)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&x->wait.lock, flags);
x->done += UINT_MAX/2;
__wake_up_common(&x->wait, TASK_NORMAL, 0, 0, NULL);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&x->wait.lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(complete_all);
static in