Minion ZAP Plugin
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This is a plugin for Minion that executes the OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) penetration testing tool. This tool is designed to find vulnerabilities in web applications.

Interested in learning more about ZAP? See zaproxy.


Minion is well-supported on most Linux distro (Ubuntu, Fedora, etc).

  • Python 2.7
  • virtualenv
  • ZAP 2.4.2 (or a more recent stable or weekly release)
  • ZAP python client 0.6

We recommend the latest stable release. You can also use the latest weekly release if you need a fix or feature that has been implemented since the stable release.

This README will assume you are using ZAP 2.4.2.

ZAP installation

First, you must have ZAP setup on your system. Assume you are under /home/username, you can get the latest weekly or stable release of ZAP from

You will also need Java 7 installed. If you are using the minion-vm then you can install it using:

  • sudo apt-get --assume-yes install openjdk-7-jre

Download and extract the compressed file. For the purpose of this documentation, we will rename the extracted folder to the name "zap", so that it resides at ``/home/username/zap".

The plugin looks for ZAP's script either on the system PATH or in a directory specified in either ~/.minion/zap-plugin.json or /etc/minion/zap-plugin.json. It is generally easier to use the configuration file than to change the system PATH so that is what we recommend.

The zap-plugin.json config file should look as follows:

    "zap-path": "/home/username/zap/"

You can put the ZAP directory anywhere, as long as the user executing the plugins has the right permissions to read and execute the script.

Plugin installation

If you are using minion-vm you should first run:

  • source /opt/minion/minion-env/bin/activate

Assuming you have minion installed, you can clone this plugin and do python

$ git clone
$ cd minion-zap-plugin
$ python install

If you are developing minion and zap, you should run python develop using an appropriate python environment (using a virtualenv or the global python interpreter).

Finally, you must restart minion-backend and all backend queue workers. Now go to your minion administration interface on the browser, go to plugins, you should see zap plugin installed.


ZAP is usually used as a proxy tool doing automated testing driven by browser testing plugin such as selenium, and therefore some features are less appropriate for headless mode. Minion runs zap as headless, and therefore we can only expose a subset of ZAP's power. Here is a complete JSON configuration document you can put as a Minion zap plan:

        "configuration": {
            "auth": {
                "type": "basic/session",
                "username": "username",
                "password": "password",
                "realm": "Restricted Area",
                "hostname": "",
                "port": "https",
                "sessions": [
                        "token": "token_name1",
                        "value": "wp_342423423"
                        "token": "token_name2",
                        "value": "wp_111111"
            "excludes": {
                "spider": [
                "scanner": [
            "policies": {
                "40012": "0"
            "scan": true
        "description": "Run the ZAP Spider and Scanner",
        "plugin_name": "minion.plugins.zap.ZAPPlugin"


This plugin can test websites that can be authenticated via basic auth or session/cookie auth. You either specify basic or session as the type of the authentication method.

key meaning
sessions A list of session token name and value pair: {"token": "", "value": ""}
username The username to authenticate (basic auth only)
password The password to authenticate (basic auth only)
realm A string specifying the semantic of the protected area (basic auth only, optional)
hostname The hostname of the authentication to get through (basic auth only, optional)
port The port of the authentication to get through (basic auth only, optional). By default minion will try to figure out the port using standard scheme-port matching. If you use non-standard port you need to specify this.


You can exclude certain URL from ZAP's scanner or spider. This is done by specify a list of url to the corresponding feature in the excludes attribute.

key meaning
spider scanner A list of url to exclude from the spider: ["http://localhost:1234/path1", ...] A list of url to exclude from the scanner.

Due to bug #749 you might need to exclude the same set of urls to achieve the same spider, scanner exclusion effect.


By default, we will execute active scanning. You can turn this behavior off by specifying scan: false in the JSON attack plan.


ZAP allows you to turn on or off some scan policies. This is useful to speed up a scan if you are only interested in a particular subset of issues.

You specify policies and the value is a list of ["policy_id": "0/1"], where 0 is off and 1 is on. The policy id is hard code in ZAP and we have extracted this list in minion-zap-plugin/minion/plugins/ See

In the example JSON above, 40012 corresponds to "Cross site scripting (Reflected)".