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Comandor - simple service objects in Ruby
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README.md

Comandor

CircleCI

Service Object (Interactor, Command) are used to encapsulate your application's business logic. To keep Singe Responsibility principle each service object represents only one thing that your application does.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'comandor'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install comandor

Usage

# Your Service class
class DepositCreate
  extend Comandor # here we are!

  # Initialize object with some arguments as usual Ruby object (of course it's optional)
  def initialize(user, amount)
    @user = user
    @amount = amount
  end

  # Define your business logic by implementing the #perform method.
  # Results of call will be in the #result method of instance.
  # #perform will return the instance of your Class.
  # You can use the #success? method to check if results it is a valid
  # or fail? (failed?) if it’s invalid.
  # And you can get all errors with #errors method.
  def perform
    # .error method adds message to the :amount field
    return error(:amount, 'Deposit amount should be more than $100') if @amount < 100
    create_deposit
  end
  
  private
  
  def create_deposit
    @user.deposits.create(amount: @amount)
  end
end

In the Controller:

class DepositsController < ApplicationController
  def create
    deposit_create = DepositCreate.new(current_user, 100).perform
    if deposit_create.success?
      redirect_to root_path, notice: 'Deposit created'
    else
      redirect_to root_path, alert: deposit_create.errors[:amount].join("\n")
    end
  end
end

or just

    deposit_create = DepositCreate.perform(current_user, 100)

Another option to call #perform with any arguments

# Another Service class
class InvoiceSend
  extend Comandor # here we are!
  
  def perform(email = nil, amount = 0)
    return error(:amount, 'Deposit amount should be more than $100') if amount < 100
    return error(:email, 'E-mail is blank') unless email
    create_and_send_invoice(email, amount)
  end
  
  private
  
  def create_and_send_invoice(email, amount)
    # ... your another code is here    
  end    
end

in use:

delivery = InvoiceSend.new.perform('renat@aomega.co', 100)
if delivery.success?
  # all good
  puts delivery.result
else
  # Houston, we have a problem 
  puts deliver.errors.inspect  
end

or

delivery = InvoiceSend.perform('renat@aomega.co', 100)

state methods:

# was last .perform call success or not
delivery.success?

# results of .perform call
delivery.result

# Hash of errors
#{
#  'field1': ['error message 1', 'error message 2'],
#  'field2': ['error message 3']
#}
delivery.errors

one more example:

class User::Registration
  attr_reader :user, :bank_account
  extend Comandor
    
  def initialize(params)
    @params = params
  end
  
  def perform
    create_user! && create_bank_account!
  end
  
  private
  
  def create_user!
    @user = User.new(@params)
    return true if @user.save
    error(:user, @user.errors.to_a)
    false
  end
  
  def create_bank_account!
    @bank_account = Bank::Account.new(user: @user)
    return true if @bank_account.save
    error(:bank_account, @bank_account.errors.to_a)
    false
  end
end

example of using:

  registration = User::Registration.new(user_params).perform
  if registration.success?
    puts registration.user.inspect
    puts registration.bank_account.inspect
  else
    puts registration.errors  
  end

transaction! wrapper around perform method look like

class User::Message
  extend Comandor
  transaction! 'ActiveRecord::Base.transaction'
    
  def perform(user)
    @user = user
    create_message! && send_message! && write_log! &&
  end
  #...
end

User::Message.perform(User.first)

Development

After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run rake spec to run the tests. You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in version.rb, and then run bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the .gem file to rubygems.org.

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/mpakus/comandor. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.

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