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C++17 std::variant for C++11/14/17

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MPark.Variant is an implementation of C++17 std::variant for C++11/14/17.



Single Header

The single-header branch provides a standalone variant.hpp file for each release. Copy it and #include away!


You can add mpark/variant as a submodule to your project.

git submodule add 3rdparty/variant

Add the include directory to your include path with -I3rdparty/variant/include then #include the variant.hpp header with #include <mpark/variant.hpp>.

If you use CMake, you can simply use add_subdirectory(3rdparty/variant):

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.6.3)

project(HelloWorld CXX)


add_executable(hello-world hello_world.cpp)
target_link_libraries(hello-world mpark_variant)

Installation / CMake find_package

git clone
mkdir variant/build && cd variant/build
cmake ..
cmake --build . --target install

This will install mpark/variant to the default install-directory for your platform (/usr/local for Unix, C:\Program Files for Windows). You can also install at a custom location via the CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX variable, (e.g., cmake .. -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt).

The installed mpark/variant can then be found by CMake via find_package:

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.6.3)

project(HelloWorld CXX)

find_package(mpark_variant 1.3.0 REQUIRED)

add_executable(hello-world hello_world.cpp)
target_link_libraries(hello-world mpark_variant)

CMake will search for mpark/variant in its default set of installation prefixes. If mpark/variant is installed in a custom location via the CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX variable, you'll likely need to use the CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH to specify the location (e.g., cmake .. -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=/opt).


This library requires a standard conformant C++11 compiler. The following compilers are continously tested:

Compiler Operating System Version String
GCC 4.8.5 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS g++-4.8 (Ubuntu 4.8.5-4ubuntu8~16.04.1) 4.8.5
GCC 4.9.4 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS g++-4.9 (Ubuntu 4.9.4-2ubuntu1~16.04) 4.9.4
GCC 5.5.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS g++-5 (Ubuntu 5.5.0-12ubuntu1~16.04) 5.5.0 20171010
GCC 6.5.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS g++-6 (Ubuntu 6.5.0-2ubuntu1~16.04) 6.5.0 20181026
GCC 7.4.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS g++-7 (Ubuntu 7.4.0-1ubuntu116.04ppa1) 7.4.0
GCC 8.3.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS g++-8 (Ubuntu 8.3.0-16ubuntu3~16.04) 8.3.0
GCC 9.2.1 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS g++-9 (Ubuntu 9.2.1-17ubuntu1~16.04) 9.2.1 20191102
Clang 3.6.2 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS Ubuntu clang version 3.6.2-3ubuntu2 (tags/RELEASE_362/final) (based on LLVM 3.6.2)
Clang 3.7.1 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS Ubuntu clang version 3.7.1-2ubuntu2 (tags/RELEASE_371/final) (based on LLVM 3.7.1)
Clang 3.8.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS clang version 3.8.0-2ubuntu4 (tags/RELEASE_380/final)
Clang 3.9.1 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS clang version 3.9.1-4ubuntu3~16.04.2 (tags/RELEASE_391/rc2)
Clang 4.0.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS clang version 4.0.0-1ubuntu1~16.04.2 (tags/RELEASE_400/rc1)
Clang 5.0.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS clang version 5.0.0-3~16.04.1 (tags/RELEASE_500/final)
Clang 6.0.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS clang version 6.0.0-1ubuntu2~16.04.1 (tags/RELEASE_600/final)
Clang 7.1.0 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS clang version 7.1.0-svn353565-1exp120190408084827.60 (branches/release_70)
Clang 8.0.1 Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS clang version 8.0.1-svn369350-1exp120190820122438.78 (branches/release_80)
Clang Xcode 8.3 Darwin Kernel Version 16.7.0 (OS X 10.12.6) Apple LLVM version 8.1.0 (clang-802.0.42)
Clang Xcode 9.4 Darwin Kernel Version 17.4.0 (OS X 10.13.3) Apple LLVM version 9.1.0 (clang-902.0.39.2)
Clang Xcode 10.1 Darwin Kernel Version 17.7.0 (OS X 10.13.6) Apple LLVM version 10.0.0 (clang-1000.11.45.5)
Visual Studio 14 2015 Visual Studio 2015 with Update 3 MSVC 19.0.24241.7
Visual Studio 15 2017 Visual Studio 2017 with Update 8 MSVC 19.15.26732.1
Visual Studio 15 2017 Visual Studio 2017 with Update 9 MSVC 19.16.27025.1
Visual Studio 15 2017 (Clang/LLVM) Visual Studio 2017 Clang 7.0.0


  • GCC 4.8/4.9: constexpr support is not available for visit and relational operators.
  • Enabling libc++ std::variant tests require -std=c++17 support.

CMake Variables


    Semicolon-separated list of tests to build. Possible values are mpark, and libc++.

    NOTE: The libc++ std::variant tests are built with -std=c++17.

Unit Tests

Refer to test/


Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0.