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# frozen_string_literal: true
require "sidekiq"
require "sidekiq/util"
require "sidekiq/api"
module Sidekiq
module Scheduled
SETS = %w[retry schedule]
class Enq
def enqueue_jobs(now =, sorted_sets = SETS)
# A job's "score" in Redis is the time at which it should be processed.
# Just check Redis for the set of jobs with a timestamp before now.
Sidekiq.redis do |conn|
sorted_sets.each do |sorted_set|
# Get next items in the queue with scores (time to execute) <= now.
until (jobs = conn.zrangebyscore(sorted_set, "-inf", now, limit: [0, 100])).empty?
# We need to go through the list one at a time to reduce the risk of something
# going wrong between the time jobs are popped from the scheduled queue and when
# they are pushed onto a work queue and losing the jobs.
jobs.each do |job|
# Pop item off the queue and add it to the work queue. If the job can't be popped from
# the queue, it's because another process already popped it so we can move on to the
# next one.
if conn.zrem(sorted_set, job)
Sidekiq.logger.debug { "enqueued #{sorted_set}: #{job}" }
# The Poller checks Redis every N seconds for jobs in the retry or scheduled
# set have passed their timestamp and should be enqueued. If so, it
# just pops the job back onto its original queue so the
# workers can pick it up like any other job.
class Poller
include Util
def initialize
@enq = (Sidekiq.options[:scheduled_enq] || Sidekiq::Scheduled::Enq).new
@sleeper =
@done = false
@thread = nil
# Shut down this instance, will pause until the thread is dead.
def terminate
@done = true
if @thread
t = @thread
@thread = nil
@sleeper << 0
def start
@thread ||= safe_thread("scheduler") {
until @done
end"Scheduler exiting...")
def enqueue
rescue => ex
# Most likely a problem with redis networking.
# Punt and try again at the next interval
logger.error ex.message
def wait
rescue Timeout::Error
# expected
rescue => ex
# if poll_interval_average hasn't been calculated yet, we can
# raise an error trying to reach Redis.
logger.error ex.message
sleep 5
def random_poll_interval
# We want one Sidekiq process to schedule jobs every N seconds. We have M processes
# and **don't** want to coordinate.
# So in N*M second timespan, we want each process to schedule once. The basic loop is:
# * sleep a random amount within that N*M timespan
# * wake up and schedule
# We want to avoid one edge case: imagine a set of 2 processes, scheduling every 5 seconds,
# so N*M = 10. Each process decides to randomly sleep 8 seconds, now we've failed to meet
# that 5 second average. Thankfully each schedule cycle will sleep randomly so the next
# iteration could see each process sleep for 1 second, undercutting our average.
# So below 10 processes, we special case and ensure the processes sleep closer to the average.
# In the example above, each process should schedule every 10 seconds on average. We special
# case smaller clusters to add 50% so they would sleep somewhere between 5 and 15 seconds.
# As we run more processes, the scheduling interval average will approach an even spread
# between 0 and poll interval so we don't need this artifical boost.
if process_count < 10
# For small clusters, calculate a random interval that is ±50% the desired average.
poll_interval_average * rand + poll_interval_average.to_f / 2
# With 10+ processes, we should have enough randomness to get decent polling
# across the entire timespan
poll_interval_average * rand
# We do our best to tune the poll interval to the size of the active Sidekiq
# cluster. If you have 30 processes and poll every 15 seconds, that means one
# Sidekiq is checking Redis every 0.5 seconds - way too often for most people
# and really bad if the retry or scheduled sets are large.
# Instead try to avoid polling more than once every 15 seconds. If you have
# 30 Sidekiq processes, we'll poll every 30 * 15 or 450 seconds.
# To keep things statistically random, we'll sleep a random amount between
# 225 and 675 seconds for each poll or 450 seconds on average. Otherwise restarting
# all your Sidekiq processes at the same time will lead to them all polling at
# the same time: the thundering herd problem.
# We only do this if poll_interval_average is unset (the default).
def poll_interval_average
Sidekiq.options[:poll_interval_average] ||= scaled_poll_interval
# Calculates an average poll interval based on the number of known Sidekiq processes.
# This minimizes a single point of failure by dispersing check-ins but without taxing
# Redis if you run many Sidekiq processes.
def scaled_poll_interval
process_count * Sidekiq.options[:average_scheduled_poll_interval]
def process_count
pcount =
pcount = 1 if pcount == 0
def initial_wait
# Have all processes sleep between 5-15 seconds. 10 seconds
# to give time for the heartbeat to register (if the poll interval is going to be calculated by the number
# of workers), and 5 random seconds to ensure they don't all hit Redis at the same time.
total = 0
total += INITIAL_WAIT unless Sidekiq.options[:poll_interval_average]
total += (5 * rand)
rescue Timeout::Error