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/*
* Alpha emulation cpu definitions for qemu.
*
* Copyright (c) 2007 Jocelyn Mayer
*
* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/
#if !defined (__CPU_ALPHA_H__)
#define __CPU_ALPHA_H__
#include "config.h"
#define TARGET_LONG_BITS 64
#define CPUState struct CPUAlphaState
#include "cpu-defs.h"
#include <setjmp.h>
#include "softfloat.h"
#define TARGET_HAS_ICE 1
#define ELF_MACHINE EM_ALPHA
#define ICACHE_LINE_SIZE 32
#define DCACHE_LINE_SIZE 32
#define TARGET_PAGE_BITS 13
/* ??? EV4 has 34 phys addr bits, EV5 has 40, EV6 has 44. */
#define TARGET_PHYS_ADDR_SPACE_BITS 44
#define TARGET_VIRT_ADDR_SPACE_BITS (30 + TARGET_PAGE_BITS)
/* Alpha major type */
enum {
ALPHA_EV3 = 1,
ALPHA_EV4 = 2,
ALPHA_SIM = 3,
ALPHA_LCA = 4,
ALPHA_EV5 = 5, /* 21164 */
ALPHA_EV45 = 6, /* 21064A */
ALPHA_EV56 = 7, /* 21164A */
};
/* EV4 minor type */
enum {
ALPHA_EV4_2 = 0,
ALPHA_EV4_3 = 1,
};
/* LCA minor type */
enum {
ALPHA_LCA_1 = 1, /* 21066 */
ALPHA_LCA_2 = 2, /* 20166 */
ALPHA_LCA_3 = 3, /* 21068 */
ALPHA_LCA_4 = 4, /* 21068 */
ALPHA_LCA_5 = 5, /* 21066A */
ALPHA_LCA_6 = 6, /* 21068A */
};
/* EV5 minor type */
enum {
ALPHA_EV5_1 = 1, /* Rev BA, CA */
ALPHA_EV5_2 = 2, /* Rev DA, EA */
ALPHA_EV5_3 = 3, /* Pass 3 */
ALPHA_EV5_4 = 4, /* Pass 3.2 */
ALPHA_EV5_5 = 5, /* Pass 4 */
};
/* EV45 minor type */
enum {
ALPHA_EV45_1 = 1, /* Pass 1 */
ALPHA_EV45_2 = 2, /* Pass 1.1 */
ALPHA_EV45_3 = 3, /* Pass 2 */
};
/* EV56 minor type */
enum {
ALPHA_EV56_1 = 1, /* Pass 1 */
ALPHA_EV56_2 = 2, /* Pass 2 */
};
enum {
IMPLVER_2106x = 0, /* EV4, EV45 & LCA45 */
IMPLVER_21164 = 1, /* EV5, EV56 & PCA45 */
IMPLVER_21264 = 2, /* EV6, EV67 & EV68x */
IMPLVER_21364 = 3, /* EV7 & EV79 */
};
enum {
AMASK_BWX = 0x00000001,
AMASK_FIX = 0x00000002,
AMASK_CIX = 0x00000004,
AMASK_MVI = 0x00000100,
AMASK_TRAP = 0x00000200,
AMASK_PREFETCH = 0x00001000,
};
enum {
VAX_ROUND_NORMAL = 0,
VAX_ROUND_CHOPPED,
};
enum {
IEEE_ROUND_NORMAL = 0,
IEEE_ROUND_DYNAMIC,
IEEE_ROUND_PLUS,
IEEE_ROUND_MINUS,
IEEE_ROUND_CHOPPED,
};
/* IEEE floating-point operations encoding */
/* Trap mode */
enum {
FP_TRAP_I = 0x0,
FP_TRAP_U = 0x1,
FP_TRAP_S = 0x4,
FP_TRAP_SU = 0x5,
FP_TRAP_SUI = 0x7,
};
/* Rounding mode */
enum {
FP_ROUND_CHOPPED = 0x0,
FP_ROUND_MINUS = 0x1,
FP_ROUND_NORMAL = 0x2,
FP_ROUND_DYNAMIC = 0x3,
};
/* FPCR bits */
#define FPCR_SUM (1ULL << 63)
#define FPCR_INED (1ULL << 62)
#define FPCR_UNFD (1ULL << 61)
#define FPCR_UNDZ (1ULL << 60)
#define FPCR_DYN_SHIFT 58
#define FPCR_DYN_CHOPPED (0ULL << FPCR_DYN_SHIFT)
#define FPCR_DYN_MINUS (1ULL << FPCR_DYN_SHIFT)
#define FPCR_DYN_NORMAL (2ULL << FPCR_DYN_SHIFT)
#define FPCR_DYN_PLUS (3ULL << FPCR_DYN_SHIFT)
#define FPCR_DYN_MASK (3ULL << FPCR_DYN_SHIFT)
#define FPCR_IOV (1ULL << 57)
#define FPCR_INE (1ULL << 56)
#define FPCR_UNF (1ULL << 55)
#define FPCR_OVF (1ULL << 54)
#define FPCR_DZE (1ULL << 53)
#define FPCR_INV (1ULL << 52)
#define FPCR_OVFD (1ULL << 51)
#define FPCR_DZED (1ULL << 50)
#define FPCR_INVD (1ULL << 49)
#define FPCR_DNZ (1ULL << 48)
#define FPCR_DNOD (1ULL << 47)
#define FPCR_STATUS_MASK (FPCR_IOV | FPCR_INE | FPCR_UNF \
| FPCR_OVF | FPCR_DZE | FPCR_INV)
/* The silly software trap enables implemented by the kernel emulation.
These are more or less architecturally required, since the real hardware
has read-as-zero bits in the FPCR when the features aren't implemented.
For the purposes of QEMU, we pretend the FPCR can hold everything. */
#define SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_INV (1ULL << 1)
#define SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_DZE (1ULL << 2)
#define SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_OVF (1ULL << 3)
#define SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_UNF (1ULL << 4)
#define SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_INE (1ULL << 5)
#define SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_DNO (1ULL << 6)
#define SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_MASK ((1ULL << 7) - (1ULL << 1))
#define SWCR_MAP_DMZ (1ULL << 12)
#define SWCR_MAP_UMZ (1ULL << 13)
#define SWCR_MAP_MASK (SWCR_MAP_DMZ | SWCR_MAP_UMZ)
#define SWCR_STATUS_INV (1ULL << 17)
#define SWCR_STATUS_DZE (1ULL << 18)
#define SWCR_STATUS_OVF (1ULL << 19)
#define SWCR_STATUS_UNF (1ULL << 20)
#define SWCR_STATUS_INE (1ULL << 21)
#define SWCR_STATUS_DNO (1ULL << 22)
#define SWCR_STATUS_MASK ((1ULL << 23) - (1ULL << 17))
#define SWCR_MASK (SWCR_TRAP_ENABLE_MASK | SWCR_MAP_MASK | SWCR_STATUS_MASK)
/* Internal processor registers */
/* XXX: TOFIX: most of those registers are implementation dependant */
enum {
#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
IPR_EXC_ADDR,
IPR_EXC_SUM,
IPR_EXC_MASK,
#else
/* Ebox IPRs */
IPR_CC = 0xC0, /* 21264 */
IPR_CC_CTL = 0xC1, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_CC_CTL_ENA_SHIFT 32
#define IPR_CC_CTL_COUNTER_MASK 0xfffffff0UL
IPR_VA = 0xC2, /* 21264 */
IPR_VA_CTL = 0xC4, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_VA_CTL_VA_48_SHIFT 1
#define IPR_VA_CTL_VPTB_SHIFT 30
IPR_VA_FORM = 0xC3, /* 21264 */
/* Ibox IPRs */
IPR_ITB_TAG = 0x00, /* 21264 */
IPR_ITB_PTE = 0x01, /* 21264 */
IPR_ITB_IAP = 0x02,
IPR_ITB_IA = 0x03, /* 21264 */
IPR_ITB_IS = 0x04, /* 21264 */
IPR_PMPC = 0x05,
IPR_EXC_ADDR = 0x06, /* 21264 */
IPR_IVA_FORM = 0x07, /* 21264 */
IPR_CM = 0x09, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_CM_SHIFT 3
#define IPR_CM_MASK (3ULL << IPR_CM_SHIFT) /* 21264 */
IPR_IER = 0x0A, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_IER_MASK 0x0000007fffffe000ULL
IPR_IER_CM = 0x0B, /* 21264: = CM | IER */
IPR_SIRR = 0x0C, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_SIRR_SHIFT 14
#define IPR_SIRR_MASK 0x7fff
IPR_ISUM = 0x0D, /* 21264 */
IPR_HW_INT_CLR = 0x0E, /* 21264 */
IPR_EXC_SUM = 0x0F,
IPR_PAL_BASE = 0x10,
IPR_I_CTL = 0x11,
#define IPR_I_CTL_CHIP_ID_SHIFT 24 /* 21264 */
#define IPR_I_CTL_BIST_FAIL (1 << 23) /* 21264 */
#define IPR_I_CTL_IC_EN_SHIFT 2 /* 21264 */
#define IPR_I_CTL_SDE1_SHIFT 7 /* 21264 */
#define IPR_I_CTL_HWE_SHIFT 12 /* 21264 */
#define IPR_I_CTL_VA_48_SHIFT 15 /* 21264 */
#define IPR_I_CTL_SPE_SHIFT 3 /* 21264 */
#define IPR_I_CTL_CALL_PAL_R23_SHIFT 20 /* 21264 */
IPR_I_STAT = 0x16, /* 21264 */
IPR_IC_FLUSH = 0x13, /* 21264 */
IPR_IC_FLUSH_ASM = 0x12, /* 21264 */
IPR_CLR_MAP = 0x15,
IPR_SLEEP = 0x17,
IPR_PCTX = 0x40,
IPR_PCTX_ASN = 0x01, /* field */
#define IPR_PCTX_ASN_SHIFT 39
IPR_PCTX_ASTER = 0x02, /* field */
#define IPR_PCTX_ASTER_SHIFT 5
IPR_PCTX_ASTRR = 0x04, /* field */
#define IPR_PCTX_ASTRR_SHIFT 9
IPR_PCTX_PPCE = 0x08, /* field */
#define IPR_PCTX_PPCE_SHIFT 1
IPR_PCTX_FPE = 0x10, /* field */
#define IPR_PCTX_FPE_SHIFT 2
IPR_PCTX_ALL = 0x5f, /* all fields */
IPR_PCTR_CTL = 0x14, /* 21264 */
/* Mbox IPRs */
IPR_DTB_TAG0 = 0x20, /* 21264 */
IPR_DTB_TAG1 = 0xA0, /* 21264 */
IPR_DTB_PTE0 = 0x21, /* 21264 */
IPR_DTB_PTE1 = 0xA1, /* 21264 */
IPR_DTB_ALTMODE = 0xA6,
IPR_DTB_ALTMODE0 = 0x26, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_DTB_ALTMODE_MASK 3
IPR_DTB_IAP = 0xA2,
IPR_DTB_IA = 0xA3, /* 21264 */
IPR_DTB_IS0 = 0x24,
IPR_DTB_IS1 = 0xA4,
IPR_DTB_ASN0 = 0x25, /* 21264 */
IPR_DTB_ASN1 = 0xA5, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_DTB_ASN_SHIFT 56
IPR_MM_STAT = 0x27, /* 21264 */
IPR_M_CTL = 0x28, /* 21264 */
#define IPR_M_CTL_SPE_SHIFT 1
#define IPR_M_CTL_SPE_MASK 7
IPR_DC_CTL = 0x29, /* 21264 */
IPR_DC_STAT = 0x2A, /* 21264 */
/* Cbox IPRs */
IPR_C_DATA = 0x2B,
IPR_C_SHIFT = 0x2C,
IPR_ASN,
IPR_ASTEN,
IPR_ASTSR,
IPR_DATFX,
IPR_ESP,
IPR_FEN,
IPR_IPIR,
IPR_IPL,
IPR_KSP,
IPR_MCES,
IPR_PERFMON,
IPR_PCBB,
IPR_PRBR,
IPR_PTBR,
IPR_SCBB,
IPR_SISR,
IPR_SSP,
IPR_SYSPTBR,
IPR_TBCHK,
IPR_TBIA,
IPR_TBIAP,
IPR_TBIS,
IPR_TBISD,
IPR_TBISI,
IPR_USP,
IPR_VIRBND,
IPR_VPTB,
IPR_WHAMI,
IPR_ALT_MODE,
#endif
IPR_LAST,
};
typedef struct CPUAlphaState CPUAlphaState;
typedef struct pal_handler_t pal_handler_t;
struct pal_handler_t {
/* Reset */
void (*reset)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Uncorrectable hardware error */
void (*machine_check)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Arithmetic exception */
void (*arithmetic)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Interrupt / correctable hardware error */
void (*interrupt)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Data fault */
void (*dfault)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* DTB miss pal */
void (*dtb_miss_pal)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* DTB miss native */
void (*dtb_miss_native)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Unaligned access */
void (*unalign)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* ITB miss */
void (*itb_miss)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Instruction stream access violation */
void (*itb_acv)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Reserved or privileged opcode */
void (*opcdec)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Floating point exception */
void (*fen)(CPUAlphaState *env);
/* Call pal instruction */
void (*call_pal)(CPUAlphaState *env, uint32_t palcode);
};
#define NB_MMU_MODES 4
struct CPUAlphaState {
uint64_t ir[31];
float64 fir[31];
uint64_t pc;
uint64_t ipr[IPR_LAST];
uint64_t ps;
uint64_t unique;
uint64_t lock_addr;
uint64_t lock_st_addr;
uint64_t lock_value;
float_status fp_status;
/* The following fields make up the FPCR, but in FP_STATUS format. */
uint8_t fpcr_exc_status;
uint8_t fpcr_exc_mask;
uint8_t fpcr_dyn_round;
uint8_t fpcr_flush_to_zero;
uint8_t fpcr_dnz;
uint8_t fpcr_dnod;
uint8_t fpcr_undz;
/* Used for HW_LD / HW_ST */
uint8_t saved_mode;
/* For RC and RS */
uint8_t intr_flag;
#if TARGET_LONG_BITS > HOST_LONG_BITS
/* temporary fixed-point registers
* used to emulate 64 bits target on 32 bits hosts
*/
target_ulong t0, t1;
#endif
/* Those resources are used only in Qemu core */
CPU_COMMON
uint32_t hflags;
int error_code;
uint32_t features;
uint32_t amask;
int implver;
pal_handler_t *pal_handler;
};
#define cpu_init cpu_alpha_init
#define cpu_exec cpu_alpha_exec
#define cpu_gen_code cpu_alpha_gen_code
#define cpu_signal_handler cpu_alpha_signal_handler
/* MMU modes definitions */
#define MMU_MODE0_SUFFIX _kernel
#define MMU_MODE1_SUFFIX _executive
#define MMU_MODE2_SUFFIX _supervisor
#define MMU_MODE3_SUFFIX _user
#define MMU_USER_IDX 3
static inline int cpu_mmu_index (CPUState *env)
{
return (env->ps >> 3) & 3;
}
#include "cpu-all.h"
enum {
FEATURE_ASN = 0x00000001,
FEATURE_SPS = 0x00000002,
FEATURE_VIRBND = 0x00000004,
FEATURE_TBCHK = 0x00000008,
};
enum {
EXCP_RESET = 0x0000,
EXCP_MCHK = 0x0020,
EXCP_ARITH = 0x0060,
EXCP_HW_INTERRUPT = 0x00E0,
EXCP_DFAULT = 0x01E0,
EXCP_DTB_MISS_PAL = 0x09E0,
EXCP_ITB_MISS = 0x03E0,
EXCP_ITB_ACV = 0x07E0,
EXCP_DTB_MISS_NATIVE = 0x08E0,
EXCP_UNALIGN = 0x11E0,
EXCP_OPCDEC = 0x13E0,
EXCP_FEN = 0x17E0,
EXCP_CALL_PAL = 0x2000,
EXCP_CALL_PALP = 0x3000,
EXCP_CALL_PALE = 0x4000,
/* Pseudo exception for console */
EXCP_CONSOLE_DISPATCH = 0x4001,
EXCP_CONSOLE_FIXUP = 0x4002,
EXCP_STL_C = 0x4003,
EXCP_STQ_C = 0x4004,
};
/* Arithmetic exception */
#define EXC_M_IOV (1<<16) /* Integer Overflow */
#define EXC_M_INE (1<<15) /* Inexact result */
#define EXC_M_UNF (1<<14) /* Underflow */
#define EXC_M_FOV (1<<13) /* Overflow */
#define EXC_M_DZE (1<<12) /* Division by zero */
#define EXC_M_INV (1<<11) /* Invalid operation */
#define EXC_M_SWC (1<<10) /* Software completion */
enum {
IR_V0 = 0,
IR_T0 = 1,
IR_T1 = 2,
IR_T2 = 3,
IR_T3 = 4,
IR_T4 = 5,
IR_T5 = 6,
IR_T6 = 7,
IR_T7 = 8,
IR_S0 = 9,
IR_S1 = 10,
IR_S2 = 11,
IR_S3 = 12,
IR_S4 = 13,
IR_S5 = 14,
IR_S6 = 15,
IR_FP = IR_S6,
IR_A0 = 16,
IR_A1 = 17,
IR_A2 = 18,
IR_A3 = 19,
IR_A4 = 20,
IR_A5 = 21,
IR_T8 = 22,
IR_T9 = 23,
IR_T10 = 24,
IR_T11 = 25,
IR_RA = 26,
IR_T12 = 27,
IR_PV = IR_T12,
IR_AT = 28,
IR_GP = 29,
IR_SP = 30,
IR_ZERO = 31,
};
CPUAlphaState * cpu_alpha_init (const char *cpu_model);
int cpu_alpha_exec(CPUAlphaState *s);
/* you can call this signal handler from your SIGBUS and SIGSEGV
signal handlers to inform the virtual CPU of exceptions. non zero
is returned if the signal was handled by the virtual CPU. */
int cpu_alpha_signal_handler(int host_signum, void *pinfo,
void *puc);
int cpu_alpha_handle_mmu_fault (CPUState *env, uint64_t address, int rw,
int mmu_idx, int is_softmmu);
#define cpu_handle_mmu_fault cpu_alpha_handle_mmu_fault
void do_interrupt (CPUState *env);
uint64_t cpu_alpha_load_fpcr (CPUState *env);
void cpu_alpha_store_fpcr (CPUState *env, uint64_t val);
int cpu_alpha_mfpr (CPUState *env, int iprn, uint64_t *valp);
int cpu_alpha_mtpr (CPUState *env, int iprn, uint64_t val, uint64_t *oldvalp);
#if !defined (CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
void pal_init (CPUState *env);
void call_pal (CPUState *env);
#endif
static inline void cpu_get_tb_cpu_state(CPUState *env, target_ulong *pc,
target_ulong *cs_base, int *flags)
{
*pc = env->pc;
*cs_base = 0;
*flags = env->ps;
}
#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
static inline void cpu_clone_regs(CPUState *env, target_ulong newsp)
{
if (newsp) {
env->ir[IR_SP] = newsp;
}
env->ir[IR_V0] = 0;
env->ir[IR_A3] = 0;
}
static inline void cpu_set_tls(CPUState *env, target_ulong newtls)
{
env->unique = newtls;
}
#endif
#endif /* !defined (__CPU_ALPHA_H__) */
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