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Gopher and Lambda


Briefly, run Lambda Go function on your machine and forget about redeployments!

Run proxy application as Lambda function and route all events (TCP traffic) to a different, even local Go application. Forget about long hours of blindly debugging the function code, docker images and SAM models. Pass all incoming, real Lambda requests to the Go application that you're currently developing.

No need to prepare Test events or wrap http.Request magically.


In this case I will show you how to process requests sent to API Gateway.

Build aws-lambda-go-proxy package:

$ go get

Go to the source directory and run make to create a deployment artifact:

$ make
go get -v ./...
GOOS=linux go build -o main
zip main
updating: main (deflated 65%)
rm main

In the mean time, let's build and run a sample Go application (for educational reasons) - Hello World:

$ go get
$ _LAMBDA_SERVER_PORT=9999 lambda-go-samples

This will expose the lambda-go-samples behind the port 9999 (TCP). If you're curious about this sample, feel free to read the blog post.

Now, it's time to deploy aws-lambda-go-proxy on AWS Lambda. I hope you can figure this out on your own (if not, please read first the mentioned blog post). Few hints:

  • will be created if you run make command, it contains the binary of aws-lambda-go-proxy
  • set LAMBDA_DEBUG_PROXY environment variable to the remote address of the target application, e.g.:
  • configure API Gateway trigger (API name: lambda-go, Deployment stage: prod, Security: open remember, this is not secure and only for educational reasons)

As you may see I set the LAMBDA_DEBUG_PROXY variable to ngrok address. It is due a NAT that's in front of me. With ngrok you can open a direct network tunnel to a specified exposed local port:

$ ngrok tcp 9999

Here you can find more details regarding TCP tunnels in ngrok.

Once you have API Gateway API deployed and you a URL similar to the following:

Feel free to execute curl command:

$ curl -XPOST -d "horse" ""
Hello horse

Easter Egg: :)

Notice: It may be necessary to hit curl few times to let Lambda establish a connection with your machine. Internal server error should appear.

You should also notice some log entries appearing in your local console:

2018/01/21 04:12:01 Processing Lambda request ae976f75-e0af-478c-ad06-3d460fe1881d
2018/01/21 04:12:05 Processing Lambda request be6fd715-5cfd-4ee7-8f67-2a20c0a98af2
2018/01/21 04:14:14 Processing Lambda request a7288c78-596e-4772-a4c4-2d1dc9622410

Behind the scenes

aws-lambda-go-proxy runs a TCP proxy to the target host defined via environment variable LAMBDA_DEBUG_PROXY. Whole Lambda traffic is passed to that address, what actually allows for processing Lambda events on a different machine, e.g. a developer host (debugging reasons).

As the Lambda Go runtime uses net/rpc internals to communicate, you can preview whole communication with tcpdump. Here are some sniffs:

...;......InvokeRequest_Timestamp........Seconds.....Nanos.......[......{"resource":"/main","path":"/main","httpMethod":"POST","headers":{"Accept":"*/*","CloudFront-Forwarded-Proto":"https","CloudFront-Is-Desktop-Viewer":"true","CloudFront-Is-Mobile-Viewer":"false","CloudFront-Is-SmartTV-Viewer":"false","CloudFront-Is-Tablet-Viewer":"false","CloudFront-Viewer-Country":"PL","Content-Type":"application/x-www-form-urlencoded","Host":"<redacted>","User-Agent":"curl/7.30.0","Via":"1.1 <redacted> (CloudFront)","X-Amz-Cf-Id":"<redacted>","X-Amzn-Trace-Id":"<redacted>","X-Forwarded-For":"<redacted>","X-Forwarded-Port":"443","X-Forwarded-Proto":"https"},"queryStringParameters":null,"pathParameters":null,"stageVariables":null,"requestContext":{"requestTime":"<redacted>","path":"/prod/main","accountId":"<redacted>","protocol":"HTTP/1.1","resourceId":"<redacted>","stage":"prod","requestTimeEpoch":<redacted>,"requestId":"<redacted>","identity":{"cognitoIdentityPoolId":null,"accountId":null,"cognitoIdentityId":null,"caller":null,"sourceIp":"<redacted>","accessKey":null,"cognitoAuthenticationType":null,"cognitoAuthenticationProvider":null,"userArn":null,"userAgent":"curl/7.30.0","user":null},"resourcePath":"/main","httpMethod":"POST","apiId":"<redacted>"},"body":"horse","isBase64Encoded":false}.$<redacted>.JRoot=<redacted>;Sampled=0.....@>..?]....3arn:aws:lambda:us-west-2:<redacted>:function:main.
J.|.J.|......Function.Invoke...;...6{"statusCode":200,"headers":null,"body":"Hello horse"}


The idea of passing TCP traffic to remotely running applications has been described and used to simplify debugging process of Go Lambda functions to prevent redeployments. I hope it will attract more users to AWS Lambda based solutions, including Github community.


See LICENSE for the details.


☁️ Pass Lambda events to the application running on your machine | Debug real traffic locally | Forget about redeployments





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