Skip to content


Switch branches/tags


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time


Cassandana is an open source MQTT message broker which is entirely written in Java. This project began its life as a fork of Moquette , and later underwent some cleanup, optimization and adding extra features. Now it’s ready to work as an enterprise message broker.


  • MQTT compliant broker.
  • Supports QoS 0, QoS 1 and QoS 2
  • TLS (SSL) Encryption
  • PostgreSQL, MySQL and MongoDB Authentication and Authorization
  • Supports Cassandra for Authentication, Authorization and Message Archiving
  • Supports HTTP REST API for Authentication and Authorization
  • Supports Redis for Authentication
  • Supports In-memory caching mechanism to reduce I/O operations
  • MQTT message archiver (Silo ported to Cassandana)
  • Easy configurable (YAML based)
  • Supports WebSocket

How to install

Cassandana is cross-platform, which could be deployed on Linux, FreeBSD, Mac and Windows.

Build From Source

Download source code from GitHub by following command:

git clone 

the go to the downloaded directory

cd cassandana 

cassandana uses maven to build:

mvn clean package

jar file will be created in a new directory is called target.


After building the jar file from source code or grabbing it from release, follow the instruction below:

mkdir -p /opt/cassandana

in case of building from source code:

cp -f ./target/cassandana-jar-with-dependencies.jar /opt/cassandana/cassandana.jar

if you downloaded jar file from release:

cp ./cassandana-v0.0.1-ALPHA.jar /opt/cassandana/cassandana.jar

copy YAML file (cassandana's configuration file) to /opt/cassandana/

cp cassandana.yaml /opt/cassandana/cassandana.yaml

Init.d script

To make Cassandana runs at boot time in Debian use initd script from scripts directory which is provided in source code

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/cassandana
update-rc.d cassandana defaults

tested in debian jessie and stretch To start|stop|restart use the following command

/etc/init.d/cassandana start|stop\restart


The configuration file is written in YAML. threads it's the number of process. It's highly recommended to equal the number of CPU cores. Value 0 means all available CPU cores (default value 0). host IP Address which server should listen to it (default value is port Port number which server should listen to it (default value is default MQTT port 1883).

If you would like to use web-socket enabled it from this section otherwise set enabled to no.

    enabled: yes  
    port: 8080

This section determines if SSL should be enabled.

    enabled: no
    port: 1884  

If you would like to enable secure web-socket use the following configuration:

    enabled: yes
    port: 8084  

When you enabled SSL or WSS you should provide certification's information:

    provider: JDK
    key_manager_password: YOUR_PASSWORD
    key_store_password: YOUR_PASSWORD
    key_store_type: jks 
    path: cert/cassandana.jks
    client_auth: no

allow_anonymous: yes no to accept only client connections with credentials and yes to accept client connection without credentials, validating only the one that provides.

allow_zero_byte_client_id: no no to prohibit clients from connecting without a client-id. yes to allow clients to connect without a client-id. One will be generated for them.

If you would like to use database to authenticate and authorize users, use the following lines:

    engine: mongodb|mysql|postgres|cassandra
    port: PORT_NUMBER
    name: cassandana

At this time Cassandana supports only MySQL Server, PostgreSQL , MongoDB and Cassandra. We plan it to support more.

In a case of having more control on server you can use the following configuration for TCP server:

    so_backlog: 128
    so_reuse_address: yes
    tcp_nodelay: yes
    so_keepalive: yes
    timeout_seconds: 10

To archive MQTT message use following configuration:

    enabled: no
    interval: 30
    count: 100

Silo is an open source tool to archive MQTT messages. Silo store all messages in bulk mode. To enable archiving MQTT messge set enabled to yes default value is no. interval in second means how many seconds it should wait to store flight-messages in queues count means on how many messages count, messages phase should run.

Note: Scripts for making table in MySQL and PosgreSQL can be found in scripts directory

Authentication and Authorization

Cassandana uses several methods to authenticate and authorize the users:

    authentication: database|permit|deny|redis
    acl: database|permit|deny|http    
    # if REST API will be used as auth/acl backend
  • Database (MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Cassandra)
  • Permit All
  • Deny All
  • Redis (In memory key-value database)

Note: Redis can be used just for authentication

Note: Scripts for making tables in MySQL , PosgreSQL and Cassandra can be found in scripts directory

HTTP Authentication and Authorization

HTTP-based authentication can be performed as below:

Authentication: http://HOST:PORT/mqtt/auth 
Method: POST 
Content: JSON

Sample body:
	"username": "MY_USERNAME",
	"password": "MY_PASSWORD"

Returns 2xx if successful 

HTTP-based authorization can be performed as below:

Authorization: http://HOST:PORT/mqtt/acl 
Method: POST 
Content: JSON

Sample body:
	"username": "MY_USERNAME",
	"clientId": "CLIENT_ID",
	"topic": "TOPIC_NAME ",
	"acl": "pub"

Returns 2xx if successful 

if asks for publishing acl should be set to pub otherwise in case of subscription set it to sub

Note: There is a sample HTTP server written in NodeJS in example directory.

Redis-Based Authentication

Authentication can be performed by Redis as a backend to store username and password. Password should be hashed with sha256. To configuring Redis connection use the below parameters:

    host: REDI_HOST
    port: REDIS_PORT

The origin of the name

Cassandana was an Achaemenian Persian noblewoman and the "dearly loved" wife of Cyrus the Great. Her daughter Atossa later played an important role in the Achaemenid royal family, as she married Darius the Great and bore him the next Achaemenid king, Xerxes I. (wikipedia )


Cassandana :: MQTT Message Broker







No packages published