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Pkginfo For Apple Software Updates

Greg Neagle edited this page Feb 26, 2018 · 10 revisions

Adding additional metadata for use with Apple Software Updates

Introduction

Munki supports admin-provided additional metadata for Apple Software Updates.

By specifying additional metadata, admins can allow an Apple Software Update to be installed in an unattended manner, force an install after a given date, or override the display_name, description, RestartAction and/or array of blocking_applications.

Details

Read more about Munki's support for installing Apple software updates here: Apple Software Updates With Munki

This additional metadata does not and can not influence what updates are offered by Apple Software Update -- it can only provide additional information for Munki to use when displaying and installing available updates.

Pkginfo items created for this purpose (providing additional Apple software update metadata) should never be added to any manifest. Think instead of the list of available Apple software updates as a dynamically generated manifest. If an update is offered by Apple Software Update (and therefore in this virtual Apple update manifest), Munki will check for an apple_update_metadata item with the same name as the update's ProductKey.

Identifying Updates

Apple Software Update items are uniquely identified by their ProductKey. You can find the ProductKey in a Reposado product listing, or by getting detail on an update using Apple's Software Update Service.

Some recent versions of OS X/macOS also record the product keys for pending updates in /Library/Preferences/com.apple.SoftwareUpdate.plist under 'RecommendedUpdates'.

You may also browse the contents of /Library/Updates.

Finally, you might find this tool useful: https://github.com/hjuutilainen/sus-inspector

Here's an example of using Reposado to find ProductKeys for iTunes:

% ./repoutil --products | grep iTunes
061-3453        iTunes Producer                                    1.6        2007-11-29  (Deprecated)
041-5144        iTunes Producer                                    2.6.0      2012-03-28  (Deprecated)
zzzz041-6245    iTunes                                             10.6.3     2012-10-11  
041-8613        iTunes Producer                                    2.8.0      2012-11-05  (Deprecated)
zzzz041-9793    iTunes                                             11.0.2     2013-02-21  
zzzz041-9792    iTunes                                             11.0.2     2013-02-21  
041-8900        iTunes Producer                                    2.9.0      2013-03-06  

The ProductKey is displayed in the first column of the Product listing.

Munki uses the ProductKey as the "name" of the update.

Supported additional metadata keys:

  blocking_applications
  description
  display_name
  force_install_after_date
  unattended_install
  RestartAction

Creating Apple Update Metadata pkginfo:

Both makepkginfo and munkiimport can use a new option: --apple-update, which is intended to accept an Apple update productKey. Let's use the recent iTunes 11.0.2 update as an example:

$ makepkginfo --apple-update zzzz041-9597 --unattended_install --catalog=testing
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
    <key>catalogs</key>
    <array>
        <string>testing</string>
    </array>
    <key>installer_type</key>
    <string>apple_update_metadata</string>
    <key>name</key>
    <string>zzzz041-9597</string>
    <key>unattended_install</key>
    <true/>
    <key>version</key>
    <string>1.0</string>
</dict>
</plist>

If an update has 2 ProductKeys such as the 11.0.2 iTunes update, you should make a separate pkginfo file for each ProductKey.

You may also use munkiimport; munkiimport will then upload the created pkginfo into your repo.

Again, you should never add the name of an apple_update_metadata item to any Munki manifest.

Introduction

Munki 4

Munki 3

Managed Software Center

Command-line Tools

Munki configuration

Manifests

Catalogs

Pkginfo

Advanced Munki

Related tasks

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Product-specific notes

Legacy Documentation

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