Skip to content
This repository has been archived by the owner on Oct 15, 2023. It is now read-only.


Folders and files

Last commit message
Last commit date

Latest commit



40 Commits

Repository files navigation


GitHub project Licence Build status



Nokia mobile phones such as the N-Gage running early versions of the Symbian OS suffer from a very common problem widely known as the White Screen of Death or simply WSOD. This happens when the internal memory of the phone becomes so full that the unit can no longer boot and becomes virtually unusable.

To solve this, the memory, referred to here as the user area, must be formatted.

However, professional flashing equipment is needed to achieve this and nowadays it is hard to find such equipment for sale. More than often, manufacturers, which cloned official service hardware, sold it in addition to hardware licences in the form of a dongle. Also, as new devices would come out, old ones would literally be rendered unusable by the manufacturers via the internet or sometimes by malware-infected software released by competitors.


There is official software with which some of these devices can be repaired and reactivated with, but access to reliable information is anything but trivial.

This project is not an alternative to professional flashing equipment, but aims at offering the possibility to make older Symbian phones affected by a simple WSOD usable again by leveraging open-source software and DIY hardware.

The project is based on a STM32F103C8 microcontroller board a.k.a. a blue pill board.



The firmware is 100% functional.

Compatible phones

WSODFix has been tested with the following phones so far:

  • Nokia N-Gage (NEM-4)
  • Nokia N-Gage QD (RH-29)

Operating instructions

Important: Never use WSODFix with a working phone! If the formatting fails or is interrupted in the process, the device may no longer boot. This can then only be repaired by a successful run.

  1. Connect the UFS flashing cable to your phone. It is very important to follow the correct insertion and removal procedure, otherwise the contact pins on the flash adapter will be damaged. For the N-Gage and N-Gage QD, you must first press the adapter against the battery contacts and then down.

  2. Attach the cable to the RJ45 connector of your WSODFix.

  3. Connect the USB cable. Make sure that the USB port used can supply sufficient power for the phone and the microcontroller.

  4. First, the LED should flash for about 20 seconds at a rate of 1 second. This is when the phone enters service mode.

  5. Wait until the formatting process begins. The LED then flashes at a rate of 30ms.

  6. The process is completed when the LED lights up continuously. You can then disconnect the phone and try to turn it on. If the procedure fails, try again from the beginning.


Parts needed

  • UFS flashing cable or any way to connect the microcontroller to the corresponding pins on the phone (for example see the N-Gage cable schematics),
  • STM32 blue pill board
  • RJ45 Ethernet jack,
  • RJ45 Breakout,
  • 1× 1kΩ and 1× 10kΩ resistor (optional),
  • 1× External status LED + dropping resistor (optional).


Note: The voltage divider is almost certainly optional. Alternatively, you can also set Vpp to 3V3.



The FBus is a bi-directional full-duplex serial type bus running at 115,200 bit/s, 8 data bits, no parity, one stop bit (8N1).

Message structure

  [      Header     ] [Payload] [xx xx]
  [1E xx xx xx xx xx] [Payload] [ CRC ]

  [ Header ]
  Byte 0 - F-Bus Frame ID
    E1 = Message via F-Bus cable
  Byte 1 - Destination address
  Byte 2 - Source address
    00 = Phone
    10 = Twister
  Byte 3 - Message type / command
    15 = Handshake/Auth ?
    7F = Acknowledge
    58 = Format user area
  Byte 4 - Payload size in bytes (MSB)
  Byte 5 - Payload size in bytes (LSB)

  [ Payload ]
  Byte 6 ... - Payload

  [ CRC ]
  Byte 1 - even checksum byte (all even bytes XORed together)
  Byte 2 - odd checksum byte  (all odd bytes XORed together)

Formatting the user area

Here is a brief summary of the messages exchanged between the flashing equipment and the Symbian phone when the user area is formatted.

Logic analyser

This description is based on pure observation with the help of a logic analyser.

SEND 55 55 55 55 55 55 (synchronisation)

ca. 60ms pause

SEND [1E 00 10 15 00 08] [00 06 00 02 00 00 01 60]   [0F 79]
RECV [1E 10 00 7F 00 02] [15 00]                     [0B 6D]
RECV [1E 10 00 15 00 08] [06 27 00 65 05 05 01 (42)] [1C 08]
SEND [1E 00 10 7F 00 02] [15 (02)]                   [1B 7F]

ca. 16ms pause

SEND [1E 00 10 58 00 08] [00 0B 00 07 06 00 01 41]   [09 1D]
RECV [1E 10 00 7F 00 02] [58 01]                     [46 6C]

ca. 40-50s pause

RECV 55 55 (synchronisation)
RECV [1E 10 00 58 00 08] [0B 38 00 08 00 00 01 (43)] [14 33]

SEND [1E 00 10 7F 00 02] [58 (03)]                   [56 7E]

Surely you have noticed the parenthesised numbers. These vary from run to run. The Symbian phone sends an initial value between 0x40 and 0x47. The flashing equipment responds with this number minus 0x40.

Moreover, this number is apparently a kind of frame counter. For example, if the phone sends an initial 0x42, the next message sent from the phone to the flasher will contain the number 0x43. After 0x47, there is an overflow back to 0x40.

This frame counter is implemented in WSODFix, but I do not know if it is mandatory. The rest of the payload data is completely ignored. The firmware only checks the message type of the received FBus messages. In my tests, this was 100% reliable.

Unfortunately FBus is a proprietary protocol developed by Nokia. If you have detailed specifications that you would like to share with me, I would greatly appreciate it. This would also help the further development of this project.


  1. Install PlatformIO Core
  2. Run these commands:
    # Build project
    > platformio run

    # Upload firmware
    > platformio run --target upload

    # Clean build files (optional)
    > platformio run --target clean


This project is licensed under the "The MIT License". See the file for details.


A repair tool for Symbian Nokia phones affected by the infamous white screen of death.








No releases published


No packages published