fcn by tensorflow
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An example on how to integrate this code into your own semantic segmentation pipeline can be found in my KittiSeg project repository.


This is a one file Tensorflow implementation of Fully Convolutional Networks in Tensorflow. The code can easily be integrated in your semantic segmentation pipeline. The network can be applied directly or finetuned to perform semantic segmentation using tensorflow training code.

Deconvolution Layers are initialized as bilinear upsampling. Conv and FCN layer weights using VGG weights. Numpy load is used to read VGG weights. No Caffe or Caffe-Tensorflow is required to run this. The .npy file for [VGG16] to be downloaded before using this needwork. You can find the file here: ftp://mi.eng.cam.ac.uk/pub/mttt2/models/vgg16.npy

No Pascal VOC finetuning was applied to the weights. The model is meant to be finetuned on your own data. The model can be applied to an image directly (see test_fcn32_vgg.py) but the result will be rather coarse.


In addition to tensorflow the following packages are required:

numpy scipy pillow matplotlib

Those packages can be installed by running pip install -r requirements.txt or pip install numpy scipy pillow matplotlib.

Tensorflow 1.0rc

This code requires Tensorflow Version >= 1.0rc to run. If you want to use older Version you can try using commit bf9400c6303826e1c25bf09a3b032e51cef57e3b. This Commit has been tested using the pip version of 0.12, 0.11 and 0.10.

Tensorflow 1.0 comes with a large number of breaking api changes. If you are currently running an older tensorflow version, I would suggest creating a new virtualenv and install 1.0rc using:

export TF_BINARY_URL=https://storage.googleapis.com/tensorflow/linux/gpu/tensorflow_gpu-1.0.0rc0-cp27-none-linux_x86_64.whl
pip install --upgrade $TF_BINARY_URL

Above commands will install the linux version with gpu support. For other versions follow the instructions here.


python test_fcn32_vgg.py to test the implementation.

Use this to build the VGG object for finetuning:

vgg = vgg16.Vgg16()
vgg.build(images, train=True, num_classes=num_classes, random_init_fc8=True)

The images is a tensor with shape [None, h, w, 3]. Where h and w can have arbitrary size.

Trick: the tensor can be a placeholder, a variable or even a constant.

Be aware, that num_classes influences the way score_fr (the original fc8 layer) is initialized. For finetuning I recommend using the option random_init_fc8=True.


Example code for training can be found in the KittiSeg project repository.

Finetuning and training

For training build the graph using vgg.build(images, train=True, num_classes=num_classes) were images is q queue yielding image batches. Use a softmax_cross_entropy loss function on top of the output of vgg.up. An Implementation of the loss function can be found in loss.py.

To train the graph you need an input producer and a training script. Have a look at TensorVision to see how to build those.

I had success finetuning the network using Adam Optimizer with a learning rate of 1e-6.


Currently the following Models are provided:

  • FCN32
  • FCN16
  • FCN8


The deconv layer of tensorflow allows to provide a shape. The crop layer of the original implementation is therefore not needed.

I have slightly altered the naming of the upscore layer.

Field of View

The receptive field (also known as or field of view) of the provided model is:

( ( ( ( ( 7 ) * 2 + 6 ) * 2 + 6 ) * 2 + 6 ) * 2 + 4 ) * 2 + 4 = 404


Weights were generated using Caffe to Tensorflow. The VGG implementation is based on tensorflow-vgg16 and numpy loading is based on tensorflow-vgg. You do not need any of the above cited code to run the model, not do you need caffe.


Installing matplotlib from pip requires the following packages to be installed libpng-dev, libjpeg8-dev, libfreetype6-dev and pkg-config. On Debian, Linux Mint and Ubuntu Systems type:

sudo apt-get install libpng-dev libjpeg8-dev libfreetype6-dev pkg-config
pip install -r requirements.txt


  • Provide finetuned FCN weights.
  • Provide general training code