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Laravel Mercure Broadcaster

Latest Version on Packagist Build status Total Downloads

Laravel broadcaster for Mercure for doing Server Sent Events in a breeze.

Installation

Make sure you have installed Mercure and have it running. Check their docs how to do it. (It's pretty easy)

Configure laravel to use the Mercure broadcaster by editing config/broadcasting.php for example:

<?php

return [

    'default' => env('BROADCAST_DRIVER', 'mercure'),

    'connections' => [

        // ...

        'mercure' => [
            'driver' => 'mercure',
            'url' => env('MERCURE_URL', 'http://localhost:3000/.well-known/mercure'),
            'secret' => env('MERCURE_SECRET', 'aVerySecretKey'),
        ],

    ],

];

Usage

Add an event which implements ShouldBroadcast interface like in https://laravel.com/docs/master/broadcasting#defining-broadcast-events

<?php

namespace App\Events;

use Duijker\LaravelMercureBroadcaster\Broadcasting\Channel;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Broadcasting\ShouldBroadcast;

class NewsItemCreated implements ShouldBroadcast
{
    /**
     * @var NewsItem
     */
    public $newsItem;

    public function __construct(NewsItem $newsItem)
    {
        $this->newsItem = $newsItem;
    }

    public function broadcastOn()
    {
        return new Channel('http://example/news-items');
    }
}

In your frontend do something like:

var es = new EventSource('http://localhost:3000/.well-known/mercure?topic=' + encodeURIComponent('http://example/news-items'));
es.addEventListener('message', (messageEvent) => {
    var eventData = JSON.parse(messageEvent.data);
    console.log(eventData);
});

Private channels go a bit differently than with broadcasting through sockets. Private channels are baked in Mercure and are secured with a jwt token.

First create a http middleware, so we can generate the Mercure authentication cookie with the token. Don't forget to add the middleware to your route!

Example:

<?php 

namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Closure;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Illuminate\Http\Response;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Cookie;
use Lcobucci\JWT\Configuration;
use Lcobucci\JWT\Signer\Hmac\Sha256;
use Lcobucci\JWT\Signer\Key\InMemory;

class MercureBroadcasterAuthorizationCookie
{
    public function handle(Request $request, Closure $next)
    {
        /** @var Response $response */
        $response = $next($request);

        if (!method_exists($response, 'withCookie')) {
            return $response;
        }

        return $response->withCookie($this->createCookie($request->user(), $request->secure()));
    }

    private function createCookie($user, bool $secure)
    {
        // Add topic(s) this user has access to
        // This can also be URI Templates (to match several topics), or * (to match all topics)
        $subscriptions = [
            "http://example/user/{$user->id}/direct-messages",
        ];

        $jwtConfiguration = Configuration::forSymmetricSigner(
            new Sha256(),
            InMemory::plainText(config('broadcasting.connections.mercure.secret'))
        );

        $token = $jwtConfiguration->builder()
            ->withClaim('mercure', ['subscribe' => $subscriptions])
            ->getToken($jwtConfiguration->signer(), $jwtConfiguration->signingKey())
            ->toString();

        return Cookie::make(
            'mercureAuthorization',
            $token,
            15,
            '/.well-known/mercure', // or which path you have mercure running
            parse_url(config('app.url'), PHP_URL_HOST),
            $secure,
            true
        );
    }
}

Example event:

<?php

namespace App\Events;

use Duijker\LaravelMercureBroadcaster\Broadcasting\Channel;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Broadcasting\ShouldBroadcast;

class DirectMessageCreated implements ShouldBroadcast
{
    /**
     * @var DirectMessage
     */
    public $directMessage;

    public function __construct(DirectMessage $directMessage)
    {
        $this->directMessage = $directMessage;
    }

    public function broadcastOn()
    {
        return new Channel(
            "http://example/user/{$this->directMessage->user_id}/direct-messages", 
            true
        );
    }
}

Example Frontend:

var es = new EventSource('http://localhost:3000/.well-known/mercure?topic=' + encodeURIComponent('http://example/user/1/direct-messages'), { withCredentials: true });
es.addEventListener('message', (messageEvent) => {
    var eventData = JSON.parse(messageEvent.data);
    console.log(eventData);
});

Advanced usage

If you want to generate your own JWT, you can do it by overriding the mvanduijker.mercure_broadcaster.publisher_jwt service. You want to do this if you want to have custom claims, using other signing algorithms, etc. It expects a string back containing the JWT. Example how the default JWT is generated: https://github.com/mvanduijker/laravel-mercure-broadcaster/blob/master/src/LaravelMercureBroadcasterServiceProvider.php#L32

Make sure you also make the changes in the cookie middleware.

Further reading

Make sure you read the documentation of Mercure and how to run it securely (behind https).

Testing

composer test

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information on what has changed recently.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Credits

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.