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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package main
import (
"fmt"
"go/ast"
"go/parser"
"go/token"
"os"
"reflect"
"strings"
"unicode"
"unicode/utf8"
)
func initRewrite() {
if *rewriteRule == "" {
rewrite = nil // disable any previous rewrite
return
}
f := strings.Split(*rewriteRule, "->")
if len(f) != 2 {
fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "rewrite rule must be of the form 'pattern -> replacement'\n")
os.Exit(2)
}
pattern := parseExpr(f[0], "pattern")
replace := parseExpr(f[1], "replacement")
rewrite = func(p *ast.File) *ast.File { return rewriteFile(pattern, replace, p) }
}
// parseExpr parses s as an expression.
// It might make sense to expand this to allow statement patterns,
// but there are problems with preserving formatting and also
// with what a wildcard for a statement looks like.
func parseExpr(s, what string) ast.Expr {
x, err := parser.ParseExpr(s)
if err != nil {
fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "parsing %s %s at %s\n", what, s, err)
os.Exit(2)
}
return x
}
// Keep this function for debugging.
/*
func dump(msg string, val reflect.Value) {
fmt.Printf("%s:\n", msg)
ast.Print(fileSet, val.Interface())
fmt.Println()
}
*/
// rewriteFile applies the rewrite rule 'pattern -> replace' to an entire file.
func rewriteFile(pattern, replace ast.Expr, p *ast.File) *ast.File {
cmap := ast.NewCommentMap(fileSet, p, p.Comments)
m := make(map[string]reflect.Value)
pat := reflect.ValueOf(pattern)
repl := reflect.ValueOf(replace)
var rewriteVal func(val reflect.Value) reflect.Value
rewriteVal = func(val reflect.Value) reflect.Value {
// don't bother if val is invalid to start with
if !val.IsValid() {
return reflect.Value{}
}
val = apply(rewriteVal, val)
for k := range m {
delete(m, k)
}
if match(m, pat, val) {
val = subst(m, repl, reflect.ValueOf(val.Interface().(ast.Node).Pos()))
}
return val
}
r := apply(rewriteVal, reflect.ValueOf(p)).Interface().(*ast.File)
r.Comments = cmap.Filter(r).Comments() // recreate comments list
return r
}
// set is a wrapper for x.Set(y); it protects the caller from panics if x cannot be changed to y.
func set(x, y reflect.Value) {
// don't bother if x cannot be set or y is invalid
if !x.CanSet() || !y.IsValid() {
return
}
defer func() {
if x := recover(); x != nil {
if s, ok := x.(string); ok &&
(strings.Contains(s, "type mismatch") || strings.Contains(s, "not assignable")) {
// x cannot be set to y - ignore this rewrite
return
}
panic(x)
}
}()
x.Set(y)
}
// Values/types for special cases.
var (
objectPtrNil = reflect.ValueOf((*ast.Object)(nil))
scopePtrNil = reflect.ValueOf((*ast.Scope)(nil))
identType = reflect.TypeOf((*ast.Ident)(nil))
objectPtrType = reflect.TypeOf((*ast.Object)(nil))
positionType = reflect.TypeOf(token.NoPos)
callExprType = reflect.TypeOf((*ast.CallExpr)(nil))
scopePtrType = reflect.TypeOf((*ast.Scope)(nil))
)
// apply replaces each AST field x in val with f(x), returning val.
// To avoid extra conversions, f operates on the reflect.Value form.
func apply(f func(reflect.Value) reflect.Value, val reflect.Value) reflect.Value {
if !val.IsValid() {
return reflect.Value{}
}
// *ast.Objects introduce cycles and are likely incorrect after
// rewrite; don't follow them but replace with nil instead
if val.Type() == objectPtrType {
return objectPtrNil
}
// similarly for scopes: they are likely incorrect after a rewrite;
// replace them with nil
if val.Type() == scopePtrType {
return scopePtrNil
}
switch v := reflect.Indirect(val); v.Kind() {
case reflect.Slice:
for i := 0; i < v.Len(); i++ {
e := v.Index(i)
set(e, f(e))
}
case reflect.Struct:
for i := 0; i < v.NumField(); i++ {
e := v.Field(i)
set(e, f(e))
}
case reflect.Interface:
e := v.Elem()
set(v, f(e))
}
return val
}
func isWildcard(s string) bool {
rune, size := utf8.DecodeRuneInString(s)
return size == len(s) && unicode.IsLower(rune)
}
// match reports whether pattern matches val,
// recording wildcard submatches in m.
// If m == nil, match checks whether pattern == val.
func match(m map[string]reflect.Value, pattern, val reflect.Value) bool {
// Wildcard matches any expression. If it appears multiple
// times in the pattern, it must match the same expression
// each time.
if m != nil && pattern.IsValid() && pattern.Type() == identType {
name := pattern.Interface().(*ast.Ident).Name
if isWildcard(name) && val.IsValid() {
// wildcards only match valid (non-nil) expressions.
if _, ok := val.Interface().(ast.Expr); ok && !val.IsNil() {
if old, ok := m[name]; ok {
return match(nil, old, val)
}
m[name] = val
return true
}
}
}
// Otherwise, pattern and val must match recursively.
if !pattern.IsValid() || !val.IsValid() {
return !pattern.IsValid() && !val.IsValid()
}
if pattern.Type() != val.Type() {
return false
}
// Special cases.
switch pattern.Type() {
case identType:
// For identifiers, only the names need to match
// (and none of the other *ast.Object information).
// This is a common case, handle it all here instead
// of recursing down any further via reflection.
p := pattern.Interface().(*ast.Ident)
v := val.Interface().(*ast.Ident)
return p == nil && v == nil || p != nil && v != nil && p.Name == v.Name
case objectPtrType, positionType:
// object pointers and token positions always match
return true
case callExprType:
// For calls, the Ellipsis fields (token.Position) must
// match since that is how f(x) and f(x...) are different.
// Check them here but fall through for the remaining fields.
p := pattern.Interface().(*ast.CallExpr)
v := val.Interface().(*ast.CallExpr)
if p.Ellipsis.IsValid() != v.Ellipsis.IsValid() {
return false
}
}
p := reflect.Indirect(pattern)
v := reflect.Indirect(val)
if !p.IsValid() || !v.IsValid() {
return !p.IsValid() && !v.IsValid()
}
switch p.Kind() {
case reflect.Slice:
if p.Len() != v.Len() {
return false
}
for i := 0; i < p.Len(); i++ {
if !match(m, p.Index(i), v.Index(i)) {
return false
}
}
return true
case reflect.Struct:
for i := 0; i < p.NumField(); i++ {
if !match(m, p.Field(i), v.Field(i)) {
return false
}
}
return true
case reflect.Interface:
return match(m, p.Elem(), v.Elem())
}
// Handle token integers, etc.
return p.Interface() == v.Interface()
}
// subst returns a copy of pattern with values from m substituted in place
// of wildcards and pos used as the position of tokens from the pattern.
// if m == nil, subst returns a copy of pattern and doesn't change the line
// number information.
func subst(m map[string]reflect.Value, pattern reflect.Value, pos reflect.Value) reflect.Value {
if !pattern.IsValid() {
return reflect.Value{}
}
// Wildcard gets replaced with map value.
if m != nil && pattern.Type() == identType {
name := pattern.Interface().(*ast.Ident).Name
if isWildcard(name) {
if old, ok := m[name]; ok {
return subst(nil, old, reflect.Value{})
}
}
}
if pos.IsValid() && pattern.Type() == positionType {
// use new position only if old position was valid in the first place
if old := pattern.Interface().(token.Pos); !old.IsValid() {
return pattern
}
return pos
}
// Otherwise copy.
switch p := pattern; p.Kind() {
case reflect.Slice:
v := reflect.MakeSlice(p.Type(), p.Len(), p.Len())
for i := 0; i < p.Len(); i++ {
v.Index(i).Set(subst(m, p.Index(i), pos))
}
return v
case reflect.Struct:
v := reflect.New(p.Type()).Elem()
for i := 0; i < p.NumField(); i++ {
v.Field(i).Set(subst(m, p.Field(i), pos))
}
return v
case reflect.Ptr:
v := reflect.New(p.Type()).Elem()
if elem := p.Elem(); elem.IsValid() {
v.Set(subst(m, elem, pos).Addr())
}
return v
case reflect.Interface:
v := reflect.New(p.Type()).Elem()
if elem := p.Elem(); elem.IsValid() {
v.Set(subst(m, elem, pos))
}
return v
}
return pattern
}
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