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SimpleWebSevice

A simple HTTP tool for Unity3D that interacts with JSON APIs via UnityWebRequest. Built with SimpleJSON and formally known as WebServicesforUnity3d. This tool is free to use, modify and distribute as needed.

Get Started - Add Into Your Project

Download the Unity project by using git clone:

git clone git@github.com:mw-felker/SimpleWebService.git 

This will create a SimpleWebService/ folder which contains the Unity project. Open Unity 3D and select this folder as a project. Once the project is loaded, browse to:

Assets/SimpleWebService/Example

Open up the Example scene and press play. If everything works correctly, the Unity app should make a HTTP GET request to a mock JSON User API and when the API responds, it displays the JSON data inthe Unity console.

Methods

When the SimpleWebService class is extended, you have access to the base methods which include:

  • base.Get(string url, delegate callback)
  • base.Post(string url, string json, delegate callback)
  • base.Patch(string url, string json, delegate callback)
  • base.Put(string url, string json, delegate callback)
  • base.Delete(string url, delegate callback)

Extend the SimpleWebService class

The SimpleWebService class is meant to be a starting point for your own custom web services. Below is an example of the one such extension where we make a GET request to a mock JSON API and retrieve a list of todos.

public class MyTodoAPIExample : SimpleWebService {

    // Get a list of todos when the script initializes 
    void Start() {
        GetTodoList();
    }

    // Make a request to the API to get a list of todos 
    void GetTodoList() {
        string URL = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos";
        base.Get(URL, TodoListSuccess);
    }

     // Log the API response of GetTodoList()
    void TodoListSuccess(JSONNode response) {
        Debug.Log(response);
    }
}

What's Going On

In the above example, we see that GetTodoList implements the a Get call to a specific URL and provides a callback method of TodoListSuccess:

string URL = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos";
base.Get(URL, TodoListSuccess);

Under the hood, a coroutine is established for the HTTP request/response lifecycle. Once the response from the API is recieved, response text is parsed into a JSONNode object. This object is passed to the supplied callback method as single argument and when the coroutine completes, the callback method is fired:

void TodoListSuccess(JSONNode response) {
    Debug.Log(response);
}

From here, we can interacte with the response data. Working with JSONNode is similar to the Javascript bracket notation pattern. You can see examples of this in the User Service Example that is included in this project.

Abstract

The purpose of this tool is to make it easier communicate with web JSON APIs. After writing custom request and response lifecycles for a few Unity Projects, it became apparent that a common approach could be adopted to streamline implementation.

UnityWebRequest - A building block, not a solution

At the base, we have UnityWebRequest (successor of WWW) which is responsibile for the request and response lifecyle when communicating from Unity 3D to a web accessible property via HTTP. There are some examples on how to make GET and POST requests in the documentation, but to bring it beyond proof-of-concept you will need to manage the request/response. This involves establishing a coroutine per request/response lifecycle as well as setting up and firing a callback method upon coroutine completion.

JSON Support - Not flexible, still lagging

The majority of modern web APIs will respond in the JSON and the need to support JSON inside Unity is continually increasing. JSON Serialization and specifically the JSONUtility requires 1:1 translation of the JSON structure to an object. This is fine if the API response will never change but during iterative development or integrating with an API that is not under your control, this can drastically reduce progress.

Furthermore, a successful request the UnityWebRequest.downloadHandler provides the JSON response as a string which needs to be transformed into useful format that can be accessed by Unity.

Why SWS exists

The above problems led to the creation of this project - we were tired of Googling and Stackoverflow combing. The goal was to implement a simple wrapper around UWR and provide flexible JSON parsing upon response so that our team could focus on integrating web APIs into our projects without starting from scratch each time.

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A simple HTTP tool for Unity3D that interacts with JSON APIs via UnityWebRequest

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