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The macchina.io REMOTE Device Agent Docker Image

About macchina.io REMOTE

macchina.io REMOTE provides secure remote access to connected devices via HTTP or other TCP-based protocols and applications such as secure shell (SSH) or Virtual Network Computing (VNC). With macchina.io REMOTE, any network-connected device running the macchina.io REMOTE Agent software (WebTunnelAgent, contained in this SDK) can be securely accessed remotely over the internet from browsers, mobile apps, desktop, server or cloud applications.

This even works if the device is behind a NAT router, firewall or proxy server. The device becomes just another host on the internet, addressable via its own URL and protected by the macchina.io REMOTE server against unauthorized or malicious access. macchina.io REMOTE is a great solution for secure remote support and maintenance, as well as for providing secure remote access to devices for end-users via web or mobile apps.

Visit macchina.io/remote to learn more and to register for a free account. Specifically, see the Getting Started page and the Frequently Asked Questions for information on how to use the macchina.io REMOTE device agent.

There is also a blog post showing step-by-step instructions to connect a Raspberry Pi.

About This Docker Image

This repository contains a Dockerfile and related files for building and running the WebTunnelAgent device agent from the macchina.io REMOTE SDK in a Docker container.

The image comes with a configuration file (WebTunnelAgent.properties) that allows configuring the most essential settings via environment variables. The following environment variables are supported:

  • WEBTUNNEL_DOMAIN: The domain (UUID) of the device. Must be specified.
  • WEBTUNNEL_DEVICE_ID: The device ID to use. Must be specified.
  • WEBTUNNEL_DEVICE_NAME: The device name shown in the web user interface. Defaults to Unnamed Device.
  • WEBTUNNEL_HOST: The target host the agents forwards incoming tunneled connections to. Defaults to 172.17.0.1, which is the IP address of the host from within a container in Docker's default bridge network.
  • WEBTUNNEL_HTTP_PORT: The port number of the device's web server. Defaults to 80. Set to 0 to disable HTTP access.
  • WEBTUNNEL_HTTPS_ENABLE: Set to true if device web server requires HTTPS instead of HTTP. Defaults to false.
  • WEBTUNNEL_SSH_PORT: The port number of the device's SSH server. Defaults to 0 (disabled).
  • WEBTUNNEL_VNC_PORT: The port number of the device's VNC server. Defaults to 0 (disabled).
  • WEBTUNNEL_RDP_PORT: The port number of the device's RDP server. Defaults to 0 (disabled).
  • WEBTUNNEL_EXTRA_PORTS: Additional port numbers (comma-separated) to be allowed. Defaults to empty.
  • WEBTUNNEL_REFLECTOR_URI: The address of the macchina.io REMOTE Server (reflector). Default: https://reflector.my-devices.net
  • WEBTUNNEL_PASSWORD: Optional device password. Defaults to none.
  • LOGPATH: Path to the log file (defaults to /var/log/WebTunnelAgent.log); can be overridden to log to a different file (e.g. in a volume). Note: LOGCHANNEL must be set to file for the logfile to be written.
  • LOGLEVEL: Specifies the log level (debug, information, notice, warning, error, critical, fatal, none). Defaults to information.
  • LOGCHANNEL: Specifies where log messages go (file or console). Defaults to console.

Prerequisites

  • Docker

Building

$ docker build . -t macchina/device-agent

Running

The device agent must be able to connect to the device's web server and/or any other services that are to be forwarded. So when running the container, an appropriate network configuration for the container must be set up. In many cases, just using the default bridge network created by Docker will work. For example, assuming that we want to access a web server running on host port 8080, and also the host's SSH port:

$ docker run -e WEBTUNNEL_DOMAIN=eac8b99b-1866-4ef4-8f57-76b655949c29 -e WEBTUNNEL_DEVICE_ID=6e26e894-10a2-48bf-80f1-65a48527c80e -e WEBTUNNEL_HTTP_PORT=8080 -e WEBTUNNEL_SSH_PORT=22 macchina/device-agent

You must replace the values for WEBTUNNEL_DOMAIN and WEBTUNNEL_DEVICE_ID with your specific values.

Getting the network configuration right can be a bit tricky, as the WebTunnelAgent running in the Docker container must be able to connect to network services provided by other containers, the host running Docker, or other hosts in the network (depending on your needs).

The WEBTUNNEL_HOST environment variable must be set according to your Docker network configuration. It defaults to 172.17.0.1, which is the IP address of the host from within a container in Docker's default bridge network. This will also work for accessing network ports that have been exposed to the host by other containers. To access a service not exposed to the host by a container, set WEBTUNNEL_HOST to the container's IP address and make sure the macchina/device-agent container can reach the other container's network.

Please refer to the Docker documentation on network containers for more information.

Running with Docker Compose

A sample docker-compose.yml file and a sample environment file (sample.env) are included in the repository. To launch with docker-compose, update the environment file and run:

$ docker-compose --env-file=sample.env up -d

Configuration

The most important configuration settings can be set via environment variables (see above). If you need to change other configuration options, edit WebTunnelAgent.properties and rebuild the Docker image. For a description of all available configuration settings, see the WebTunnelAgent README.