An example plugin for Cayenne
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example-device Add real-time callback example. Sep 18, 2018
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example-device.plugin Fix analog actuator args. Sep 18, 2018

Cayenne Example Plugin

A plugin for the Cayenne Pi Agent that sends example data to the Cayenne Dashboard.




Getting Started


From the command line run the following commands to install this plugin.

cd /etc/myDevices/plugins
sudo git clone
sudo service myDevices restart

Temporary widgets for the plugin should now show up in the Cayenne Dashboard. You can make them permanent by clicking the plus sign.

NOTE: If the temporary widgets do not show up try refreshing the Cayenne Dashboard or restarting the agent again using sudo service myDevices restart.

Modifying the Plugin

To modify the plugin you can add, update or remove sections and attributes in the example-device.plugin file. Each section corresponds to a sensor/actuator device widget that will be displayed in the Cayenne Dashboard. The attributes determine which Python module, class and function is used to read and write data for that widget.

Each section can have the following attributes.

Attribute Required Description
enabled yes If true this will send data to Cayenne, otherwise it will not.
channel no The channel to use for this sensor/actuator device, e.g. 0. This should be a unique value for each section within the plugin file. Any devices that send data to Cayenne need to set the channel attribute. If the device does not send data directly to Cayenne, e.g. an extension, it does not need to set the channel.
module yes The python module to use for the sensor/actuator device. It can be installed anywhere in the PYTHONPATH or just be in the same plugin folder as the .plugin file, as it is for this example.
class yes The class within the specified module to use for the sensor/actuator device.
init_args no A JSON value for the arguments to use when creating an instance of the class, e.g. {"max":40, "min": 20}. If $channel is used as a value it will be replaced by the channel attribute for the section.
read yes The function to use to read values for the sensor/actuator device. This function should return a tuple of the form (value, type, unit) if this device widget requires type and unit to be specified. For example, (25.0, 'temp', 'c') would specify a temperature of 25.0 degrees Celsius. To see the types and units available run python3 -m myDevices.datatypes from a command line. For more information run python3 -m myDevices.datatypes -h.
read_args no A JSON value for the arguments to use when calling the read function, e.g. {"channel":$channel}. If $channel is used as a value it will be replaced by the channel attribute for the section.
write no The function to use to write values to an actuator device. The value is passed in as a float.
write_args no A JSON value for the arguments to use when calling the write function, e.g. {"channel":$channel}. If $channel is used as a value it will be replaced by the channel attribute for the section.
name no The initial display name to use for the widget. If this is not specified the section name will be used.
inherit no The name of a section to inherit attributes from. The section to inherit from must precede the inheriting section in the plugin file. The enabled, channel and name attributes are not inherited. Attributes can be overridden by specifying new values in the inheriting section. If the module, class and init_args attributes are not overridden the inheriting section will use the same class instance as the section it inherits from.
register_callback no The function to use to register a callback that can be called in real-time when data changes. The callback parameter should be the same as the value returned from the read function. Data sent to the callback may be dropped if the number of calls exceed the rate limit for the Pi agent.
unregister_callback no The function to use to unregister the callback that was registered via register_callback.

Adding a Plugin

To add a new plugin you can create a new .plugin file and define sections as described above. The .plugin file can be in its own directory under /etc/myDevices/plugins, with its Python code if needed, or in an existing one. Restart the Cayenne Agent (sudo service myDevices restart) to load the plugin.