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Iwao AVE! edited this page Nov 5, 2018 · 3 revisions

What is the difference between #{...} and ${...}?

MyBatis interprets #{...} as a parameter marker in a JDBC prepared statement. MyBatis interprets ${...} as string substitution. It is important to know the difference because parameter markers cannot be used in certain places in SQL statements.
For example, you cannot use a parameter marker to specify a table name.
Given the following code:

Map<String, Object> parms = new HashMap<String, Object>();
parms.put("table", "foo");
parms.put("criteria", 37);
List<Object> rows = mapper.generalSelect(parms);
<select id="generalSelect" parameterType="map">
  select * from ${table} where col1 = #{criteria}
</select>

MyBatis will generate the following prepared statement:

select * from foo where col1 = ?

Important: note that use of ${...} (string substitution) presents a risk for SQL injection attacks. Also, string substitution can be problematical for complex types like dates. For these reasons, we recommend using the #{...} form whenever possible.

How do I code an SQL LIKE?

There are two methods. In the first (and preferred) method, you append the SQL wildcards in your Java code.
For example:

String wildcardName = "%Smi%";
List<Name> names = mapper.selectLike(wildcardName);
<select id="selectLike">
  select * from foo where bar like #{value}
</select>

Alternatively, you can append '%' in XML mapper using <bind /> tag.

String name = "Smi";
List<Name> names = mapper.selectLike(name);
<select id="selectLike">
  <bind name="wildcardName" value="'%' + _parameter + '%'" />
  select * from foo where bar like #{wildcardName}
</select>

Another method is to concatenate the wildcards in your SQL. This method is less safe than the method above because of possible SQL injection.
For example:

String wildcardName = "Smi";
List<Name> names = mapper.selectLike(wildcardName);
<select id="selectLike">
  select * from foo where bar like '%' || '${value}' || '%'
</select>

Important: Note the use of $ vs. # in the second example!

How do I code a batch insert?

First, code a simple insert statement like this:

<insert id="insertName">
  insert into names (name) values (#{value})
</insert>

Then execute a batch in Java code like this:

List<String> names = new ArrayList<String>();
names.add("Fred");
names.add("Barney");
names.add("Betty");
names.add("Wilma");

SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession(ExecutorType.BATCH);
try {
  NameMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(NameMapper.class);
  for (String name : names) {
    mapper.insertName(name);
  }
  sqlSession.commit();
} finally {
  sqlSession.close();
}

How can I retrieve the value of an auto generated key?

The insert method always returns an int - which is the number of rows inserted. Auto generated key values are placed into the parameter object and are available after the completion of the insert method.
For example:

<insert id="insertName" useGeneratedKeys="true" keyProperty="id">
  insert into names (name) values (#{name})
</insert>
Name name = new Name();
name.setName("Fred");
          
int rows = mapper.insertName(name);
System.out.println("rows inserted = " + rows);
System.out.println("generated key value = " + name.getId());

How do I use multiple parameters in a mapper?

Java reflection does not provide a way to know the name of a method parameter so MyBatis names them by default like: param1, param2...
If you want to give them a name use the @param annotation this way:

import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;
public interface UserMapper {
   User selectUser(@Param("username") String username, @Param("hashedPassword") String hashedPassword);
}

Now you can use them in your xml like follows:

<select id=”selectUser” resultType=”User”>
  select id, username, hashedPassword
  from some_table
  where username = #{username}
  and hashedPassword = #{hashedPassword}
</select>

How do I map a list of simple type objects (String, Integer, etc.) to a Bean or Map ?

To map the following results

id str
1 A
1 B

to the following java object,

public class SomeBean {
  private Integer id;
  private List<String> strings;
  // getters and setters
}

the result map should look as follows.

<resultMap id="" type="SomeBean">
  <id column="id" property="id" />
  <collection property="strings" ofType="string" javaType="list">
    <result column="str" />
  </collection>
</resultMap>
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