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Latest commit 74a6467 @myfreeweb Merge pull request #70 from tomosjohnrees/master
refactor arguments to be passed via the pipe operator

README.md

HTTPotion hex.pm version hex.pm downloads API Docs Build Status unlicense

HTTP client for Elixir, based on ibrowse. Continues the HTTPun tradition of HTTParty, HTTPretty, HTTParrot and HTTPie.

Installation

Add HTTPotion and ibrowse to your project's dependencies in mix.exs:

  defp deps do
    [
      {:ibrowse, github: "cmullaparthi/ibrowse", tag: "v4.1.2"},
      {:httpotion, "~> 2.1.0"}
    ]
  end

  def application do
    [applications: [:httpotion]]
    # Application dependency auto-starts it, otherwise: HTTPotion.start
  end

And fetch your project's dependencies:

$ mix deps.get

Usage

Some basic examples:

Note: You can load HTTPotion into the Elixir REPL by 
executing this command from the root of your project:
$ iex -S mix
iex> response = HTTPotion.get "httpbin.org/get"
%HTTPotion.Response{body: "...", headers: [Connection: "keep-alive", ...], status_code: 200}

iex> HTTPotion.Response.success?(response)
true

iex> response = HTTPotion.post "https://httpbin.org/post", [body: "hello=world", headers: ["User-Agent": "My App"]]
%HTTPotion.Response{body: "...", headers: [Connection: "keep-alive", ...], status_code: 200}

iex> response = HTTPotion.request :propfind, "http://httpbin.org/post", [body: "I have no idea what I'm doing"]
%HTTPotion.Response{body: "...", headers: [Connection: "keep-alive", ...], status_code: 405}

iex> response = HTTPotion.get "httpbin.org/basic-auth/foo/bar", [basic_auth: {"foo", "bar"}]
%HTTPotion.Response{body: "...", headers: ["Access-Control-Allow-Credentials": "true", ...], status_code: 200}

# Passing options to ibrowse (note that it usually takes char_lists, not elixir strings)
# And no, you can't use that proxy :D
iex> response = HTTPotion.get "http://ip6.me", [ ibrowse: [ proxy_host: 'fc81:6134:ba6c:8458:c99f:6c01:6472:8f1e', proxy_port: 8118 ] ]
%HTTPotion.Response{body: "...", headers: [Connection: "keep-alive", ...], status_code: 200}

# The default timeout is 5000 ms, but can be changed
iex> HTTPotion.get "http://example.com", [timeout: 10_000]

iex> HTTPotion.get "http://localhost:1"
** (HTTPotion.HTTPError) econnrefused

The Response is a struct – you access its fields like this: response.body.

HTTPError is an exception that happens when the request fails.

Note: the API changed in 2.0.0, body and headers are options now!

Metaprogramming magic

You can extend HTTPotion.Base to make cool API clients or something (this example uses jsx for JSON):

defmodule GitHub do
  use HTTPotion.Base

  def process_url(url) do
    "https://api.github.com/" <> url
  end

  def process_request_headers(headers) do
    Dict.put headers, :"User-Agent", "github-potion"
  end

  def process_response_body(body) do
    body |> IO.iodata_to_binary |> :jsx.decode
    |> Enum.map fn ({k, v}) -> { String.to_atom(k), v } end
    |> :orddict.from_list
  end
end
iex> GitHub.get("users/myfreeweb").body[:public_repos]
37

Read the source to see all the hooks. It's not intimidating at all, pretty easy to read actually :-)

Don't forget that IO.iodata_to_binary is called by default in process_response_body and process_response_chunk, you'll probably need to call it too.

Asynchronous requests

Hey, we're on the Erlang VM, right? Every serious OTP app probably makes a lot of these. It's easy to do in HTTPotion.

iex> HTTPotion.get "http://httpbin.org/get", [stream_to: self]
%HTTPotion.AsyncResponse{id: {1372,8757,656584}}

iex> flush
%HTTPotion.AsyncHeaders{id: {1372,8757,656584}, status_code: 200, headers: ["Transfer-Encoding": "chunked", ...]}
%HTTPotion.AsyncChunk{id: {1372,8757,656584}, chunk: "<!DOCTYPE html>\n..."}
%HTTPotion.AsyncEnd{id: {1372,8757,656584}}

Note that instead of process_response_body, process_response_chunk is called on the chunks before sending them out to the receiver (the stream_to process).

Direct access to ibrowse workers

ibrowse allows you to use its separate worker processes directly. We expose this functionality through the direct option.

Don't forget that you have to pass the URL to the worker process, which means the worker only communicates with one server (domain!)

iex> {:ok, worker_pid} = HTTPotion.spawn_worker_process("http://httpbin.org")

iex> HTTPotion.get "httpbin.org/get", [direct: worker_pid]
%HTTPotion.Response{body: "...", headers: ["Connection": "close", ...], status_code: 200}

You can even combine it with async!

iex> {:ok, worker_pid} = HTTPotion.spawn_worker_process("http://httpbin.org")

iex> HTTPotion.post "httpbin.org/post", [direct: worker_pid, stream_to: self, headers: ["User-Agent": "hello it's me"]]
%HTTPotion.AsyncResponse{id: {1372,8757,656584}}

Contributing

Please feel free to submit pull requests! Bugfixes and simple non-breaking improvements will be accepted without any questions :-)

By participating in this project you agree to follow the Contributor Code of Conduct.

The list of contributors is available on GitHub.

License

This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain.
For more information, please refer to the UNLICENSE file or unlicense.org.

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