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Barley Syllabus

This document is to collect the ideas for barley's tutorial and included examples. At present it contains just some ramblings. We need to pull this into a more researched and clear syllabus soon.

Sources of inspiration for this include:

Haskell Concepts

Barley should introduce a short list of Haskell concepts and idioms from a practical point of view. The aim is to get programmers looking at and editing examples of these idioms that do something. We are less interested in explaining the details or the philosophic underpinnings in the tutorial than getting them to the "OIC, wow, cool, k thx bai" stage.

  • Functions
  • Numbers
  • Strings & Text
  • case, if, patterns, guards
  • Lists
  • map, filter, and friends
  • List comprehensions
  • Maybe and Either
  • do syntax, in so far as it can be used with Maybe, Either, and List
  • fmap, in so far as it can be used with Maybe, Either, and List
  • Currying and Point-free style (gently)
  • data types
  • type and newtype
  • Parameterized types
  • Type classes and instances
  • IO
  • Modules: importing and exporting

Web Concepts

The tutorial's aim isn't to teach web programming. This is a list of web concepts the tutorial should show how to do in Haskell. We are assuming that most programmers coming to the tutorial have an inkling of how to do these things in other languages.

  • HTML generation
  • Interleaving fixed HTML with generated content
  • Getting query args
  • Forms: generating, getting args and processing
  • Referencing static elements
  • Cookies
  • Logging
  • Read/Write simple file storage
  • Read/Write SQLite storage
  • Make outgoing HTTP requests
  • Generate JSON

Web Projects

All of the above needs to be presented in the context of one or two extended web projects that the developer builds during the bulk of the tutorial. In addition, some concepts can be demonstrated in six to eight examples left for the developer to explore after they've done the tutorial. This is a list of possible projects:

  • Simple twitter-like web site: accounts, sign up, sign in, message, render messages per user, front page of recent messages
  • Guess the animal game with growing DB of animals.
  • Unit conversion, simple calculator page.
  • News feed mash up: show reddit, slashdot, tech news headlines on a a single page with links
  • Polls: admin can create polls, users take 'em
  • Blog
  • Wiki
  • Inventory (recipies, wine, videos, todos, etc...): Item entry, item detail, listing, query, categories, bools(?)

An Outline

Ch 1: Static Pages

  • Step 1: "Hello World"
    • comments, strings
    • basic html combinators & usage
  • Step 2: "Shopping List"
    • lists
    • homogenous types ( [ "foo", bold << "bar" ]
    • toHtml
  • Step 3: "Some Style"
    • first function, map, list comprehension
    • attributes, name exceptions
  • Step 4: "
    • tuples, zip, ranges

Ch 2: Guessing Game

  • Step 1: Form
    • if/then/else, comparison
    • http request & response objects
  • Step 2: Encoding state

    - string functions, appending

Other Syllabi

LYAH's "Starting Out" numbers, negative numbers numeric expressions boolean expressions == and /= succ, min, max

defining a simple function
if then else
let (in ghci)
[1,2,3] notation
++
"abc" is a list
:
!!
nested lists
comparisons on lists
head, tail, last init
length
null
reverse
take drop

maximum
sum
product
elem
`elem` notation
[1..20] notation, and with chars, and with steps

cycle, repeat, replicate

list comprehension syntax

2-tuples
fst snd
zip

RWH's "Starting Out" numbers, negative numbers numeric expressions boolean expressions ==, /= comparisons

let (in ghci)

[1,2,3] notation
[]
[1..] notation, with steps
++ :
strings, chars, lists

script: main, interact, show, lines

RWH's "Types and Functions" Char, Bool, Int, Integer, Double function application odd, compare, sqrt head, tail, 2-tuples take, drop fst, snd lines

declaration vs. assignment

bos' intro -1- * functional is normal: computation / unix pipes * brain twisting goodness * basic expressions * simply program (compile, main) * function application * module edit/load cycle * wordCount program * sort program * lists * numberLines program * recursive function * HW: fgrep program (via isInfixOf) -2- * list constructors * guards over if-then-else * pattern match (via myLength) * myLength, myHead, myTail * pattern match failure * strings are lists * more pattern matching * HW: nth, lastButOne, isPalindrome -3- * types * basic types: Int, Char, Boolean, Double, Integer * type signatures :: * ...are optional * function types * functions with multiple args * tuples * fst3, snd3, thd3 * list types, String * type synonyms * drop is polymorphic * type variables in signatures * the type of filter * type inference and bizarre outcomes * reading types * inferring from types * HW: myZipWith, ucFirst -4- * data (via Quaternion) * constructors * using your type in a function * pattern match on constructor * _ * :info, :type * compare w/C++, Python * equality of user type * operator as function, function as operator * typeclass --- Eq * instance of Eq for quaternion * class constraint on elem * enum-like data * Show class * deriving, Eq, ord, Bounded, Enum, Show * HW: :info those classes * HW: angle classification, convexHull -5- * Num and Ord typeclasses, applied to Quaternion * typeclass laws... implied * failure and Maybe * safeDiv, safeHead * mapMaybe (where was map?) * binary trees * map, mapMaybe, mapTree --> Functor! * HW: tree insert, tree contains -6- * short circuit operators * strict vs. non-strict * non-strict... as lazy... as call-by-need... w/memoization * finding the commonality in map and bunzip -> foldr * func. composition, lambda * foldl vs. foldr and stack overflow * seq and foldl' * HW: writing lots of things with folds -7- * count words over files listed as args * do notation * imports *

Chapter Goals 1: a numbered list -- syntax -- if-then-else -- basic functions: head, tail, ++, show -- recursion -- type annotations -- function application -- operators

2: a todo list -- HTML -- version w/if-then-else and recursion -- version w/guards -- version w/pattern matching -- version w/higher order functions (map) -- where clause -- develop the numbered list in concert with the todo list -- write map

3: todo list w/priority -- 2-tuple -- data types -- Maybe

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