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httpclient - HTTP accessing library. Copyright (C) 2000-2009 NAKAMURA, Hiroshi <firstname.lastname@example.org>. 'httpclient' gives something like the functionality of libwww-perl (LWP) in Ruby. 'httpclient' formerly known as 'http-access2'. See HTTPClient for documentation. == Features * methods like GET/HEAD/POST/* via HTTP/1.1. * HTTPS(SSL), Cookies, proxy, authentication(Digest, NTLM, Basic), etc. * asynchronous HTTP request, streaming HTTP request. * by contrast with net/http in standard distribution; * Cookies support * MT-safe * streaming POST (POST with File/IO) * Digest auth * Negotiate/NTLM auth for WWW-Authenticate (requires net/htlm module; rubyntlm gem) * NTLM auth for Proxy-Authenticate (requires 'win32/sspi' module; rubysspi gem) * extensible with filter interface * you don't have to care HTTP/1.1 persistent connection (httpclient cares instead of you) * Not supported now * Cache * Rather advanced HTTP/1.1 usage such as Range, deflate, etc. (of course you can set it in header by yourself) == Author Name:: NAKAMURA, Hiroshi E-mail:: email@example.com Project web site:: http://dev.ctor.org/httpclient/ == License This program is copyrighted free software by NAKAMURA, Hiroshi. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms of Ruby's license; either the dual license version in 2003, or any later version. httpclient/session.rb is based on http-access.rb in http-access/0.0.4. Some part of code in http-access.rb was recycled in http-access2.rb. Those part is copyrighted by Maehashi-san who made and distributed http-access/0.0.4. Many thanks to Maehashi-san. == Install $ ruby install.rb It will install lib/* to your site_ruby directory such as /usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby/1.8/. == Uninstall Delete installed files from your site_ruby directory. == Usage See HTTPClient for documentation. You can also check sample/howto.rb how to use APIs. == Download * Stable: http://dev.ctor.org/download/httpclient-220.127.116.11.tar.gz (tar + gzip) * Stable: http://dev.ctor.org/download/httpclient-18.104.22.168.zip (ZIP) * Older versions: http://dev.ctor.org/download/archive/ * Gem repository for stable version * (at default remove source at rubyforge.org) * Gem repository for development version * http://dev.ctor.org/download/ * svn: http://dev.ctor.org/svn/http-access2/trunk/ === Gem You can install httpclient with rubygems. % gem install httpclient --source http://dev.ctor.org/download/ == Bug report or Feature request Please file a ticket at the project web site. 1. find a similar ticket from http://dev.ctor.org/http-access2/search?ticket=on 2. login as an anonymous user from http://dev.ctor.org/http-access2/login 3. create a new ticket from http://dev.ctor.org/http-access2/newticket Thanks in advance. == Changes = Changes in 2.1.5 = Jun 25, 2009 - version 22.214.171.124 * Added another cacert distribution certificate which uses sha1WithRSAEncryption. OpenSSL/0.9.7 cannot handle non-SHA1 digest algorithm for certificate. The new certificate is RSA 2048 bit + SHA1 + notAfter:2010/12/31. Corresponding CA bundle file is cacert_sha1.p7s. It is loaded only when cacert.p7s cannot be loaded with the original distribution certificate. Jun 11, 2009 - version 126.96.36.199 * README update. Jun 8, 2009 - version 2.1.5 * IMPORTANT update for HTTPS(SSL) connection * Trusted CA bundle file included in httpclient <= 2.1.4 expires in Nov 2009. Please update to 2.1.5 by Oct 2009 if your application depends on trusted CA bundle file. * Updated trusted CA certificates file (cacert.p7s). CA certs are imported from 'Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_13-b03)'. * Updated a cacert distribution certificate. RSA 2048 bit + SHA512 + notAfter:2037/12/31. (#215) * Feature * WWW authentication with Negotiate based on win32/sspi as same as Proxy authentication. Applied a patch from Paul Casto. Thanks! (#212) * Bug fixes * Infinite loop caused by EOF error while reading response message body without Content-Length. IO#readpartial does not clear the second argument (buffer) when an exception raised. Fixed by a patch from an user. Thanks! (#216) * NoMethodError caused by the cookie string that includes a double semicolons ";;". Fixed by a patch from an user. Thanks! (#211) * CNONCE attribute in Digest Authentication was not properly generated by itself (used same nonce sent from the connecting server). Fixed by a patch from bterlson [http://github.com/bterlson/httpclient/commit/6d0df734840985a7be88a2d54443bbf892d50b9a] Thanks! (#209) * Cookie header was not set in authentication negotiation. Fixed. This bug was found and pointed out by bterlson at [http://github.com/bterlson/httpclient/commits/master]. Thanks! (#210) * Do not send 'Content-Length: 0' when a request doesn't have message body. Some server application (!EasySoap++/0.6 for example) corrupts with the request with Content-Length: 0. This bug was found by clay [http://daemons.net/~clay/2009/05/03/ruby-why-do-you-torment-me/]. Thanks! (#217) * Ensure to reset connection after invoking HTTPClient singleton methods for accessing such as HTTPClient.get_content. Thanks to @xgavin! (#214) Feb 13, 2009 - version 2.1.4 * Bug fixes * When we hit some site through http-proxy we get a response without Content-Length header. httpclient/2.1.3 drops response body for such case. fixed. (#199) * Avoid duplicated 'Date' header in request. Fixed. (#194) * Avoid to add port number to 'Host' header. Some servers like GFE/1.3 dislike it. Thanks to anonymous user for investigating the behavior. (#195) * httpclient/2.1.3 does not work when you fork a process after requiring httpclient module (Passenger). Thanks to Akira Yamada for tracing down this bug. (#197) * httpclient/2.1.3 cannot handle Cookie header with 'expires=' and 'expires=""'. Empty String for Time.parse returns Time.now unlike ParseDate.parsedate. Thanks to Mark for the patch. (#200) Jan 8, 2009 - version 188.8.131.52 * Security fix introduced at 2.1.3. * get_content/post_content of httpclient/2.1.3 may send secure cookies for a https site to non-secure (non-https) site when the https site redirects the request to a non-https site. httpclient/2.1.3 caches request object and reuses it for redirection. It should not be cached and recreated for each time as httpclient <= 2.1.2 and http-access2. * I realized this bug when I was reading open-uri story on [ruby-core:21205]. Ruby users should use open-uri rather than using net/http directly wherever possible. Dec 29, 2008 - version 2.1.3 * Features * Proxy Authentication for SSL. * Performance improvements. * Full RDoc. Please tell me any English problem. Thanks in advance. * Do multipart file upload when a given body includes a File. You don't need to set 'Content-Type' and boundary String any more. * Added propfind and proppatch methods. * Changes * Avoid unnecessary memory consuming for get_content/post_content with block. get_content returns nil when you call it with a block. * post_content with IO did not work when redirect/auth cycle is required. (CAUTION: post_content now correctly follows redirection and posts the given content) * Exception handling cleanups. * Raises HTTPClient::ConfigurationError? for environment problem. (trying to do SSL without openssl installed for example) * Raises HTTPClient::BadResponse? for HTTP response problem. You can get the response HTTPMessage returned via $!.res. * Raises SocketError? for connection problem (as same as before). * Bug fixes * Avoid unnecessary negotiation cycle for Negotiate(NTLM) authentication. Thanks Rishav for great support for debugging Negotiate authentication. * get_content/post_content with block yielded unexpected message body during redirect/auth cycle. * Relative URI redirection should be allowed from 2.1.2 but it did not work... fixed. * Avoid unnecessary timeout waiting when no message body returned such as '204 No Content' for DAV. * Avoid blocking on socket closing when the socket is already closed by foreign host and the client runs under MT-condition. Sep 22, 2007 - version 2.1.2 * HTTP * implemented Negotiate authentication with a support from exterior modules. 'rubyntlm' module is required for Negotiate auth with IIS. 'win32/sspi' module is required for Negotiate auth with ISA. * a workaround for Ubuntu + SonicWALL timeout problem. try to send HTTP request in one chunk. * SSL * create new self-signing dist-cert which has serial number 0x01 and embed it in httpclient.rb. * update cacert.p7s. certificates are imported from cacerts in JRE 6 Update 2. 1 expired CA certificate 'C=US, O=GTE Corporation, CN=GTE CyberTrust Root' is removed. * Bug fix * [BUG] SSL + debug_dev didn't work under version 2.1.1. * [BUG] Reason-Phrase of HTTP response status line can be empty according * to RFC2616. Aug 28, 2007 - version 2.1.1 * bug fix * domain_match should be case insensitive. thanks to Brian for the patch. * before calling SSLSocket#post_connection_check, check if RUBY_VERSION > "1.8.4" for CN based wildcard certificate. when RUBY_VERSION <= "1.8.4", it fallbacks to the post_connection_check method in HTTPClient so httpclient should run on 1.8.4 fine as before. * misc * added HTTPClient#test_loopback_http_response which accepts test loopback response which contains HTTP header. Jul 14, 2007 - version 2.1.0 * program/project renamed from 'http-access2' to 'httpclient'. there's compatibility layer included so existing programs for http-access2 which uses HTTPAccess2::Client should work with httpclient/2.1.0 correctly. * misc * install.rb did not install cacerts.p7s. Thanks to knu. * now HTTPClient loads http_proxy/HTTP_PROXY and no_proxy/NO_PROXY environment variable at initialization time. bear in mind that it doesn't load http_proxy/HTTP_PROXY when a library is considered to be running under CGI environment (checked by ENVREQUEST_METHOD existence. cgi_http_proxy/CGI_HTTP_PROXY is loaded instead. Jul 4, 2007 - version 2.0.9 * bug fix * fix the BasicAuth regression problem in 2.0.8. A server may return "BASIC" as an authenticate scheme label instead of "Basic". It must be treated as a case-insensitive token according to RFC2617 section 1.2. Thanks to mwedeme for contributing the patch. (#159) Jun 30, 2007 - version 2.0.8 * HTTP * added request/response filter interface and implemented DigestAuth based on the filter interface. DigestAuth calc engine is based on http://tools.assembla.com/breakout/wiki/DigestForSoap Thanks to sromano. (#155) * re-implemented BasicAuth based on the filter interface. send BasicAuth header only if it's needed. (#31) * handle a response which has 2XX status code as a successfull response while retry check. applied the patch from Micah Wedemeyer. Thanks! (#158) * Connection * show more friendly error message for unconnectable URL. (#156) * bug fixes * to avoid MIME format incompatibility, add empty epilogue chunk explicitly. Thanks to the anonymous user who reported #154 (#154) * rescue EPIPE for keep-alive reconnecting. Thanks to anonymous user who posted a patch at #124. (#124) May 13, 2007 - version 2.0.7 * HTTP * added proxyauth support. (#6) * let developer allow to rescue a redirect with relative URI. (#28) * changed last-chunk condition statement to allow "0000\r\n" marker from WebLogic Server 7.0 SP5 instead of "0\r\n". (#30) * fixed multipart form submit. (#29, #116) * use http_date format as a date in a request header. (#35) * avoid duplicated Date header when running under mod_ruby. (#127) * reason phrase in Message#reason contains \r. (#122) * trim "\n"s in base64 encoded BasicAuth value for interoperability. (#149) * let retry_connect return a Message not a content. (#119) * rescue SocketError and dump a message when a wrong address given. (#152) * HTTP-Cookies * changed "domain" parameter matching condition statement to allow followings; (#24, #32, #118, #147) * [host, domain] = [rubyforge.com, .rubyforge.com] * [host, domain] = [reddit.com, reddit.com] * SSL * bundles CA certificates as trust anchors. * allow user to get peer_cert. (#117, #123) * added wildcard certificate support. (#151) * SSL + HTTP keep-alive + long wait causes uncaught exception. fixed. (#120) * Connection * fixed a loop condition bug that caused intermittent empty response. (#150, #26, #125) September 16, 2005 - version 2.0.6 * HTTP * allows redirects from a "POST" request. imported a patch from sveit. Thanks! (#7) * add 'content-type: application/application/x-www-form-urlencoded' when a request contains message-body. (#11) * HTTP/0.9 support. (#15) * allows submitting multipart forms. imported a patch from sveit. Thanks! (#7) * HTTP-Cookies * avoid NameError when a cookie value is nil. (#10) * added netscape_rule property to CookieManager (false by default). You can turn on the domain attribute test of Netscape rule with the property. cf. http://wp.netscape.com/newsref/std/cookie_spec.html * added HTTPClient#cookie_manager property for accessing its properties. (#13) * added save_all_cookies method to save unused and discarded cookies as well. The patch is from Christian Lademann. Thanks! (#21) * allow to set cookie_manager. raise an error when set_cookie_store called and cookie_store has already been set. (#20) * SSL * allows SSL connection debugging when debug_dev != nil. (#14) * skip post_connection_check when verify_mode == OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE. Thanks to kdraper. (#12) * post_connection_check: support a certificate with a wildcard in the hostname. (#18) * avoid NameError when no peer_cert and VERIFY_FAIL_IF_NO_PEER_CERT given. Thanks to Christian Lademann. * Connection * insert a connecting host and port to an exception message when connecting failed. (#5) * added socket_sync property to HTTPClient(HTTPAccess2::Client) that controls socket's sync property. the default value is true. CAUTION: if your ruby is older than 2005-09-06 and you want to use SSL connection, do not set socket_sync = false to avoid a blocking bug of openssl/buffering.rb. December 24, 2004 - version 2.0.5 This is a minor bug fix release. - Connect/Send/Receive timeout cannot be configured. fixed. - IPSocket#addr caused SocketError? on Mac OS X 10.3.6 + ruby-1.8.1 GA. fixed. - There is a server which does not like 'foo.bar.com:80' style Host header. The server for http://rubyforge.org/export/rss_sfnews.php seems to dislike HTTP/1.1 Host header "Host: rubyforge.net:80". It returns HTTP 302: Found and redirects to the page again, causes HTTPAccess2::Client to raise "retry count exceeded". Keat found that the server likes "Host: rubyforge.net" (not with port number). February 11, 2004 - version 2.0.4 - add Client#redirect_uri_callback interface. - refactorings and bug fixes found during negative test. - add SSL test. December 16, 2003 - version 2.0.3 - no_proxy was broken in 2.0.2. - do not dump 'Host' header under protocol_version == 'HTTP/1.0' December ?, 2003 - version 2.0.2 - do not trust HTTP_PROXY environment variable. set proxy server manually. http://ftp.ics.uci.edu/pub/websoft/libwww-perl/archive/2001h1/0072.html http://ftp.ics.uci.edu/pub/websoft/libwww-perl/archive/2001h1/0241.html http://curl.haxx.se/mail/archive-2001-12/0034.html - follow ossl2 change. October 4, 2003 - version 2.0.1 Query was not escaped when query was given as an Array or a Hash. Fixed. Do not use http_proxy defined by ENV['http_proxy'] or ENV['HTTP_PROXY'] if the destination host is 'localhost'. Hosts which matches ENV['no_proxy'] or ENV['NO_PROXY'] won't be proxyed. [,:] separated. ("ruby-lang.org:rubyist.net") No regexp. (give "ruby-lang.org", not "*.ruby-lang.org") If you want specify hot by IP address, give full address. ("192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.2") September 10, 2003 - version 2.0 CamelCase to non_camel_case. SSL support (requires Ruby/OpenSSL). Cookies support. lib/http-access2/cookie.rb is redistributed file which is originally included in Webagent by TAKAHASHI `Maki' Masayoshi. You can download the entire package from http://www.rubycolor.org/arc/. January 11, 2003 - version J ruby/1.8 support.