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Service Discovery

Zhiyi Zhang edited this page Dec 2, 2018 · 2 revisions

NDN-Lite Service Discovery

An Overview

NDN-Lite provides application support including security bootstrapping, service discovery, access control, and etc. In this document, we describe the spec of the service discovery protocol implemented in NDN-Lite.

The service discovery module aims to

  • enable an application to advertise the services provided by itself
  • help an application to automatically discover available services in the local network

A service in NDN-Lite refers to a service offered by a device in NDN IoT network. Based on NDN's Interest and Data packet exchange, a service must satisfy the following requirements:

  • A service must have a prefix registered and available to other nodes in the local network.
  • The prefix follows the pre-defined naming convention so that other nodes/applications can direct invoke the service without manual configuration in advance.

As shown in the figure, the NDN IoT service discovery is as follow.

  • Service Discovery Advertisement

    After the bootstrapping, the IoT device will start broadcasting its available services for a period of time. When the service changes or restarts, the IoT device will also broadcast the change.

  • Service Status Query(Optional)

    When another IoT device wants the service, it will send a query for the service and get the meta data of the service. The replied Data packet will inform the requester whether the service is available or not and whether the requester has permission to use the service or not. This step is optional depending on the service.

  • Service Invocation

    If the requester has permission and the service is available, the requester can then follow the pre-defined naming conventions to invoke the service.

bootstrapped device                                Other devices
   |                                                     |
   |   Periodically Broadcast Advertisement Interest     |
   | --------------------------------------------------> |
   |                                                     |

bootstrapped device                               Service Provider
   |                                                     |
   |           Service Status Query Interest             |
   | --------------------------------------------------> |
   |       The Meta Data Packets of the service          |
   | <-------------------------------------------------- |
   |            Service Invocation Interest              |
   | --------------------------------------------------> |
   |                        ...                          |
   |    More service invocation and optional replies     |
   |                        ...                          |

Packet Format

Service Advertisement Packet Format

Interest Packet Format

Interest Name: /[home_prefix]/SD-ADV/<own_identity>/<parameters_digest>
Parameters: A list of services provided by the device/application
Signature: Not required

Data Packet Format

No Data packet required.

Instructions

Every node should register a prefix /[home_prefix]/SD-ADV after the device being bootstrapped. After receiving the advertisement Interest packet, the receiver will update its cached service table.

Service Status Query Packet Format

Interest Packet Format

Interest Name: /[home_prefix]/SD/<target_identity>/QUERY/<service_id>
Parameters: Depends on the service
Signature: Signed by the requester

When a Diffie Hellman process is needed, the Parameters TLV will be:

(Optional)ECDH_Public_Key = TLV_ECDH_Pub_TYPE Length
                                Bytes

Data Packet Format

Name: /[home_prefix]/SD/<target_identity>/QUERY/<service_id>
Content: Service Meta Data TLV
Signature: Signed by TargetIdentity's identity key

Data Content TLV format

Content = TLV_CONTENT_TYPE Length
            Service_Status = TLV_SD_STATUS_TYPE Length
                               nonNegativeNumber
 (Optional) ECDH_Pub_Key = TLV_ECDH_Pub_TYPE Length
                             Bytes

The status code: * 0: unavailable * 1: available * 2: busy * 3: permission denied

Data Verification Process

* The KeyLocator in Data Signature Info element must starts with the /<home_prefix>/<TargetIdentity>/KEY
* The signature value must be verified using the public key in the TargetIdentity's certificate. TargetIdentity's certificate must be verified using the home's trust anchor key.

Instructions

A prefix /{home_prefix}/SD/<OwnIdentity>/QUERY should be registered after the device being bootstrapped.

Service Invocation Packet Format

Interest Packet Format

Interest Name: /[home_prefix]/SD/<target_identity>/<service_id>/<command>/...
Parameters: Depends on the service
Signature: Signed by the requester (signature type depends on the service)

NDN-lite Pre-defined Services

Service ID: SD_LED

Description: Control the LED light on the other device.

Requirements Status
Need QUERY No
Need Diffie-Hellman in QUERY No
Need Signature in QUERY No
Need Signature in invocation Interest Yes

Available commands:

Command Name Format Parameters Description
ON SD_LED/ON/id None turn on LED with id
OFF SD_LED/OFF/id None turn off LED with id

Example:

Interest: /zhiyi-home/SD/board-0/SD_LED/ON/1
Interest Signature: Signed by the requester

Service ID: SD_TEMP

Description: Read the temperature value from the target device. The content in replied Data will be encrypted.

Requirements Status
Need QUERY No
Need Diffie-Hellman in QUERY No
Need Signature in QUERY No
Need Signature in invocation Interest No

Available commands:

Command Name Format Parameters Description
READ none none read the current temperature from the sensor

Example:

Interest: /zhiyi-home/SD/board-0/SD_TEMP
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