Permalink
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
144 lines (113 sloc) 5.38 KB
//----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// TinyTX_Rain_Gauge - An ATtiny84 Rainfall Monitor
// By Nathan Chantrell. For hardware design see http://nathan.chantrell.net/tinytx
//
// Using a tipping bucket rain gauge with a reed switch across D10 and GND
//
// Licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0) licence:
// http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
//
// Requires Arduino IDE with arduino-tiny core: http://code.google.com/p/arduino-tiny/
//----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#include <JeeLib.h> // https://github.com/jcw/jeelib
#include <PinChangeInterrupt.h> // http://code.google.com/p/arduino-tiny/downloads/list
#include <avr/sleep.h>
#define myNodeID 3 // RF12 node ID in the range 1-30
#define network 210 // RF12 Network group
#define freq RF12_433MHZ // Frequency of RFM12B module
#define USE_ACK // Enable ACKs, comment out to disable
#define RETRY_PERIOD 5 // How soon to retry (in seconds) if ACK didn't come in
#define RETRY_LIMIT 5 // Maximum number of times to retry
#define ACK_TIME 10 // Number of milliseconds to wait for an ack
#define BUCKETMM 0.3 // How many mm of rain for each bucket tip
#define reedPin 10 // Reed switch across D10 (ATtiny pin 13) and GND
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//Data Structure to be sent
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
typedef struct {
int rain; // Rainfall
int supplyV; // Supply voltage
} Payload;
Payload tinytx;
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Wait for an ACK
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#ifdef USE_ACK
static byte waitForAck() {
MilliTimer ackTimer;
while (!ackTimer.poll(ACK_TIME)) {
if (rf12_recvDone() && rf12_crc == 0 &&
rf12_hdr == (RF12_HDR_DST | RF12_HDR_CTL | myNodeID))
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
#endif
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Send payload data via RF
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
static void rfwrite(){
#ifdef USE_ACK
for (byte i = 0; i <= RETRY_LIMIT; ++i) { // tx and wait for ack up to RETRY_LIMIT times
rf12_sleep(-1); // Wake up RF module
while (!rf12_canSend())
rf12_recvDone();
rf12_sendStart(RF12_HDR_ACK, &tinytx, sizeof tinytx);
rf12_sendWait(2); // Wait for RF to finish sending while in standby mode
byte acked = waitForAck(); // Wait for ACK
rf12_sleep(0); // Put RF module to sleep
if (acked) { return; } // Return if ACK received
Sleepy::loseSomeTime(RETRY_PERIOD * 1000); // If no ack received wait and try again
}
#else
rf12_sleep(-1); // Wake up RF module
while (!rf12_canSend())
rf12_recvDone();
rf12_sendStart(0, &tinytx, sizeof tinytx);
rf12_sendWait(2); // Wait for RF to finish sending while in standby mode
rf12_sleep(0); // Put RF module to sleep
return;
#endif
}
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Read current supply voltage
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
long readVcc() {
bitClear(PRR, PRADC); ADCSRA |= bit(ADEN); // Enable the ADC
long result;
// Read 1.1V reference against Vcc
#if defined(__AVR_ATtiny84__)
ADMUX = _BV(MUX5) | _BV(MUX0); // For ATtiny84
#else
ADMUX = _BV(REFS0) | _BV(MUX3) | _BV(MUX2) | _BV(MUX1); // For ATmega328
#endif
delay(2); // Wait for Vref to settle
ADCSRA |= _BV(ADSC); // Convert
while (bit_is_set(ADCSRA,ADSC));
result = ADCL;
result |= ADCH<<8;
result = 1126400L / result; // Back-calculate Vcc in mV
ADCSRA &= ~ bit(ADEN); bitSet(PRR, PRADC); // Disable the ADC to save power
return result;
}
//########################################################################################################################
void setup() {
PRR = bit(PRTIM1); // only keep timer 0 going
ADCSRA &= ~ bit(ADEN); bitSet(PRR, PRADC); // Disable the ADC to save power
rf12_initialize(myNodeID,freq,network); // Initialize RFM12 with settings defined above
rf12_sleep(0); // Put the RFM12 to sleep
pinMode(reedPin, INPUT); // set reed pin as input
digitalWrite(reedPin, HIGH); // and turn on pullup
attachPcInterrupt(reedPin,wakeUp,FALLING); // attach a PinChange Interrupt on the falling edge
set_sleep_mode(SLEEP_MODE_PWR_DOWN); // Set sleep mode
sleep_mode(); // Sleep now
}
void wakeUp(){}
void loop() {
tinytx.rain = (BUCKETMM * 100); // Send mm per tip as an integer (multiply by 0.01 at receiving end)
tinytx.supplyV = readVcc(); // Get supply voltage
rfwrite(); // Send data via RF
Sleepy::loseSomeTime(1000);
set_sleep_mode(SLEEP_MODE_PWR_DOWN); // Set sleep mode
sleep_mode(); // Sleep now
}