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Predicate macros allow you to arbitrarily compose together other predicates. Predicate macros are defined when input or output vars are explicitly defined using
:< within the declared variables of a query.
When a predicate macro is used, it expands to one or more predicates.
For example, here's the how you can compose together
count to create
(def average (<- [!val :> !avg] (c/count !c) (c/sum !val :> !s) (div !s !c :> !avg)))
Here's an example of how
average is expanded within a query:
(<- [?avg-age] (age _ ?a) (average ?a :> ?avg-age))
(<- [?avg-age] (age _ ?a) (count !c_1) (sum ?a :> !s_1) (div !s_1 !c_1 :> ?avg-age))
Any non-declared variables used in a predicate macro, like
!c in average, are given unique names so as not to conflict with other variables when expanded.
Another example of a predicate macro is "distinct count", which will count the number of unique occurrences of a value. distinct-count secondary sorts the values and then does the computation in a single scan of the values through a custom aggregator:
(def distinct-count (<- [!v :> !c] (:sort !v) (distinct-count-agg !v :> !c)))