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A client-side relational modeling framework. Like a blend of ActiveRecord and Backbone, but different and better.
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Monarch is a relational modeling framework for client-heavy web applications. It's similar to Backbone.js, but based on the powerful abstractions of relational algebra, offering a declarative and compositional language for querying data and subscribing to events.

Defining Models

Monarch associates model constructors with tables in an in-memory relational database, similar to how ActiveRecord associates a Ruby class with a table in MySQL.

Blog = Monarch('Blog', {
  userId: 'integer',
  title: 'string',
  createdAt: 'datetime'

BlogPost = Monarch('BlogPost', {
  blogId: 'integer',
  title: 'string',
  body: 'string',

To define a constructor/table pair, call the global Monarch function with the constructor's name (for debugging purposes) and a hash of column declarations. The columns hash contains each column's name as a key and each column's type as a value. Every table is given an integer-typed id column as its primary key by default. The Monarch function returns an anonymous constructor that you can assign to a global variable.

Loading Data

Once you've defined some tables, you can load data into the client-side database by calling Monarch.Repository.update with a hash of records.

  blogs: {
    1: { user_id: 1, title: "Blog I Never Update", created_at: 1332433460811 },
    2: { user_id: 2, title: "Blog That No One Reads", created_at: 1332433434561 }
  blog_posts: {
    1: { blog_id: 1, title: "First Post", body: "More to come!" },
    2: { blog_id: 2, title: "I'm Lonely'", body: "Please read my LiveJournal." },
    3: { blog_id: 2, title: "Comments", body: "No one commented on my last post." }

As you can see above, the hash can contain records for multiple tables, and is structured as follows: table_name -> record_id-> column_name -> field_value. Note that the keys are in underscore format rather than camel case. If a record for a given (table name, id) pair already exists, it will be updated with the new values. Otherwise a new record will be created.

You can also call Monarch.Repository.update with an array of CRUD operations. This is useful, for example, when you are handling update events delivered via a web socket.

  ['create', 'blog_posts', { id: 3, blog_id: 2, title: "I Love Star Wars!" }],
  ['update', 'blog_posts', 2, { title: "I Can't Decide on a Title'" }],
  ['destroy', 'blog_posts', 2]

Working with Records

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