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/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@file iniparser.c
@author N. Devillard
@brief Parser for ini files.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---------------------------- Includes ------------------------------------*/
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include "iniparser.h"
/*---------------------------- Defines -------------------------------------*/
#define ASCIILINESZ (1024)
#define INI_INVALID_KEY ((char*)-1)
/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Private to this module
---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
* This enum stores the status for each parsed line (internal use only).
*/
typedef enum _line_status_ {
LINE_UNPROCESSED,
LINE_ERROR,
LINE_EMPTY,
LINE_COMMENT,
LINE_SECTION,
LINE_VALUE
} line_status ;
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Convert a string to lowercase.
@param in String to convert.
@param out Output buffer.
@param len Size of the out buffer.
@return ptr to the out buffer or NULL if an error occured.
This function convert a string into lowercase.
At most len - 1 elements of the input string will be converted.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static const char * strlwc(const char * in, char *out, unsigned len)
{
unsigned i ;
if (in==NULL || out == NULL || len==0) return NULL ;
i=0 ;
while (in[i] != '\0' && i < len-1) {
out[i] = (char)tolower((int)in[i]);
i++ ;
}
out[i] = '\0';
return out ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Duplicate a string
@param s String to duplicate
@return Pointer to a newly allocated string, to be freed with free()
This is a replacement for strdup(). This implementation is provided
for systems that do not have it.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static char * xstrdup(const char * s)
{
char * t ;
size_t len ;
if (!s)
return NULL ;
len = strlen(s) + 1 ;
t = (char*) malloc(len) ;
if (t) {
memcpy(t, s, len) ;
}
return t ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Remove blanks at the beginning and the end of a string.
@param str String to parse and alter.
@return unsigned New size of the string.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static unsigned strstrip(char * s)
{
char *last = NULL ;
char *dest = s;
if (s==NULL) return 0;
last = s + strlen(s);
while (isspace((int)*s) && *s) s++;
while (last > s) {
if (!isspace((int)*(last-1)))
break ;
last -- ;
}
*last = (char)0;
memmove(dest,s,last - s + 1);
return last - s;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Default error callback for iniparser: wraps `fprintf(stderr, ...)`.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static int default_error_callback(const char *format, ...)
{
int ret;
va_list argptr;
va_start(argptr, format);
ret = vfprintf(stderr, format, argptr);
va_end(argptr);
return ret;
}
static int (*iniparser_error_callback)(const char*, ...) = default_error_callback;
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Configure a function to receive the error messages.
@param errback Function to call.
By default, the error will be printed on stderr. If a null pointer is passed
as errback the error callback will be switched back to default.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
void iniparser_set_error_callback(int (*errback)(const char *, ...))
{
if (errback) {
iniparser_error_callback = errback;
} else {
iniparser_error_callback = default_error_callback;
}
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get number of sections in a dictionary
@param d Dictionary to examine
@return int Number of sections found in dictionary
This function returns the number of sections found in a dictionary.
The test to recognize sections is done on the string stored in the
dictionary: a section name is given as "section" whereas a key is
stored as "section:key", thus the test looks for entries that do not
contain a colon.
This clearly fails in the case a section name contains a colon, but
this should simply be avoided.
This function returns -1 in case of error.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int iniparser_getnsec(const dictionary * d)
{
int i ;
int nsec ;
if (d==NULL) return -1 ;
nsec=0 ;
for (i=0 ; i<d->size ; i++) {
if (d->key[i]==NULL)
continue ;
if (strchr(d->key[i], ':')==NULL) {
nsec ++ ;
}
}
return nsec ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get name for section n in a dictionary.
@param d Dictionary to examine
@param n Section number (from 0 to nsec-1).
@return Pointer to char string
This function locates the n-th section in a dictionary and returns
its name as a pointer to a string statically allocated inside the
dictionary. Do not free or modify the returned string!
This function returns NULL in case of error.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
const char * iniparser_getsecname(const dictionary * d, int n)
{
int i ;
int foundsec ;
if (d==NULL || n<0) return NULL ;
foundsec=0 ;
for (i=0 ; i<d->size ; i++) {
if (d->key[i]==NULL)
continue ;
if (strchr(d->key[i], ':')==NULL) {
foundsec++ ;
if (foundsec>n)
break ;
}
}
if (foundsec<=n) {
return NULL ;
}
return d->key[i] ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Dump a dictionary to an opened file pointer.
@param d Dictionary to dump.
@param f Opened file pointer to dump to.
@return void
This function prints out the contents of a dictionary, one element by
line, onto the provided file pointer. It is OK to specify @c stderr
or @c stdout as output files. This function is meant for debugging
purposes mostly.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
void iniparser_dump(const dictionary * d, FILE * f)
{
int i ;
if (d==NULL || f==NULL) return ;
for (i=0 ; i<d->size ; i++) {
if (d->key[i]==NULL)
continue ;
if (d->val[i]!=NULL) {
fprintf(f, "[%s]=[%s]\n", d->key[i], d->val[i]);
} else {
fprintf(f, "[%s]=UNDEF\n", d->key[i]);
}
}
return ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Save a dictionary to a loadable ini file
@param d Dictionary to dump
@param f Opened file pointer to dump to
@return void
This function dumps a given dictionary into a loadable ini file.
It is Ok to specify @c stderr or @c stdout as output files.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
void iniparser_dump_ini(const dictionary * d, FILE * f)
{
int i ;
int nsec ;
const char * secname ;
if (d==NULL || f==NULL) return ;
nsec = iniparser_getnsec(d);
if (nsec<1) {
/* No section in file: dump all keys as they are */
for (i=0 ; i<d->size ; i++) {
if (d->key[i]==NULL)
continue ;
fprintf(f, "%s = %s\n", d->key[i], d->val[i]);
}
return ;
}
for (i=0 ; i<nsec ; i++) {
secname = iniparser_getsecname(d, i) ;
iniparser_dumpsection_ini(d, secname, f);
}
fprintf(f, "\n");
return ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Save a dictionary section to a loadable ini file
@param d Dictionary to dump
@param s Section name of dictionary to dump
@param f Opened file pointer to dump to
@return void
This function dumps a given section of a given dictionary into a loadable ini
file. It is Ok to specify @c stderr or @c stdout as output files.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
void iniparser_dumpsection_ini(const dictionary * d, const char * s, FILE * f)
{
int j ;
char keym[ASCIILINESZ+1];
int seclen ;
if (d==NULL || f==NULL) return ;
if (! iniparser_find_entry(d, s)) return ;
seclen = (int)strlen(s);
fprintf(f, "\n[%s]\n", s);
sprintf(keym, "%s:", s);
for (j=0 ; j<d->size ; j++) {
if (d->key[j]==NULL)
continue ;
if (!strncmp(d->key[j], keym, seclen+1)) {
fprintf(f,
"%-30s = %s\n",
d->key[j]+seclen+1,
d->val[j] ? d->val[j] : "");
}
}
fprintf(f, "\n");
return ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get the number of keys in a section of a dictionary.
@param d Dictionary to examine
@param s Section name of dictionary to examine
@return Number of keys in section
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int iniparser_getsecnkeys(const dictionary * d, const char * s)
{
int seclen, nkeys ;
char keym[ASCIILINESZ+1];
int j ;
nkeys = 0;
if (d==NULL) return nkeys;
if (! iniparser_find_entry(d, s)) return nkeys;
seclen = (int)strlen(s);
strlwc(s, keym, sizeof(keym));
keym[seclen] = ':';
for (j=0 ; j<d->size ; j++) {
if (d->key[j]==NULL)
continue ;
if (!strncmp(d->key[j], keym, seclen+1))
nkeys++;
}
return nkeys;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get the number of keys in a section of a dictionary.
@param d Dictionary to examine
@param s Section name of dictionary to examine
@param keys Already allocated array to store the keys in
@return The pointer passed as `keys` argument or NULL in case of error
This function queries a dictionary and finds all keys in a given section.
The keys argument should be an array of pointers which size has been
determined by calling `iniparser_getsecnkeys` function prior to this one.
Each pointer in the returned char pointer-to-pointer is pointing to
a string allocated in the dictionary; do not free or modify them.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
const char ** iniparser_getseckeys(const dictionary * d, const char * s, const char ** keys)
{
int i, j, seclen ;
char keym[ASCIILINESZ+1];
if (d==NULL || keys==NULL) return NULL;
if (! iniparser_find_entry(d, s)) return NULL;
seclen = (int)strlen(s);
strlwc(s, keym, sizeof(keym));
keym[seclen] = ':';
i = 0;
for (j=0 ; j<d->size ; j++) {
if (d->key[j]==NULL)
continue ;
if (!strncmp(d->key[j], keym, seclen+1)) {
keys[i] = d->key[j];
i++;
}
}
return keys;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get the string associated to a key
@param d Dictionary to search
@param key Key string to look for
@param def Default value to return if key not found.
@return pointer to statically allocated character string
This function queries a dictionary for a key. A key as read from an
ini file is given as "section:key". If the key cannot be found,
the pointer passed as 'def' is returned.
The returned char pointer is pointing to a string allocated in
the dictionary, do not free or modify it.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
const char * iniparser_getstring(const dictionary * d, const char * key, const char * def)
{
const char * lc_key ;
const char * sval ;
char tmp_str[ASCIILINESZ+1];
if (d==NULL || key==NULL)
return def ;
lc_key = strlwc(key, tmp_str, sizeof(tmp_str));
sval = dictionary_get(d, lc_key, def);
return sval ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get the string associated to a key, convert to an long int
@param d Dictionary to search
@param key Key string to look for
@param notfound Value to return in case of error
@return long integer
This function queries a dictionary for a key. A key as read from an
ini file is given as "section:key". If the key cannot be found,
the notfound value is returned.
Supported values for integers include the usual C notation
so decimal, octal (starting with 0) and hexadecimal (starting with 0x)
are supported. Examples:
"42" -> 42
"042" -> 34 (octal -> decimal)
"0x42" -> 66 (hexa -> decimal)
Warning: the conversion may overflow in various ways. Conversion is
totally outsourced to strtol(), see the associated man page for overflow
handling.
Credits: Thanks to A. Becker for suggesting strtol()
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
long int iniparser_getlongint(const dictionary * d, const char * key, long int notfound)
{
const char * str ;
str = iniparser_getstring(d, key, INI_INVALID_KEY);
if (str==INI_INVALID_KEY) return notfound ;
return strtol(str, NULL, 0);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get the string associated to a key, convert to an int
@param d Dictionary to search
@param key Key string to look for
@param notfound Value to return in case of error
@return integer
This function queries a dictionary for a key. A key as read from an
ini file is given as "section:key". If the key cannot be found,
the notfound value is returned.
Supported values for integers include the usual C notation
so decimal, octal (starting with 0) and hexadecimal (starting with 0x)
are supported. Examples:
"42" -> 42
"042" -> 34 (octal -> decimal)
"0x42" -> 66 (hexa -> decimal)
Warning: the conversion may overflow in various ways. Conversion is
totally outsourced to strtol(), see the associated man page for overflow
handling.
Credits: Thanks to A. Becker for suggesting strtol()
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int iniparser_getint(const dictionary * d, const char * key, int notfound)
{
return (int)iniparser_getlongint(d, key, notfound);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get the string associated to a key, convert to a double
@param d Dictionary to search
@param key Key string to look for
@param notfound Value to return in case of error
@return double
This function queries a dictionary for a key. A key as read from an
ini file is given as "section:key". If the key cannot be found,
the notfound value is returned.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
double iniparser_getdouble(const dictionary * d, const char * key, double notfound)
{
const char * str ;
str = iniparser_getstring(d, key, INI_INVALID_KEY);
if (str==INI_INVALID_KEY) return notfound ;
return atof(str);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Get the string associated to a key, convert to a boolean
@param d Dictionary to search
@param key Key string to look for
@param notfound Value to return in case of error
@return integer
This function queries a dictionary for a key. A key as read from an
ini file is given as "section:key". If the key cannot be found,
the notfound value is returned.
A true boolean is found if one of the following is matched:
- A string starting with 'y'
- A string starting with 'Y'
- A string starting with 't'
- A string starting with 'T'
- A string starting with '1'
A false boolean is found if one of the following is matched:
- A string starting with 'n'
- A string starting with 'N'
- A string starting with 'f'
- A string starting with 'F'
- A string starting with '0'
The notfound value returned if no boolean is identified, does not
necessarily have to be 0 or 1.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int iniparser_getboolean(const dictionary * d, const char * key, int notfound)
{
int ret ;
const char * c ;
c = iniparser_getstring(d, key, INI_INVALID_KEY);
if (c==INI_INVALID_KEY) return notfound ;
if (c[0]=='y' || c[0]=='Y' || c[0]=='1' || c[0]=='t' || c[0]=='T') {
ret = 1 ;
} else if (c[0]=='n' || c[0]=='N' || c[0]=='0' || c[0]=='f' || c[0]=='F') {
ret = 0 ;
} else {
ret = notfound ;
}
return ret;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Finds out if a given entry exists in a dictionary
@param ini Dictionary to search
@param entry Name of the entry to look for
@return integer 1 if entry exists, 0 otherwise
Finds out if a given entry exists in the dictionary. Since sections
are stored as keys with NULL associated values, this is the only way
of querying for the presence of sections in a dictionary.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int iniparser_find_entry(const dictionary * ini, const char * entry)
{
int found=0 ;
if (iniparser_getstring(ini, entry, INI_INVALID_KEY)!=INI_INVALID_KEY) {
found = 1 ;
}
return found ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Set an entry in a dictionary.
@param ini Dictionary to modify.
@param entry Entry to modify (entry name)
@param val New value to associate to the entry.
@return int 0 if Ok, -1 otherwise.
If the given entry can be found in the dictionary, it is modified to
contain the provided value. If it cannot be found, the entry is created.
It is Ok to set val to NULL.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
int iniparser_set(dictionary * ini, const char * entry, const char * val)
{
char tmp_str[ASCIILINESZ+1];
return dictionary_set(ini, strlwc(entry, tmp_str, sizeof(tmp_str)), val) ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Delete an entry in a dictionary
@param ini Dictionary to modify
@param entry Entry to delete (entry name)
@return void
If the given entry can be found, it is deleted from the dictionary.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
void iniparser_unset(dictionary * ini, const char * entry)
{
char tmp_str[ASCIILINESZ+1];
dictionary_unset(ini, strlwc(entry, tmp_str, sizeof(tmp_str)));
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Load a single line from an INI file
@param input_line Input line, may be concatenated multi-line input
@param section Output space to store section
@param key Output space to store key
@param value Output space to store value
@return line_status value
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static line_status iniparser_line(
const char * input_line,
char * section,
char * key,
char * value)
{
line_status sta ;
char * line = NULL;
size_t len ;
line = xstrdup(input_line);
len = strstrip(line);
sta = LINE_UNPROCESSED ;
if (len<1) {
/* Empty line */
sta = LINE_EMPTY ;
} else if (line[0]=='#' || line[0]==';') {
/* Comment line */
sta = LINE_COMMENT ;
} else if (line[0]=='[' && line[len-1]==']') {
/* Section name */
sscanf(line, "[%[^]]", section);
strstrip(section);
strlwc(section, section, len);
sta = LINE_SECTION ;
} else if (sscanf (line, "%[^=] = \"%[^\"]\"", key, value) == 2
|| sscanf (line, "%[^=] = '%[^\']'", key, value) == 2) {
/* Usual key=value with quotes, with or without comments */
strstrip(key);
strlwc(key, key, len);
/* Don't strip spaces from values surrounded with quotes */
sta = LINE_VALUE ;
} else if (sscanf (line, "%[^=] = %[^;#]", key, value) == 2) {
/* Usual key=value without quotes, with or without comments */
strstrip(key);
strlwc(key, key, len);
strstrip(value);
/*
* sscanf cannot handle '' or "" as empty values
* this is done here
*/
if (!strcmp(value, "\"\"") || (!strcmp(value, "''"))) {
value[0]=0 ;
}
sta = LINE_VALUE ;
} else if (sscanf(line, "%[^=] = %[;#]", key, value)==2
|| sscanf(line, "%[^=] %[=]", key, value) == 2) {
/*
* Special cases:
* key=
* key=;
* key=#
*/
strstrip(key);
strlwc(key, key, len);
value[0]=0 ;
sta = LINE_VALUE ;
} else {
/* Generate syntax error */
sta = LINE_ERROR ;
}
free(line);
return sta ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Parse an ini file and return an allocated dictionary object
@param ininame Name of the ini file to read.
@return Pointer to newly allocated dictionary
This is the parser for ini files. This function is called, providing
the name of the file to be read. It returns a dictionary object that
should not be accessed directly, but through accessor functions
instead.
The returned dictionary must be freed using iniparser_freedict().
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
dictionary * iniparser_load(const char * ininame)
{
FILE * in ;
char line [ASCIILINESZ+1] ;
char section [ASCIILINESZ+1] ;
char key [ASCIILINESZ+1] ;
char tmp [(ASCIILINESZ * 2) + 2] ;
char val [ASCIILINESZ+1] ;
int last=0 ;
int len ;
int lineno=0 ;
int errs=0;
int mem_err=0;
dictionary * dict ;
if ((in=fopen(ininame, "r"))==NULL) {
iniparser_error_callback("iniparser: cannot open %s\n", ininame);
return NULL ;
}
dict = dictionary_new(0) ;
if (!dict) {
fclose(in);
return NULL ;
}
memset(line, 0, ASCIILINESZ);
memset(section, 0, ASCIILINESZ);
memset(key, 0, ASCIILINESZ);
memset(val, 0, ASCIILINESZ);
last=0 ;
while (fgets(line+last, ASCIILINESZ-last, in)!=NULL) {
lineno++ ;
len = (int)strlen(line)-1;
if (len<=0)
continue;
/* Safety check against buffer overflows */
if (line[len]!='\n' && !feof(in)) {
iniparser_error_callback(
"iniparser: input line too long in %s (%d)\n",
ininame,
lineno);
dictionary_del(dict);
fclose(in);
return NULL ;
}
/* Get rid of \n and spaces at end of line */
while ((len>=0) &&
((line[len]=='\n') || (isspace(line[len])))) {
line[len]=0 ;
len-- ;
}
if (len < 0) { /* Line was entirely \n and/or spaces */
len = 0;
}
/* Detect multi-line */
if (line[len]=='\\') {
/* Multi-line value */
last=len ;
continue ;
} else {
last=0 ;
}
switch (iniparser_line(line, section, key, val)) {
case LINE_EMPTY:
case LINE_COMMENT:
break ;
case LINE_SECTION:
mem_err = dictionary_set(dict, section, NULL);
break ;
case LINE_VALUE:
sprintf(tmp, "%s:%s", section, key);
mem_err = dictionary_set(dict, tmp, val);
break ;
case LINE_ERROR:
iniparser_error_callback(
"iniparser: syntax error in %s (%d):\n-> %s\n",
ininame,
lineno,
line);
errs++ ;
break;
default:
break ;
}
memset(line, 0, ASCIILINESZ);
last=0;
if (mem_err<0) {
iniparser_error_callback("iniparser: memory allocation failure\n");
break ;
}
}
if (errs) {
dictionary_del(dict);
dict = NULL ;
}
fclose(in);
return dict ;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/**
@brief Free all memory associated to an ini dictionary
@param d Dictionary to free
@return void
Free all memory associated to an ini dictionary.
It is mandatory to call this function before the dictionary object
gets out of the current context.
*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
void iniparser_freedict(dictionary * d)
{
dictionary_del(d);
}