A modern alternative to CSS resets
npm install --save normalize.css
bower install --save normalize-css
What does it do?
- Preserves useful defaults, unlike many CSS resets.
- Normalizes styles for a wide range of elements.
- Corrects bugs and common browser inconsistencies.
- Improves usability with subtle modifications.
- Explains what code does using detailed comments.
- Chrome (last two)
- Edge (last two)
- Firefox (last two)
- Firefox ESR
- Internet Explorer 8+
- Opera (last two)
- Safari 6+
Normalize.css v1 provides legacy browser support (IE 6+, Safari 4+), but is no longer actively developed.
Extended details and known issues
Additional detail and explanation of the esoteric parts of normalize.css.
pre, code, kbd, samp
font-family: monospace, monospace hack fixes the inheritance and scaling
of font-size for preformatted text. The duplication of
sup affects the line-box height of text in all
overflow: hidden fixes IE9's SVG rendering. Earlier versions of IE
don't support SVG, so we can safely use the
:root selectors that
modern browsers use in the default UA stylesheets to apply this style. Source.
By default, Chrome on OS X and Safari on OS X allow very limited styling of
select, unless a border property is set. The default font weight on
elements cannot safely be changed in Chrome on OSX and Safari on OS X.
It is recommended that you do not style checkbox and radio inputs as Firefox's implementation does not respect box-sizing, padding, or width.
Certain font size values applied to number inputs cause the cursor style of the
decrement button to change from
The search input is not fully stylable by default. In Chrome and Safari on
OSX/iOS you can't control
Chrome and Safari on Windows you can't control
border properly. It will apply
border-width but will only show a border color (which cannot be controlled)
for the outer 1px of that border. Applying
addresses these issues without removing the benefits of search inputs (e.g.
showing past searches). Safari (but not Chrome) will clip the cancel button on
when it has padding (and
In Edge, placeholders will disappear on
<input> elements if you use
opacity less than
1 due to a bug.
Please read the contribution guidelines in order to make the contribution process easy and effective for everyone involved.