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Overview: Neo4j JDBC Driver

Build Status

You can find the full documentation at:

This is the official JDBC driver for Neo4j.

This driver was mainly developed by Larus BA, Italy, a certified consulting and integration solutions partner for Neo4j. Thank you so much for all your work.

The previous JDBC driver for Neo4j 2.x was moved to the repository.

Being a graph database, Neo4j is not serving data in a relational way and the exact purpose of this project is to allow projects that are using the classic JDBC connector in the relational paradigm to interact with Neo4j.

This driver supports various types of database transports:

  • through the Bolt protocol (3.0.X) using jdbc:neo4j:bolt://<host>:<port>/

  • through the HTTP protocol (2.X+) using jdbc:neo4j:http://<host>:<port>/

Going forward there will also be support for:

  • direct file connection

  • embedded connection

Maven dependency

For the all-in-one module supporting both Bolt and HTTP, you can simply use:


If you only want one of the protocols, you can depend on its module:




Minimum viable snippet

Dependency declaration
Run Query
// Connecting
try (Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:neo4j:bolt://localhost", 'neo4j', password)) {

    // Querying
    String query = "MATCH (u:User)-[:FRIEND]-(f:User) WHERE = {1} RETURN, f.age";
    try (PreparedStatement stmt = con.prepareStatement(query)) {

        try (ResultSet rs = stmt.execute()) {
            while ( {
                System.out.println("Friend: "+rs.getString("")+" is "+rs.getInt("f.age"));

Please note that the example above uses the try-with-resource blocks that automatically closes resources when the try block is exited.

Usage with Neo4j Server

  • Install a Neo4j 3.0.X server and start it with the Bolt protocol enabled

  • Connect with URLs in the form jdbc:neo4j:bolt://<host>:<port>/ (e.g. jdbc:neo4j:bolt://localhost/)

  • You can also use additional comma separated parameters in the URL for authentication, debug mode, SSL encryption and flattening e.g. jdbc:neo4j:bolt://localhost/?user=neo4j,password=xxxx,debug=true,noSsl,flatten=[-1,100,1000]

  • Add the JDBC driver dependency or jar file to your project

  • Get a connection from DriverManager

  • Execute queries and transactions using the Cypher graph query language


As most JDBC clients and tools don’t support complex objects, the driver can flatten returned nodes and relationships by providing all their properties as individual columns with names like,r.since if you just return a node u or relationship r.

This is enabled with the JDBC-URL parameter flatten=<rows>, where <rows> indicates how many rows are sampled to determine those columns. With -1 all rows are sampled and with any other value you determine the number of rows being looked at.

Building the driver yourself

First clone the repository.

This project is composed by the following modules:

Run all unit tests & integration tests
mvn clean test
Run only integration tests
mvn clean test -Pintegration-test
Run performance tests
mvn clean test -Pperformance-test
To run the performance test, you must have a Neo4j Server (3.0.X) running with the Bolt protocol enabled on port 7687 (default)

Release Schedule

You can find all releases under:

3.1 M1 [PLANNED]

  • prepared statement batching

  • database metadata support

  • (minimal SQL support)

3.0.1 [RELEASED]

  • Update to neo4j-java-driver 1.0.5

  • Updated documentation

  • isValid implementation

  • default implementations for fetchSize , transactionLevel, prepareStatement with autoGeneratedKeys


  • Extensive Tests with a variety of tools

  • Bug Fixes

  • Documentation

  • Better handling of credentials

  • Support for additional API methods

  • Explicit enabling of flatten=<rows> via JDBC URL

3.0 Release Candidate 1 [RELEASED]

  • Move to

  • Changed package to org.neo4j

  • Released to Neo4j’s maven repository

  • HTTP protocol module

3.0 Milestone 03 [RELEASED]

  • Batch processing

  • Bug fix

  • Neo4j Java Driver 1.0.1

  • Neo4j 3.0.1


Copyright (c) 2016 Neo4j and LARUS Business Automation

The "Neo4j JDBC Driver" is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.

You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.

See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Thank you

We’d like to thank:

The core development team: