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Installing the Ingress Controller

Prerequisites

Make sure you have access to the Ingress controller image:

  • For NGINX Ingress controller, use the image nginx/nginx-ingress from DockerHub.
  • For NGINX Plus Ingress controller, build your own image and push it to your private Docker registry by following the instructions from here.

The installation manifests are located in the deployments folder. In the steps below we assume that you will be running the commands from that folder.

1. Create a Namespace, a SA, the Default Secret and the Customization Config Map.

  1. Create a namespace and a service account for the Ingress controller:

    kubectl apply -f common/ns-and-sa.yaml
    
  2. Create a secret with a TLS certificate and a key for the default server in NGINX:

    $ kubectl apply -f common/default-server-secret.yaml
    

    Note: The default server returns the Not Found page with the 404 status code for all requests for domains for which there are no Ingress rules defined. For testing purposes we include a self-signed certificate and key that we generated. However, we recommend that you use your own certificate and key.

  3. Create a config map for customizing NGINX configuration (read more about customization here):

    $ kubectl apply -f common/nginx-config.yaml
    

2. Configure RBAC

If RBAC is enabled in your cluster, create a cluster role and bind it to the service account, created in Step 1:

$ kubectl apply -f rbac/rbac.yaml

Note: To perform this step you must be a cluster admin. Follow the documentation of your Kubernetes platform to configure the admin access. For GKE, see the Role-Based Access Control doc.

3. Deploy the Ingress Controller

We include two options for deploying the Ingress controller:

  • Deployment. Use a Deployment if you plan to dynamically change the number of Ingress controller replicas.
  • DaemonSet. Use a DaemonSet for deploying the Ingress controller on every node or a subset of nodes.

3.1 Create a Deployment

For NGINX, run:

$ kubectl apply -f deployment/nginx-ingress.yaml

For NGINX Plus, run:

$ kubectl apply -f deployment/nginx-plus-ingress.yaml

Note: Update the nginx-plus-ingress.yaml with the container image that you have built.

Kubernetes will create one Ingress controller pod.

3.2 Create a DaemonSet

For NGINX, run:

$ kubectl apply -f daemon-set/nginx-ingress.yaml

For NGINX Plus, run:

$ kubectl apply -f daemon-set/nginx-plus-ingress.yaml

Note: Update the nginx-plus-ingress.yaml with the container image that you have built.

Kubernetes will create an Ingress controller pod on every node of the cluster. Read this doc to learn how to run the Ingress controller on a subset of nodes, instead of every node of the cluster.

3.3 Check that the Ingress Controller is Running

Run the following command to make sure that the Ingress controller pods are running:

$ kubectl get pods --namespace=nginx-ingress

4. Get Access to the Ingress Controller

If you created a daemonset, ports 80 and 443 of the Ingress controller container are mapped to the same ports of the node where the container is running. To access the Ingress controller, use those ports and an IP address of any node of the cluster where the Ingress controller is running.

If you created a deployment, below are two options for accessing the Ingress controller pods.

4.1 Service with the Type NodePort

Create a service with the type NodePort:

$ kubectl create -f service/nodeport.yaml

Kubernetes will randomly allocate two ports on every node of the cluster. To access the Ingress controller, use an IP address of any node of the cluster along with the two allocated ports. Read more about the type NodePort here.

4.2 Service with the Type LoadBalancer

Create a service with the type LoadBalancer. Kubernetes will allocate and configure a cloud load balancer for load balancing the Ingress controller pods.

Create a service using a manifest for your cloud provider:

  • For GCP or Azure, run:
    $ kubectl apply -f service/loadbalancer.yaml
    
  • For AWS, run:
    $ kubectl apply -f service/loadbalancer-aws-elb.yaml
    
    Kubernetes will allocate a Classic Load Balancer (ELB) in TCP mode with the PROXY protocol enabled to pass the client's information (the IP address and the port). NGINX must be configured to use the PROXY protocol:
    • Add the following keys to the config map file nginx-config.yaml from the Step 1 :
      proxy-protocol: "True"
      real-ip-header: "proxy_protocol"
      set-real-ip-from: "0.0.0.0/0"
      
    • Update the config map:
      kubectl apply -f common/nginx-config.yaml
      
    Note: For AWS, additional options regarding an allocated load balancer are available, such as the type of a load balancer and SSL termination. Read this doc to learn more.

Use the public IP of the load balancer to access the Ingress controller. To get the public IP:

  • For GCP or Azure, run:
    $ kubectl get svc nginx-ingress --namespace=nginx-ingress
    
  • In case of AWS ELB, the public IP is not reported by kubectl, as the IP addresses of the ELB are not static and you should not rely on them, but rely on the ELB DNS name instead. However, you can use them for testing purposes. To get the DNS name of the ELB, run:
    $ kubectl describe svc nginx-ingress --namespace=nginx-ingress
    
    You can resolve the DNS name into an IP address using nslookup:
    $ nslookup <dns-name>
    

The public IP can be reported in the status of an ingress resource. To enable:

  1. Run the Ingress controller with the -report-ingress-status command-line argument.
  2. Configure the Ingress controller to use the nginx-ingress service name as the source of the IP with the arg -external-service=nginx-ingress.
  3. See the Report Ingress Status doc for more details.

Read more about the type LoadBalancer here.

5. Access the Live Activity Monitoring Dashboard / Stub_status Page

For NGINX, you can access the stub_status page:

  1. Stub_status is enabled by default. Ensure that the nginx-status command-line argument is not set to false.
  2. Stub_status is available on port 8080 by default. It is customizable by the nginx-status-port command-line argument. If yours is not on 8080, modify the kubectl proxy command below.
  3. Use the kubectl port-forward command to forward connections to port 8080 on your local machine to port 8080 of an NGINX Ingress controller pod (replace <nginx-ingress-pod> with the actual name of a pod):.
    $ kubectl port-forward <nginx-ingress-pod> 8080:8080 --namespace=nginx-ingress
    

Open your browser at http://127.0.0.1:8080/stub_status to access the status.

For NGINX Plus, you can access the live activity monitoring dashboard:

  1. The dashboard is enabled by default. Ensure that the nginx-status command-line argument is not set to false.
  2. The dashboard is available on port 8080 by default. It is customizable by the nginx-status-port command-line argument. If yours is not on 8080, modify the kubectl proxy command below.
  3. Use the kubectl port-forward command to forward connections to port 8080 on your local machine to port 8080 of an NGINX Plus Ingress controller pod (replace <nginx-plus-ingress-pod> with the actual name of a pod):
    $ kubectl port-forward <nginx-plus-ingress-pod> 8080:8080 --namespace=nginx-ingress
    
  4. Open your browser at http://127.0.0.1:8080/dashboard.html to access the dashboard.

Support For Prometheus Monitoring

If you are using Prometheus, you can deploy the NGINX Ingress controller with the Prometheus exporter for NGINX. The exporter will export NGINX metrics into your Prometheus.

To deploy the NGINX Ingress controller with the exporter, use the modified manifests:

  • For a deployment, run:
    $ kubectl apply -f deployment/nginx-ingress-with-prometheus.yaml
    
  • For a daemonset, run:
    $ kubectl apply -f daemon-set/nginx-ingress-with-prometheus.yaml
    

To deploy the NGINX Plus Ingress controller with the exporter, use the modified manifests:

  • For a deployment, run:
    $ kubectl apply -f deployment/nginx-plus-ingress-with-prometheus.yaml
    
  • For a daemon set, run:
    $ kubectl apply -f daemon-set/nginx-plus-ingress-with-prometheus.yaml
    

Uninstall the Ingress Controller

Delete the nginx-ingress namespace to uninstall the Ingress controller along with all the auxiliary resources that were created:

$ kubectl delete namespace nginx-ingress