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Gidday! This is the code for the book "The Linux Programming Interface" and this is a note from me, the author, Michael Kerrisk. For instructions on building the programs, see the file BUILDING. For notes on significant changes that have been made to the code since it was published in the book, see the file CHANGES. Source code licensing ===================== All programs provided in this distribution are covered by the GNU Affero General Public License (Version 3), a copy of which is contained in the file COPYING, which should have arrived with this tarball. A note on the source code ========================= The source code is available in two versions: "dist" and "book". The "book" version contains the program source files as published in the book. The source files in the "dist" version contain extra code beyond that published in the book. The differences between the "dist" and "book" versions are as follows: a) The "dist" versions of some programs contain extra comments. These additional comments were stripped out of the printed version to make the published versions of the programs shorter. (The book itself contains text describing the operation of the programs.) b) In a few cases, some changes have been incorporated into the "diff" versions to make it possible to compile programs on UNIX implementations other than Linux, so that you can try them out on other implementations if you wish. Where necessary, the additional code is conditionally compiled using the following platform-specific macros: __linux__ Defined on Linux __sun Defined on Solaris __FreeBSD__ Defined on FreeBSD __NetBSD__ Defined on NetBSD __OpenBSD__ Defined on OpenBSD __APPLE__ Defined on Mac OS X __hpux Defined on HP-UX __osf__ Defined on Tru64 UNIX (formerly DEC OSF1) _AIX Defined on AIX c) In the "diff" version, some programs have extra functionality beyond that in the "book" versions. Where this is significant, comments in the programs explain the differences. Subdirectories ============== Under the 'tlpi' directory are a number of subdirectories. Each subdirectory corresponds to one or more chapters of the book. The following paragraphs give brief notes on the contents of each subdirectory. Note that in some cases, files are linked to appear in more than one directory. This is particularly the case for each of the files in the 'lib' directory, most of which are also linked in the directory of the chapter relating to that file. Directory Files for Chapter... lib This contains library routines used by other programs. The tlpi_hdr.h and error_routines.* files are located here. progconc 3 (System Programming Concepts) fileio 4 and 5 (File I/O) proc 6 (Processes) memalloc 7 (Memory Allocation) users_groups 8 (Users and Groups) proccred 9 (Process Credentials) time 10 (Time) syslim 11 (System Limits and Options) sysinfo 12 (System and Process Information) filebuff 13 (File I/O Buffering) filesys 14 (File Systems) files 15 (Files) xattr 16 (Extended Attributes) acl 17 (Access Control Lists) dirs_links 18 (Directories and Links) inotify 19 (Monitoring File Events) signals 20 to 22 (Signals) timers 23 (Timers and Sleeping) procexec 24 (Process Creation), 25 (Process Termination), 26 (Monitoring Child Processes), 27 (Executing Programs), and 28 (Further Details on Process Creation and Program Execution) threads 29 to 33 (POSIX Threads) pgsjc 34 (Process Groups, Sessions, and Job Control) procpri 35 (Process Priorities and Scheduling) procres 36 (Process Resources) daemons 37 (Daemons) cap 38 (Capabilities) loginacct 40 (Login Accounting) shlibs 41 and 42 (Shared Libraries) pipes 44 (Pipes and FIFOs) svipc 45 (System V IPC) svmsg 46 (System V Message Queues) svsem 47 (System V Semaphores) svshm 48 (System V Shared Memory) mmap 49 (Memory Mappings) vmem 50 (Virtual Memory Operations) pmsg 52 (POSIX Message Queues) psem 53 (POSIX Semaphores) pshm 54 (POSIX Shared Memory) filelock 55 (File Locking) sockets 56 to 61 (Sockets and Network Programming) term 62 (Terminals) altio 63 (Alternative I/O Models) pty 64 (Pseudoterminals) getopt Appendix B: Parsing Command-Line Options