Node.js module that abstracts the process of consuming a REST endpoint.
JavaScript
Latest commit 63b6ac9 Sep 21, 2017 @ngonzalvez 1.7.2

README.md

rest-facade Build Status

Node.js module that abstracts the process of consuming a REST endpoint.

Installation

npm install rest-facade

Usage

Create a new endpoint client

When creating a new client, a URL must be given as first arguments. If the URL have dynamic params, those variable params must be marked with the colon notation, as shown below.

var rest = require('rest-facade');
var options = {
  headers: {
    Authorization: 'Bearer token'
  },
  errorFormatter: {
    name: 'error.title',
    message: 'error.text',
  }
};

var Users = new rest.Client('http://domain.com/users/:id', options);

// The URL can have several dynamic params.
var UserVideos = new rest.Client('http://domain.com/users/:userId/videos/:slug');

Get all instances from the API

The getAll() method can take an optional object as first parameters specifying the URL params. Considering the UserVideos model from last example:

// Retrieve all videos from the user with ID 4.
// This will resolve to a "GET http://domain.com/users/4/videos" request.
UserVideos
  .getAll({ userId: 4 })
  .then(function (videos) {
    console.log(videos.length, 'videos retrieved');
  });

Get one instance from the API.

// Retrieve the user with ID 4.
Users
  .get({ id: 4 })
  .then(function (user) {
    console.log(user);
  });

Create a new instance and save it to the API

The create method can be called using several signatures.

  • create(data) returns a Promise.
  • create(urlParams, data) returns a Promise.
  • create(data, callback) doesn't return a promise.
  • create(urlParams, data, callback) doesn't return a promise.
Users
  .create({ firstName: 'John', lastName: 'Doe' });
  .then(function (user) {
    console.log('User created');
  });

UserVideos
  .create({ userId: 4 }, { title: 'Learning Javascript', slug: 'learn-javascript' })
  .then(function (video) {
    console.log('User video created');
  }):

Delete an instance from the API by ID

As it was the case with the create() method, delete() can also be called with different signatures.

  • delete(urlParams) returns a Promise.
  • delete(callback) returns a Promise.
  • delete(urlParams, callback) doesn't return a Promise.
Users
  .delete({ id: userId })
  .then(function () {
    console.log('User deleted');
  });

// This will resolve to: DELETE http://domain.com/users/videos/learn-javascript
UserVideos
  .delete({ slug: 'learn-javascript' })
  .then(function () {
    // ...
  });

Update an instance.

There are 2 ways to update data, if you are using correctly the HTTP methods, 1 is PUT and the other one is PATCH, rest-facade supports both of them:Client.update and Client.patch.

As with the previous methods, an object with the URL parameters must be provided as first argument. The second argument must be an object with the new data.

PUT request

Users
  .update({ id: userId }, data)
  .then(function () {
    console.log('User updated');
  });

PATCH request

Users
  .patch({ id: userId }, data)
  .then(function () {
    console.log('User updated');
  });

Both functions work exactly the same, the only differenct is the method used to perform the request.

Callbacks

All methods support callbacks. However, if a callback function is given no promise will be returned. Callbacks must always be provided after all other function arguments. E.g.:

Users.getAll(function (err, users) {
  console.log(users.length, 'users found');
});

Query String

All methods accept an object with URL params as first argument. The properties in this object will be used to format the URL as shown above. However, the properties defined in this object, but not in the endpoint URL, will be added as query string params.

N.B. any properties in a given options object whose values are Functions will be ignored with regard to generating the query string.

var Users = new rest.Client('http://domain.com/users/:id');

Users.get({ id: 1 });  // Resolves to http://domain.com/users/1
Users.getAll({ page: 1, pageSize: 10 });  // Resolves to http://domain.com/users?page=1&pageSize=10

There may be some cases when you are working with an API that follows a different naming convention, and it is not really clean to have mixed naming conventions in our code.

// Not good.
Users.getAll({ page: 1, 'page_size': 10 });

You can solve this problem by specifing a naming convention when creating the Rest Client. The naming convention can be any of snakeCase, camelCase, pascalCase, paramCase, or any other implemented by the change-case library.

var Users = rest.Client('http://domain.com/users/:id', { query: { convertCase: 'snakeCase' }});

Users.getAll({ page: 1, pageSize: 10 });  // Will resolve to http://domain.com/users?page=1&page_size=10

Arrays

By default, arrays in the querystring will be formmated this way: ?a=1&a=2&a=2. However, you can change it to comma separated values ?a=1,2,3 by setting the query.repeatParams option to false.

var client = new rest.Client(url, { query: { repeatParams: false }});

Body Case Conversion

Rest-facade provides options for converting the body of the request/response. So, let's say you are consuming an API implemented in Python (using snake_case) and you want it converted to camelCase. You would specify the following options:

var client = new rest.Client(url, {
  request: {
    body: {
      convertCase: 'snakeCase'
    }
  },
  response: {
    body: {
      convertCase: 'camelCase'
    }
  }
});

Once that's done, you can send any request and the body of it will be converted to snake_case. E.g.

client.create({ firstName: 'John', lastName: 'Doe' });

// The server will receive
// { first_name: 'John', last_name: 'Doe' }

The same way, all the responses from the server will converted to the specified case (camelCase in this example).

Per-Request Customization

Sometimes you need to do some customization to each individual request that is sent to the consumed API, a likely candidate is for adding request-specific headers.

This can be done in two ways:

  • defining a function in global options under options.request.customizer
  • passing in a options object to a method call that contains a "special" _requestCustomizer property (which should be a function as well!)

You can define both, in which case both will be applied (in the order listed above).

In each case the function is passed the req and params representing the API call in question.

Proxy support

If a proxy URI is provided, all requests will be sent through that proxy.

// Rest client that sends all requests through a proxy server.
var client = new rest.Client(url, {
  proxy: 'https://myproxy.com:1234'
});