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The documentation below is for NgRx versions 6.x and older.

Visit https://ngrx.io for the latest documentation.


Testing

Providing Store for testing

Use the StoreModule.forRoot in your TestBed configuration when testing components or services that inject Store.

  • Reducing state is synchronous, so mocking out the Store isn't required.
  • Use the combineReducers method with the map of feature reducers to compose the State for the test.
  • Dispatch actions to load data into the Store.

my-component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Store, select } from '@ngrx/store';
import * as fromFeature from '../reducers';
import * as DataActions from '../actions/data';

@Component({
  selector: 'my-component',
  template: `
    <div *ngFor="let item of items$ | async">{{ item }}</div>

    <button (click)="onRefresh()">Refresh Items</button>
  `,
})
export class MyComponent implements OnInit {
  items$ = this.store.pipe(select(fromFeature.selectFeatureItems));

  constructor(private store: Store<fromFeature.State>) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    this.store.dispatch(new DataActions.LoadData());
  }

  onRefresh() {
    this.store.dispatch(new DataActions.RefreshItems());
  }
}

my-component.spec.ts

import { ComponentFixture, TestBed } from '@angular/core/testing';
import { StoreModule, Store, combineReducers } from '@ngrx/store';
import { MyComponent } from './my.component';
import * as fromRoot from '../reducers';
import * as fromFeature from './reducers';
import * as DataActions from '../actions/data';

describe('My Component', () => {
  let component: MyComponent;
  let fixture: ComponentFixture<MyComponent>;
  let store: Store<fromFeature.State>;

  beforeEach(() => {
    TestBed.configureTestingModule({
      imports: [
        StoreModule.forRoot({
          ...fromRoot.reducers,
          feature: combineReducers(fromFeature.reducers),
        }),
        // other imports
      ],
      declarations: [
        MyComponent,
        // other declarations
      ],
      providers: [
        // other providers
      ],
    });

    store = TestBed.get(Store);

    spyOn(store, 'dispatch').and.callThrough();

    fixture = TestBed.createComponent(MyComponent);
    component = fixture.componentInstance;
    fixture.detectChanges();
  });

  it('should be created', () => {
    expect(component).toBeTruthy();
  });

  it('should dispatch an action to load data when created', () => {
    const action = new DataActions.LoadData();

    expect(store.dispatch).toHaveBeenCalledWith(action);
  });

  it('should dispatch an action to refreshing data', () => {
    const action = new DataActions.RefreshData();

    component.onRefresh();

    expect(store.dispatch).toHaveBeenCalledWith(action);
  });

  it('should display a list of items after the data is loaded', () => {
    const items = [1, 2, 3];
    const action = new DataActions.LoadDataSuccess({ items });

    store.dispatch(action);

    component.items$.subscribe(data => {
      expect(data.length).toBe(items.length);
    });
  });
});

Testing selectors

You can use the projector function used by the selector by accessing the .projector property.

my-reducer.ts

export interface State {
  evenNums: number[];
  oddNums: number[];
}

export const selectSumEvenNums = createSelector(
  (state: State) => state.evenNums,
  evenNums => evenNums.reduce((prev, curr) => prev + curr)
);
export const selectSumOddNums = createSelector(
  (state: State) => state.oddNums,
  oddNums => oddNums.reduce((prev, curr) => prev + curr)
);
export const selectTotal = createSelector(
  selectSumEvenNums,
  selectSumOddNums,
  (evenSum, oddSum) => evenSum + oddSum
);

my-reducer.spec.ts

import * as fromMyReducers from './my-reducers';

describe('My Selectors', () => {
  it('should calc selectTotal', () => {
    expect(fromMyReducers.selectTotal.projector(2, 3)).toBe(5);
  });
});