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Lab 2 - Running the Java Microservice locally

In this workshop we create a microservice that has been implemented with Java EE and Eclipse MicroProfile.

The microservice has been kept as simple as possible, so that it can be used as a starting point for other microservices. It contains the following functionality:

This service provides a REST API 'getauthor'. Normally we would use a database but in this example we just simulate with local sample data. With this small example we touch the following topics:

Definition of the Image

For the image we use a stack of open source components to run the Java microservice on Open Liberty.

  • OpenJ9 0.12.1
  • OpenJDK 8u202-b08 from AdoptOpenJDK
  • Open Liberty
  • MicroProfile 2.1

Read the article How to build and run a Hello World Java Microservice to learn more.

In the Dockerfile we define how to build the container image. For detailed information check the Dockerfile documentation

When we build a new container image we usually start with an existing container image that already contains a minimum of the configuration we need, for example the OS, the Java version or even more. For this we search DockerHub or on the internet to find a starting point which fits to our needs.

Inside of our Dockerfile we use two stages to build the container image. The reason for the two stages is that we want to be independend of an existing local environment when we build our production services. With this concept we don't have to ensure that e.g. Java and Maven or correct versions of them are installed on the local machine of the developers.

With this two stage approach there is one container responsible to build the microservice, let us call this container build environment container, and another container will contain the microservice itself, we call this the production container. Only this production container is later used.

Build environment container

In the following Dockerfile sample we can see how we create our build environment container based on the maven 3.5 image from DockerHub.

We use the pom file that we defined before to build our Authors service with RUN mvn -f /usr/src/app/pom.xml clean package.

FROM maven:3.5-jdk-8 as BUILD
COPY src /usr/src/app/src
COPY pom.xml /usr/src/app
RUN mvn -f /usr/src/app/pom.xml clean package

Production container

The starting point for the Production container is an OpenLiberty container.

We copy the Authors service code together with the server.xml for the OpenLiberty server to this container.

REMEMBER: The service.xml contains the ports we use for our Authors service.

FROM open-liberty:microProfile2-java11

COPY liberty/server.xml /config/
COPY --from=BUILD /usr/src/app/target/authors.war /config/apps/


Run the Container locally

Note: Here are some additional instructions based on your choosen setup.

Tools - Option 1

1 You need to open a new local terminal
2 Navigate to your local project folder openshift-on-ibm-cloud-workshops/2-deploying-to-openshift
3 Move on with the lab.

Tools - Option 2

1 You need to download or clone the project onto your local PC, first. $ git clone
2 Open a new terminal and navigate tp your local project folder openshift-on-ibm-cloud-workshops/2-deploying-to-openshift
3 Move on with the lab.

Run the container locally

Step 1: To test and see how the code works you can run the code locally as a Docker container

$ cd $ROOT_FOLDER/2-deploying-to-openshift
$ docker build -t authors .
$ docker run -i --rm -p 3000:3000 authors

Step 2: Open the Swagger UI of the mircoservice in a browser.


Swagger UI

Continue with Lab 3 - Understanding the Java Implementation

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