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React hooks for working with midi
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README.md

@react-midi/hooks

This package provides hooks for working with midi in your React app.

npm install --save @react-midi/hooks

useMIDI()

useMidi() requests midi access using the browser's web midi api. It returns and array containing MIDI inputs and outputs, respectively, and updates anytime a connection to one of these changes (for example, if an input or output is disconnected or a connection is opened).

const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI(); // Initially returns [[], []]
};

useMIDINote(input, {note?, channel?}?)

useMIDINote() subscribes to both note on and note off midi messages, optionally filtered by note and/or channel. It returns an object {on, note, velocity, channel} reflecting the received midi message, updating when a new relevant message is received.

  • on will be true for note on, and false for note off
  • note will be a MIDI number (60 = C4)
  • velocity will be an integer between 0 - 127
const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	if (inputs.length < 1) return <div>No MIDI Inputs</div>;
	return <MIDINoteLog input={inputs[0]} />;
};

const MIDINoteLog = ({ input }) => {
	const event = useMIDINote(input, { channel: 1 }); // Intially returns {}
	const { on, note, velocity, channel } = event;
	return (
		<div>
			Note {note} {on ? 'on' : 'off'} ({velocity}) on channel {channel}
		</div>
	);
};

useMIDIControl(input, {control?, channel?}?)

useMIDIControl() subscribes to a control change midi message, optionally filtered by control and/or channel. It returns an object {value, control, channel} reflecting the received midi message, updating when a new relevant message is received.

const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	if (inputs.length < 1) return <div>No MIDI Inputs</div>;
	return <MIDIControlLog input={inputs[0]} />;
};

const MIDIControlLog = ({ input }) => {
	const control = useMIDIControl(input, { control: 15, channel: 1 }); // Initially returns {value: 0, control, channel}
	return <div>Value: {control.value}</div>;
};

useMIDIClock(input, division?)

useMIDIClock() subscribes to the midi clock messages of a given input, with the option to specify a division. It returns the number of steps that have occured since the hook began receiving midi clock messages, as well as the play state.

The division argument can be used to update steps only when the number of steps recieved is evenly divisible by given division. A midi clock message is received 24 times for every quarter note, so if you only wanted to count quarter notes, you could use useMIDIClock(input, 24)

The play state is updated when the input receives a midi play or stop message. The steps are reset when the input receives a midi stop message.

const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	if (inputs.length < 1) return <div>No MIDI Inputs</div>;
	return <MIDIClock input={inputs[0]} />;
};

const MIDIClock = ({ input }) => {
	const [step, isPlaying] = useMIDIClock(input, 12); // initially return [0, false]
	return <div>Eight notes since starting: {step}</div>;
};

useMIDIControls(input, controls, {channel?}?)

useMIDIControls() subscribes to multiple control change midi message, optionally filtered by channel. It returns an array of integers representing the value of controls passed in with the controls argument, updating when a new relevant message is received.

const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	if (inputs.length < 1) return <div>No MIDI Inputs</div>;
	return <MIDIControlLog input={inputs[0]} />;
};

const MIDIControlLog = ({ input }) => {
	const controls = [13, 14, 15];
	const values = useMIDIControls(input, controls, { channel: 1 }); // Intially returns [0, 0, 0]
	return (
		<div>
			{controls.map((control) => (
				<div>
					Control {control}: {values[controls]}
				</div>
			))}
		</div>
	);
};

useMIDINotes(input, {channel?}?)

useMIDINotes() subscribes to both note on and note off midi messages, optionally filtered channel. It returns an array of active note objects (see above), updating when notes are played or released.

const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	if (inputs.length < 1) return <div>No MIDI Inputs</div>;
	return <MIDINoteLog input={inputs[0]} />;
};

const MIDINoteLog = ({ input }) => {
	const notes = useMIDINotes(input, { channel: 1 }); // Intially returns []
	return (
		<div>Playing notes: {notes.map((n) => n.note).join(', ')} // Playing notes: 60, 72, 80</div>
	);
};

useMIDIMessage(input)

useMIDIMessage() subscribes to the general midi message handler of a given input, updating everytime a message is received.

const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	if (inputs.length < 1) return <div>No MIDI Inputs</div>;
	return <MIDILog input={inputs[0]} />;
};

const MIDINoteLog = ({ input }) => {
	const message = useMIDIMessage(input); // initially return {}
	return (
		<div>
			Message Data: {message.data ? message.data.join(', ') : ''} // Message Data: 144, 60,
			100 (Note On, Middle C, Velocity 100)
		</div>
	);
};

useMIDIOutput(output)

useMIDIOutput() returns functions that can be used to send messages to the given output.

  • noteOn(note, velocity=127, channel=1): Sends a note on message to the output, defaulting to a velocity of 127 and channel 1.
  • noteOff(note, velocity=127, channel=1): Sends a note of message to the output, defaulting to a velocity of 127 and channel 1.
  • cc(value, control, channel=1): Sends a midi cc (control change) message to the output, defaulting to channel 1.
const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	if (inputs.length < 1) return <div>No MIDI Inputs</div>;
	return <MIDIButton output={inputs[0]} />;
};

const MIDIButton = ({ output }) => {
	const { noteOn, noteOff } = useMIDIOutput(output);
	const handleClick = () => {
		noteOn(60); // Play middle C, using velocity and channel defaults
		setTimeout(() => noteOff(60), 200); // Wait 200ms and then trigger note off.
	};
	return <div onClick={handleClick}>Click me!</div>;
};

useMIDIConnectionManager(connections)

Given an array of connections (inputs or outputs), useMIDIConnectionManager() returns the first avaliable connection, as well as a function to change the connection by calling it with a connection id.

If a connection is no longer avaliable, or an unavailable id is given, the first avaliable connection will be returned. The functions returned can be used to create a selection UI, or used with <MIDIConnectionManager /> from @react-midi/components.

const App = () => {
	const [inputs, outputs] = useMIDI();
	const [input, setInputId] = useMIDIConnectionManager(inputs);
	const [output, setOutputId] = useMIDIConnectionManager(outputs);
};
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