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Octocat-spinner-32 tests
Octocat-spinner-32 LICENSE
Octocat-spinner-32 jTime.js


Run your code when you want it to run

jTime lets coders control when asynchronous calls get executed. jTime includes methods implemented over setTimeout() that run callbacks until or when a condition comes true, according to regular or irregular schedules, or according to other temporal criteria. jTime also includes the longEach() function that lets a long computation over an array yield intermettently to allow other callbacks to run in the single-threaded environment of a web browser. You can provide an optional context ("this" object) in which your callback will execute.
Otherwise your callback will run in the default context: normally the global object, but no object ("this" undefined) in ECMAScript 5 strict mode.

jTime bridges the gap between the various timing hacks used in kernel and device driver programming and the long period temporal programming in cron. Applications of jTime may include:

  • User interface programming, e.g. polling for user completion of steps, debouncing frequently triggered events
  • Network programming, e.g. events occurring in boolean combinations
  • Animation
  • Games
  • Simulation
  • Dynamic data visualization
  • Web searching and scraping
  • Music
  • Workflow
  • Dynamic business logic
  • Smart contracts/property
  • Monitoring for and processing of security events
  • Systems administration (much more temporal variety than cron)
  • Caching
  • All sorts of other things

jTime runs in both client side (web browsers) and server side (node.js) JavaScript, and does not depend on any other libraries. It is licensed under a hybrid of the FreeBSD and MIT licenses: i.e. open source that is much less restricted than copyleft licenses.

The library synchronizes polling to the Date object time (new Date).getTime() during each polling interval. The duration between more than one polling is thus determined by Date(). Only the duration between two consecutive pollings is determined by setTimeout(). Although Date() in most browsers has a resolution of 1ms, the use of setTimeout() between polling intervals gives this library's polling for most browsers a maximum resolution of 4 ms. JavaScript execution in browsers is generally single-threaded, so that the browser will not execute callbacks until the currently running code has completed. Operating system and browser activities such as context switching, cache misses, garbage collection, and other factors often also greatly reduce the actual resolution of when your callbacks will run from the theoretical resolution of 4 ms.

For more on JavaScript timer and Date resolution, see


First set up an array of pollers so that you can kill on demand the timers you'll set up:

var pollers = [];
becomes (pollInterval, condition, callback)

Runs callback when condition first occurs

//  Prints "Hello World" once (at around 700ms) and stops
pollers[0] = t_.becomes(700, function() { return true; }, 
              function() { console.log("Hello World"); } );
until (pollInterval, condition, callback)

Runs callback until condition first occurs

//  Prints "Hello World" every 1 second until poller cleared
pollers[1] = t_.until(1000, function() { return false; }, 
               function() { console.log("Hello World"); } );
when (pollInterval, endTime, condition, callback)

Runs callback whenever the condition is true and before endTime

// Prints "Hello World" every 1 second for 2 seconds
pollers[2] = t_.when(1000, + 2500, function() { return true; }, 
             function() { console.log("Hello World"); } );
before (endTime, period, callback)

Runs callback periodically until specified time

// Prints "Hello World" and shows time when run, once per second
// before 2700ms (i.e. twice)
pollers[3] = t_.before( + 2700, 1000,
          function() { 
        console.log("Hello World, time = " + t_.nowChopped() ); 
      } );
after (startTime, period, callback)

Runs callback periodically after specified time

// Runs ever 1 second after 3.7 seconds until poller cleared
pollers[4] = t_.after( + 3700, 1000,
          function() { 
        console.log("test13 cb, time = " + t_.nowChopped() ); 
       } );
every (period, startTime, endTime, callback)

Runs callback periodically from startTime until endTime

// runs every 2 seconds starting in 9.1 seconds and ending near 15.1 seconds
var curTime =;
t_.every(2000, 9100 + curTime, 15500 + curTime,
        function() { 
              console.log("test9 cb, time = " + t_.nowChopped() ); 
    } );

Finally, clean up by killing all the remaining timers:

// terminate further execution of all runs set up with the above pollers
// after 35 seconds
setTimeout(function() {
              for (i=0; i<poller.length; i++) {
           }, 35000);

Common patterns using jTime

(optional jQuery also used in these examples)

Poll for boolean combinations of events

happened = {};
    success: function() {
        happened.ajax1success = true; 
        ... handle event ...
    success: function() {
        happened.ajax2success = true; 
        ... handle event ...
    function() { return (happened &&
                       happened.ajax1success === true &&
                       happened.ajax2success === true) },
    function() { 
        ... code to run after both events have happened ...
        happened = {};

Poll for user completion of all required steps

Some the user can perform in any order, some in a required order. Here user can perform either step 1 or 2 first, but step 2a can only happen after step 2. Typically runs inside an infinite loop or recursion (not shown).
happened = {};
$('#button1').on('click', function() {
      ... handle event ...
      happened.step1Done = true; 
$('#button2').on('click', function() {
      $('#button2a').on('click', function() {
          // ... handle event ...
          happened.step2aDone = true;  
      ... handle event ...
  function() { return (happened &&
                       happened.step1Done === true &&
                       happened.step2aDone === true) },
  function() { 
     ... code to run after both steps are done...
     happened = {};
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