Glances -- Eye on your system
Glances is a CLI curses based monitoring tool for GNU/Linux and BSD OS.
Glances uses the PsUtil library to get information from your system.
It is developed in Python.
Console (80x24) screenshot:
Wide terminal (> 90x24) screenshot:
Pre-requisites (information for packagers):
- Python 2.6+ (not tested with Python 3+)
- build-essential (for installation via Pypi and setup.py)
- python-dev (for installation via Pypi)
- python-setuptools (for the installation via setup.py)
- python-psutil 0.4.1+ (replace the old libstatgrab's lib)
- python-jinja2 2.0+ (optional for HTML export)
From package manager (very easy way)
Packages exist for Debian (SID), Arch, Fedora, Redhat, FreeBSD...
From PyPi (easy and cross platform way)
PyPi is an official Python package manager.
You first need to install pypi on your system. For example on Debian/Ubuntu:
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install python-pip build-essential python-dev
Then install the latest Glances version:
$ sudo pip install Glances
Note: if you are behind an HTTP Proxy, you should use
$ sudo pip install --proxy=user:password@url:port Glances
From PPA (easy way for Ubuntu/Mint...)
Arnaud Hartmann (thanks to him !) maintains a PPA with the latest Glances version:
The PPA is available for Ubuntu version 9.10 to 12.04.
To install the PPA just enter:
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:arnaud-hartmann/glances-stable $ sudo apt-get update
Then install Glances:
$ sudo apt-get install glances
Homebrew via PyPi (OS X)From
$ brew install brew-pip $ export PYTHONPATH=$(brew --prefix)/lib/python2.7/site-packages $ brew pip Glances
If you have the following error:
Error: Failed executing: pip install glances==1.X --install-option=--prefix=/usr/local/XXX/glances/1.X (.rb:) This link will help resolve the above errors: https://github.com/mxcl/homebrew/wiki/bug-fixing-checklist
Try to runs:
$ pip install glances==1.X --install-option=--prefix=/usr/local/XXX/glances/1.X $ brew link Glances
Concerning Windows operating system
Windows operating system only support the Glances in server mode. So if you ran Glances on Windows, it will be automaticaly running in server mode.
To install Glances on you system:
* Install [Python for Windows](http://www.python.org/getit/) * Install the [PsUtil lib](https://code.google.com/p/psutil/downloads/list) * Download the latest [Glances version](https://raw.github.com/nicolargo/glances/master/glances/glances.py)
I need contributors to package Glances for Windows (for exemple using PyInstaller).
Get the latest version (form GitHub):
$ rm -rf /tmp/nicolargo-glances-* $ wget -O /tmp/glances-last.tgz https://github.com/nicolargo/glances/tarball/master
Glances use a standard GNU style installer (for a Debian like system):
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install python-setuptools build-essential python-dev $ cd /tmp $ tar zxvf glances-last.tgz $ cd nicolargo-glances-* $ sudo python setup.py install
In standalone mode
If you want to monitor your local machine, just run:
In client/server mode
If you want to remotely monitor a machine (called server) from another one (called client).
Run this command on the server:
server$ glances -s
and this one on the client:
client$ glances -c @server
where @server is the IP address or hostname of the server
Glances uses a XML/RPC server and can be used by another client software.
By default, stats are refreshed every second, to change this setting, you can use the -t option. For example to set the refresh rate to 5 seconds:
$ glances -t 5
Importants stats are colored:
- GREEN: stat counter is "OK"
- BLUE: stat counter is "CAREFUL"
- MAGENTA: stat counter is "WARNING"
- RED: stat counter is "CRITICAL"
When Glances is running, you can press:
- 'h' to display a help message with the keys you can press
'a' to set the automatic mode. The processes are sorted automatically
If CPU > 70%, sort by process "CPU consumption"
If MEM > 70%, sort by process "memory size"
'b' switch between bit/s or byte/s for network IO
- 'c' sort the processes list by CPU consumption
- 'd' disable or enable the disk IO stats
- 'f' disable or enable the file system stats
- 'l' disable or enable the logs
- 'm' sort the processes list by process MEM
- 'n' disable or enable the network interfaces stats
- 'p' sort by process name
- 'w' delete finished warning logs messages
- 'x' delete finished warning and critical logs messages
- '1' switch between global CPU and per core stats
- 'q' Exit
In server mode, you can set the bind address (-B ADDRESS) and listenning TCP port (-p PORT).
In client mode, you can set the TCP port of the server (-p port).
Default binding address is 0.0.0.0 (Glancess will listen on all the networks interfaces). TCP port is 61209.
The header shows the host name and the operating system name, version and architecture.
Long view (only available if your terminal is wide enough)
The CPU stats are shown as a percentage and for the configured refresh time. The total CPU usage is displayed on the first line.
If horizontal space is available, per core CPU infomations are displayed.
Color code used:
If user|kernel|nice CPU is < 50%, then status is set to "OK".
If user|kernel|nice CPU is > 50%, then status is set to "CAREFUL".
If user|kernel|nice CPU is > 70%, then status is set to "WARNING".
If user|kernel|nice CPU is > 90%, then status is set to "CRITICAL".
On the Nosheep blog, Zach defines average load: "In short it is the average sum of the number of processes waiting in the run-queue plus the number currently executing over 1, 5, and 15 minute time periods."
Glances gets the number of CPU cores to adapt the alerts. With Glances, alerts on average load are only set on 5 and 15 mins. The first line also display the number of CPU core.
If average load is < O.7*Core, then status is set to "OK".
If average load is > O.7*Core, then status is set to "CAREFUL".
If average load is > 1*Core, then status is set to "WARNING".
If average load is > 5*Core, then status is set to "CRITICAL".
Glances uses three columns: memory (RAM), "real" and swap.
Real used memory is: used - cache.
Real free memory is: free + cache.
With Glances, alerts are only set for on used swap and real memory.
If memory is < 50%, then status is set to "OK".
If memory is > 50%, then status is set to "CAREFUL".
If memory is > 70%, then status is set to "WARNING".
If memory is > 90%, then status is set to "CRITICAL".
Network bit rate
Glances display the network interface bit rate. The unit is adapted dynamicaly (bits per second, Kbits per second, Mbits per second...).
Alerts are set only if the network interface maximum speed is available.
If bit rate is < 50%, then status is set to "OK".
If bit rate is > 50%, then status is set to "CAREFUL".
If bit rate is > 70%, then status is set to "WARNING".
If bit rate is > 90%, then status is set to "CRITICAL".
For example, on a 100 Mbps Ethernet interface, the warning status is set if the bit rate is higher than 70 Mbps.
Glances displays the disk I/O throughput. The unit is adapted dynamically (bytes per second, Kbytes per second, Mbytes per second...).
There is no alert on this information.
Glances displays the total and used filesytem disk space. The unit is adapted dynamically (bytes per second, Kbytes per second, Mbytes per second...).
Alerts are set for used disk space:
If disk used is < 50%, then status is set to "OK".
If disk used is > 50%, then status is set to "CAREFUL".
If disk used is > 70%, then status is set to "WARNING".
If disk used is > 90%, then status is set to "CRITICAL".
Long view (only available if your terminal is wide enough)
Glances displays a summary and a list of processes.
By default (or if you hit the 'a' key) the process list is automatically sorted by CPU of memory consumption.
The number of processes in the list is adapted to the screen size.
- VIRT: Virtual memory size (in byte)
- REST: Amount of resident memory (in byte)
- CPU%: % of CPU used by the process
- MEM%: % of MEM used by the process
- PID: Process ID
- USER: Process user ID
- NI: Nice level of the process
S: Process status
R - Running D - Sleeping (may not be interrupted) S - Sleeping (may be interrupted) T - Traced or stopped Z - Zombie or "hung" process
IO_R and IO_W: Per process IO read and write
- TIME+: Cumulative CPU time used
- NAME: Process name or command line
A logs list is displayed in the bottom of the screen if (and only if):
- at least one WARNING or CRITICAL alert was occured.
- space is available in the bottom of the console/terminal
There is one line per alert with the following information:
- start date
- end date
- alert name
- (min/avg/max) values
Glances displays the current time/date and access to the embedded help screen.
If you have ran Glances in client mode (-c), you can also see if the client is connected to the server.
If client is connected:
On the left, you can easely seen if you are connected to a Glances server.
Glances localization files exist for:
- English (default langage)
Feel free to contribute !