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Test with backbone 1.0.0; add other versions for testing

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commit 202ff1b42acdf6851671ede525bf33e1acdd606f 1 parent db3dd8a
@nilbus authored
View
2  SpecRunner.html
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="lib/jasmine-1.3.1/jasmine.css">
<script type="text/javascript" src="lib/jquery-1.9.1.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="lib/underscore.js"></script>
- <script type="text/javascript" src="lib/backbone.js"></script>
+ <script type="text/javascript" src="lib/backbone-1.0.0.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="lib/jasmine-1.3.1/jasmine.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="lib/jasmine-1.3.1/jasmine-html.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="spec/spec_helper.js"></script>
View
1,498 lib/backbone-0.9.10.js
@@ -0,0 +1,1498 @@
+// Backbone.js 0.9.10
+
+// (c) 2010-2012 Jeremy Ashkenas, DocumentCloud Inc.
+// Backbone may be freely distributed under the MIT license.
+// For all details and documentation:
+// http://backbonejs.org
+
+(function(){
+
+ // Initial Setup
+ // -------------
+
+ // Save a reference to the global object (`window` in the browser, `exports`
+ // on the server).
+ var root = this;
+
+ // Save the previous value of the `Backbone` variable, so that it can be
+ // restored later on, if `noConflict` is used.
+ var previousBackbone = root.Backbone;
+
+ // Create a local reference to array methods.
+ var array = [];
+ var push = array.push;
+ var slice = array.slice;
+ var splice = array.splice;
+
+ // The top-level namespace. All public Backbone classes and modules will
+ // be attached to this. Exported for both CommonJS and the browser.
+ var Backbone;
+ if (typeof exports !== 'undefined') {
+ Backbone = exports;
+ } else {
+ Backbone = root.Backbone = {};
+ }
+
+ // Current version of the library. Keep in sync with `package.json`.
+ Backbone.VERSION = '0.9.10';
+
+ // Require Underscore, if we're on the server, and it's not already present.
+ var _ = root._;
+ if (!_ && (typeof require !== 'undefined')) _ = require('underscore');
+
+ // For Backbone's purposes, jQuery, Zepto, or Ender owns the `$` variable.
+ Backbone.$ = root.jQuery || root.Zepto || root.ender;
+
+ // Runs Backbone.js in *noConflict* mode, returning the `Backbone` variable
+ // to its previous owner. Returns a reference to this Backbone object.
+ Backbone.noConflict = function() {
+ root.Backbone = previousBackbone;
+ return this;
+ };
+
+ // Turn on `emulateHTTP` to support legacy HTTP servers. Setting this option
+ // will fake `"PUT"` and `"DELETE"` requests via the `_method` parameter and
+ // set a `X-Http-Method-Override` header.
+ Backbone.emulateHTTP = false;
+
+ // Turn on `emulateJSON` to support legacy servers that can't deal with direct
+ // `application/json` requests ... will encode the body as
+ // `application/x-www-form-urlencoded` instead and will send the model in a
+ // form param named `model`.
+ Backbone.emulateJSON = false;
+
+ // Backbone.Events
+ // ---------------
+
+ // Regular expression used to split event strings.
+ var eventSplitter = /\s+/;
+
+ // Implement fancy features of the Events API such as multiple event
+ // names `"change blur"` and jQuery-style event maps `{change: action}`
+ // in terms of the existing API.
+ var eventsApi = function(obj, action, name, rest) {
+ if (!name) return true;
+ if (typeof name === 'object') {
+ for (var key in name) {
+ obj[action].apply(obj, [key, name[key]].concat(rest));
+ }
+ } else if (eventSplitter.test(name)) {
+ var names = name.split(eventSplitter);
+ for (var i = 0, l = names.length; i < l; i++) {
+ obj[action].apply(obj, [names[i]].concat(rest));
+ }
+ } else {
+ return true;
+ }
+ };
+
+ // Optimized internal dispatch function for triggering events. Tries to
+ // keep the usual cases speedy (most Backbone events have 3 arguments).
+ var triggerEvents = function(events, args) {
+ var ev, i = -1, l = events.length;
+ switch (args.length) {
+ case 0: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx);
+ return;
+ case 1: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, args[0]);
+ return;
+ case 2: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, args[0], args[1]);
+ return;
+ case 3: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, args[0], args[1], args[2]);
+ return;
+ default: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.apply(ev.ctx, args);
+ }
+ };
+
+ // A module that can be mixed in to *any object* in order to provide it with
+ // custom events. You may bind with `on` or remove with `off` callback
+ // functions to an event; `trigger`-ing an event fires all callbacks in
+ // succession.
+ //
+ // var object = {};
+ // _.extend(object, Backbone.Events);
+ // object.on('expand', function(){ alert('expanded'); });
+ // object.trigger('expand');
+ //
+ var Events = Backbone.Events = {
+
+ // Bind one or more space separated events, or an events map,
+ // to a `callback` function. Passing `"all"` will bind the callback to
+ // all events fired.
+ on: function(name, callback, context) {
+ if (!(eventsApi(this, 'on', name, [callback, context]) && callback)) return this;
+ this._events || (this._events = {});
+ var list = this._events[name] || (this._events[name] = []);
+ list.push({callback: callback, context: context, ctx: context || this});
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Bind events to only be triggered a single time. After the first time
+ // the callback is invoked, it will be removed.
+ once: function(name, callback, context) {
+ if (!(eventsApi(this, 'once', name, [callback, context]) && callback)) return this;
+ var self = this;
+ var once = _.once(function() {
+ self.off(name, once);
+ callback.apply(this, arguments);
+ });
+ once._callback = callback;
+ this.on(name, once, context);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Remove one or many callbacks. If `context` is null, removes all
+ // callbacks with that function. If `callback` is null, removes all
+ // callbacks for the event. If `name` is null, removes all bound
+ // callbacks for all events.
+ off: function(name, callback, context) {
+ var list, ev, events, names, i, l, j, k;
+ if (!this._events || !eventsApi(this, 'off', name, [callback, context])) return this;
+ if (!name && !callback && !context) {
+ this._events = {};
+ return this;
+ }
+
+ names = name ? [name] : _.keys(this._events);
+ for (i = 0, l = names.length; i < l; i++) {
+ name = names[i];
+ if (list = this._events[name]) {
+ events = [];
+ if (callback || context) {
+ for (j = 0, k = list.length; j < k; j++) {
+ ev = list[j];
+ if ((callback && callback !== ev.callback &&
+ callback !== ev.callback._callback) ||
+ (context && context !== ev.context)) {
+ events.push(ev);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ this._events[name] = events;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Trigger one or many events, firing all bound callbacks. Callbacks are
+ // passed the same arguments as `trigger` is, apart from the event name
+ // (unless you're listening on `"all"`, which will cause your callback to
+ // receive the true name of the event as the first argument).
+ trigger: function(name) {
+ if (!this._events) return this;
+ var args = slice.call(arguments, 1);
+ if (!eventsApi(this, 'trigger', name, args)) return this;
+ var events = this._events[name];
+ var allEvents = this._events.all;
+ if (events) triggerEvents(events, args);
+ if (allEvents) triggerEvents(allEvents, arguments);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // An inversion-of-control version of `on`. Tell *this* object to listen to
+ // an event in another object ... keeping track of what it's listening to.
+ listenTo: function(obj, name, callback) {
+ var listeners = this._listeners || (this._listeners = {});
+ var id = obj._listenerId || (obj._listenerId = _.uniqueId('l'));
+ listeners[id] = obj;
+ obj.on(name, typeof name === 'object' ? this : callback, this);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Tell this object to stop listening to either specific events ... or
+ // to every object it's currently listening to.
+ stopListening: function(obj, name, callback) {
+ var listeners = this._listeners;
+ if (!listeners) return;
+ if (obj) {
+ obj.off(name, typeof name === 'object' ? this : callback, this);
+ if (!name && !callback) delete listeners[obj._listenerId];
+ } else {
+ if (typeof name === 'object') callback = this;
+ for (var id in listeners) {
+ listeners[id].off(name, callback, this);
+ }
+ this._listeners = {};
+ }
+ return this;
+ }
+ };
+
+ // Aliases for backwards compatibility.
+ Events.bind = Events.on;
+ Events.unbind = Events.off;
+
+ // Allow the `Backbone` object to serve as a global event bus, for folks who
+ // want global "pubsub" in a convenient place.
+ _.extend(Backbone, Events);
+
+ // Backbone.Model
+ // --------------
+
+ // Create a new model, with defined attributes. A client id (`cid`)
+ // is automatically generated and assigned for you.
+ var Model = Backbone.Model = function(attributes, options) {
+ var defaults;
+ var attrs = attributes || {};
+ this.cid = _.uniqueId('c');
+ this.attributes = {};
+ if (options && options.collection) this.collection = options.collection;
+ if (options && options.parse) attrs = this.parse(attrs, options) || {};
+ if (defaults = _.result(this, 'defaults')) {
+ attrs = _.defaults({}, attrs, defaults);
+ }
+ this.set(attrs, options);
+ this.changed = {};
+ this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
+ };
+
+ // Attach all inheritable methods to the Model prototype.
+ _.extend(Model.prototype, Events, {
+
+ // A hash of attributes whose current and previous value differ.
+ changed: null,
+
+ // The default name for the JSON `id` attribute is `"id"`. MongoDB and
+ // CouchDB users may want to set this to `"_id"`.
+ idAttribute: 'id',
+
+ // Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
+ // initialization logic.
+ initialize: function(){},
+
+ // Return a copy of the model's `attributes` object.
+ toJSON: function(options) {
+ return _.clone(this.attributes);
+ },
+
+ // Proxy `Backbone.sync` by default.
+ sync: function() {
+ return Backbone.sync.apply(this, arguments);
+ },
+
+ // Get the value of an attribute.
+ get: function(attr) {
+ return this.attributes[attr];
+ },
+
+ // Get the HTML-escaped value of an attribute.
+ escape: function(attr) {
+ return _.escape(this.get(attr));
+ },
+
+ // Returns `true` if the attribute contains a value that is not null
+ // or undefined.
+ has: function(attr) {
+ return this.get(attr) != null;
+ },
+
+ // ----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+ // Set a hash of model attributes on the object, firing `"change"` unless
+ // you choose to silence it.
+ set: function(key, val, options) {
+ var attr, attrs, unset, changes, silent, changing, prev, current;
+ if (key == null) return this;
+
+ // Handle both `"key", value` and `{key: value}` -style arguments.
+ if (typeof key === 'object') {
+ attrs = key;
+ options = val;
+ } else {
+ (attrs = {})[key] = val;
+ }
+
+ options || (options = {});
+
+ // Run validation.
+ if (!this._validate(attrs, options)) return false;
+
+ // Extract attributes and options.
+ unset = options.unset;
+ silent = options.silent;
+ changes = [];
+ changing = this._changing;
+ this._changing = true;
+
+ if (!changing) {
+ this._previousAttributes = _.clone(this.attributes);
+ this.changed = {};
+ }
+ current = this.attributes, prev = this._previousAttributes;
+
+ // Check for changes of `id`.
+ if (this.idAttribute in attrs) this.id = attrs[this.idAttribute];
+
+ // For each `set` attribute, update or delete the current value.
+ for (attr in attrs) {
+ val = attrs[attr];
+ if (!_.isEqual(current[attr], val)) changes.push(attr);
+ if (!_.isEqual(prev[attr], val)) {
+ this.changed[attr] = val;
+ } else {
+ delete this.changed[attr];
+ }
+ unset ? delete current[attr] : current[attr] = val;
+ }
+
+ // Trigger all relevant attribute changes.
+ if (!silent) {
+ if (changes.length) this._pending = true;
+ for (var i = 0, l = changes.length; i < l; i++) {
+ this.trigger('change:' + changes[i], this, current[changes[i]], options);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (changing) return this;
+ if (!silent) {
+ while (this._pending) {
+ this._pending = false;
+ this.trigger('change', this, options);
+ }
+ }
+ this._pending = false;
+ this._changing = false;
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Remove an attribute from the model, firing `"change"` unless you choose
+ // to silence it. `unset` is a noop if the attribute doesn't exist.
+ unset: function(attr, options) {
+ return this.set(attr, void 0, _.extend({}, options, {unset: true}));
+ },
+
+ // Clear all attributes on the model, firing `"change"` unless you choose
+ // to silence it.
+ clear: function(options) {
+ var attrs = {};
+ for (var key in this.attributes) attrs[key] = void 0;
+ return this.set(attrs, _.extend({}, options, {unset: true}));
+ },
+
+ // Determine if the model has changed since the last `"change"` event.
+ // If you specify an attribute name, determine if that attribute has changed.
+ hasChanged: function(attr) {
+ if (attr == null) return !_.isEmpty(this.changed);
+ return _.has(this.changed, attr);
+ },
+
+ // Return an object containing all the attributes that have changed, or
+ // false if there are no changed attributes. Useful for determining what
+ // parts of a view need to be updated and/or what attributes need to be
+ // persisted to the server. Unset attributes will be set to undefined.
+ // You can also pass an attributes object to diff against the model,
+ // determining if there *would be* a change.
+ changedAttributes: function(diff) {
+ if (!diff) return this.hasChanged() ? _.clone(this.changed) : false;
+ var val, changed = false;
+ var old = this._changing ? this._previousAttributes : this.attributes;
+ for (var attr in diff) {
+ if (_.isEqual(old[attr], (val = diff[attr]))) continue;
+ (changed || (changed = {}))[attr] = val;
+ }
+ return changed;
+ },
+
+ // Get the previous value of an attribute, recorded at the time the last
+ // `"change"` event was fired.
+ previous: function(attr) {
+ if (attr == null || !this._previousAttributes) return null;
+ return this._previousAttributes[attr];
+ },
+
+ // Get all of the attributes of the model at the time of the previous
+ // `"change"` event.
+ previousAttributes: function() {
+ return _.clone(this._previousAttributes);
+ },
+
+ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+ // Fetch the model from the server. If the server's representation of the
+ // model differs from its current attributes, they will be overriden,
+ // triggering a `"change"` event.
+ fetch: function(options) {
+ options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
+ if (options.parse === void 0) options.parse = true;
+ var success = options.success;
+ options.success = function(model, resp, options) {
+ if (!model.set(model.parse(resp, options), options)) return false;
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ };
+ return this.sync('read', this, options);
+ },
+
+ // Set a hash of model attributes, and sync the model to the server.
+ // If the server returns an attributes hash that differs, the model's
+ // state will be `set` again.
+ save: function(key, val, options) {
+ var attrs, success, method, xhr, attributes = this.attributes;
+
+ // Handle both `"key", value` and `{key: value}` -style arguments.
+ if (key == null || typeof key === 'object') {
+ attrs = key;
+ options = val;
+ } else {
+ (attrs = {})[key] = val;
+ }
+
+ // If we're not waiting and attributes exist, save acts as `set(attr).save(null, opts)`.
+ if (attrs && (!options || !options.wait) && !this.set(attrs, options)) return false;
+
+ options = _.extend({validate: true}, options);
+
+ // Do not persist invalid models.
+ if (!this._validate(attrs, options)) return false;
+
+ // Set temporary attributes if `{wait: true}`.
+ if (attrs && options.wait) {
+ this.attributes = _.extend({}, attributes, attrs);
+ }
+
+ // After a successful server-side save, the client is (optionally)
+ // updated with the server-side state.
+ if (options.parse === void 0) options.parse = true;
+ success = options.success;
+ options.success = function(model, resp, options) {
+ // Ensure attributes are restored during synchronous saves.
+ model.attributes = attributes;
+ var serverAttrs = model.parse(resp, options);
+ if (options.wait) serverAttrs = _.extend(attrs || {}, serverAttrs);
+ if (_.isObject(serverAttrs) && !model.set(serverAttrs, options)) {
+ return false;
+ }
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ };
+
+ // Finish configuring and sending the Ajax request.
+ method = this.isNew() ? 'create' : (options.patch ? 'patch' : 'update');
+ if (method === 'patch') options.attrs = attrs;
+ xhr = this.sync(method, this, options);
+
+ // Restore attributes.
+ if (attrs && options.wait) this.attributes = attributes;
+
+ return xhr;
+ },
+
+ // Destroy this model on the server if it was already persisted.
+ // Optimistically removes the model from its collection, if it has one.
+ // If `wait: true` is passed, waits for the server to respond before removal.
+ destroy: function(options) {
+ options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
+ var model = this;
+ var success = options.success;
+
+ var destroy = function() {
+ model.trigger('destroy', model, model.collection, options);
+ };
+
+ options.success = function(model, resp, options) {
+ if (options.wait || model.isNew()) destroy();
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ };
+
+ if (this.isNew()) {
+ options.success(this, null, options);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ var xhr = this.sync('delete', this, options);
+ if (!options.wait) destroy();
+ return xhr;
+ },
+
+ // Default URL for the model's representation on the server -- if you're
+ // using Backbone's restful methods, override this to change the endpoint
+ // that will be called.
+ url: function() {
+ var base = _.result(this, 'urlRoot') || _.result(this.collection, 'url') || urlError();
+ if (this.isNew()) return base;
+ return base + (base.charAt(base.length - 1) === '/' ? '' : '/') + encodeURIComponent(this.id);
+ },
+
+ // **parse** converts a response into the hash of attributes to be `set` on
+ // the model. The default implementation is just to pass the response along.
+ parse: function(resp, options) {
+ return resp;
+ },
+
+ // Create a new model with identical attributes to this one.
+ clone: function() {
+ return new this.constructor(this.attributes);
+ },
+
+ // A model is new if it has never been saved to the server, and lacks an id.
+ isNew: function() {
+ return this.id == null;
+ },
+
+ // Check if the model is currently in a valid state.
+ isValid: function(options) {
+ return !this.validate || !this.validate(this.attributes, options);
+ },
+
+ // Run validation against the next complete set of model attributes,
+ // returning `true` if all is well. Otherwise, fire a general
+ // `"error"` event and call the error callback, if specified.
+ _validate: function(attrs, options) {
+ if (!options.validate || !this.validate) return true;
+ attrs = _.extend({}, this.attributes, attrs);
+ var error = this.validationError = this.validate(attrs, options) || null;
+ if (!error) return true;
+ this.trigger('invalid', this, error, options || {});
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ });
+
+ // Backbone.Collection
+ // -------------------
+
+ // Provides a standard collection class for our sets of models, ordered
+ // or unordered. If a `comparator` is specified, the Collection will maintain
+ // its models in sort order, as they're added and removed.
+ var Collection = Backbone.Collection = function(models, options) {
+ options || (options = {});
+ if (options.model) this.model = options.model;
+ if (options.comparator !== void 0) this.comparator = options.comparator;
+ this.models = [];
+ this._reset();
+ this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
+ if (models) this.reset(models, _.extend({silent: true}, options));
+ };
+
+ // Define the Collection's inheritable methods.
+ _.extend(Collection.prototype, Events, {
+
+ // The default model for a collection is just a **Backbone.Model**.
+ // This should be overridden in most cases.
+ model: Model,
+
+ // Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
+ // initialization logic.
+ initialize: function(){},
+
+ // The JSON representation of a Collection is an array of the
+ // models' attributes.
+ toJSON: function(options) {
+ return this.map(function(model){ return model.toJSON(options); });
+ },
+
+ // Proxy `Backbone.sync` by default.
+ sync: function() {
+ return Backbone.sync.apply(this, arguments);
+ },
+
+ // Add a model, or list of models to the set.
+ add: function(models, options) {
+ models = _.isArray(models) ? models.slice() : [models];
+ options || (options = {});
+ var i, l, model, attrs, existing, doSort, add, at, sort, sortAttr;
+ add = [];
+ at = options.at;
+ sort = this.comparator && (at == null) && options.sort != false;
+ sortAttr = _.isString(this.comparator) ? this.comparator : null;
+
+ // Turn bare objects into model references, and prevent invalid models
+ // from being added.
+ for (i = 0, l = models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ if (!(model = this._prepareModel(attrs = models[i], options))) {
+ this.trigger('invalid', this, attrs, options);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ // If a duplicate is found, prevent it from being added and
+ // optionally merge it into the existing model.
+ if (existing = this.get(model)) {
+ if (options.merge) {
+ existing.set(attrs === model ? model.attributes : attrs, options);
+ if (sort && !doSort && existing.hasChanged(sortAttr)) doSort = true;
+ }
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ // This is a new model, push it to the `add` list.
+ add.push(model);
+
+ // Listen to added models' events, and index models for lookup by
+ // `id` and by `cid`.
+ model.on('all', this._onModelEvent, this);
+ this._byId[model.cid] = model;
+ if (model.id != null) this._byId[model.id] = model;
+ }
+
+ // See if sorting is needed, update `length` and splice in new models.
+ if (add.length) {
+ if (sort) doSort = true;
+ this.length += add.length;
+ if (at != null) {
+ splice.apply(this.models, [at, 0].concat(add));
+ } else {
+ push.apply(this.models, add);
+ }
+ }
+
+ // Silently sort the collection if appropriate.
+ if (doSort) this.sort({silent: true});
+
+ if (options.silent) return this;
+
+ // Trigger `add` events.
+ for (i = 0, l = add.length; i < l; i++) {
+ (model = add[i]).trigger('add', model, this, options);
+ }
+
+ // Trigger `sort` if the collection was sorted.
+ if (doSort) this.trigger('sort', this, options);
+
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Remove a model, or a list of models from the set.
+ remove: function(models, options) {
+ models = _.isArray(models) ? models.slice() : [models];
+ options || (options = {});
+ var i, l, index, model;
+ for (i = 0, l = models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ model = this.get(models[i]);
+ if (!model) continue;
+ delete this._byId[model.id];
+ delete this._byId[model.cid];
+ index = this.indexOf(model);
+ this.models.splice(index, 1);
+ this.length--;
+ if (!options.silent) {
+ options.index = index;
+ model.trigger('remove', model, this, options);
+ }
+ this._removeReference(model);
+ }
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Add a model to the end of the collection.
+ push: function(model, options) {
+ model = this._prepareModel(model, options);
+ this.add(model, _.extend({at: this.length}, options));
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Remove a model from the end of the collection.
+ pop: function(options) {
+ var model = this.at(this.length - 1);
+ this.remove(model, options);
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Add a model to the beginning of the collection.
+ unshift: function(model, options) {
+ model = this._prepareModel(model, options);
+ this.add(model, _.extend({at: 0}, options));
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Remove a model from the beginning of the collection.
+ shift: function(options) {
+ var model = this.at(0);
+ this.remove(model, options);
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Slice out a sub-array of models from the collection.
+ slice: function(begin, end) {
+ return this.models.slice(begin, end);
+ },
+
+ // Get a model from the set by id.
+ get: function(obj) {
+ if (obj == null) return void 0;
+ this._idAttr || (this._idAttr = this.model.prototype.idAttribute);
+ return this._byId[obj.id || obj.cid || obj[this._idAttr] || obj];
+ },
+
+ // Get the model at the given index.
+ at: function(index) {
+ return this.models[index];
+ },
+
+ // Return models with matching attributes. Useful for simple cases of `filter`.
+ where: function(attrs) {
+ if (_.isEmpty(attrs)) return [];
+ return this.filter(function(model) {
+ for (var key in attrs) {
+ if (attrs[key] !== model.get(key)) return false;
+ }
+ return true;
+ });
+ },
+
+ // Force the collection to re-sort itself. You don't need to call this under
+ // normal circumstances, as the set will maintain sort order as each item
+ // is added.
+ sort: function(options) {
+ if (!this.comparator) {
+ throw new Error('Cannot sort a set without a comparator');
+ }
+ options || (options = {});
+
+ // Run sort based on type of `comparator`.
+ if (_.isString(this.comparator) || this.comparator.length === 1) {
+ this.models = this.sortBy(this.comparator, this);
+ } else {
+ this.models.sort(_.bind(this.comparator, this));
+ }
+
+ if (!options.silent) this.trigger('sort', this, options);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Pluck an attribute from each model in the collection.
+ pluck: function(attr) {
+ return _.invoke(this.models, 'get', attr);
+ },
+
+ // Smartly update a collection with a change set of models, adding,
+ // removing, and merging as necessary.
+ update: function(models, options) {
+ options = _.extend({add: true, merge: true, remove: true}, options);
+ if (options.parse) models = this.parse(models, options);
+ var model, i, l, existing;
+ var add = [], remove = [], modelMap = {};
+
+ // Allow a single model (or no argument) to be passed.
+ if (!_.isArray(models)) models = models ? [models] : [];
+
+ // Proxy to `add` for this case, no need to iterate...
+ if (options.add && !options.remove) return this.add(models, options);
+
+ // Determine which models to add and merge, and which to remove.
+ for (i = 0, l = models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ model = models[i];
+ existing = this.get(model);
+ if (options.remove && existing) modelMap[existing.cid] = true;
+ if ((options.add && !existing) || (options.merge && existing)) {
+ add.push(model);
+ }
+ }
+ if (options.remove) {
+ for (i = 0, l = this.models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ model = this.models[i];
+ if (!modelMap[model.cid]) remove.push(model);
+ }
+ }
+
+ // Remove models (if applicable) before we add and merge the rest.
+ if (remove.length) this.remove(remove, options);
+ if (add.length) this.add(add, options);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // When you have more items than you want to add or remove individually,
+ // you can reset the entire set with a new list of models, without firing
+ // any `add` or `remove` events. Fires `reset` when finished.
+ reset: function(models, options) {
+ options || (options = {});
+ if (options.parse) models = this.parse(models, options);
+ for (var i = 0, l = this.models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ this._removeReference(this.models[i]);
+ }
+ options.previousModels = this.models.slice();
+ this._reset();
+ if (models) this.add(models, _.extend({silent: true}, options));
+ if (!options.silent) this.trigger('reset', this, options);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Fetch the default set of models for this collection, resetting the
+ // collection when they arrive. If `update: true` is passed, the response
+ // data will be passed through the `update` method instead of `reset`.
+ fetch: function(options) {
+ options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
+ if (options.parse === void 0) options.parse = true;
+ var success = options.success;
+ options.success = function(collection, resp, options) {
+ var method = options.update ? 'update' : 'reset';
+ collection[method](resp, options);
+ if (success) success(collection, resp, options);
+ };
+ return this.sync('read', this, options);
+ },
+
+ // Create a new instance of a model in this collection. Add the model to the
+ // collection immediately, unless `wait: true` is passed, in which case we
+ // wait for the server to agree.
+ create: function(model, options) {
+ options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
+ if (!(model = this._prepareModel(model, options))) return false;
+ if (!options.wait) this.add(model, options);
+ var collection = this;
+ var success = options.success;
+ options.success = function(model, resp, options) {
+ if (options.wait) collection.add(model, options);
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ };
+ model.save(null, options);
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // **parse** converts a response into a list of models to be added to the
+ // collection. The default implementation is just to pass it through.
+ parse: function(resp, options) {
+ return resp;
+ },
+
+ // Create a new collection with an identical list of models as this one.
+ clone: function() {
+ return new this.constructor(this.models);
+ },
+
+ // Reset all internal state. Called when the collection is reset.
+ _reset: function() {
+ this.length = 0;
+ this.models.length = 0;
+ this._byId = {};
+ },
+
+ // Prepare a model or hash of attributes to be added to this collection.
+ _prepareModel: function(attrs, options) {
+ if (attrs instanceof Model) {
+ if (!attrs.collection) attrs.collection = this;
+ return attrs;
+ }
+ options || (options = {});
+ options.collection = this;
+ var model = new this.model(attrs, options);
+ if (!model._validate(attrs, options)) return false;
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Internal method to remove a model's ties to a collection.
+ _removeReference: function(model) {
+ if (this === model.collection) delete model.collection;
+ model.off('all', this._onModelEvent, this);
+ },
+
+ // Internal method called every time a model in the set fires an event.
+ // Sets need to update their indexes when models change ids. All other
+ // events simply proxy through. "add" and "remove" events that originate
+ // in other collections are ignored.
+ _onModelEvent: function(event, model, collection, options) {
+ if ((event === 'add' || event === 'remove') && collection !== this) return;
+ if (event === 'destroy') this.remove(model, options);
+ if (model && event === 'change:' + model.idAttribute) {
+ delete this._byId[model.previous(model.idAttribute)];
+ if (model.id != null) this._byId[model.id] = model;
+ }
+ this.trigger.apply(this, arguments);
+ },
+
+ sortedIndex: function (model, value, context) {
+ value || (value = this.comparator);
+ var iterator = _.isFunction(value) ? value : function(model) {
+ return model.get(value);
+ };
+ return _.sortedIndex(this.models, model, iterator, context);
+ }
+
+ });
+
+ // Underscore methods that we want to implement on the Collection.
+ var methods = ['forEach', 'each', 'map', 'collect', 'reduce', 'foldl',
+ 'inject', 'reduceRight', 'foldr', 'find', 'detect', 'filter', 'select',
+ 'reject', 'every', 'all', 'some', 'any', 'include', 'contains', 'invoke',
+ 'max', 'min', 'toArray', 'size', 'first', 'head', 'take', 'initial', 'rest',
+ 'tail', 'drop', 'last', 'without', 'indexOf', 'shuffle', 'lastIndexOf',
+ 'isEmpty', 'chain'];
+
+ // Mix in each Underscore method as a proxy to `Collection#models`.
+ _.each(methods, function(method) {
+ Collection.prototype[method] = function() {
+ var args = slice.call(arguments);
+ args.unshift(this.models);
+ return _[method].apply(_, args);
+ };
+ });
+
+ // Underscore methods that take a property name as an argument.
+ var attributeMethods = ['groupBy', 'countBy', 'sortBy'];
+
+ // Use attributes instead of properties.
+ _.each(attributeMethods, function(method) {
+ Collection.prototype[method] = function(value, context) {
+ var iterator = _.isFunction(value) ? value : function(model) {
+ return model.get(value);
+ };
+ return _[method](this.models, iterator, context);
+ };
+ });
+
+ // Backbone.Router
+ // ---------------
+
+ // Routers map faux-URLs to actions, and fire events when routes are
+ // matched. Creating a new one sets its `routes` hash, if not set statically.
+ var Router = Backbone.Router = function(options) {
+ options || (options = {});
+ if (options.routes) this.routes = options.routes;
+ this._bindRoutes();
+ this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
+ };
+
+ // Cached regular expressions for matching named param parts and splatted
+ // parts of route strings.
+ var optionalParam = /\((.*?)\)/g;
+ var namedParam = /(\(\?)?:\w+/g;
+ var splatParam = /\*\w+/g;
+ var escapeRegExp = /[\-{}\[\]+?.,\\\^$|#\s]/g;
+
+ // Set up all inheritable **Backbone.Router** properties and methods.
+ _.extend(Router.prototype, Events, {
+
+ // Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
+ // initialization logic.
+ initialize: function(){},
+
+ // Manually bind a single named route to a callback. For example:
+ //
+ // this.route('search/:query/p:num', 'search', function(query, num) {
+ // ...
+ // });
+ //
+ route: function(route, name, callback) {
+ if (!_.isRegExp(route)) route = this._routeToRegExp(route);
+ if (!callback) callback = this[name];
+ Backbone.history.route(route, _.bind(function(fragment) {
+ var args = this._extractParameters(route, fragment);
+ callback && callback.apply(this, args);
+ this.trigger.apply(this, ['route:' + name].concat(args));
+ this.trigger('route', name, args);
+ Backbone.history.trigger('route', this, name, args);
+ }, this));
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Simple proxy to `Backbone.history` to save a fragment into the history.
+ navigate: function(fragment, options) {
+ Backbone.history.navigate(fragment, options);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Bind all defined routes to `Backbone.history`. We have to reverse the
+ // order of the routes here to support behavior where the most general
+ // routes can be defined at the bottom of the route map.
+ _bindRoutes: function() {
+ if (!this.routes) return;
+ var route, routes = _.keys(this.routes);
+ while ((route = routes.pop()) != null) {
+ this.route(route, this.routes[route]);
+ }
+ },
+
+ // Convert a route string into a regular expression, suitable for matching
+ // against the current location hash.
+ _routeToRegExp: function(route) {
+ route = route.replace(escapeRegExp, '\\$&')
+ .replace(optionalParam, '(?:$1)?')
+ .replace(namedParam, function(match, optional){
+ return optional ? match : '([^\/]+)';
+ })
+ .replace(splatParam, '(.*?)');
+ return new RegExp('^' + route + '$');
+ },
+
+ // Given a route, and a URL fragment that it matches, return the array of
+ // extracted parameters.
+ _extractParameters: function(route, fragment) {
+ return route.exec(fragment).slice(1);
+ }
+
+ });
+
+ // Backbone.History
+ // ----------------
+
+ // Handles cross-browser history management, based on URL fragments. If the
+ // browser does not support `onhashchange`, falls back to polling.
+ var History = Backbone.History = function() {
+ this.handlers = [];
+ _.bindAll(this, 'checkUrl');
+
+ // Ensure that `History` can be used outside of the browser.
+ if (typeof window !== 'undefined') {
+ this.location = window.location;
+ this.history = window.history;
+ }
+ };
+
+ // Cached regex for stripping a leading hash/slash and trailing space.
+ var routeStripper = /^[#\/]|\s+$/g;
+
+ // Cached regex for stripping leading and trailing slashes.
+ var rootStripper = /^\/+|\/+$/g;
+
+ // Cached regex for detecting MSIE.
+ var isExplorer = /msie [\w.]+/;
+
+ // Cached regex for removing a trailing slash.
+ var trailingSlash = /\/$/;
+
+ // Has the history handling already been started?
+ History.started = false;
+
+ // Set up all inheritable **Backbone.History** properties and methods.
+ _.extend(History.prototype, Events, {
+
+ // The default interval to poll for hash changes, if necessary, is
+ // twenty times a second.
+ interval: 50,
+
+ // Gets the true hash value. Cannot use location.hash directly due to bug
+ // in Firefox where location.hash will always be decoded.
+ getHash: function(window) {
+ var match = (window || this).location.href.match(/#(.*)$/);
+ return match ? match[1] : '';
+ },
+
+ // Get the cross-browser normalized URL fragment, either from the URL,
+ // the hash, or the override.
+ getFragment: function(fragment, forcePushState) {
+ if (fragment == null) {
+ if (this._hasPushState || !this._wantsHashChange || forcePushState) {
+ fragment = this.location.pathname;
+ var root = this.root.replace(trailingSlash, '');
+ if (!fragment.indexOf(root)) fragment = fragment.substr(root.length);
+ } else {
+ fragment = this.getHash();
+ }
+ }
+ return fragment.replace(routeStripper, '');
+ },
+
+ // Start the hash change handling, returning `true` if the current URL matches
+ // an existing route, and `false` otherwise.
+ start: function(options) {
+ if (History.started) throw new Error("Backbone.history has already been started");
+ History.started = true;
+
+ // Figure out the initial configuration. Do we need an iframe?
+ // Is pushState desired ... is it available?
+ this.options = _.extend({}, {root: '/'}, this.options, options);
+ this.root = this.options.root;
+ this._wantsHashChange = this.options.hashChange !== false;
+ this._wantsPushState = !!this.options.pushState;
+ this._hasPushState = !!(this.options.pushState && this.history && this.history.pushState);
+ var fragment = this.getFragment();
+ var docMode = document.documentMode;
+ var oldIE = (isExplorer.exec(navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase()) && (!docMode || docMode <= 7));
+
+ // Normalize root to always include a leading and trailing slash.
+ this.root = ('/' + this.root + '/').replace(rootStripper, '/');
+
+ if (oldIE && this._wantsHashChange) {
+ this.iframe = Backbone.$('<iframe src="javascript:0" tabindex="-1" />').hide().appendTo('body')[0].contentWindow;
+ this.navigate(fragment);
+ }
+
+ // Depending on whether we're using pushState or hashes, and whether
+ // 'onhashchange' is supported, determine how we check the URL state.
+ if (this._hasPushState) {
+ Backbone.$(window).on('popstate', this.checkUrl);
+ } else if (this._wantsHashChange && ('onhashchange' in window) && !oldIE) {
+ Backbone.$(window).on('hashchange', this.checkUrl);
+ } else if (this._wantsHashChange) {
+ this._checkUrlInterval = setInterval(this.checkUrl, this.interval);
+ }
+
+ // Determine if we need to change the base url, for a pushState link
+ // opened by a non-pushState browser.
+ this.fragment = fragment;
+ var loc = this.location;
+ var atRoot = loc.pathname.replace(/[^\/]$/, '$&/') === this.root;
+
+ // If we've started off with a route from a `pushState`-enabled browser,
+ // but we're currently in a browser that doesn't support it...
+ if (this._wantsHashChange && this._wantsPushState && !this._hasPushState && !atRoot) {
+ this.fragment = this.getFragment(null, true);
+ this.location.replace(this.root + this.location.search + '#' + this.fragment);
+ // Return immediately as browser will do redirect to new url
+ return true;
+
+ // Or if we've started out with a hash-based route, but we're currently
+ // in a browser where it could be `pushState`-based instead...
+ } else if (this._wantsPushState && this._hasPushState && atRoot && loc.hash) {
+ this.fragment = this.getHash().replace(routeStripper, '');
+ this.history.replaceState({}, document.title, this.root + this.fragment + loc.search);
+ }
+
+ if (!this.options.silent) return this.loadUrl();
+ },
+
+ // Disable Backbone.history, perhaps temporarily. Not useful in a real app,
+ // but possibly useful for unit testing Routers.
+ stop: function() {
+ Backbone.$(window).off('popstate', this.checkUrl).off('hashchange', this.checkUrl);
+ clearInterval(this._checkUrlInterval);
+ History.started = false;
+ },
+
+ // Add a route to be tested when the fragment changes. Routes added later
+ // may override previous routes.
+ route: function(route, callback) {
+ this.handlers.unshift({route: route, callback: callback});
+ },
+
+ // Checks the current URL to see if it has changed, and if it has,
+ // calls `loadUrl`, normalizing across the hidden iframe.
+ checkUrl: function(e) {
+ var current = this.getFragment();
+ if (current === this.fragment && this.iframe) {
+ current = this.getFragment(this.getHash(this.iframe));
+ }
+ if (current === this.fragment) return false;
+ if (this.iframe) this.navigate(current);
+ this.loadUrl() || this.loadUrl(this.getHash());
+ },
+
+ // Attempt to load the current URL fragment. If a route succeeds with a
+ // match, returns `true`. If no defined routes matches the fragment,
+ // returns `false`.
+ loadUrl: function(fragmentOverride) {
+ var fragment = this.fragment = this.getFragment(fragmentOverride);
+ var matched = _.any(this.handlers, function(handler) {
+ if (handler.route.test(fragment)) {
+ handler.callback(fragment);
+ return true;
+ }
+ });
+ return matched;
+ },
+
+ // Save a fragment into the hash history, or replace the URL state if the
+ // 'replace' option is passed. You are responsible for properly URL-encoding
+ // the fragment in advance.
+ //
+ // The options object can contain `trigger: true` if you wish to have the
+ // route callback be fired (not usually desirable), or `replace: true`, if
+ // you wish to modify the current URL without adding an entry to the history.
+ navigate: function(fragment, options) {
+ if (!History.started) return false;
+ if (!options || options === true) options = {trigger: options};
+ fragment = this.getFragment(fragment || '');
+ if (this.fragment === fragment) return;
+ this.fragment = fragment;
+ var url = this.root + fragment;
+
+ // If pushState is available, we use it to set the fragment as a real URL.
+ if (this._hasPushState) {
+ this.history[options.replace ? 'replaceState' : 'pushState']({}, document.title, url);
+
+ // If hash changes haven't been explicitly disabled, update the hash
+ // fragment to store history.
+ } else if (this._wantsHashChange) {
+ this._updateHash(this.location, fragment, options.replace);
+ if (this.iframe && (fragment !== this.getFragment(this.getHash(this.iframe)))) {
+ // Opening and closing the iframe tricks IE7 and earlier to push a
+ // history entry on hash-tag change. When replace is true, we don't
+ // want this.
+ if(!options.replace) this.iframe.document.open().close();
+ this._updateHash(this.iframe.location, fragment, options.replace);
+ }
+
+ // If you've told us that you explicitly don't want fallback hashchange-
+ // based history, then `navigate` becomes a page refresh.
+ } else {
+ return this.location.assign(url);
+ }
+ if (options.trigger) this.loadUrl(fragment);
+ },
+
+ // Update the hash location, either replacing the current entry, or adding
+ // a new one to the browser history.
+ _updateHash: function(location, fragment, replace) {
+ if (replace) {
+ var href = location.href.replace(/(javascript:|#).*$/, '');
+ location.replace(href + '#' + fragment);
+ } else {
+ // Some browsers require that `hash` contains a leading #.
+ location.hash = '#' + fragment;
+ }
+ }
+
+ });
+
+ // Create the default Backbone.history.
+ Backbone.history = new History;
+
+ // Backbone.View
+ // -------------
+
+ // Creating a Backbone.View creates its initial element outside of the DOM,
+ // if an existing element is not provided...
+ var View = Backbone.View = function(options) {
+ this.cid = _.uniqueId('view');
+ this._configure(options || {});
+ this._ensureElement();
+ this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
+ this.delegateEvents();
+ };
+
+ // Cached regex to split keys for `delegate`.
+ var delegateEventSplitter = /^(\S+)\s*(.*)$/;
+
+ // List of view options to be merged as properties.
+ var viewOptions = ['model', 'collection', 'el', 'id', 'attributes', 'className', 'tagName', 'events'];
+
+ // Set up all inheritable **Backbone.View** properties and methods.
+ _.extend(View.prototype, Events, {
+
+ // The default `tagName` of a View's element is `"div"`.
+ tagName: 'div',
+
+ // jQuery delegate for element lookup, scoped to DOM elements within the
+ // current view. This should be prefered to global lookups where possible.
+ $: function(selector) {
+ return this.$el.find(selector);
+ },
+
+ // Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
+ // initialization logic.
+ initialize: function(){},
+
+ // **render** is the core function that your view should override, in order
+ // to populate its element (`this.el`), with the appropriate HTML. The
+ // convention is for **render** to always return `this`.
+ render: function() {
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Remove this view by taking the element out of the DOM, and removing any
+ // applicable Backbone.Events listeners.
+ remove: function() {
+ this.$el.remove();
+ this.stopListening();
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Change the view's element (`this.el` property), including event
+ // re-delegation.
+ setElement: function(element, delegate) {
+ if (this.$el) this.undelegateEvents();
+ this.$el = element instanceof Backbone.$ ? element : Backbone.$(element);
+ this.el = this.$el[0];
+ if (delegate !== false) this.delegateEvents();
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Set callbacks, where `this.events` is a hash of
+ //
+ // *{"event selector": "callback"}*
+ //
+ // {
+ // 'mousedown .title': 'edit',
+ // 'click .button': 'save'
+ // 'click .open': function(e) { ... }
+ // }
+ //
+ // pairs. Callbacks will be bound to the view, with `this` set properly.
+ // Uses event delegation for efficiency.
+ // Omitting the selector binds the event to `this.el`.
+ // This only works for delegate-able events: not `focus`, `blur`, and
+ // not `change`, `submit`, and `reset` in Internet Explorer.
+ delegateEvents: function(events) {
+ if (!(events || (events = _.result(this, 'events')))) return;
+ this.undelegateEvents();
+ for (var key in events) {
+ var method = events[key];
+ if (!_.isFunction(method)) method = this[events[key]];
+ if (!method) throw new Error('Method "' + events[key] + '" does not exist');
+ var match = key.match(delegateEventSplitter);
+ var eventName = match[1], selector = match[2];
+ method = _.bind(method, this);
+ eventName += '.delegateEvents' + this.cid;
+ if (selector === '') {
+ this.$el.on(eventName, method);
+ } else {
+ this.$el.on(eventName, selector, method);
+ }
+ }
+ },
+
+ // Clears all callbacks previously bound to the view with `delegateEvents`.
+ // You usually don't need to use this, but may wish to if you have multiple
+ // Backbone views attached to the same DOM element.
+ undelegateEvents: function() {
+ this.$el.off('.delegateEvents' + this.cid);
+ },
+
+ // Performs the initial configuration of a View with a set of options.
+ // Keys with special meaning *(model, collection, id, className)*, are
+ // attached directly to the view.
+ _configure: function(options) {
+ if (this.options) options = _.extend({}, _.result(this, 'options'), options);
+ _.extend(this, _.pick(options, viewOptions));
+ this.options = options;
+ },
+
+ // Ensure that the View has a DOM element to render into.
+ // If `this.el` is a string, pass it through `$()`, take the first
+ // matching element, and re-assign it to `el`. Otherwise, create
+ // an element from the `id`, `className` and `tagName` properties.
+ _ensureElement: function() {
+ if (!this.el) {
+ var attrs = _.extend({}, _.result(this, 'attributes'));
+ if (this.id) attrs.id = _.result(this, 'id');
+ if (this.className) attrs['class'] = _.result(this, 'className');
+ var $el = Backbone.$('<' + _.result(this, 'tagName') + '>').attr(attrs);
+ this.setElement($el, false);
+ } else {
+ this.setElement(_.result(this, 'el'), false);
+ }
+ }
+
+ });
+
+ // Backbone.sync
+ // -------------
+
+ // Map from CRUD to HTTP for our default `Backbone.sync` implementation.
+ var methodMap = {
+ 'create': 'POST',
+ 'update': 'PUT',
+ 'patch': 'PATCH',
+ 'delete': 'DELETE',
+ 'read': 'GET'
+ };
+
+ // Override this function to change the manner in which Backbone persists
+ // models to the server. You will be passed the type of request, and the
+ // model in question. By default, makes a RESTful Ajax request
+ // to the model's `url()`. Some possible customizations could be:
+ //
+ // * Use `setTimeout` to batch rapid-fire updates into a single request.
+ // * Send up the models as XML instead of JSON.
+ // * Persist models via WebSockets instead of Ajax.
+ //
+ // Turn on `Backbone.emulateHTTP` in order to send `PUT` and `DELETE` requests
+ // as `POST`, with a `_method` parameter containing the true HTTP method,
+ // as well as all requests with the body as `application/x-www-form-urlencoded`
+ // instead of `application/json` with the model in a param named `model`.
+ // Useful when interfacing with server-side languages like **PHP** that make
+ // it difficult to read the body of `PUT` requests.
+ Backbone.sync = function(method, model, options) {
+ var type = methodMap[method];
+
+ // Default options, unless specified.
+ _.defaults(options || (options = {}), {
+ emulateHTTP: Backbone.emulateHTTP,
+ emulateJSON: Backbone.emulateJSON
+ });
+
+ // Default JSON-request options.
+ var params = {type: type, dataType: 'json'};
+
+ // Ensure that we have a URL.
+ if (!options.url) {
+ params.url = _.result(model, 'url') || urlError();
+ }
+
+ // Ensure that we have the appropriate request data.
+ if (options.data == null && model && (method === 'create' || method === 'update' || method === 'patch')) {
+ params.contentType = 'application/json';
+ params.data = JSON.stringify(options.attrs || model.toJSON(options));
+ }
+
+ // For older servers, emulate JSON by encoding the request into an HTML-form.
+ if (options.emulateJSON) {
+ params.contentType = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded';
+ params.data = params.data ? {model: params.data} : {};
+ }
+
+ // For older servers, emulate HTTP by mimicking the HTTP method with `_method`
+ // And an `X-HTTP-Method-Override` header.
+ if (options.emulateHTTP && (type === 'PUT' || type === 'DELETE' || type === 'PATCH')) {
+ params.type = 'POST';
+ if (options.emulateJSON) params.data._method = type;
+ var beforeSend = options.beforeSend;
+ options.beforeSend = function(xhr) {
+ xhr.setRequestHeader('X-HTTP-Method-Override', type);
+ if (beforeSend) return beforeSend.apply(this, arguments);
+ };
+ }
+
+ // Don't process data on a non-GET request.
+ if (params.type !== 'GET' && !options.emulateJSON) {
+ params.processData = false;
+ }
+
+ var success = options.success;
+ options.success = function(resp) {
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ model.trigger('sync', model, resp, options);
+ };
+
+ var error = options.error;
+ options.error = function(xhr) {
+ if (error) error(model, xhr, options);
+ model.trigger('error', model, xhr, options);
+ };
+
+ // Make the request, allowing the user to override any Ajax options.
+ var xhr = options.xhr = Backbone.ajax(_.extend(params, options));
+ model.trigger('request', model, xhr, options);
+ return xhr;
+ };
+
+ // Set the default implementation of `Backbone.ajax` to proxy through to `$`.
+ Backbone.ajax = function() {
+ return Backbone.$.ajax.apply(Backbone.$, arguments);
+ };
+
+ // Helpers
+ // -------
+
+ // Helper function to correctly set up the prototype chain, for subclasses.
+ // Similar to `goog.inherits`, but uses a hash of prototype properties and
+ // class properties to be extended.
+ var extend = function(protoProps, staticProps) {
+ var parent = this;
+ var child;
+
+ // The constructor function for the new subclass is either defined by you
+ // (the "constructor" property in your `extend` definition), or defaulted
+ // by us to simply call the parent's constructor.
+ if (protoProps && _.has(protoProps, 'constructor')) {
+ child = protoProps.constructor;
+ } else {
+ child = function(){ return parent.apply(this, arguments); };
+ }
+
+ // Add static properties to the constructor function, if supplied.
+ _.extend(child, parent, staticProps);
+
+ // Set the prototype chain to inherit from `parent`, without calling
+ // `parent`'s constructor function.
+ var Surrogate = function(){ this.constructor = child; };
+ Surrogate.prototype = parent.prototype;
+ child.prototype = new Surrogate;
+
+ // Add prototype properties (instance properties) to the subclass,
+ // if supplied.
+ if (protoProps) _.extend(child.prototype, protoProps);
+
+ // Set a convenience property in case the parent's prototype is needed
+ // later.
+ child.__super__ = parent.prototype;
+
+ return child;
+ };
+
+ // Set up inheritance for the model, collection, router, view and history.
+ Model.extend = Collection.extend = Router.extend = View.extend = History.extend = extend;
+
+ // Throw an error when a URL is needed, and none is supplied.
+ var urlError = function() {
+ throw new Error('A "url" property or function must be specified');
+ };
+
+}).call(this);
View
0  lib/backbone.js → lib/backbone-0.9.2.js
File renamed without changes
View
1,533 lib/backbone-0.9.9.js
@@ -0,0 +1,1533 @@
+// Backbone.js 0.9.9
+
+// (c) 2010-2012 Jeremy Ashkenas, DocumentCloud Inc.
+// Backbone may be freely distributed under the MIT license.
+// For all details and documentation:
+// http://backbonejs.org
+
+(function(){
+
+ // Initial Setup
+ // -------------
+
+ // Save a reference to the global object (`window` in the browser, `exports`
+ // on the server).
+ var root = this;
+
+ // Save the previous value of the `Backbone` variable, so that it can be
+ // restored later on, if `noConflict` is used.
+ var previousBackbone = root.Backbone;
+
+ // Create a local reference to array methods.
+ var array = [];
+ var push = array.push;
+ var slice = array.slice;
+ var splice = array.splice;
+
+ // The top-level namespace. All public Backbone classes and modules will
+ // be attached to this. Exported for both CommonJS and the browser.
+ var Backbone;
+ if (typeof exports !== 'undefined') {
+ Backbone = exports;
+ } else {
+ Backbone = root.Backbone = {};
+ }
+
+ // Current version of the library. Keep in sync with `package.json`.
+ Backbone.VERSION = '0.9.9';
+
+ // Require Underscore, if we're on the server, and it's not already present.
+ var _ = root._;
+ if (!_ && (typeof require !== 'undefined')) _ = require('underscore');
+
+ // For Backbone's purposes, jQuery, Zepto, or Ender owns the `$` variable.
+ Backbone.$ = root.jQuery || root.Zepto || root.ender;
+
+ // Runs Backbone.js in *noConflict* mode, returning the `Backbone` variable
+ // to its previous owner. Returns a reference to this Backbone object.
+ Backbone.noConflict = function() {
+ root.Backbone = previousBackbone;
+ return this;
+ };
+
+ // Turn on `emulateHTTP` to support legacy HTTP servers. Setting this option
+ // will fake `"PUT"` and `"DELETE"` requests via the `_method` parameter and
+ // set a `X-Http-Method-Override` header.
+ Backbone.emulateHTTP = false;
+
+ // Turn on `emulateJSON` to support legacy servers that can't deal with direct
+ // `application/json` requests ... will encode the body as
+ // `application/x-www-form-urlencoded` instead and will send the model in a
+ // form param named `model`.
+ Backbone.emulateJSON = false;
+
+ // Backbone.Events
+ // ---------------
+
+ // Regular expression used to split event strings.
+ var eventSplitter = /\s+/;
+
+ // Implement fancy features of the Events API such as multiple event
+ // names `"change blur"` and jQuery-style event maps `{change: action}`
+ // in terms of the existing API.
+ var eventsApi = function(obj, action, name, rest) {
+ if (!name) return true;
+ if (typeof name === 'object') {
+ for (var key in name) {
+ obj[action].apply(obj, [key, name[key]].concat(rest));
+ }
+ } else if (eventSplitter.test(name)) {
+ var names = name.split(eventSplitter);
+ for (var i = 0, l = names.length; i < l; i++) {
+ obj[action].apply(obj, [names[i]].concat(rest));
+ }
+ } else {
+ return true;
+ }
+ };
+
+ // Optimized internal dispatch function for triggering events. Tries to
+ // keep the usual cases speedy (most Backbone events have 3 arguments).
+ var triggerEvents = function(obj, events, args) {
+ var ev, i = -1, l = events.length;
+ switch (args.length) {
+ case 0: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx);
+ return;
+ case 1: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, args[0]);
+ return;
+ case 2: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, args[0], args[1]);
+ return;
+ case 3: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, args[0], args[1], args[2]);
+ return;
+ default: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.apply(ev.ctx, args);
+ }
+ };
+
+ // A module that can be mixed in to *any object* in order to provide it with
+ // custom events. You may bind with `on` or remove with `off` callback
+ // functions to an event; `trigger`-ing an event fires all callbacks in
+ // succession.
+ //
+ // var object = {};
+ // _.extend(object, Backbone.Events);
+ // object.on('expand', function(){ alert('expanded'); });
+ // object.trigger('expand');
+ //
+ var Events = Backbone.Events = {
+
+ // Bind one or more space separated events, or an events map,
+ // to a `callback` function. Passing `"all"` will bind the callback to
+ // all events fired.
+ on: function(name, callback, context) {
+ if (!(eventsApi(this, 'on', name, [callback, context]) && callback)) return this;
+ this._events || (this._events = {});
+ var list = this._events[name] || (this._events[name] = []);
+ list.push({callback: callback, context: context, ctx: context || this});
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Bind events to only be triggered a single time. After the first time
+ // the callback is invoked, it will be removed.
+ once: function(name, callback, context) {
+ if (!(eventsApi(this, 'once', name, [callback, context]) && callback)) return this;
+ var self = this;
+ var once = _.once(function() {
+ self.off(name, once);
+ callback.apply(this, arguments);
+ });
+ once._callback = callback;
+ this.on(name, once, context);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Remove one or many callbacks. If `context` is null, removes all
+ // callbacks with that function. If `callback` is null, removes all
+ // callbacks for the event. If `events` is null, removes all bound
+ // callbacks for all events.
+ off: function(name, callback, context) {
+ var list, ev, events, names, i, l, j, k;
+ if (!this._events || !eventsApi(this, 'off', name, [callback, context])) return this;
+ if (!name && !callback && !context) {
+ this._events = {};
+ return this;
+ }
+
+ names = name ? [name] : _.keys(this._events);
+ for (i = 0, l = names.length; i < l; i++) {
+ name = names[i];
+ if (list = this._events[name]) {
+ events = [];
+ if (callback || context) {
+ for (j = 0, k = list.length; j < k; j++) {
+ ev = list[j];
+ if ((callback && callback !== (ev.callback._callback || ev.callback)) ||
+ (context && context !== ev.context)) {
+ events.push(ev);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ this._events[name] = events;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Trigger one or many events, firing all bound callbacks. Callbacks are
+ // passed the same arguments as `trigger` is, apart from the event name
+ // (unless you're listening on `"all"`, which will cause your callback to
+ // receive the true name of the event as the first argument).
+ trigger: function(name) {
+ if (!this._events) return this;
+ var args = slice.call(arguments, 1);
+ if (!eventsApi(this, 'trigger', name, args)) return this;
+ var events = this._events[name];
+ var allEvents = this._events.all;
+ if (events) triggerEvents(this, events, args);
+ if (allEvents) triggerEvents(this, allEvents, arguments);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // An inversion-of-control version of `on`. Tell *this* object to listen to
+ // an event in another object ... keeping track of what it's listening to.
+ listenTo: function(object, events, callback) {
+ var listeners = this._listeners || (this._listeners = {});
+ var id = object._listenerId || (object._listenerId = _.uniqueId('l'));
+ listeners[id] = object;
+ object.on(events, callback || this, this);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Tell this object to stop listening to either specific events ... or
+ // to every object it's currently listening to.
+ stopListening: function(object, events, callback) {
+ var listeners = this._listeners;
+ if (!listeners) return;
+ if (object) {
+ object.off(events, callback, this);
+ if (!events && !callback) delete listeners[object._listenerId];
+ } else {
+ for (var id in listeners) {
+ listeners[id].off(null, null, this);
+ }
+ this._listeners = {};
+ }
+ return this;
+ }
+ };
+
+ // Aliases for backwards compatibility.
+ Events.bind = Events.on;
+ Events.unbind = Events.off;
+
+ // Allow the `Backbone` object to serve as a global event bus, for folks who
+ // want global "pubsub" in a convenient place.
+ _.extend(Backbone, Events);
+
+ // Backbone.Model
+ // --------------
+
+ // Create a new model, with defined attributes. A client id (`cid`)
+ // is automatically generated and assigned for you.
+ var Model = Backbone.Model = function(attributes, options) {
+ var defaults;
+ var attrs = attributes || {};
+ this.cid = _.uniqueId('c');
+ this.changed = {};
+ this.attributes = {};
+ this._changes = [];
+ if (options && options.collection) this.collection = options.collection;
+ if (options && options.parse) attrs = this.parse(attrs);
+ if (defaults = _.result(this, 'defaults')) _.defaults(attrs, defaults);
+ this.set(attrs, {silent: true});
+ this._currentAttributes = _.clone(this.attributes);
+ this._previousAttributes = _.clone(this.attributes);
+ this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
+ };
+
+ // Attach all inheritable methods to the Model prototype.
+ _.extend(Model.prototype, Events, {
+
+ // A hash of attributes whose current and previous value differ.
+ changed: null,
+
+ // The default name for the JSON `id` attribute is `"id"`. MongoDB and
+ // CouchDB users may want to set this to `"_id"`.
+ idAttribute: 'id',
+
+ // Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
+ // initialization logic.
+ initialize: function(){},
+
+ // Return a copy of the model's `attributes` object.
+ toJSON: function(options) {
+ return _.clone(this.attributes);
+ },
+
+ // Proxy `Backbone.sync` by default.
+ sync: function() {
+ return Backbone.sync.apply(this, arguments);
+ },
+
+ // Get the value of an attribute.
+ get: function(attr) {
+ return this.attributes[attr];
+ },
+
+ // Get the HTML-escaped value of an attribute.
+ escape: function(attr) {
+ return _.escape(this.get(attr));
+ },
+
+ // Returns `true` if the attribute contains a value that is not null
+ // or undefined.
+ has: function(attr) {
+ return this.get(attr) != null;
+ },
+
+ // Set a hash of model attributes on the object, firing `"change"` unless
+ // you choose to silence it.
+ set: function(key, val, options) {
+ var attr, attrs;
+ if (key == null) return this;
+
+ // Handle both `"key", value` and `{key: value}` -style arguments.
+ if (_.isObject(key)) {
+ attrs = key;
+ options = val;
+ } else {
+ (attrs = {})[key] = val;
+ }
+
+ // Extract attributes and options.
+ var silent = options && options.silent;
+ var unset = options && options.unset;
+
+ // Run validation.
+ if (!this._validate(attrs, options)) return false;
+
+ // Check for changes of `id`.
+ if (this.idAttribute in attrs) this.id = attrs[this.idAttribute];
+
+ var now = this.attributes;
+
+ // For each `set` attribute...
+ for (attr in attrs) {
+ val = attrs[attr];
+
+ // Update or delete the current value, and track the change.
+ unset ? delete now[attr] : now[attr] = val;
+ this._changes.push(attr, val);
+ }
+
+ // Signal that the model's state has potentially changed, and we need
+ // to recompute the actual changes.
+ this._hasComputed = false;
+
+ // Fire the `"change"` events.
+ if (!silent) this.change(options);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Remove an attribute from the model, firing `"change"` unless you choose
+ // to silence it. `unset` is a noop if the attribute doesn't exist.
+ unset: function(attr, options) {
+ return this.set(attr, void 0, _.extend({}, options, {unset: true}));
+ },
+
+ // Clear all attributes on the model, firing `"change"` unless you choose
+ // to silence it.
+ clear: function(options) {
+ var attrs = {};
+ for (var key in this.attributes) attrs[key] = void 0;
+ return this.set(attrs, _.extend({}, options, {unset: true}));
+ },
+
+ // Fetch the model from the server. If the server's representation of the
+ // model differs from its current attributes, they will be overriden,
+ // triggering a `"change"` event.
+ fetch: function(options) {
+ options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
+ if (options.parse === void 0) options.parse = true;
+ var model = this;
+ var success = options.success;
+ options.success = function(resp, status, xhr) {
+ if (!model.set(model.parse(resp), options)) return false;
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ };
+ return this.sync('read', this, options);
+ },
+
+ // Set a hash of model attributes, and sync the model to the server.
+ // If the server returns an attributes hash that differs, the model's
+ // state will be `set` again.
+ save: function(key, val, options) {
+ var attrs, current, done;
+
+ // Handle both `"key", value` and `{key: value}` -style arguments.
+ if (key == null || _.isObject(key)) {
+ attrs = key;
+ options = val;
+ } else if (key != null) {
+ (attrs = {})[key] = val;
+ }
+ options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
+
+ // If we're "wait"-ing to set changed attributes, validate early.
+ if (options.wait) {
+ if (attrs && !this._validate(attrs, options)) return false;
+ current = _.clone(this.attributes);
+ }
+
+ // Regular saves `set` attributes before persisting to the server.
+ var silentOptions = _.extend({}, options, {silent: true});
+ if (attrs && !this.set(attrs, options.wait ? silentOptions : options)) {
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ // Do not persist invalid models.
+ if (!attrs && !this._validate(null, options)) return false;
+
+ // After a successful server-side save, the client is (optionally)
+ // updated with the server-side state.
+ var model = this;
+ var success = options.success;
+ options.success = function(resp, status, xhr) {
+ done = true;
+ var serverAttrs = model.parse(resp);
+ if (options.wait) serverAttrs = _.extend(attrs || {}, serverAttrs);
+ if (!model.set(serverAttrs, options)) return false;
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ };
+
+ // Finish configuring and sending the Ajax request.
+ var method = this.isNew() ? 'create' : (options.patch ? 'patch' : 'update');
+ if (method == 'patch') options.attrs = attrs;
+ var xhr = this.sync(method, this, options);
+
+ // When using `wait`, reset attributes to original values unless
+ // `success` has been called already.
+ if (!done && options.wait) {
+ this.clear(silentOptions);
+ this.set(current, silentOptions);
+ }
+
+ return xhr;
+ },
+
+ // Destroy this model on the server if it was already persisted.
+ // Optimistically removes the model from its collection, if it has one.
+ // If `wait: true` is passed, waits for the server to respond before removal.
+ destroy: function(options) {
+ options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
+ var model = this;
+ var success = options.success;
+
+ var destroy = function() {
+ model.trigger('destroy', model, model.collection, options);
+ };
+
+ options.success = function(resp) {
+ if (options.wait || model.isNew()) destroy();
+ if (success) success(model, resp, options);
+ };
+
+ if (this.isNew()) {
+ options.success();
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ var xhr = this.sync('delete', this, options);
+ if (!options.wait) destroy();
+ return xhr;
+ },
+
+ // Default URL for the model's representation on the server -- if you're
+ // using Backbone's restful methods, override this to change the endpoint
+ // that will be called.
+ url: function() {
+ var base = _.result(this, 'urlRoot') || _.result(this.collection, 'url') || urlError();
+ if (this.isNew()) return base;
+ return base + (base.charAt(base.length - 1) === '/' ? '' : '/') + encodeURIComponent(this.id);
+ },
+
+ // **parse** converts a response into the hash of attributes to be `set` on
+ // the model. The default implementation is just to pass the response along.
+ parse: function(resp) {
+ return resp;
+ },
+
+ // Create a new model with identical attributes to this one.
+ clone: function() {
+ return new this.constructor(this.attributes);
+ },
+
+ // A model is new if it has never been saved to the server, and lacks an id.
+ isNew: function() {
+ return this.id == null;
+ },
+
+ // Call this method to manually fire a `"change"` event for this model and
+ // a `"change:attribute"` event for each changed attribute.
+ // Calling this will cause all objects observing the model to update.
+ change: function(options) {
+ var changing = this._changing;
+ this._changing = true;
+
+ // Generate the changes to be triggered on the model.
+ var triggers = this._computeChanges(true);
+
+ this._pending = !!triggers.length;
+
+ for (var i = triggers.length - 2; i >= 0; i -= 2) {
+ this.trigger('change:' + triggers[i], this, triggers[i + 1], options);
+ }
+
+ if (changing) return this;
+
+ // Trigger a `change` while there have been changes.
+ while (this._pending) {
+ this._pending = false;
+ this.trigger('change', this, options);
+ this._previousAttributes = _.clone(this.attributes);
+ }
+
+ this._changing = false;
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Determine if the model has changed since the last `"change"` event.
+ // If you specify an attribute name, determine if that attribute has changed.
+ hasChanged: function(attr) {
+ if (!this._hasComputed) this._computeChanges();
+ if (attr == null) return !_.isEmpty(this.changed);
+ return _.has(this.changed, attr);
+ },
+
+ // Return an object containing all the attributes that have changed, or
+ // false if there are no changed attributes. Useful for determining what
+ // parts of a view need to be updated and/or what attributes need to be
+ // persisted to the server. Unset attributes will be set to undefined.
+ // You can also pass an attributes object to diff against the model,
+ // determining if there *would be* a change.
+ changedAttributes: function(diff) {
+ if (!diff) return this.hasChanged() ? _.clone(this.changed) : false;
+ var val, changed = false, old = this._previousAttributes;
+ for (var attr in diff) {
+ if (_.isEqual(old[attr], (val = diff[attr]))) continue;
+ (changed || (changed = {}))[attr] = val;
+ }
+ return changed;
+ },
+
+ // Looking at the built up list of `set` attribute changes, compute how
+ // many of the attributes have actually changed. If `loud`, return a
+ // boiled-down list of only the real changes.
+ _computeChanges: function(loud) {
+ this.changed = {};
+ var already = {};
+ var triggers = [];
+ var current = this._currentAttributes;
+ var changes = this._changes;
+
+ // Loop through the current queue of potential model changes.
+ for (var i = changes.length - 2; i >= 0; i -= 2) {
+ var key = changes[i], val = changes[i + 1];
+ if (already[key]) continue;
+ already[key] = true;
+
+ // Check if the attribute has been modified since the last change,
+ // and update `this.changed` accordingly. If we're inside of a `change`
+ // call, also add a trigger to the list.
+ if (current[key] !== val) {
+ this.changed[key] = val;
+ if (!loud) continue;
+ triggers.push(key, val);
+ current[key] = val;
+ }
+ }
+ if (loud) this._changes = [];
+
+ // Signals `this.changed` is current to prevent duplicate calls from `this.hasChanged`.
+ this._hasComputed = true;
+ return triggers;
+ },
+
+ // Get the previous value of an attribute, recorded at the time the last
+ // `"change"` event was fired.
+ previous: function(attr) {
+ if (attr == null || !this._previousAttributes) return null;
+ return this._previousAttributes[attr];
+ },
+
+ // Get all of the attributes of the model at the time of the previous
+ // `"change"` event.
+ previousAttributes: function() {
+ return _.clone(this._previousAttributes);
+ },
+
+ // Run validation against the next complete set of model attributes,
+ // returning `true` if all is well. If a specific `error` callback has
+ // been passed, call that instead of firing the general `"error"` event.
+ _validate: function(attrs, options) {
+ if (!this.validate) return true;
+ attrs = _.extend({}, this.attributes, attrs);
+ var error = this.validate(attrs, options);
+ if (!error) return true;
+ if (options && options.error) options.error(this, error, options);
+ this.trigger('error', this, error, options);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ });
+
+ // Backbone.Collection
+ // -------------------
+
+ // Provides a standard collection class for our sets of models, ordered
+ // or unordered. If a `comparator` is specified, the Collection will maintain
+ // its models in sort order, as they're added and removed.
+ var Collection = Backbone.Collection = function(models, options) {
+ options || (options = {});
+ if (options.model) this.model = options.model;
+ if (options.comparator !== void 0) this.comparator = options.comparator;
+ this._reset();
+ this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
+ if (models) this.reset(models, _.extend({silent: true}, options));
+ };
+
+ // Define the Collection's inheritable methods.
+ _.extend(Collection.prototype, Events, {
+
+ // The default model for a collection is just a **Backbone.Model**.
+ // This should be overridden in most cases.
+ model: Model,
+
+ // Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
+ // initialization logic.
+ initialize: function(){},
+
+ // The JSON representation of a Collection is an array of the
+ // models' attributes.
+ toJSON: function(options) {
+ return this.map(function(model){ return model.toJSON(options); });
+ },
+
+ // Proxy `Backbone.sync` by default.
+ sync: function() {
+ return Backbone.sync.apply(this, arguments);
+ },
+
+ // Add a model, or list of models to the set. Pass **silent** to avoid
+ // firing the `add` event for every new model.
+ add: function(models, options) {
+ var i, args, length, model, existing, needsSort;
+ var at = options && options.at;
+ var sort = ((options && options.sort) == null ? true : options.sort);
+ models = _.isArray(models) ? models.slice() : [models];
+
+ // Turn bare objects into model references, and prevent invalid models
+ // from being added.
+ for (i = models.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+ if(!(model = this._prepareModel(models[i], options))) {
+ this.trigger("error", this, models[i], options);
+ models.splice(i, 1);
+ continue;
+ }
+ models[i] = model;
+
+ existing = model.id != null && this._byId[model.id];
+ // If a duplicate is found, prevent it from being added and
+ // optionally merge it into the existing model.
+ if (existing || this._byCid[model.cid]) {
+ if (options && options.merge && existing) {
+ existing.set(model.attributes, options);
+ needsSort = sort;
+ }
+ models.splice(i, 1);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ // Listen to added models' events, and index models for lookup by
+ // `id` and by `cid`.
+ model.on('all', this._onModelEvent, this);
+ this._byCid[model.cid] = model;
+ if (model.id != null) this._byId[model.id] = model;
+ }
+
+ // See if sorting is needed, update `length` and splice in new models.
+ if (models.length) needsSort = sort;
+ this.length += models.length;
+ args = [at != null ? at : this.models.length, 0];
+ push.apply(args, models);
+ splice.apply(this.models, args);
+
+ // Sort the collection if appropriate.
+ if (needsSort && this.comparator && at == null) this.sort({silent: true});
+
+ if (options && options.silent) return this;
+
+ // Trigger `add` events.
+ while (model = models.shift()) {
+ model.trigger('add', model, this, options);
+ }
+
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Remove a model, or a list of models from the set. Pass silent to avoid
+ // firing the `remove` event for every model removed.
+ remove: function(models, options) {
+ var i, l, index, model;
+ options || (options = {});
+ models = _.isArray(models) ? models.slice() : [models];
+ for (i = 0, l = models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ model = this.get(models[i]);
+ if (!model) continue;
+ delete this._byId[model.id];
+ delete this._byCid[model.cid];
+ index = this.indexOf(model);
+ this.models.splice(index, 1);
+ this.length--;
+ if (!options.silent) {
+ options.index = index;
+ model.trigger('remove', model, this, options);
+ }
+ this._removeReference(model);
+ }
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Add a model to the end of the collection.
+ push: function(model, options) {
+ model = this._prepareModel(model, options);
+ this.add(model, _.extend({at: this.length}, options));
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Remove a model from the end of the collection.
+ pop: function(options) {
+ var model = this.at(this.length - 1);
+ this.remove(model, options);
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Add a model to the beginning of the collection.
+ unshift: function(model, options) {
+ model = this._prepareModel(model, options);
+ this.add(model, _.extend({at: 0}, options));
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Remove a model from the beginning of the collection.
+ shift: function(options) {
+ var model = this.at(0);
+ this.remove(model, options);
+ return model;
+ },
+
+ // Slice out a sub-array of models from the collection.
+ slice: function(begin, end) {
+ return this.models.slice(begin, end);
+ },
+
+ // Get a model from the set by id.
+ get: function(obj) {
+ if (obj == null) return void 0;
+ return this._byId[obj.id != null ? obj.id : obj] || this._byCid[obj.cid || obj];
+ },
+
+ // Get the model at the given index.
+ at: function(index) {
+ return this.models[index];
+ },
+
+ // Return models with matching attributes. Useful for simple cases of `filter`.
+ where: function(attrs) {
+ if (_.isEmpty(attrs)) return [];
+ return this.filter(function(model) {
+ for (var key in attrs) {
+ if (attrs[key] !== model.get(key)) return false;
+ }
+ return true;
+ });
+ },
+
+ // Force the collection to re-sort itself. You don't need to call this under
+ // normal circumstances, as the set will maintain sort order as each item
+ // is added.
+ sort: function(options) {
+ if (!this.comparator) {
+ throw new Error('Cannot sort a set without a comparator');
+ }
+
+ if (_.isString(this.comparator) || this.comparator.length === 1) {
+ this.models = this.sortBy(this.comparator, this);
+ } else {
+ this.models.sort(_.bind(this.comparator, this));
+ }
+
+ if (!options || !options.silent) this.trigger('sort', this, options);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // Pluck an attribute from each model in the collection.
+ pluck: function(attr) {
+ return _.invoke(this.models, 'get', attr);
+ },
+
+ // Smartly update a collection with a change set of models, adding,
+ // removing, and merging as necessary.
+ update: function(models, options) {
+ var model, i, l, existing;
+ var add = [], remove = [], modelMap = {};
+ var idAttr = this.model.prototype.idAttribute;
+ options = _.extend({add: true, merge: true, remove: true}, options);
+ if (options.parse) models = this.parse(models);
+
+ // Allow a single model (or no argument) to be passed.
+ if (!_.isArray(models)) models = models ? [models] : [];
+
+ // Proxy to `add` for this case, no need to iterate...
+ if (options.add && !options.remove) return this.add(models, options);
+
+ // Determine which models to add and merge, and which to remove.
+ for (i = 0, l = models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ model = models[i];
+ existing = this.get(model.id || model.cid || model[idAttr]);
+ if (options.remove && existing) modelMap[existing.cid] = true;
+ if ((options.add && !existing) || (options.merge && existing)) {
+ add.push(model);
+ }
+ }
+ if (options.remove) {
+ for (i = 0, l = this.models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ model = this.models[i];
+ if (!modelMap[model.cid]) remove.push(model);
+ }
+ }
+
+ // Remove models (if applicable) before we add and merge the rest.
+ if (remove.length) this.remove(remove, options);
+ if (add.length) this.add(add, options);
+ return this;
+ },
+
+ // When you have more items than you want to add or remove individually,
+ // you can reset the entire set with a new list of models, without firing
+ // any `add` or `remove` events. Fires `reset` when finished.
+ reset: function(models, options) {
+ options || (options = {});
+ if (options.parse) models = this.parse(models);
+ for (var i = 0, l = this.models.length; i < l; i++) {
+ this._removeReference(this.models[i]);
+ }
+ options.previousModels = this.models;
+ this._reset();
+ if (models) this.add(models, _.extend({silent: true}, options));
+ if (!options.silent) this.trigger('reset', this, options);